CIE1001 Conducting a Literature Search

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March 3, 2010

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CIE1001 Conducting a Literature Search

  1. 1. Conducting a Literature ReviewCIE 1001<br />Presented by<br />Monique Flaccavento<br />OISE Library<br />March 3, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Agenda<br />Part I<br /> Concept of a literature review<br /> Developing a research plan (steps in the research process)<br />
  3. 3. Agenda<br />Part II<br /> tips and tricks for searching the UTL catalogue more effectively<br /> locating a variety of materials (books, journals, theses, government documents, etc.)<br />
  4. 4. Agenda<br /> printing / emailing / exporting to RefWorks<br /> ILL / ICD<br /> Liaison Librarians <br />
  5. 5. 15 Minute Break<br />
  6. 6. Agenda<br />Part III<br /> database selection & research guides<br /> finding e-resources: journal articles, theses and dissertations, conference papers<br /> cited reference searching (Web of Knowledge; Scopus)<br />
  7. 7. Agenda<br /> how to determine whether a periodical is peer-reviewed <br /> time for personal research / questions<br />
  8. 8. Objective<br />To develop the skills you will need to conduct more thorough, systematic literature searches<br />
  9. 9. What is a literature review?<br />“an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers” <br />Dena Taylor, <br />Health Sciences Writing Centre, <br /> University of Toronto<br />http://www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice/specific-types-of-writing/literature-review<br />
  10. 10. What is a literature review?<br />“A review is a required part of grant and research proposals and often a chapter in theses and dissertations.”<br />The Writing Centre, <br />University of Wisconsin-Madison<br />http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/ReviewofLiterature.html<br />
  11. 11. What is a literature review?<br />“[It] may be a self-contained unit -- an end in itself -- or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research.”<br />The Writing Centre, <br />University of Wisconsin-Madison<br />http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/ReviewofLiterature.html<br />
  12. 12. What is a literature review?<br />“a piece of discursive prose, not a list describing or summarizing one piece of literature after another”<br />Dena Taylor, <br />Health Sciences Writing Centre, <br />University of Toronto<br />http://www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice/specific-types-of-writing/literature-review<br />
  13. 13. What is its purpose?<br />“Generally, the purpose of a review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles.” <br />The Writing Centre, <br />University of Wisconsin-Madison<br />http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/ReviewofLiterature.html<br />
  14. 14. What is its purpose?<br />The literature review helps a researcher identify gaps in a body of knowledge <br /> worthy of further research.<br />
  15. 15. How does it differ from an essay?<br />“the main focus of an academic research paper is to support your own argument”<br />The Writing Centre<br />University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill<br />http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/literature_review.html<br />
  16. 16. What is its purpose?<br />The literature review:<br />“summarizes and evaluates existing knowledge on a particular topic. Its purpose is to produce a position on the state of that knowledge; this is the thesis”<br />Machi, Lawrence A. & Brenda T. McEvoy. (2009). <br />The Literature review: Six steps to success. <br />Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin, p. 2<br />
  17. 17. How does it differ from an essay?<br />“the focus of a literature review is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and ideas of others.”<br />The Writing Centre<br />University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill<br />http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/literature_review.html<br />
  18. 18. The Research Process<br />1. Identify your topic. Formulate a clear research question.<br />2. Identify keywords and descriptors or subject headings.<br />3. Make a list of the catalogues, databases / indexes, and websites you plan to search.<br />
  19. 19. Sample Topic<br />Impact of immigrationpolicies in Canada on youth<br />
  20. 20. Key Concepts and Synonyms<br />
  21. 21. The Research Process<br />4. Search: <br />library catalogues (for books, encyclopaedias, reports, journals, theses, etc.)<br />article databases available through UTL (such as ERIC, PsycInfo, PAIS International, Source OECD); Data Library site<br />
  22. 22. The Research Process<br /> Theses (catalogue, T-Space, Dissertations and Theses: Full-Text, AMICUS (LAC))<br />CIDEC R&D Database (http://cide.oise.utoronto.ca/database.php)<br /> Google Scholar <br /> Websites – Government, United Nations organizations, etc.<br />
  23. 23. The Research Process<br />5. Refine, focus, or expand your topic as well as your keywords and descriptors<br />6. Scan the literature and critically appraise sources to determine which are the most relevant to your research. <br />7. Revise / refine your topic<br />
  24. 24. Ask Questions<br />Who is the author? Is he / she a respected and / or well-cited scholar in the field?<br /> Use a citation index such as Scopus, Web of Knowledge, or even Google Scholar to help you determine which articles are seminal works in your field.<br />
  25. 25. Ask Questions<br />Is the author of the website a reputable organization / individual? How current is the information? When was it last updated?<br />Are the research methods employed sound?<br />Is there bias in the article?<br />
  26. 26. Ask Questions<br />Has the article / study been published in a scholarly / academic / peer-reviewed journal? <br />Has the book been published by a reputable publisher?<br />
  27. 27. Tips<br /> Check your course outline for a list of well-respected CIDE journals<br /> Search Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory to determine if a journal is scholarly (“refereed”)<br /> Some databases allow you to limit your searches to peer-reviewed / scholarly articles<br />
  28. 28. Try not to exclude articles which are contrary to your point of view.<br />
  29. 29. Literature searches are often interdisciplinary, and should not be limited to current research on a topic.<br />
  30. 30. Catalogue Searches<br />http://www.library.utoronto.ca<br />http://www.library.utoronto.ca/oise<br />
  31. 31. Catalogue Searches<br />VandraMasemann(author)<br />VandraMaseman (author)<br /> woman<br />colour<br />immigra*; policy (within results)<br />
  32. 32. Catalogue Searches<br />Statistics women Harare<br /> “Economics of Education Review” (Title)<br /> “Economic of Education Review” (Title)<br /> women thesis<br />
  33. 33. Catalogue Searches<br />muslim and (youth or adolescent* or teen*) and canad* <br />English<br />aboriginals Canada<br /> immigration<br />
  34. 34. Article Finder<br /> “Comparative and International Education: A Journey toward Equality and Equity” <br />Stromquist, Nelly P. <br />Harvard Eduational Review<br />2005, Vol. 75, Issue 1, pp. 89 --<br />
  35. 35. Another excellent resource is:<br />Machi, Lawrence A. & Brenda T. McEvoy. (2009). The Literature review: Six steps to success. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.<br /> (call number 001.4 M149L).<br />1 copy of this book is available on short term loan at the OISE Library (Available at the Circulation Desk).<br />
  36. 36. We’re here to help!<br />In person: at the Reference Desk<br />By phone: 416-978-1860<br />By email: askeloise@oise.utoronto.ca<br />Via live chat: askON<br />Or, book an in-depth reference consultation…<br />
  37. 37. Or, book an in-depth consultation…<br />Monique Flaccavento<br />416-978-1867<br />monique.flaccavento@utoronto.ca<br />
  38. 38. Questions?<br />
  39. 39. Thank you!<br />

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