Houston Regains Presidency A Policy of Economy Invasion Triggers the Archives War Woll Invades Texas The Mier Expedition The Drawing of the Black Beans Feuds Lead to Unrest in East Texas
A Policy of Economy <ul><li>In 1841 Houston regains his presidency. </li></ul><ul><li>Houston stressed finical responsibility to cut the debt in the republic . Houston eliminated dozens of government positions and cut the size of the army. He tried to sell navy ships, but angry citizens of Galveston prevented the sale. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Houston’s biggest concern is Texas’ annexation to the United States. </li></ul>
Invasion Triggers the Archives War <ul><li>In March 1842 a Mexican army invaded Texas and occupied San Antonio, Goliad, and Refugio. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mexican army withdrew, but many Texans panicked. President Houston tried to save the government archives (arkives) documents by moving them from Austin to Houston. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Austin thought Houston was planning to move the capital from Austin. When the government officials tried to move the official documents some Austin residents, led by Angelina Eberly, fired on them. This skirmish is known as the Archives War . </li></ul>
Woll Invades Texas <ul><li>In September 1842, Mexican forces of 1,400 invaded Texas again commanded by General Adrian Woll. The Texas militia and the Texas Rangers drove out Woll’s army after some heavy fighting. </li></ul><ul><li>Adrian Woll </li></ul>
The Mier Expedition <ul><li>In November 1842, Houston ordered a militia of 750 to patrol the area from San Antonio to Laredo. The Texans discovered a Mexican army nearby and attacked them near the Rio Grande river in the town of Mier. After two days of fighting the Mexican army, the Texans, outnumbered and low on supplies, surrendered on December 26, 1842. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mier Expedition Fails </li></ul>
The Drawing of the Black Beans <ul><li>The captured Texas army escaped from the Mexican army on February 11, 1843. Mexican troops recaptured the Texan troops about a week later. Santa Anna now back in power in Mexico ordered every tenth Texans executed as punishment for their escape attempt, the prisoners were ordered to draw beans from a jar. Those who drew black beans were shot; those who drew white beans were marched to prison in Mexico City. </li></ul>
Who?????? Anson Jones <ul><li>When Houston’s second term was up Texans elected Anson Jones to be the 4 th president of Texas. </li></ul><ul><li>Jones devoted most of his time to getting annexation to the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1846 Annexation was approved by the U.S. Congress and Texas became a state. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Because Texas is now a state and not a country Anson Jones was stripped of most of his power as president. </li></ul><ul><li>Jones presided over the transfer of power from republic to state , such as creating a state constitution. </li></ul>
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