Latin Review I


Published on

Latin Review from fall 2009

Published in: Technology, Education
1 Comment
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

  • Latin Review I

    1. 1. Latin Exam I Chapters 1-8
    2. 2. Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative Ablative Vocative
    3. 3. Cases *only Acc and Abl can take prepositions Nominative = Subject Genitive = Possessive ( -’s), Partitive (portion, half of the pizza) Dative = Indirect Object ; verbs taking dating *Accusative = Direct Object ; motion to or toward *Ablative = Separation, Indirection, Motion away from ; by, with, from Vocative = Addressing someone
    4. 4. First Declension nouns and adjectives case singular plural Nominative -a -ae Genitive -ae -arum Dative -ae –īs Accusative -am –ās Ablative -a –īs Vocative -a -ae
    5. 5. First Declension Examples puella, puellae case singular plural Nominative puella puellae Genitive puellae puellarum Dative puellae puellīs Accusative puellam puellās Ablative puella puellīs Vocative puella puellae
    6. 6. second declensions for masculine / feminine nouns and adjectives case singular plural nominative -us -i genitive –i -orum dative -o -is accusative -um -os ablative -o -is
    7. 7. second declensions amicus, amici = friend case singular plural nominative amicus amici genitive amici amicorum dative amico amicis accusative amicum amicos ablative amico amicis
    8. 8. second declensions puer, pueri = boy case singular plural nominative puer pueri genitive pueri puerorum dative puero pueris accusative puerum pueros ablative puero pueris
    9. 9. second declensions for neuter nouns and adjectives case singular plural nominative -um -a genitive -i -orum dative -o -is accusative -um -a ablative -o -is
    10. 10. second declensions for neuter nouns and adjectives bellum = war case singular plural nominative bellum bella genitive belli bellorum dative bello bellis accusative bellum bella ablative bello bellis
    11. 11. third declension Masculine & feminine nouns and adjectives case singular plural nominative -er -es genitive -is -um dative -i -ibus accusative -em -es ablative -e -ibus
    12. 12. Third Declension Neuter case singular plural nominative -us / -e -a genitive -is -um dative -i -ibus accusative -em / -e -a ablative -e -ibus
    13. 13. Hints for declining nom & acc are the same in both singular and plural in second and third declension puella, -ae femina, -ae = first declension puer, -i amicus, -i verbum, -i = second declension frater, -is soror, -is litus, -is = third declension
    14. 14. Verb conjugation!
    15. 15. All Stem Endings! I –ō You -s (s)he -t We -mus You pl. -tis They -nt
    16. 16. First Conjugation stem ends in -a Ex. Parare = to prepare I parō We paramus You paras You pl. paratis (s)he parat They parant
    17. 17. Second Conjugation stem ends in -e Ex. Monere = to warn I moneō We monēmus You monēs You pl. monētis (s)he monet They monent
    18. 18. Third Conjugation stem ends in consonants Ex. regere = to warn I regō We regimus You regis You pl. regitis (s)he regit They regunt
    19. 19. Fourth Conjugation stem ends in -i Ex. audire = to listen I audiō We audimus You audis You pl. auditis (s)he audit They audiunt
    20. 20. Irregular Sum = I am sum sumus es estis est sunt
    21. 21. Irregular - Possum I can, am able to Possum Possumus Potes Potestis Potest Possunt
    22. 22. Irregular eo - I go eo imus is itis it eunt
    23. 23. Vocab!
