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Latin Two

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A review of chapters 17-22 in the Oxford Latin book..

A review of chapters 17-22 in the Oxford Latin book..

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    • 1. Latin Review II
    • 2. Cases Review Nominative = Subject Genitive = Possessive ( -’s), Partitive (portion, half of the pizza) Dative = Indirect Object *Accusative = Direct Object ; motion to or toward *Ablative = Separation, Indirection, Motion away from ; by, with, from Vocative = Addressing someone *only Acc and Abl can take prepositions
    • 3. examples! 1.) “bonus puer” puer: subject, nominative bonus: agrees with puer, nominative 2.) “ambulat ad forum” forum: motion toward & ‘ad’ = accusative
    • 4. Fourth Declension Masculine and Feminine case singular plural Nominative -us -us Genitive -us -uum Dative -ui -ibus Accusative -um -us Ablative -u -ibus
    • 5. Fourth Declension Neuter case singular plural Nominative -u -ua Genitive -us -uum Dative -ui -ibus Accusative -u -ua Ablative -u -ibus
    • 6. Fourth Declension examples: manus, casus, gradus, versus, vultus case singular plural Nominative gradus gradus Genitive gradus graduum Dative gradui gradibus Accusative gradum gradus Ablative gradu gradibus
    • 7. Fifth Declension case singular plural Nominative -es -es Genitive -ei -erum Dative -ei -ebus Accusative -em -es Ablative -e -ebus
    • 8. Fifth Declension examples: res case singular plural Nominative res res Genitive rei rerum Dative rei rebus Accusative rem res Ablative re rebus
    • 9. Chapter 17 Vocab verbs Adverbs sum, esse deinde supero, supare, superavi enim discedo, discedere, discessi, igitur lego, legere, legi, tamen credo, credere, credidi promitto, promittere, promisi adjectives efficio, efficere, effeci candidus, -a, -um optimus, -a, -um nouns pessimus, -a, -um hora, -ae (f) verus, -a, -um pecunia, -ae (f) vera dicere divitae, -arum (f, pl) gravis, grave candidatus, -i (m) numerus, -i (m) oratio, orationis (f) orationem habere vulnus, vulneris (n)
    • 10. verbs Chapter 17 Vocab sum, esse = I am Adverbs supero, supare, superavi = I overcome deinde = then, next discedo, discedere, discessi = I go away, depart enim = for lego, legere, legi, = I read igitur = and so, therefore credo, credere, credidi = I believe, trust tamen =however, but promitto, promittere, promisi = I promise efficio, efficere, effeci = I effect, carry adjectives candidus, -a, -um = white nouns optimus, -a, -um = best hora, -ae (f) = hour pessimus, -a, -um = worst pecunia, -ae (f) = money, riches verus, -a, -um = true divitae, -arum (f, pl) = riches vera dicere = to speak the truth candidatus, -i (m) = candidate gravis, grave = heavy, serious numerus, -i (m) = number oratio, orationis (f) = speech orationem habere = to make a speech vulnus, vulneris (n) = wound
    • 11. Chapter 18 Vocab nouns Verbs lacrima, -ae absum, abesse, afui + abl. silva, -ae disco, discere, didici annus, -i fleo, flere, flevi ignis, ignis ineo, inire, inii iter, itineris transeo, transire, transii, tempus, temporis studeo, studere, studui + dat. ver, veris valere iubeo dies, diei vendo, vendere, vendidi conspicio, conspicere, conspexi prepositions sine + abl adjectives longus, -a, -um adverbs longe adhuc tam
