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New Role for Librarians?


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  • Use worksheetsLocate and categorize suitable open contentTopics by top courses that represent 80% of enrollmentsReading levelDepth and scope EvaluateQualityAccessibilityCultural relevanceCurrencyAuthorityArticulationCustomize, Remix, and OrganizeInteroperabilityAccessibilityLicense typeCultural relevanceDisseminate in print and digital formats Student (DIY) for production of open textbookCampus bookstore and/or printshop services for production of open textbookProprietary services
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    • 1. Rethinking How & Where Digital Knowledge is Stored, Shared, Tagged and Licensed in the 21st Century: New Role for Librarians? Cable Green eLearning Director
    • 2. “We are in the midst of a technological, economic, and organizational transformation that allows us to negotiate the terms of freedom, justice, and productivity in the information society” Yochai Benkler
    • 3. Yes… We Really are Networked…  seamless connection of people, resources & knowledge  digitization of content  mobile, personal  global platform for collaboration  outsourcing  Anyone notice our global economy?
    • 4. quot;According to an IBM study, by 2010, the amount of digital information in the world will double every 11 hours.quot;
    • 5. Librarians get public and educational data out into the open where we can visualize it, manipulate it, and learn with it.
    • 6. And we can make all of our “digital stuff” available to all people… and most of it will get used... by someone.
    • 7. “Long Tail” of Publishing $ long tail Harry Hyper-geometric Potter partial differential equations
    • 8. Librarians are information literacy experts who will help us find the “good stuff.” And information management gurus – how do we store, find, search?
    • 9. In a flat world, the artists, the synthesizers of ideas will rule. And they will use web 2.0 software standards, and practices to distribute their ideas.
    • 10. Librarians are, and always have been, synthesizers of instructional resource solutions.
    • 11. We All Get to Participate
    • 12. - JSB
    • 13. Think Big Crazy Ideas….  We could share all of our instructional digital resources including: courses, textbooks and library resources with the world… and, more important, use global digital materials.  We could use common integrated library systems, support services, and a common set of library databases.  We could design courses that enable and encourage students to contribute, change, remix course content.
    • 14.  “Welcome back to humanity. Some technologies take us away from ourselves and others bring us back. Web 2.0 is helping us rediscover our naturally cooperative, creative, and gregarious nature.  Don't think, therefore, of Web 2.0 as something foreign or hyped-up or all about geeks; Web 2.0 is the rebirth of teaching and learning that fits what we are as a species.” Why is Web 2.0 Important to Higher Education?
    • 15. RSS
    • 16. Social Bookmarking
    • 17. Share Photos
    • 18. Why is “Open” Important?  Because when we cooperate and share, we all win – exponentially.  Reedʼs Law:Networks grow [in value] exponentially by the number of nodes.  It’s a social justice issue: everyone has the right to access global knowledge. Institute for the Future whitepaper: Technologies of Cooperation
    • 19. Definition of OER  Digitized materials, offered freely and openly for educators, students, to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research.
    • 20. The Old Economics Print, warehouse, and ship a new book for every student
    • 21. The New Economics Upload one copy, and everyone uses it simultaneously Making copies, storage, distribution of digital stuff = “Free”
    • 22. software textbooks music
    • 23. Textbook 2.0 modular authored by community continuously updated personalized on assembly never out-of-print published on demand low cost ex: 600-page textbook for $32, not $132
    • 24. (a few) Open Content Repositories  OpenLearn (UK) - DEMO  OCW – MIT (MIT HS)  China Open Resources for Education has translated 109 MIT OCW courses into Simplified Chinese.  Rice Connexions
    • 25. and there is this small collection of articles:
    • 26. Why do we Need Open Textbooks?  2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades
    • 27. Why do we Need Open Textbooks?  The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student spent an estimated $805 to $1,229 on college books and supplies…
    • 28. Why do we Need Open Textbooks?  The gross margin on new college textbooks is currently 22.7 percent according to the National Association of College Stores.  Products available in college stores are sold with a margin, as in any retail operation. Margin is the difference between cost and retail price, reflecting work required to bring products to market.
    • 29. May, 2007: Dept of Ed.
    • 30.
    • 31. Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources Joint effort to develop and use open educational resources and open textbooks in community college courses
    • 32. Community College Open Textbook Project Goal Identify, organize, and support the production and use of high quality, accessible and culturally relevant Open Textbooks for community college students Reduce the cost of textbooks!
    • 33. Why so urgent?  Consider One High Enrollment Course:  English Composition I  37,226 enrollments / year  X $100 textbook  = $3.7 Million + (cost to students)  What if we looked at 100, 200, 300 high enrollment courses?
    • 34. Challenges  Faculty and student resistance to change  Limited availability of high quality and comprehensive learning materials in some disciplines  Inadequate access to high-speed Internet by students
    • 35. Challenges  Compliance with accessibility requirements  Printing and computer lab demands on campus by students  Coordination with campus bookstores
    • 36. Open Textbook Adoption  Locate open textbooks for consideration  Evaluate each textbook for selection  Customize, remix, and organize selected textbook  Disseminate in print and digital formats
    • 37. Locate Open Textbooks for Consideration  MERLOT  Connexions  Wikibooks  OER Commons  Global Text Project
    • 38. Evaluate Each Textbook  Quality  Accessibility  Cultural relevance  Currency  Authority of Source  Reading level  Depth and scope  Quality and Accuracy  Articulation
    • 39. Customize, Remix, and Organize
    • 40. Disseminate Open Textbooks  Digital formats  Printed format  Campus bookstore  Campus print-shop services  Proprietary services
    • 41.
    • 42. Librarians can help find and weave open textbooks into courses … working with faculty (resource based instructional design, yes?)
    • 43.  13 (b) Faculty and staff members consider the least costly practices in assigning course materials, such as adopting the least expensive edition available, adopting free, open textbooks when available, and working with college librarians to put together collections of free online web and library resources, when educational content is comparable as determined by the faculty
    • 44. Bookstores Future Role?  Bookstores are perfectly positioned to be the College’s clearinghouse for printed open educational resources.  print-on-demand open textbooks & OER course packs  Students want printed options (Course Correction)  Have location and are tightly networked into IT and fiscal campus operations.  e.g., students can use fin aid @ bookstores 49
    • 45. Are there really Open Educational Resources (e.g., Open Textbooks) on the web? 50
    • 46. Librarians are experts in melding open educational resources with traditional publisher copyrighted resources.
    • 47. Hey Higher Ed!  We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content  move to: quot;proudly borrowed from therequot;  Content is not a strategic advantage  Nor can we (or our students) afford it
    • 48. Future of Openness in Education  “As uncomfortable a proposition as this new openness may be for some, I believe it is the future of higher education.” In web 2.0, everything is public & higher education needs to get used to it. David Wiley 2006. Open source, openness, and higher education.
    • 49. What Happens if we Don’t Change? Functional Possibilities Higher Education Time
    • 50. How is the fiscal health of your local newspaper? 55
    • 51. Choices: (1) Open up and leverage global input OR (2) close up shop
    • 52. Near Term Opportunity 27 (iv) Sharing library resources including but not limited to: Copyrighted physical and e-books, and consolidated electronic journals and research database licensing and other models; 30 (v) Methods and open licensing options for effectively sharing digital content including but not limited to: Open courseware, open textbooks, open journals, and open learning objects;
    • 53. Dr. Cable Green (360) 704-4334 Twitter: cgreen