    24. 24. Chapter 1 Latin Adjectives Verbs fessa ambulat laeta cenat parata festinat intrat Adverbs laborat mox non Nouns casa Conjunctions cena et femina sed puella
    25. 25. Chapter 1 Latin to English Verbs Adjectives ambulat = he/she walks fessa = tired cenat = he/she dines laeta = happy festinat = he/she hurries parata = ready intrat = he/she enters laborat = he/she works Adverbs mox = soon Nouns non = not casa = house, cottage cena = dinner Conjunctions femina = woman et = and puella = girl sed = but
    26. 26. Chapter 2 Latin Verbs nouns adjective iuvat aqua irata laudat fabula narrat filia adverb parat subito via portat salutat preposition vocat in
    27. 27. Chapter 2 Latin to English Verbs nouns adjective iuvat = she/he helps aqua = water irata = angry laudat = he/she praises fabula = story narrat = he/she tells filia = girl adverb parat = he/she praises via = road subito = suddenly portat = he/she carries salutat = he/she greets preposition vocat = he/she calls in = in, into
    28. 28. Chapter 3 Latin Verbs manet Nouns pronoun sedet terra eum videt cibus eam ascendit colonus cadit filius preposition currit ager ad ducit puer inquit conjunction imttit Adjectives nam redit anxius, -a, -um audit
    29. 29. Chapter 3 Latin to English Verbs manet = he/she stays, waits Nouns pronoun sedet = he/she sits terra = earth, land eum = him videt = he/she sees cibus = food eam = her ascendit = he/she climbs colonus = farmer *Note: acc. cadit = he/she falls filius = son currit = he/she runs ager = field preposition ducit = he/she leads puer = boy ad = to, toward inquit = he/she says mittit = he/she sends Adjectives conjunction redit = he/she returns anxius, -a, -um = anxious nam = for audit = he/she hears
    30. 30. Chapter 4 Latin Verbs Adverbs pronouns adest cur? eos, eas curat diu ille, illa accedit iam procedit lente conjunctions surgit saepe quod dormit tandem ubi venit Nouns adjectives amicus magnus, -a, -um ludus miser, misera, miserum multus, -a, -um
    31. 31. Chapter 4 Latin to English Verbs Adverbs pronouns adest = he/she is present cur? = why? eos, eas = them (acc. pl.) curat = he/she cares, looks after diu = for a long time ille, illa = he, she accedit = he/she approaches iam = now, already procedit = he/she goes forward lente = slowly conjunctions surgit = he/she rises saepe = often quod = because dormit = he/she sleeps tandem = at last ubi = when venit = he/she comes Nouns adjectives amicus = friend magnus, -a, -um = great, big ludus = school miser, misera, miserum = miserable multus, -a, -um = much, many
    32. 32. Chapter 5 Latin Verbs Noun Pronoun clamat hortus quid? dat rogat Adjectives Prepositions spectat unus, -a, -um cum + abl. iacet duo, duae, duo in + abl. respondet tres, tria per + acc. dicit alius, alia, aliud emit bonus, -a, -um Conjunction ponit malus, -a, -um nec/neque tradit advent Adverb facit Statim
    33. 33. Chapter 5 Latin to English Verbs Noun Pronoun clamat = he/she shouts hortus = garden quid? = what? dat = he/she gives rogat = he/she asks Adjectives Prepositions spectat = he/she watches unus, -a, -um = one cum + abl. = with iacet = he/she lies (dow) duo, duae, duo = two in + abl. = in, on respondet = he/she answers tres, tria = three per + acc. = through dicit = he/she says alius, alia, aliud = one, another throughout emit = he/she buys bonus, -a, -um = good Conjunction ponit = he/she places, puts malus, -a, -um = bad nec/neque = and not, nor tradit = he/she hands over advent = he/she arrives Adverb facit = he/she makes, does Statim = at once
    34. 34. Chapter 6 Latin Nouns Verbs Adverbs ianua debeo, debere celeriter littera doceo, docere diligenter domus iubeo, iubere iterum domum constitituo, constituere magister dimitto, dimittere preposition ludo, ludere prope + acc. Pronouns scribo, scribere ego cupio, cupere Conjunctions me eo, ire itaque tu exeo, exire nec/neque te
    35. 35. Chapter 6 Latin to English Nouns Adverbs Verbs ianua = door celeriter = quickly debeo, debere = I ought, I must littera = a letter diligenter = carefully, hard doceo, docere = I teach domus = home iterum = again iubeo, iubere = I order domum = (to) home constitituo, constituere = I decide magister = master preposition dimitto, dimittere = I send away prope + acc. = near ludo, ludere = I play Pronouns scribo, scribere = I write ego = I Conjunctions cupio, cupere = I desire, want me = me (acc.) itaque = and so eo, ire = I go tu = you nec/neque = neither...nor exeo, exire = I go out te = you (acc.)
