Athens Democracy

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Athens Democracy

  1. 1. DEMOCRACY IN ANCIENT ATHENS. V th CENTURY B. C.
  2. 3. THE POLIS <ul><li>It’s formed by quite a small territory which includes a central city and the rural space in the city’s surroundings. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s the principal institution of sociopolitical organisation in Ancient Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>The most prominent examples: Sparta and Athens. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Sparta
  4. 5. Social organization in Sparta <ul><li>A privileged and militarized class: the homoioi . </li></ul><ul><li>The apella , the gerousia , the ephors and the two kings. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers, craftsmen and merchants: the perioeci . </li></ul><ul><li>The slaves: the helots. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Athens
  6. 7. EKKLESIA BOULE POPULAR COURTS MAGISTRATES GOVERNMENT ORGANS IN ATHENS <ul><li>ALL THE ATHENS’ CITIZENS </li></ul><ul><li>TO VOTE TAXES AND LAWS </li></ul><ul><li>TO DECLARE THE WAR </li></ul><ul><li>500 CITIZENS, ELEC- </li></ul><ul><li>TED FOR ONE YEAR </li></ul><ul><li>TO REDACT THE LAWS </li></ul><ul><li>6000 CITIZENS </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTED AT RANDOM </li></ul><ul><li>TO RULE ATHENS’ POLI- </li></ul><ul><li>TICS AND ATHENS’ ARMY </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTED FOR ONE YEAR </li></ul>
  7. 8. PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ATHENS’ DEMOCRACY <ul><li>All the citizens have the same rights ( isonomia ) </li></ul><ul><li>All the citizens are allowed and encouraged to speak in the Ekklesia ( isogoria ) </li></ul><ul><li>All the citizens have the same chances to hold a political post ( isocracia ) </li></ul><ul><li>Take for granted that women, foreign people and slaves are excluded of Athens’ citizenship. </li></ul>
  8. 9. The man: Pericles (490-429) <ul><li>He was the leader of Athens’ democratic group for more than thirty years. </li></ul><ul><li>All over those years, he took a lot political posts. For fifteen years he was reelected for that of estratega , something like the leader of Athens’ army. </li></ul><ul><li>During the time of his leadership it was decided to build the Parthenon. </li></ul>
  9. 10. LEGISLATIVE POWER EXECUTIVE POWER JUDICIAL POWER GREEK DEMOCRACY MODERN DEMOCRACY COMPARISON WITH MODERN DEMOCRACY ECLESIA PARLIAMENT GOVERNMENT MAGISTRATES JUDGES POPULAR COURTS

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