INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTE PALI, DIST:PALI RAJASTHAN.
CENTRE OF EXCELLANCE ( MECHANICAL SECTOR )
BASIC ELECTRICAL,ELECTRONICS & COMPUTER
BASIC ELECTRICAL,ELECTRONICS & COMPUTER DURATION 8 WEEKS MODULE - 3
SPLIT UP OF SYLLABUS ( THEORY )
WEEK NO - 1 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>IMPORTANCE OF SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>GENERAL CARE & MAINTENANCE OF COMMON...
WEEK NO - 2 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>RESISTANCE VOLTAGE CURRENT OPEN & SHORT CIRCUIT </li></ul><ul><li>OHM’S LAW...
WEEK NO – 3 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>INDUCTION PRINCIPLES,ELECTRO-MAGNETISM-FARADAY’S LAW </li></ul><ul><li>SING...
<ul><li>TRANSFORMERS & ITS APPLICATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>CHEMICAL EFFECT OF ELECTRICAL CURRENT-RECHARGABLE BATTERIES </li...
WEEK NO - 4 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>STATIC ELECTRICITY – CAPACITORS & ITS APPLICATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>FUNDAM...
WEEK NO –5  <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER FUNDAMENTEL AND ITS PARTS. </li></ul><ul><li>FAMIL...
WEEK NO - 6 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>USE OF DESK TOP </li></ul><ul><li>CONTROL PANEL SETTING </li></ul><ul><li>E...
WEEK NO - 7 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>STUDY OF INTERNATE EXPLORER </li></ul><ul><li>MODERN SETTING IN THE IE AND ...
WEEK NO – 8 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>CREATING SAMPLE DOCUMENTS. USING MS WORD </li></ul><ul><li>TEXT WRAPPING TE...
<ul><li>USING EXCEL AS SPREAD SHEET FAMILIARISING WITH CELLS FORMULAS,TEXT NUMBERS &  DATE </li></ul><ul><li>USING SHORTCU...
SKILL FOR TRAINEE IN MODULE - 3 ( NEXT PAGE ) WEEK NO  SKIL NO. DESCRIPTION 01 01 IDENTIFICATION AND USE OF ELECTRIC..&ELE...
05 05 INTRODUCTION & USE OF COMPUTER & IT’S ACCESSORIES 06 06 BASIC OPERATION OF COMPUTER 07 07 BASIC COMPUTER APPLICATION...
THEORY
RACTIFIER
<ul><li>DEFINATION </li></ul><ul><li>THE CIRCUIT WHICH CONVERTS A.C VOLTAGE INTO D.C. VOLTAGE IS CALLED RACTIFIER </li></ul>
TYPES OF RACTIFIER <ul><li>HALF WAVE RACTIFIER </li></ul><ul><li>FULL WAVE RACTIFIER </li></ul><ul><li>BRIDGE WAVE RACTIFI...
HALF WAVE RACTIFIER
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER(AS PER REQUIREMENT), </li></ul><ul><li>DIODE IN 4001/4007-1 PIECE, </li></ul><u...
 
WORKING <ul><li>THIS RACTIFIER CONVERTS HALF AC VOLTAGE CYCLE INTO D.C VOLTAGE </li></ul>
EXAMPLE <ul><li>IF YOUR TRANSFORMER IS 6V/A.C THEN IT’S OUTPUT YOU GET 3V/D.C </li></ul>
FULL WAVE RACTIFIER
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER(AS PER  REQUIREMENT), </li></ul><ul><li>DIODE IN 4001/4007- 2 PIECE, </li></ul>...
 
WORKING <ul><li>THIS RACTIFIER CONVERTS FULL AC VOLTAGE CYCLE INTO D.C VOLTAGE </li></ul>
EXAMPLE <ul><li>IF YOUR TRANSFORMER IS 6V/A.C THEN IT’S OUTPUT YOU GET 6V/D.C </li></ul>
BRIDGE WAVE RACTIFIER
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER(AS PER REQUIREMENT), </li></ul><ul><li>DIODE IN 4001/4007- 4 PIECE, </li></ul><...
 
WORKING <ul><li>THIS RACTIFIER CONVERTS FULL AC VOLTAGE CYCLE INTO D.C VOLTAGE </li></ul>
EXAMPLE <ul><li>IF YOUR TRANSFORMER IS 12V/A.C THEN IT’S OUTPUT YOU GET 12V/D.C </li></ul>
DIODE
TYPES  <ul><li>RACTIFIER DIODE </li></ul><ul><li>ZENER DIODE </li></ul><ul><li>LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (L.E.D) </li></ul><ul>...
 
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>DIODE IS A CONNECTION OF P & N TYPE SEMI CONDUCTORS. </li></ul><ul><li>DIODE HAS TWO TERMINAL </li></...
WORKING OF DIODE <ul><li>RACTIFIER DIODE   :-  IT CONVERTS A.C VOLTAGE INTO D.C VOLTAGE </li></ul><ul><li>ZENER DIODE :-  ...
<ul><li>VARACTOR DIODE :-  USE FOR CHANNEL TUNING </li></ul><ul><li>L.C.D :-  USE FOR DISPLAY DIGITS </li></ul><ul><li>PHO...
TRANSISTORS
TYPES OF TRANSISTORS <ul><li>PNP TRANSISTORS </li></ul><ul><li>NPN TRANSISTORS </li></ul><ul><li>FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR (...
 
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>TRANISTOR IS A CONNECTION OF TWO DIODES. </li></ul><ul><li>PNP TRANSISTOR :-  N TYPE SEMI CONDUCTOR  ...
<ul><li>TERMINALS NAME ARE EMITTER, BASE & COLLECTOR </li></ul><ul><li>PNP & NPN  TRANSISTOR ARE BIPOLAR TRANSISTORS (BJT)...
FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR <ul><li>F.E.T HAS THREE TERMINALS </li></ul><ul><li>THESE TERMINAL KNOWN AS GATE,DRAIN & SOURCE. <...