    36. 36. Chapter 7 Latin Verbs Nouns adverb convoco, convocare ira, -ae fortiter navigo, navigare pugna, -ae oppugno, oppugnare canis, canis preposition pugno, pugnare comes, comitis a/ab + abl defendo, defendere frater, fratris occido, occidere navis, navis resisto, resistere pater, patris vinco, vincere princeps, principis capio, capere rex, regis fugio, fugere urbs, urbis iacio, iacere
    37. 37. Chapter 7 Latin to English Verbs Nouns adverb convoco, convocare = I call together ira, -ae = anger fortiter = bravely navigo, navigare = I sail pugna, -ae = fight oppugno, oppugnare = I attack canis, canis = dog preposition pugno, pugnare = I fight comes, comitis = comrade a/ab + abl = from defendo, defendere = I defend frater, fratris = brother occido, occidere = I kill navis, navis = ship resisto, resistere = I resist pater, patris = father vinco, vincere = I conquer princeps, principis = prince * capio, capere = I take rex, regis = king * fugio, fugere = I flee urbs, urbis = city * iacio, iacere = I throw *third conjugation -io
    38. 38. Chapter 8 Latin verbs Nouns possum, posse hasta, -ae exspecto, -are adverbs porta, -ae servo, -are bene murus, -i timeo, -ere hic mater, matris reddo, -ere huc mors, mortis relinquo, -ere verto, -ere conjunction adjectives conicio, -ere -que mortuus, -a, -um solus, -a, -um prepositions territus, -a, -um circum + acc. incolumis, incolume e/ex + abl.
    39. 39. Chapter 8 Latin to English verbs Nouns possum, posse = I can, I am able to hasta, -ae = spear exspecto, -are = I wait for adverbs porta, -ae = gate servo, -are = I save bene = well murus, -i = wall timeo, -ere = I fear, I am afraid hic = here mater, matris = mother reddo, -ere = I return, I give back huc = huc mors, mortis = death relinquo, -ere = I leave behind verto, -ere = I turn conjunction adjectives conicio, -ere = I hurl -que = and mortuus, -a, -um = dead solus, -a, -um = alone prepositions territus, -a, -um = terrified circum + acc. = round incolumis, incolume = safe e/ex + abl. = out of, from
    40. 40. KNOW First declension ablative second conjugation infinitive sum possum eo prepositions take accusative or ablative;
    41. 41. first declension examples 1.) Terram agricolarum puella amat. The girl loves the farmers’ land Terram = direct object = accusative agricolarum = possessive = genetive puella = subject = nominative amat = verb
    42. 42. Part II
    43. 43. Fair Game 2nd Decl. Masculine 1,2,3, conjugation verbs irregular verbs 3rd Decl. Adj omnis 3rd Decl. Feminine, Neuter know navis and mare
    44. 44. 2nd Decl. Masculine case singular plural nominative colonus coloni genitive coloni colonorum dative colono colonis accusative colonum colonos ablative colono colonis
    45. 45. 3rd Decl. Adjective -i stem case singular plural nominative omnis omnes genitive omnis omnium dative omni omnibus accusative omnem omnes ablative omni omnibus
    46. 46. 3rd Decl. Fem. -i stems navis, navis case singular plural nominative navis naves genitive navis navium dative navi navibus accusative navem naves ablative nave navibus
    47. 47. 3rd Declension neuter nouns case singular plural nominative mare maria genitive maris marium dative mari maribus accusative mare maria ablative mari maribus
    48. 48. Mare, Maris case singular plural nominative Mare maria genitive Maris marium dative Mari maribus accusative mare maria ablative mari marium
    49. 49. Navis, Navis case singular plural nominative navis naves genitive navis navium dative navi navibus accusative naves naves ablative nave navibus
    50. 50. Chapter 9 Vocab. verbs adjectives gaudeo novus habeo parvus moneo pauci taceo tacitus bibo totus conscendo ingens, ingentis accipio convenio adverb sic nouns insula preposition equus inter + acc. vir, viri labor nox, noctis uxor, uxoris