    • 12. Chapter 18 Vocab nouns Verbs lacrima, -ae = tear absum, abesse, afui + abl. = I am away from silva, -ae = forest disco, discere, didici = I learn annus, -i = year fleo, flere, flevi = I weep ignis, ignis = fire ineo, inire, inii = I enter, begin iter, itineris = journey transeo, transire, transii, = I cross tempus, temporis = time studeo, studere, studui + dat. = I study ver, veris = spring valere iubeo = I bid goodbye to dies, diei = day vendo, vendere, vendidi = I sell conspicio, conspicere, conspexi = I catch sight of prepositions sine + abl = without adjectives longus, -a, -um = long adverbs longe = far adhuc = still tam = so
    • 13. Chapter 19 Vocab verbs nouns ago, agere, egi aedificium, -i claudo, claudere, clausi vestimenta, -orum aperio, aperire, aperui Iuppiter, Iovis apertus, -a, -um adverbs continuo adjectives huc...illuc altus, -a, -um paene confectus, -a, -um ubique invitus, -a, -um medius, -a, -um preposition sacer, sacra, sacrum extra + acc. vacuus, -a, -um difficilis, difficile conjunction ubi
    • 14. Chapter 19 Vocab nouns verbs aedificium, -i = building ago, agere, egi = I do; I drive vestimenta, -orum = clothes claudo, claudere, clausi = I shut Iuppiter, Iovis = Jupiter aperio, aperire, aperui = I open apertus, -a, -um = open adverbs continuo =immediately adjectives huc...illuc = this way and that altus, -a, -um = high paene = nearly confectus, -a, -um = finished ubique = everywhere invitus, -a, -um = unwilling medius, -a, -um = middle preposition sacer, sacra, sacrum = sacred extra + acc. = outside vacuus, -a, -um = empty difficilis, difficile = difficult conjunction ubi = where, when
    • 15. Chapter 20 verbs appello, appellare, appellavi recito, recitare, recitavi rideo, ridere, risi adjectives, adverbs induo, induere, indui rectus, -a, -um intellego, intellegere, intellexi recte nouns severus, -a, -um poeta, -ae, facilis, facile gratiae, -arum facile gratias ago + dat. schola, -ae discipulus, -i liber, libri gradus, gradus manus, manus versus, versus, vultus, vultus
    • 16. verbs Chapter 20 appello, appellare, appellavi = I call (by name) recito, recitare, recitavi = I recite, read aloud rideo, ridere, risi = I laugh induo, induere, indui = I put on intellego, intellegere, intellexi = I understand adjectives, adverbs nouns rectus, -a, -um = straight poeta, -ae, = poet recte = rightly, correctly gratiae, -arum = thanks severus, -a, -um = severe gratias ago + dat. = I thank facilis, facile = easy schola, -ae = school, schoolroom facile = easily discipulus, -i = pupil liber, libri = book gradus, gradus = step manus, manus = hand versus, versus, = verse vultus, vultus = face, expression
    • 17. Chapter 21 nouns epistola, -ae dominus, -i Verbs atrium, -i salve, salvete! ingenium, -i sino, sinere, sivi studium, -i viso, visere, visi studium, -i conficio, conficere, confeci tablinum, -i intersum, interesse, interfui + dat. aedes, aedium, orator, oratoris adjectives soror, sororis clarus, -a, -um dies, diei ingeniosus, -a, -um meridies, meridiei latus, -a, -um cotidie res, rei adverbs praeterea respublica, reipublicae re vera pronoun spes, spei aliquis, alquid
    • 18. Chapter 21 nouns Verbs epistola, -ae = letter salve, salvete! = greetings! dominus, -i = master sino, sinere, sivi = I allow atrium, -i = hall viso, visere, visi = I visit ingenium, -i = character, talents conficio, conficere, confeci = I finish studium, -i = study intersum, interesse, interfui + dat. = I am among, I take part in tablinum, -i = study (the room) aedes, aedium, = house adjectives orator, oratoris = orator, speaker clarus, -a, -um = clear, bright, famous soror, sororis = sister ingeniosus, -a, -um = talented, clever latus, -a, -um = wide, broad dies, diei = day meridies, meridiei = midday adverbs cotidie = every day praeterea = moreover res, rei = thing, matter, property respublica, reipublicae = the republic pronoun re vera = in truth, in fact, really aliquis, alquid = aliquis, aliquid spes, spei = hope
