PowerPoint Augmentative/Alternative Communication
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PowerPoint Augmentative/Alternative Communication

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A step-by-step guide to transform the ubiquitous slide show into an easy, cost effective dynamic display communication system for individuals with special needs.

A step-by-step guide to transform the ubiquitous slide show into an easy, cost effective dynamic display communication system for individuals with special needs.

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PowerPoint Augmentative/Alternative Communication PowerPoint Augmentative/Alternative Communication Presentation Transcript

  • PowerPointAn Alternative/Augmentative Communication System
    Amy Garrett
    ISHA Tech Conference
    September 18, 2009
  • PowerPoint for AAC
    Why use PowerPoint
    Emulates high end AAC devices
    Dynamic display
    Cost effective
    Customizable for individual needs
    Tech support readily available for a commonly used program
    Free Viewer for access on multiple computers
    Transfer images & recorded speech to
    ACC devices
    Other applications
    PowerPoint for AAC
    Introduce dynamic display
    Assess student skills
    Skill building
    Instruction
    Practice
  • Dynamic DisplayLine Grid
    Grid Created with Lines
    Blank Slide, white background
    Horizontal & vertical lines
    Graphic
    Copy/paste from Boardmaker
    Size to fit within grid space
    Text included with symbol
    Speech, Action Settings…
    Associated with each picture
    Link, Action Settings…
    Associated with selected pictures
  • Dynamic DisplayFunctions of Language
    Grid- Functions of Language
    Blank Slide, white background
    Horizontal & vertical lines
    Colored rectangle shapes layered
    Graphic
    Copy/paste from Boardmaker
    Size to fit within grid space
    Text included with symbol
    Speech, Action Settings…
    Associated with each picture
    Link, Action Settings…
    Associated with selected pictures
  • Dynamic Display3-D Buttons
    Array of Action Buttons
    Blank slide, black background
    Rows & columns of Action Buttons
    Graphic
    Insert picture
    Size to fit on button
    Layered on button
    Text entered on Action Buttons
    Speech, Action Settings…
    Associated with Action Button and picture
    Link, Action Settings…
    Associated with selected buttons and pictures
  • Dynamic DisplayTab Navigation
    Tab Navigation
    Grid created with lines
    Action Buttons (with text) added layered for tab navigation
    Graphic
    Copy/paste from Boardmaker
    Size to fit within grid space
    Text included with symbol
    Speech, Action Settings…
    Associated with symbol
    Link, Action Settings…
    Associated with Action Buttons
  • Visual ScenesTransparent Buttons
    Transparent Action Buttons
    Blank slide
    Background Picture
    Text
    Entered on Action Buttons
    Action Buttons
    Transparent, no line
    Speech, Action Settings…
    Associated with Action Buttons
    Link, Action Settings…
    Associated with selected Action Buttons
  • AAC vs. PowerPoint
    AAC
    Layout
    Based on objects
    Objects contain a single element
    Objects perform limited actions
    Different types of objects perform actions differently
    Objects can be layered
    Objects float
    Voice
    Recorded speech, from a sound editor or within PowerPoint
    Graphics
    Imported
    Layout
    Based on an array of cells,which arealso called buttons
    Cells contain multiple elements
    Cells perform multiple actions
    Cells are independent
    Cells are fixed
    Voice
    Text-to-speech, recorded speech
    Graphics
    Integrated symbol library
    Imported
    PowerPoint
  • PowerPoint Features for AAC
    Vocabulary is the Key to Successful AAC
    Interactive
    Offer a variety of functions of language
    Functional for user’s needs
    Enable user to influence his/her environment
    Clickable Objects
    Kiosk mode to point & click to a specific target
    Action Settings…
    Link slides for a dynamic display
    Play sound (recorded speech) for speech output
    Layout
    Action Buttons
    Pictures
    Text boxes
    Shapes
  • Getting Started
    User Considerations
    Determine communication needs
    Select vocabulary
    Develop a layout to facilitate user’s communication needs
    Number of cells
    Size of cells
    Graphics & text
    Navigation system
    PowerPoint Set-Up Sequence
    Gather & organize images
    Open a template or design a grid
    Save as…
    Set up show in kiosk mode
    Fill buttons that are consistent on each slide
    Duplicate slide
    Add graphic & text to all buttons
    Record, save & organize speech
    Set Action Settings
    Play sound (speech) and link slides
  • Clickable Objects
    Set up a PowerPoint Show with Clickable Objects
    Slide Show (menu bar)
    Set Up Show…
    Browsed at kiosk
    Clickable objects
    Action buttons
    Pictures
    Shapes
    Text boxes
    Text is highlighted & underlined
  • Mac 2008 Tools
    Where are the tools?
    Standard toolbar
    View/Toolbars
    Formatting Palette
    View/Toolbox
    or
    Standard toolbar icon
  • Fill a Line Grid
    Copy/Paste Picture & Text from Boardmaker
    Symbol & text paste onto the center of the slide
    Resize to fit in the grid space
    Text
    Included with Boardmaker symbol
    Use alternate names
    Action Settings…
    Play sound and/or hyperlink
    Associated with the picture
    Picture selected
  • Resize a Picture
    Formatting Palette
    Select the picture
    Size, Rotation, and Ordering