UNI JUNCTION TRANSISTOR <ul><li>UJT HAS THREE TERMINALS </li></ul><ul><li>THESE TERMINAL KNOWN AS BASE 1, BASE 2 & EMITTER...
SILICON CONTROLLED RACTIFIER <ul><li>S.C.R HAS THREE TERMINALS </li></ul><ul><li>THESE TERMINAL KNOWN AS ANODE, CATHODE & ...
WORKING OF TRANSISTOR <ul><li>PNP & NPN TRANSISTOR HAS TWO JUNCTION, EMITTER BASE JUNCTION & COLLECTOR BASE JUNCTION </li>...
APPLICATION OF TRANSISTOR <ul><li>AMPLIFIER </li></ul><ul><li>SWITCH </li></ul><ul><li>CONTROLLED PROCESS </li></ul>
INTEFRATED CIRCUIT <ul><li>MAKE BY MICRO PROCESS USING CKT PHOTOGRAPH. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS A FULL CKT MAKE FOR CERTAIN...
CONSTRUCTION OF I.C <ul><li>MANY TRANSISTOR, DIODE,REGISTOR & CAPACITOR INTEGRATE IN I.C. </li></ul><ul><li>I.C MADE BY SE...
 
TYPES OF I.C. <ul><li>LINEAR I.C. </li></ul><ul><li>DIGITAL I.C. </li></ul>
LINEAR I.C. <ul><li>USE FOR AMPLIFIER MODULATOR & VOLTAGE REGULATOR. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS BI POLAR MONOLITHYC OR UNI PO...
DIGITAL I.C. <ul><li>USE FOR MEMORY,LOGIC, FREQUENCY DIVIDER, INVERTOR,COUNTER, DECODER, ADDER,GATE, DATA SELECTION, DISTR...
TESTING & FAULT FINDING OF I.C. <ul><li>DIFFERENT I.C. NUMBER CHECKERS USE FOR I.C. CHECKING. </li></ul><ul><li>APPLY BY V...
CAPACITOR <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
CONSTRUCTION  <ul><li>CAPACITOR IS MADE UP BY PUTTING INSULATOR BETWEEN TWO CONDUCTOR PLATE . </li></ul><ul><li>CAPACITOR ...
WORKING <ul><li>WHEN WE APPLY VOLTAGE TO CAPACITOR ITS STORE THE VOLATAGE IT MEANS CAPACITOR CHARGING AFTER SOME TIME THIS...
TYPES <ul><li>POLYESTER & PAPER CAPACITOR </li></ul><ul><li>CERAMIC & MICA CAPACITOR  </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTROLYTIC CAPAC...
APPLICATION <ul><li>AS FILTER </li></ul><ul><li>AS COUPLING OR BLOCKING </li></ul><ul><li>AS BAND PASS </li></ul><ul><li>A...
TRANSFORMER <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>MAKE BYONE OR MORE COIL WINDING ON THE CORE. </li></ul><ul><li>ONE COIL IS WINDING ON CORE KNOWN AS P...
WORKING <ul><li>TRANSFORMER INDUCE AC VOLTAGE OR SIGNAL INTO SECONDARY COIL FROM PRIMARY COIL BY ITS CORE  </li></ul><ul><...
TYPES <ul><li>AS PER CORE 3 TYPES OF TRANSFORMER </li></ul><ul><li>AIR CORE TRANSFORMER </li></ul><ul><li>IRON DUST CORE T...
APPLICATION <ul><li>USE FOR A.C. VOLTAGE UP & DOWN </li></ul><ul><li>USE FOR D.C. VOLTAGE FILTER </li></ul><ul><li>USE IN ...
SOLDERING <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>SOLDERING IRON </li></ul><ul><li>BIT </li></ul><ul><li>BODY </li></ul><ul><li>COIL </li></ul><ul><li>...
WORKING <ul><li>WHEN APPLY VOLTAGE TO SOLDERING IRON </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST IT’S COIL HEAT. </li></ul><ul><li>SECOND IT’S...
TYPES <ul><li>SOLDERING IRON </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS AVAILABLE IN DIFFERENT WATT CAPACITY. </li></ul><ul><li>5W,10W,15W,25...
APPLICATION <ul><li>SOLDERING FOR WIRES  </li></ul><ul><li>SOLDERING FOR WIRES JOINTS. </li></ul><ul><li>SOLDERING FOR ELE...
DESOLDERING <ul><li>FOR DESOLDERING TWO METHODS USE </li></ul><ul><li>BY DESOLDER PUMP </li></ul><ul><li>BY DESOLDER WIRE ...
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD (P.C.B) <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING  </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>AP...
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>MAKE BY USE OF FIBRE ,GLASS & BACKELITE SHEET. </li></ul><ul><li>THE PRINT OF CIRCUIT DESIGN ON THIS ...
WORKING <ul><li>TO CONNECT ELECTRONIC COMPONENT IN A PROPER WAY P.C.B.USE </li></ul><ul><li>COMPLICATED CKT MAKE EASY BY U...
TYPES <ul><li>ONE COPPER LAYER </li></ul><ul><li>TWO COPPER LAYER </li></ul><ul><li>THREE COPPER LAYER ETC. </li></ul><ul>...
APPLICATION <ul><li>PRINT THE CIRCUIT AS PER DESIGN </li></ul><ul><li>SOLDERING ELECTRONING COMPONENTS &WIRE IN A PROPER M...
OHM’S LAW <ul><li>AT THE CONSTANT TEMPERATURE THE CURRENT FLOW FROM ANY CKT. IS EQUAL TO VOLTAGE & PROPTIONAL TO RESISTANC...
 
RESISTOR SERIES CIRCUIT <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>ONE OR MORE RESISTOR CONNECT IN SERIES CALL RESISTOR SERIES CIRCUIT. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST RESISTOR...
 
WORKING <ul><li>IN SERIES RESI. CKT. TOTAL RESISTANCE IS EQUAL TO PLUS OF ALL RESISTORS RESISTANCE. </li></ul><ul><li>RT =...