    • 19. Chapter 22 nouns turba, -ae ludi, -orum signum, -i verbs vesper, vesperis spero, sperare, speravi casus, casus volo, volare, volavi currus, cursus faveo, favere, favi + dat pareo, parere, parui + dat. adjectives frango, frangere, fregi contentus, -a, -um perdo, perdere, perdidi fractus, -a, -um rapio, rapere, rapui maximus, -a, -um plurimus, -a, -um adverb nobilis, nobile quo? talis, tale vetus, veteris
    • 20. Chapter 22 nouns turba, -ae = crowd ludi, -orum (m. pl.) = the games signum, -i = sign, signal verbs vesper, vesperis = evening spero, sperare, speravi = I hope casus, casus = mishap, misfortune volo, volare, volavi = I fly currus, cursus = running; a course faveo, favere, favi + dat = I favor, support pareo, parere, parui + dat. = I obey adjectives frango, frangere, fregi = I break contentus, -a, -um = content perdo, perdere, perdidi = I lose, destroy fractus, -a, -um = broken rapio, rapere, rapui = I snatch, steal maximus, -a, -um = greatest, very great plurimus, -a, -um = very man adverb nobilis, nobile = noble, famous quo? = where to? talis, tale = such vetus, veteris = old (veteran
    • 21. Imperfect Tense! I was verbing -bam You were verbing -bas (s)he was verbing -bat we were verbing -bamus you all you averbing were -batis they were verbing -bant
    • 22. Imperfect Examples I was preparing parabam You were preparing parabas (s)he was preparing parabat we were preparing parabamus you a were all parabatis preparing preparing they were parabant
    • 23. Imperfect Irregular Sum I was eram You were eras (s)he was erat we were eramus you a were all eratis preparing they were erant
    • 24. Perfect Tense! I verbed –i You verbed -isti (s)he verbed -it we verbed -imus you you a all verbed -istis they verbed -erunt
    • 25. Perfect Stems Take the stem from the THIRD PRINCIPAL PART and add the endings First Conjugation Verbs Third Conjugation Verbs -are verbs consonant verbs ex. paro, parare; voco, vocare ex. regere, rexi stem: parav-, vocav- stem: rex- Second Conjugation Verbs Fourth Conjugation Verbs -i verbs -e verbs ex. audio, audire ex. monere, monui stem: audiv- stem: monu-
    • 26. Examples of Perfect Verbs I prepared paravi I ruled rexi You prepared paravisit You ruled rexisti (s)he prepared paravit (s)he ruled rexit we prepared paravimus we ruled reximus you a prepared you all you a ruled you all rexistis paravistis preparing preparing they ruled rexerunt they prepared paraverunt I warned monui I heard audivi You warned monuisti You heard audivisti (s)he warned monuit (s)he heard audivit we warned monuimus we heard audivimus you a warned you all monuistis you a heard you all audivistis preparing they warned monuerunt preparing they heard audiverunt
    • 27. Pluperfect perfect stem + sum imperfect I had been preparing paraveram I had been ruling rexeram you ... paraveras You .... rexeras (s)he... paraverat (s)he .... rexerat we ... paraveramus we .... rexeramus you a you a .... you all ... paraveratis you all rexeratis preparing they .... paraverant they .... rexerant I had been warning monueram I had been hearing audiveram You ... monueras You .... audiveras (s)he ... monuerat (s)he .... audiverat we .... monueramus we .... audiveramus you a .... you a you all monueratis you .... audiveratis preparing they.... monuerant they .... audiverant
    • 28. Sum Pluperfect! I had been fueram You had been fueras (s)he been fuerat we had been fueramus you a you had been fueratis they had been fuerant
    • 29. Happy Studying!