    51. 51. Chapt. 9 Latin - Englis verbs adjectives gaudeo = I rejoice novus = new habeo = I live parvus = small moneo = I warn, advise pauci = few taceo = quiet tacitus = silent bibo = I drink totus = whole conscendo = I board ingens, ingentis = huge accipio = I receive convenio = I come together, meet adverb sic = thus nouns insula = island preposition equus = horse inter + acc. = among, between vir, viri = man labor = work, hardship, suffering nox, noctis = night uxor, uxoris = wife
    52. 52. Chapt. 10 Vocab Verbs Nouns prepositions Habito nauta de + abl Oro silva sub + abl Quaero unda Quiesco caelum Tollo periculum saxum Adjective verbum primus clamor, clamoris homo, hominis Adverb litus, litoris primum mare, maris vix mons, montis
    53. 53. Chpt. 10 Latin to Verbs Nouns habito = to live, dwell nauta = ship oro = to pray, beg silva = wood quaero = I ask, I seek prepositions unda = wave quiesco = I rest de + abl = down from caelum = sky, heaven tollo = I lift, raise sub + abl = under periculum = danger saxum = rock Adjective verbum = word primus = first clamor, clamoris = shout homo, hominis = man Adverb litus, litoris = shore primum = first mare, maris = sea vix = scarcely mons, montis = mountain
    54. 54. Chapt. 11 Vocab verbs Nouns aedifico, -are fama erro, -are patria impero, -are adverb regina sto, stare semper somnus cognosco, -ere ventus ocurro, -ere conjunction bellum ostendo, -ere dum consilium succurro, -ere templum invenio, -ire vinum fero, ferre arma castra adjectives collis notus, -a, -um hostis ignotus, -a, -um nomen, nominis, nomine
    55. 55. Chapt. 11 Latin to English verbs Nouns aedifico, -are = I build fama = rumor erro, -are = I wander, I err, I am wrong patria = fatherland impero, -are = I order regina = queen adverb sto, stare = I stand somnus = sleep semper = always cognosco, -ere = I get to know, learn ventus = wind ocurro, -ere = I meet bellum = war conjunction ostendo, -ere = I show consilium = plan dum = while succurro, -ere = I help templum = temple invenio, -ire = I find vinum = wine fero, ferre = I carry arma = arms, weapons castra = camp adjectives collis = hill notus, -a, -um = known hostis = enemy ignotus, -a, -um = unknown nomen, nominis, nomine = by name, called
    56. 56. Chpt. 12 Vocab Verbs adjectives conjunctions amo, -are commotus aut...aut despero, -are tantus placeo, -ere tristis, triste prepositions mihi placet felix, felicis ante + acc. peto, -ere infelix, infelicis post + acc. perficio, -ere adverbs nouns etiam animus ibi deus, dei interea dea, deae nunc nuntius oculus imperium amor, amoris hiems, hiemis
    57. 57. Chapt 12 Latin to English Verbs conjunctions amo, -are = I love adjectives aut...aut = either .... or despero, -are = I despair commotus = moved placeo, -ere = I please tantus = so great prepositions mihi placet = it pleases me, I decide tristis, triste = sad ante + acc. = before peto, -ere = I seek, pursue felix, felicis = lucky, happy post + acc. = after perficio, -ere = I carry out infelix, infelicis = unlucky nouns adverbs animus = mind etiam = even, also deus, dei = god ibi = there dea, deae = goddess interea = meanwhile nuntius = messenger, message nunc = now oculus = eye imperium = order amor, amoris = love hiems, hiemis = winter
    58. 58. Latin III
    59. 59. Chapter 13 Latin Verbs pronouns Nouns evigilo nemo, neminis aura, exito qui, quae, quod domina invideo forma teneo adverbs maritus colo numquam sonus depono umquam arbor vivo lux conjunction vox Adjectives si divinus nullus pulcher
    60. 60. Chapter 13 Latin to English Verbs pronouns Nouns evigilo = I wake up nemo, neminis = no one aura = breeze, air exito = I rouse, awaken qui, quae, quod = who, which domina = mistress invideo + dat. = I envy forma = shape, beauty teneo = I hold adverbs maritus = husband colo = I worship, I till numquam = never sonus = sound depono = I put down umquam = ever arbor = tree vivo = I live lux, lucis = light conjunction vox = voice Adjectives si = if divinus = divine nullus = no pulcher = beautiful