APPLICATION <ul><li>SERIES CKT USE FOR CURRENT CONTROLLING </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE YOU WANT RESISTANCE HIGH & CURRENT LOW ...
 
RESISTOR PARALLAL CIRCUIT <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING  </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>ONE OR MORE RESISTOR CONNECT IN PARALLAL CALL RESISTOR PARALLAL CIRCUIT. </li></ul><ul><li>ALL RESIST...
 
WORKING <ul><li>IN PARALLAL RESI. CKT. TOTAL RESISTANCE IS EQUAL TO PLUS OF ALL PURPOSNAL  RESISTANCE. </li></ul><ul><li>R...
APPLICATION <ul><li>PARALLAL CKT USE FOR CURRENT CONTROLLING </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE YOU WANT RESISTANCE LOW & CURRENT HIG...
MULTIMETER <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>BATTERY - 9V D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>PROBE – 02 NO. RED PROBE (+),& BLACK PROBE (-). </li></ul><ul><li...
TYPES <ul><li>ANALOGE MULTIMETER </li></ul><ul><li>DIGITAL MULTIMETER </li></ul>
WORKING <ul><li>FIRST PUT RED PROBE(+) IN V/  /I TERMINAL. </li></ul><ul><li>PUT BLACK PROBE (-) IN COMMON OR NEGATIVE TE...
APPLICATION <ul><li>MEASURE RESISTANCE IN   </li></ul><ul><li>MEASURE D.C. VOLTAGE & AMPERE. </li></ul><ul><li>MEASURE A....
WIRES & CABLES <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING  </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li>...
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>COMBINATION OF CONDUCTOR & INSULATOR. </li></ul><ul><li>CONDUCTOR IS MATERIAL FROM WHICH CURRENT CAN ...
TYPES <ul><li>WIRES </li></ul><ul><li>1/18 P.V.C COPPER/ALLU. WIRE </li></ul><ul><li>3/20 P.V.C COPPER/ALLU. WIRE </li></u...
<ul><li>CABLES </li></ul><ul><li>LAW TENSION CABLE </li></ul><ul><li>BELTED CABLE </li></ul><ul><li>H TYPE CABLE </li></ul...
APPLICATION <ul><li>USE FOR WIRING </li></ul><ul><li>USE FOR SIGNAL PASSING </li></ul><ul><li>USE FOR MAIN SUPPLY </li></u...
COMPUTER FUNDAMENTAL <ul><li>WHAT IS COMPUTER ? </li></ul><ul><li>CONSTRUCTION  </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>...
COMPUTER <ul><li>IT IS ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT WHICH PROCESS LARGE AND COMPLICATED ARETHEMATIC AND LOGIC FUNCTIONS WITHIN FRA...
CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>COMPUTER IS COMBINATION OF </li></ul><ul><li>HARD WARE (PHYSICAL PARTS OF COMPUTER ) LIKE </li></ul><...
<ul><li>SOFT WARE (IT IS INTERFACE BETWEEN USER AND COMPUTER ) LIKE </li></ul><ul><li>OPERATING SYSTEM (WIN 98/WIN XP/WIN ...
TYPES <ul><li>MICRO COMPUTER ( PC,PC/XT, PC/AT, SUPER AT ) </li></ul><ul><li>MINI COMPUTER  </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN FRAME C...
WORKING <ul><li>COMPUTER DISTRIBUTE IN FOUR PARTS  </li></ul><ul><li>INPUT (KEY BOARD, MOUSE, CAMERA, SCANNER ) </li></ul>...
STORAGE UNIT OUTPUT UNIT CONTROL UNIT ARITHMETIC LOGIC  UNIT PROGRAMME & DATA RESULT INPUT UNIT
APPLICATION <ul><li>MINI COMPUTER USE IN UNIVERCITIES, RESEARCH ORG & GOVERN. SECTORS. </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN FRAME COMPUT...
Designed & Produced  By  Ins. B.K. Purohit
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ITI Pali

  1. 1. INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTE PALI, DIST:PALI RAJASTHAN.
  2. 2. CENTRE OF EXCELLANCE ( MECHANICAL SECTOR )
  3. 3. BASIC ELECTRICAL,ELECTRONICS & COMPUTER
  4. 4. BASIC ELECTRICAL,ELECTRONICS & COMPUTER DURATION 8 WEEKS MODULE - 3
  5. 5. SPLIT UP OF SYLLABUS ( THEORY )
  6. 6. WEEK NO - 1 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>IMPORTANCE OF SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>GENERAL CARE & MAINTENANCE OF COMMON HAND TOOLS </li></ul><ul><li>WIRES & CABLES </li></ul><ul><li>SOLDERING & PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS & ITS EVES </li></ul><ul><li>DIFFERENT FLUXES FOR DIFFERENT METALS </li></ul><ul><li>CRIMPING EQUIPMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>IMPORTANCE & MAINTANANCE OF EARTHING </li></ul>