    Dialogue box
    Double click on the picture
  • Align Objects
    How to line-up objects
    Ordering
    Align
    Left, center, right, top, middle, bottom
    Distribute
    Horizontally, vertically
    Arrange
    Bring to front, send to back
    Grouping
    Group objects to move, resize, or rotate them as a unit
    Grouped objects do not play sounds
    Size, Rotation, and Ordering
  • Boardmaker Settings
    Link to PowerPoint
    To copy a Boardmaker symbol to another application
    Option-Click on the linked application button
    Browse, select PowerPoint application icon
    Add Symbol Names
    Click change symbol names icon
    Enter text (word, phrase or sentence)
    Click Add Name
    Click OK
  • Action Settings
    Mouse click
    Action initiated by a click
    Hyperlink to
    Select Slide… from the drop down menu
    Choose slide by its number, title and graphic
    Play sound
    Select Other Sound… from the drop down menu
    Browse the computer to locate and select a sound
    Highlight click optional
    Where are Action Settings?
    Menu bar/Slide Show or
    Right click on the object
  • Fill an Action Button Template
    Insert Picture (from file or clipart)
    Inserts onto the center of slide
    Crop to fit the button shape
    Resize to fit the button size
    Text
    Edit text on button
    Action Settings….
    Play sound and/or hyperlink
    Associate with the picture
    and
    Associate with the Action Button
    Action button selected
    Picture selected
  • Create a Visual SceneBackground Picture
    Add a Background Picture
    New presentation
    Slide layout, blank slide
    Add a background picture
    Menu bar-Format/Slide Background
    Formatting Palette-Slide Background
    Select Fill in left-hand column
    Select the Picture tab
    Choose a Picture
    Browse computer to locate and select a background picture
    Click Apply
  • Create a Visual SceneTransparent Action Buttons
    Add Action Buttons
    Menu bar-Slide Show/Action Buttons/Custom
    Draw with the crosshair cursor
    Cancel the Action Settings
    Make the Button Transparent
    Colors, Weights, and Fills
    Fill Transparency 100%
    No Line
    Choose no line from the Color drop down menu
    No Shadow
  • Create a Visual SceneTransparent Action Buttons
    Text, optional
    Font settings
    Color
    Size
    Alignment & Spacing
    Wrap text
    Shrink to fit
    Enter on the Action Buttons
    Action Settings….
    Play sound and/or hyperlink
    Associate with the Action Button
  • Why Record Speech
    Use a Digital Sound Editor
    Improved speech quality
    Consistent volume between recorded speech and computer generated sounds
    Messages start and stop immediately
    Easier to organize and locate files
    Use messages in multiple applications
    Audacity®
    Free, open source software for recording and editing sounds
    Mac OS X
    Microsoft Windows
    GNU/Linux
    other operating systems
    Multilingual
    Save in variety of sound formats
    http://audacity.sourceforge.net/
  • Record Speech
    Record Message
    File/New
    Click the round red record button
    Record
    Click the square yellow stop button
    Highlight the message
    Save Message
    File/Export Selection as WAV
    Name.wav
    Save in folder
    Record
    Stop
    Play
    Selection Highlighted
  • Create a Template Tips
    New presentation
    Slide layout/blank slide
    Save as…
    Objects
    Draw one shape
    Line or Action Button
    Set parameters
    Color, size, weight (thickness), 3-D effects
    Copy, paste the object multiple times
    Use formatting tools to
    Align edges
    Distribute horizontally
    Distribute vertically
    Insert Duplicate Slide(s)
  • Use PowerPoint to Communicate
    Environment
    Enable the user to make eye contact with the conversational partner(s)
    Provide computer speakers that produce clear speech
    User Access
    Provide alternative computer access, if needed, so the user can focus on communication rather than motor skills
    Update Vocabulary
    Change or add vocabulary frequently to maintain user and partner interest in conversing
  • Mouse Alternatives
    Joystick & Trackball
    Speed settings for for disabled
    Accessible mouse buttons
    Headpointing
    Click or dwell on target
    MouseKeys
    System accessibility feature
    Mac
    System preferences
    Universal access
    Win
    Control panel
    Accessibility
    Kid track
    N-ABLER joystick
    smartNAV
  • Touch Input
    Touch input
    Options & controls
    Finger and/or stylus
    Touch enter/exit
    Acceptance time
    Touch monitor
    Stability
    Add-on touch screen
    Secure attachment
    Fit monitor size & shape
    Refraction
    Magic Touch Screen
    Planar
  • Touch Input
    Interactive Whiteboard
    SmartBoard
    Check accessibly for all students
    Tablet Computer
    Options & controls
    Finger and/or stylus
    Touch enter/exit
    Acceptance time
    Brite Computers
    HP Compaq
  • Hand Held Devices
    Smart Phone
    Office Mobile
    PowerPoint Mobile
    Full screen view
    Functions vary by phone & version of Windows Mobile operating system
    Considerations
    Touch input
    Speakers
  • Resources
    Carson, Eric; Kennedy, M. From evaluation to innovation: How to emulate dynamic display using PowerPoint. Closing The Gap, February/March 2006, Vol. 24 No. 6. http://www.closingthegap.com/solutions/articles
    Garrett, Amy,powerpointaac. ISHA Technology Conference September 18,2009. http://powerpointaac.pbworks.com/
    Luther, Jim; Adapted Computer Access Materials for Windows.
    http://www22.brinkster.com/jimluther/access.htm