    61. 61. Chapter 14 Latin Verbs Nouns lavo familia exerceo gloria cano locus contendo populus gero carmen centurio Adverbs flos eo imperator hodie iuvenis postea legio miles Pronouns parens is, ea, id senex quidam, quaedam, quoddam
    62. 62. Chapter 14 Latin Nouns Verbs familia = family, household lavo = I wash gloria = flory exerceo = I exercise, train locus = place cano = I sing populus = people contendo = I walk, march, hasten carmen, carminis = song gero = I carry; I wear centurio = centurion flos, floris = flower Adverbs imperator = general eo = (to) there, thither iuvenis = young man hodie = today legio = legion postea = afterwards miles, militis = soldier parens = parent Pronouns senex = old man is, ea, id = he, she, it, that quidam, quaedam, quoddam = a certain, a
    63. 63. Chapter 14 Latin Verbs Nouns lavo familia exerceo gloria cano locus contendo populus gero carmen centurio Adverbs flos eo imperator hodie iuvenis postea legio miles Pronouns parens is, ea, id senex quidam, quaedam, quoddam
    64. 64. Chapter 15 Latin Nouns Verbs toga tempto auxilium bellum gero proelium dedo civis repello consul circumvenio dictator volo, velle moenia nolo, nolle senatus Adverbs Adjectives haud hic, haec, hoc postridie ipse, ipsa, ipsum procul pauper, pauperis quomodo Prepositions Conjunction trans + acc. de + abl
    65. 65. Chapter 15 Latin to English Nouns Verbs toga = toga tempto = I try auxilium = help bellum gero = I wage war proelium = battle dedo = I give up, surrendor civis = citizen repello = I drive back consul = consul circumvenio = I surround dictator = dictator volo, velle = I wish, am willing moenia = walls nolo, nolle = I am unwilling, I refuse senatus = senate Adverbs Adjectives haud = not hic, haec, hoc = this postridie = the next day ipse, ipsa, ipsum = self procul = far pauper, pauperis = poor quomodo? = how? Prepositions Conjunction trans + acc. = across = both...and de + abl = about
    66. 66. Chapter 16 Latin Verbs libero Nouns evado statua posco exemplum rumpo frumentum custodio praesidium custos flumen Adjectives foedus dignus obses, obsidis summus pax, pacis liber virgo, virginis virtus, virtutis Adverbs quoque non solum ... sed etiam
    67. 67. Chapter 16 Latin to English Verbs libero = I free Nouns evado = I escape statua = statue posco = I demand exemplum = example rumpo = I break frumentum = grain, corn custodio = I guard praesidium = garrison custos = guard flumen, flumenis = river Adjectives foedus = treaty dignus = worthy obses, obsidis = hostage summus = highest, greatest pax, pacis = peace liber, libera, liberum = free virgo, virginis = virgin, maiden virtus, virtutis = courage, virtue Adverbs quoque = also non solum ... sed etiam = not only....but also
    68. 68. Irregular Verb Conjugation Velle = to wish / be willing I wish volō we wish volomus You wish vis you all wish vultis (s) he wishes vult they wish volunt
    69. 69. Irregular Verb Conjugation Nōli = to be unwilling, to refuse I am unwilling nōlō we are unwilling nōlumus You are unwilling non vis you all are unwilling nōn vultis he/she is unwilling non vult they are unwilling nōlunt
    70. 70. Regular Verb Conjugation I –ō You -s (s)he -t we -mus you all -tis they -nt
    71. 71. Regular Verb Conjugation example: parare: to prepare I parō We paramus You paras You pl. paratis (s)he parat They parant
    72. 72. Pronouns: is, ea, id nom. is ea id ei eae ea gen. eius eius eius eorum earum eorum dat. ei ei ei eis eis eis acc. eum eam id eos eas ea abl. eo ea eo eis eis eis
    73. 73. Plural Pronouns: is, ea, id nom. pl. ei eae ea gen. pl. eorum earum eorum dat. pl. eis eis eis acc. pl. eos eas ea abl. pl. eis eis eis
    74. 74. Pronouns: qui, quae, quod nom qui quae quod qui quae quae gen cuius cuius cuius quorum quarum quorum dat cui cui cui quibus quibus quibus acc quem quam quod quos quas quae abl quo qua quo quibus quibus quibus
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.