  7. 7. WEEK NO - 2 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>RESISTANCE VOLTAGE CURRENT OPEN & SHORT CIRCUIT </li></ul><ul><li>OHM’S LAW,VOLTAGE DROP,SERIES / PARALLEL CIRCUITS </li></ul><ul><li>POWER & ENERGY RELATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTRICAL MEASURING INSTRUMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>COMMON ELECTRICAL ACCESSORIES USED IN INDUSTRIES </li></ul><ul><li>FUSES AND IT’S RATINGS-MATERIALS USED </li></ul>
  8. 8. WEEK NO – 3 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>INDUCTION PRINCIPLES,ELECTRO-MAGNETISM-FARADAY’S LAW </li></ul><ul><li>SINGLE PHASE & POLY PHASE SYSTEM,3 PHASE STAR-DELTA CONNECTIONS,IMPEDANCE & POWER FACTOR </li></ul><ul><li>PRINCIPLE &APPLICATION OF D.C MOTORS </li></ul><ul><li>SERIES,SHUNT & COMPOUND MOTOR – A.C. MOTORS </li></ul><ul><li>[ NEXT PAGE ] </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>TRANSFORMERS & ITS APPLICATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>CHEMICAL EFFECT OF ELECTRICAL CURRENT-RECHARGABLE BATTERIES </li></ul><ul><li>A.C MOTOR STARTING ITH DOL/STAR DELTA STARTER </li></ul>
  10. 10. WEEK NO - 4 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>STATIC ELECTRICITY – CAPACITORS & ITS APPLICATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRON THEORY,SEMI CONDUCTOR DEVICES </li></ul><ul><li>SYMBOL SPECIFICATIONS-DIODES,TRANSISTORS,UNI JUNCTION TRANSISTOR,FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR SILICON CONTROLLED RECTIFIER & ICS </li></ul><ul><li>HALF WAVE,FULL WAVE & BRIDGE RECTIFIER WITH FILTERS,D.C POWER SUPPLY. </li></ul>
  11. 11. WEEK NO –5 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER FUNDAMENTEL AND ITS PARTS. </li></ul><ul><li>FAMILIARING WITH DISK DRIVER BOOTING OF A COMPUTER SYSTEM. </li></ul><ul><li>USING OF OPERATING SYSTEM LIKE WINDOW XP,THINKS MENU SYSTEM TOOL BARS FILE STRUCTURES DIRECTORS. </li></ul><ul><li>MOVING AND COPYING A FILE FROM FLOPPY TO HARD DISK </li></ul><ul><li>HARD DISK TO FLOPPY DISK </li></ul><ul><li>CREATING DIRECTORIES </li></ul><ul><li>FORMATING FLOPPY DISK </li></ul>
  12. 12. WEEK NO - 6 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>USE OF DESK TOP </li></ul><ul><li>CONTROL PANEL SETTING </li></ul><ul><li>EXPLORER </li></ul><ul><li>REGIONAL SETTINGS </li></ul><ul><li>CREATING SHORTCUTS </li></ul><ul><li>USE OF SIMPLE APPLICATION LIKE PAINT ,NOTEPAD </li></ul>
  13. 13. WEEK NO - 7 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>STUDY OF INTERNATE EXPLORER </li></ul><ul><li>MODERN SETTING IN THE IE AND MODEM </li></ul><ul><li>DIAL UP AND BROAD BAND CONNECTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>OUT LOOK EXPRESS VIEWING E-MAIL FROM THE WEB SITE & OUTLOOK EXPRESS </li></ul><ul><li>CREATING E-MAIL ACCOUNTS USING SEARCH ENGINES </li></ul><ul><li>VIDEO CONFERENCING MS CHAT </li></ul>
  14. 14. WEEK NO – 8 <ul><li>LESSONES </li></ul><ul><li>CREATING SAMPLE DOCUMENTS. USING MS WORD </li></ul><ul><li>TEXT WRAPPING TEXT FORMATING CHANGING LETTERS TO DIFFERENT CASE </li></ul><ul><li>DRAWING TABLE </li></ul><ul><li>MAIL MERGING </li></ul><ul><li>PAGE FORMATING USING DIFFERENT FONT TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>PRINTING A DOCUMENT </li></ul><ul><li>( NEXT PAGE ) </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>USING EXCEL AS SPREAD SHEET FAMILIARISING WITH CELLS FORMULAS,TEXT NUMBERS & DATE </li></ul><ul><li>USING SHORTCUTS FOR ENTERING DATE AND NUMBERS IN PROGRESIVE CELLS. COPYING FORMULAS TEXT & NUMBERS USING BORDERS MERGING CELLS UNMERGING CHANGING CELL WIDTH ROW HEIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>PRINTING AN AREA OF THE SHEET OPTIONS OF PRINTING LIKE FIT TO PAPER,SHRINKING ETC. </li></ul><ul><li>USING DIFFERENT SHEETS IN A WORK BOOK </li></ul><ul><li>CHANGING COLOUR OF CELLS FONTS,TEXT. </li></ul>
  16. 16. SKILL FOR TRAINEE IN MODULE - 3 ( NEXT PAGE ) WEEK NO SKIL NO. DESCRIPTION 01 01 IDENTIFICATION AND USE OF ELECTRIC..&ELECTR..ACCESSORIES & COMPONENTS 02 02 MEASURMENT OF ELECTRI.. & ELECTRO..ACCSSOREIS & COMPONENTS 03 03 CONNECTION OF ELECTRI..&ELECTO..ACCESSORIES & COMPONENETS 04 04 TESTING OF ELECTRI..&ELECTRO.. ACCESSORIES & COMPONENTS
  17. 17. 05 05 INTRODUCTION & USE OF COMPUTER & IT’S ACCESSORIES 06 06 BASIC OPERATION OF COMPUTER 07 07 BASIC COMPUTER APPLICATION 08 08 USE OF COMPUTER PROGRAMME WITH THE INDUSTRIAL RELATED.
  18. 18. THEORY
  19. 19. RACTIFIER
  20. 20. <ul><li>DEFINATION </li></ul><ul><li>THE CIRCUIT WHICH CONVERTS A.C VOLTAGE INTO D.C. VOLTAGE IS CALLED RACTIFIER </li></ul>
  21. 21. TYPES OF RACTIFIER <ul><li>HALF WAVE RACTIFIER </li></ul><ul><li>FULL WAVE RACTIFIER </li></ul><ul><li>BRIDGE WAVE RACTIFIER </li></ul>
  22. 22. HALF WAVE RACTIFIER
  23. 23. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER(AS PER REQUIREMENT), </li></ul><ul><li>DIODE IN 4001/4007-1 PIECE, </li></ul><ul><li>RESISTOR 1K  -1 NO. </li></ul>
  24. 25. WORKING <ul><li>THIS RACTIFIER CONVERTS HALF AC VOLTAGE CYCLE INTO D.C VOLTAGE </li></ul>
  25. 26. EXAMPLE <ul><li>IF YOUR TRANSFORMER IS 6V/A.C THEN IT’S OUTPUT YOU GET 3V/D.C </li></ul>
  26. 27. FULL WAVE RACTIFIER
  27. 28. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER(AS PER REQUIREMENT), </li></ul><ul><li>DIODE IN 4001/4007- 2 PIECE, </li></ul><ul><li>RESISTOR 1K  - 1 NO. </li></ul>
  28. 30. WORKING <ul><li>THIS RACTIFIER CONVERTS FULL AC VOLTAGE CYCLE INTO D.C VOLTAGE </li></ul>
  29. 31. EXAMPLE <ul><li>IF YOUR TRANSFORMER IS 6V/A.C THEN IT’S OUTPUT YOU GET 6V/D.C </li></ul>
  30. 32. BRIDGE WAVE RACTIFIER
  31. 33. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER(AS PER REQUIREMENT), </li></ul><ul><li>DIODE IN 4001/4007- 4 PIECE, </li></ul><ul><li>RESISTOR 1K  -1 NO. </li></ul>
  32. 35. WORKING <ul><li>THIS RACTIFIER CONVERTS FULL AC VOLTAGE CYCLE INTO D.C VOLTAGE </li></ul>
  33. 36. EXAMPLE <ul><li>IF YOUR TRANSFORMER IS 12V/A.C THEN IT’S OUTPUT YOU GET 12V/D.C </li></ul>
  34. 37. DIODE
  35. 38. TYPES <ul><li>RACTIFIER DIODE </li></ul><ul><li>ZENER DIODE </li></ul><ul><li>LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (L.E.D) </li></ul><ul><li>DETECTOR DIODE </li></ul><ul><li>STEEK DIODE </li></ul><ul><li>VARACTOR DIODE </li></ul><ul><li>LIQUID CRYSTAL DIODE (L.C.D) </li></ul><ul><li>PHOTO DIODE </li></ul><ul><li>TUNNEL DIODE </li></ul>
  36. 40. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>DIODE IS A CONNECTION OF P & N TYPE SEMI CONDUCTORS. </li></ul><ul><li>DIODE HAS TWO TERMINAL </li></ul><ul><li>ONE TERMINAL IS POSITIVE (+) </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER IS NEGATIVE (-) </li></ul><ul><li>POSITIVE TERMINAL KNOWN AS ANODE </li></ul><ul><li>NEGATIVE TERMINAL KNOWN AS CATHODE. </li></ul><ul><li>DIODE IS MADE FROM SEMI CONDUCTOR MATERIAL LIKE GERMENIUM & SILICON </li></ul>
  37. 41. WORKING OF DIODE <ul><li>RACTIFIER DIODE :- IT CONVERTS A.C VOLTAGE INTO D.C VOLTAGE </li></ul><ul><li>ZENER DIODE :- IT IS USED FOR VOLTAGE REGULATION </li></ul><ul><li>L.E.D :- IT IS USED FOR EMITTING LIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>DETECTOR DIODE :- USED FOR BLOCK HIGH FREQUENCY </li></ul><ul><li>STEEK DIODE :- USE FOR HIGH VOLTAGE RACTIFICATION </li></ul><ul><li>( NEXT PAGE ) </li></ul>
  38. 42. <ul><li>VARACTOR DIODE :- USE FOR CHANNEL TUNING </li></ul><ul><li>L.C.D :- USE FOR DISPLAY DIGITS </li></ul><ul><li>PHOTO DIODE :- USE FOR CONTROL THE CKT BY LIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>TUNNEL DIODE :- USE FOR SWITCHING </li></ul>
  39. 43. TRANSISTORS
  40. 44. TYPES OF TRANSISTORS <ul><li>PNP TRANSISTORS </li></ul><ul><li>NPN TRANSISTORS </li></ul><ul><li>FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR ( F.E.T ) </li></ul><ul><li>UNI JUNCTION TRANSISTOR ( U.J.T ) </li></ul><ul><li>SILICON CONTROLLED RACTIFIER ( S.C.R ) </li></ul>
  41. 46. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>TRANISTOR IS A CONNECTION OF TWO DIODES. </li></ul><ul><li>PNP TRANSISTOR :- N TYPE SEMI CONDUCTOR SANDWICH BETWEEN TWO P TYPE SEMI CONDUCTORS. </li></ul><ul><li>NPN TRANSISTOR :- P TYPE SEMI CONDUCTOR SANDWICH BETWEEN TWO NTYPE SEMI CONDUCTORS. </li></ul><ul><li>PNP & NPN TRANSISTOR HAS THREE TERMINAL </li></ul><ul><li>( NEXT PAGE ) </li></ul>
  42. 47. <ul><li>TERMINALS NAME ARE EMITTER, BASE & COLLECTOR </li></ul><ul><li>PNP & NPN TRANSISTOR ARE BIPOLAR TRANSISTORS (BJT) </li></ul><ul><li>TRANSISTOR IS SEMI CONDUCTOR DEVICE </li></ul><ul><li>TRANSISTOR MAKE FROM SILICON & GERANIUM SEMI CONDUCTOR MATERIAL </li></ul>
  43. 48. FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR <ul><li>F.E.T HAS THREE TERMINALS </li></ul><ul><li>THESE TERMINAL KNOWN AS GATE,DRAIN & SOURCE. </li></ul><ul><li>F.E.T IS UNI POLAR TRANSISTOR </li></ul>
  44. 49. UNI JUNCTION TRANSISTOR <ul><li>UJT HAS THREE TERMINALS </li></ul><ul><li>THESE TERMINAL KNOWN AS BASE 1, BASE 2 & EMITTER </li></ul><ul><li>U.J.T IS UNI POLAR TRANSISTOR </li></ul>
  45. 50. SILICON CONTROLLED RACTIFIER <ul><li>S.C.R HAS THREE TERMINALS </li></ul><ul><li>THESE TERMINAL KNOWN AS ANODE, CATHODE & GATE </li></ul><ul><li>S.C.R IS UNI POLAR TRANSISTOR. </li></ul>
  46. 51. WORKING OF TRANSISTOR <ul><li>PNP & NPN TRANSISTOR HAS TWO JUNCTION, EMITTER BASE JUNCTION & COLLECTOR BASE JUNCTION </li></ul><ul><li>F.E.T,S.C.R,U.J.T HAS ONE JUNCTION CURRENT FLOW IN FROM ONE JUNCTION & DIRECTION </li></ul>
  47. 52. APPLICATION OF TRANSISTOR <ul><li>AMPLIFIER </li></ul><ul><li>SWITCH </li></ul><ul><li>CONTROLLED PROCESS </li></ul>
  48. 53. INTEFRATED CIRCUIT <ul><li>MAKE BY MICRO PROCESS USING CKT PHOTOGRAPH. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS A FULL CKT MAKE FOR CERTAIN FUNCTION. </li></ul><ul><li>IT’S FUNCTION & PIN CONNECTION KNOWN BY I.C. NUMBER. </li></ul><ul><li>I.C HAS THREE OR MORE TERMINALS. </li></ul><ul><li>FOR FIRST PIN CALCULATION THERE IS MARKING ON I,.C. </li></ul>
  49. 54. CONSTRUCTION OF I.C <ul><li>MANY TRANSISTOR, DIODE,REGISTOR & CAPACITOR INTEGRATE IN I.C. </li></ul><ul><li>I.C MADE BY SEMI CONDUCTOR MATERIAL LIKE SILICON & GERMENIUM. </li></ul><ul><li>MADE BY L.S.I,M.S.I,V.L.S.I. TECHNOLOGY </li></ul>
  50. 56. TYPES OF I.C. <ul><li>LINEAR I.C. </li></ul><ul><li>DIGITAL I.C. </li></ul>
  51. 57. LINEAR I.C. <ul><li>USE FOR AMPLIFIER MODULATOR & VOLTAGE REGULATOR. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS BI POLAR MONOLITHYC OR UNI POLAR MONOLITHYC. </li></ul>
  52. 58. DIGITAL I.C. <ul><li>USE FOR MEMORY,LOGIC, FREQUENCY DIVIDER, INVERTOR,COUNTER, DECODER, ADDER,GATE, DATA SELECTION, DISTRIBUTORS. </li></ul>
  53. 59. TESTING & FAULT FINDING OF I.C. <ul><li>DIFFERENT I.C. NUMBER CHECKERS USE FOR I.C. CHECKING. </li></ul><ul><li>APPLY BY VOLTAGE OR GIVING SIGNAL WE KNOW I.C’S FAULT. </li></ul>
  54. 60. CAPACITOR <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
  55. 61. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>CAPACITOR IS MADE UP BY PUTTING INSULATOR BETWEEN TWO CONDUCTOR PLATE . </li></ul><ul><li>CAPACITOR MEASURE IN MICROFERADAY(M.F.D),NENOFERADAY (N.F.D.),PICCOFERADAY (P.F.D) UNIT. </li></ul><ul><li>IT’S CAPACITY OF PRESSURE MEASURE IN VOLTAGE.IT’S KNOWN AS WORKING VOLTAGE (W.V) </li></ul><ul><li>VALUE & W.V PRINT ON IT’S BODY. </li></ul>
  56. 62. WORKING <ul><li>WHEN WE APPLY VOLTAGE TO CAPACITOR ITS STORE THE VOLATAGE IT MEANS CAPACITOR CHARGING AFTER SOME TIME THIS VOLAGE DROP DOWN IT MEANS CAPACITOR DISCHARGING. </li></ul><ul><li>CAPACITOR MAIN FUNCTION IS TO STORE ELECTRICAL ENERGY. </li></ul>
  57. 63. TYPES <ul><li>POLYESTER & PAPER CAPACITOR </li></ul><ul><li>CERAMIC & MICA CAPACITOR </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR </li></ul><ul><li>TRIMMER CAPACITOR </li></ul><ul><li>GANG CAPACITOR </li></ul>
  58. 64. APPLICATION <ul><li>AS FILTER </li></ul><ul><li>AS COUPLING OR BLOCKING </li></ul><ul><li>AS BAND PASS </li></ul><ul><li>AS BY PASS </li></ul><ul><li>AS TUNNING </li></ul>
  59. 65. TRANSFORMER <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
  60. 66. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>MAKE BYONE OR MORE COIL WINDING ON THE CORE. </li></ul><ul><li>ONE COIL IS WINDING ON CORE KNOWN AS PRIMARY COIL </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER IS WINDING ON CORE KWON AS SECONDARY COIL </li></ul><ul><li>VOLTAGE & SIGNAL APPLY ON PRIMARY COIL </li></ul><ul><li>VOLTAGE & SIGNAL GET ON SECONDARY COIL </li></ul>
  61. 67. WORKING <ul><li>TRANSFORMER INDUCE AC VOLTAGE OR SIGNAL INTO SECONDARY COIL FROM PRIMARY COIL BY ITS CORE </li></ul><ul><li>THIS PROCESS KNOWN AS MUTUAL INDCTANCE PRINCIPALE. </li></ul>
  62. 68. TYPES <ul><li>AS PER CORE 3 TYPES OF TRANSFORMER </li></ul><ul><li>AIR CORE TRANSFORMER </li></ul><ul><li>IRON DUST CORE TRANSFORMER </li></ul><ul><li>LAMINATION CORE TRANSFORMER </li></ul><ul><li>AS PER FREQUENCY 3 TYPES OF TRANSFORMER </li></ul><ul><li>POWER SUPPLY TRANSFORMER (50 C/S) </li></ul><ul><li>AUDIO FREQ. TRANSFORMER (20C/S TO 20 KC/S) </li></ul><ul><li>RADIO FREQ. TRANSFORMER (20KC/S TO ABOVE) </li></ul>
  63. 69. APPLICATION <ul><li>USE FOR A.C. VOLTAGE UP & DOWN </li></ul><ul><li>USE FOR D.C. VOLTAGE FILTER </li></ul><ul><li>USE IN T.V/RADIO/TAPE ETC. </li></ul><ul><li>USE IN INDUSTRIAL MACHINES. </li></ul><ul><li>USE IN ELECTRICAL POWER STATION. </li></ul>
  64. 70. SOLDERING <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
  65. 71. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>SOLDERING IRON </li></ul><ul><li>BIT </li></ul><ul><li>BODY </li></ul><ul><li>COIL </li></ul><ul><li>HANDLE </li></ul><ul><li>MAINSCORD </li></ul><ul><li>SOLDERING WIRE </li></ul><ul><li>MIXTURE OF TIN & LEAD ALLOYS </li></ul><ul><li>MAKE BY RATIO OF 60:40,40:60,50:50 </li></ul><ul><li>RATIO OF 60:40 IS BEST FOR SOLDERING. </li></ul>
  66. 72. WORKING <ul><li>WHEN APPLY VOLTAGE TO SOLDERING IRON </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST IT’S COIL HEAT. </li></ul><ul><li>SECOND IT’S BODY HEAT. </li></ul><ul><li>THIRD IT’S BIT HEAT. </li></ul><ul><li>THIS PROCESS COMPLETE WITHIN 2 MINUTES. </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER THIS YOUR SOLDER IRON IS READY TO SOLDERING PROCESS. </li></ul>
  67. 73. TYPES <ul><li>SOLDERING IRON </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS AVAILABLE IN DIFFERENT WATT CAPACITY. </li></ul><ul><li>5W,10W,15W,25W,35W,125W,250W ETC. </li></ul><ul><li>25-35W CAPACITY IS BEST FOR SOLDERING. </li></ul>
  68. 74. APPLICATION <ul><li>SOLDERING FOR WIRES </li></ul><ul><li>SOLDERING FOR WIRES JOINTS. </li></ul><ul><li>SOLDERING FOR ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS ON P.C.B. </li></ul>
  69. 75. DESOLDERING <ul><li>FOR DESOLDERING TWO METHODS USE </li></ul><ul><li>BY DESOLDER PUMP </li></ul><ul><li>BY DESOLDER WIRE </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>TO REMOVE THE COMPONENTS & WIRES FROM P.C.B. ABOVE TWO METHODS USE. </li></ul>
  70. 76. PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD (P.C.B) <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
  71. 77. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>MAKE BY USE OF FIBRE ,GLASS & BACKELITE SHEET. </li></ul><ul><li>THE PRINT OF CIRCUIT DESIGN ON THIS SHEET. </li></ul><ul><li>THESE SHEETS HAS TWO SIDES. </li></ul><ul><li>ONE IS COPPER SIDE & OTHER IS BLANK. </li></ul><ul><li>THE CKT PRINT ON COPPER SIDE . </li></ul>
  72. 78. WORKING <ul><li>TO CONNECT ELECTRONIC COMPONENT IN A PROPER WAY P.C.B.USE </li></ul><ul><li>COMPLICATED CKT MAKE EASY BY USE OF P.C.B. </li></ul>
  73. 79. TYPES <ul><li>ONE COPPER LAYER </li></ul><ul><li>TWO COPPER LAYER </li></ul><ul><li>THREE COPPER LAYER ETC. </li></ul><ul><li>ONE SIDE PRINT </li></ul><ul><li>TWO SIDE PRINT </li></ul>
  74. 80. APPLICATION <ul><li>PRINT THE CIRCUIT AS PER DESIGN </li></ul><ul><li>SOLDERING ELECTRONING COMPONENTS &WIRE IN A PROPER METHOD </li></ul><ul><li>HIGH EFFICIENCY & LONG LIFE OF COMPONENTS & MC’S </li></ul><ul><li>IN ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS & MACHINES. </li></ul>
  75. 81. OHM’S LAW <ul><li>AT THE CONSTANT TEMPERATURE THE CURRENT FLOW FROM ANY CKT. IS EQUAL TO VOLTAGE & PROPTIONAL TO RESISTANCE. </li></ul><ul><li>IN EQUATION I =V/R </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE V=VOLTAGE, </li></ul><ul><li>I=CURRENT, </li></ul><ul><li>R=RESISTANCE. </li></ul><ul><li>BY USE OF THIS LAW YOU CAN FIND VOLTAGE,CURRENT & RESISTANCE OF ANY CKT. </li></ul>
  76. 83. RESISTOR SERIES CIRCUIT <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
  77. 84. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>ONE OR MORE RESISTOR CONNECT IN SERIES CALL RESISTOR SERIES CIRCUIT. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST RESISTOR’S END CONNECT WITH SECOND RESISTOR START,SECOND RESISTOR’S END CONNECT WITH THIRD RESISTORS START….. </li></ul>
  78. 86. WORKING <ul><li>IN SERIES RESI. CKT. TOTAL RESISTANCE IS EQUAL TO PLUS OF ALL RESISTORS RESISTANCE. </li></ul><ul><li>RT = R1+R2+R3….. </li></ul><ul><li>IN SERIES CKT RESISTANCE INCREASE. </li></ul><ul><li>IN SERIES CKT SAME CURRENT FLOW FROM EACH RESISTOR. </li></ul><ul><li>THE TOTAL CURRENT OF SERIES CKT. IS </li></ul><ul><li>IT = I1=I2=I3…… </li></ul><ul><li>IN SERIES CKT DIFFERENT VOLTAGE GET FROM EACH RESISTOR </li></ul><ul><li>THE TOTAL VOLTAGE OF SERIES CKT IS </li></ul><ul><li>VT= V1+V2+V3…. </li></ul>
  79. 87. APPLICATION <ul><li>SERIES CKT USE FOR CURRENT CONTROLLING </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE YOU WANT RESISTANCE HIGH & CURRENT LOW THIS CKT IS USE. </li></ul>
  80. 89. RESISTOR PARALLAL CIRCUIT <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
  81. 90. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>ONE OR MORE RESISTOR CONNECT IN PARALLAL CALL RESISTOR PARALLAL CIRCUIT. </li></ul><ul><li>ALL RESISTORS START TERMINAL CONNECT TOGATHER & END TERMINAL CONNECT TOGATHER IN RESISTOR PARALLAL CIRCUIT. </li></ul>
  82. 92. WORKING <ul><li>IN PARALLAL RESI. CKT. TOTAL RESISTANCE IS EQUAL TO PLUS OF ALL PURPOSNAL RESISTANCE. </li></ul><ul><li>RT = 1/R1+1/R2+1/R3….. </li></ul><ul><li>IN PARALLAL CKT RESISTANCE DECREASE. </li></ul><ul><li>IN PARALLAL CKT DIFFERENT FLOW FROM EACH RESISTOR. </li></ul><ul><li>THE TOTAL CURRENT OF PARALLAL CKT. IS IT = I1+I2+I3…… </li></ul><ul><li>IN PARALLAL CKT SAME VOLTAGE GET FROM EACH RESISTOR </li></ul><ul><li>THE TOTAL VOLTAGE OF PARALLAL CKT IS VT= V1=V2=V3…. </li></ul>
  83. 93. APPLICATION <ul><li>PARALLAL CKT USE FOR CURRENT CONTROLLING </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE YOU WANT RESISTANCE LOW & CURRENT HIGH THIS CKT IS USE </li></ul>
  84. 94. MULTIMETER <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
  85. 95. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>BATTERY - 9V D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>PROBE – 02 NO. RED PROBE (+),& BLACK PROBE (-). </li></ul><ul><li>ROTORY SWITCH </li></ul><ul><li>ON/OFF SWITCH </li></ul><ul><li>DISPLAY </li></ul><ul><li>A.C./D.C. SELECTION SWITCH </li></ul>
  86. 96. TYPES <ul><li>ANALOGE MULTIMETER </li></ul><ul><li>DIGITAL MULTIMETER </li></ul>
  87. 97. WORKING <ul><li>FIRST PUT RED PROBE(+) IN V/  /I TERMINAL. </li></ul><ul><li>PUT BLACK PROBE (-) IN COMMON OR NEGATIVE TERMINAL. </li></ul><ul><li>SHORT RED & BLACK PROBE AMD ADJUST ZERO. </li></ul><ul><li>FOR MEASURE  PUT ROTORY SWITCH INTO PROPER OHM RANGE. </li></ul><ul><li>FOR MEASURE D.C VOLT OR D.C AMP PUT A.C/D.C SWITCH ON D.C. & ROTORY SWICH IN PROPER D.C. VOLTAGE OR AMPERE. </li></ul><ul><li>FOR MEASURE A.C VOLT OR A.C. AMP PUT A.C/D.C SWITCH ON A.C & ROTORY SWICH IN PROPER A.C VOLTAGE OR AMPERE. </li></ul>
  88. 98. APPLICATION <ul><li>MEASURE RESISTANCE IN  </li></ul><ul><li>MEASURE D.C. VOLTAGE & AMPERE. </li></ul><ul><li>MEASURE A.C. VOLTAGE & AMPERE. </li></ul><ul><li>TESTING OF DIODE ,TRANSISTORS , CAPACITORS. </li></ul><ul><li>TESTING CONTINUTY OF WIRES & P.C.B. </li></ul>
  89. 99. WIRES & CABLES <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
  90. 100. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>COMBINATION OF CONDUCTOR & INSULATOR. </li></ul><ul><li>CONDUCTOR IS MATERIAL FROM WHICH CURRENT CAN PASS LIKE COPPER,ALLUMINIUM,GOLD, SILVER,WATER,BRASS,IRON ETC. </li></ul><ul><li>INSULATOR IS MATERIAL FROM WHICH CURRENT CAN NOT LIKE WOOD, RUBBER, PLASTIC,LEATHER ETC. </li></ul>
  91. 101. TYPES <ul><li>WIRES </li></ul><ul><li>1/18 P.V.C COPPER/ALLU. WIRE </li></ul><ul><li>3/20 P.V.C COPPER/ALLU. WIRE </li></ul><ul><li>7/20 P.V.C COPPER/ALLU. WIRE. </li></ul><ul><li>FLEXIBLE WIRE </li></ul><ul><li>HOOK UP WIRE </li></ul><ul><li>MAINS CORD WIRE </li></ul><ul><li>SOLDER WIRE </li></ul><ul><li>SEALDED WIRE </li></ul><ul><li>( NEXT PAGE ) </li></ul>
  92. 102. <ul><li>CABLES </li></ul><ul><li>LAW TENSION CABLE </li></ul><ul><li>BELTED CABLE </li></ul><ul><li>H TYPE CABLE </li></ul><ul><li>SEPRATED LEAD CABLE </li></ul><ul><li>HSL CABLE </li></ul>
  93. 103. APPLICATION <ul><li>USE FOR WIRING </li></ul><ul><li>USE FOR SIGNAL PASSING </li></ul><ul><li>USE FOR MAIN SUPPLY </li></ul><ul><li>USE FOR SOLDERING </li></ul><ul><li>USE FOR LAW VOLTAGE SUPPLY </li></ul><ul><li>USE FOR HIGH VOLTAGE SUPPLY </li></ul>
  94. 104. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTAL <ul><li>WHAT IS COMPUTER ? </li></ul><ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION </li></ul>
  95. 105. COMPUTER <ul><li>IT IS ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT WHICH PROCESS LARGE AND COMPLICATED ARETHEMATIC AND LOGIC FUNCTIONS WITHIN FRACTION OF SECOND LIKE MICRO SECOND OR NENO SECOND. </li></ul>
  96. 106. CONSTRUCTION <ul><li>COMPUTER IS COMBINATION OF </li></ul><ul><li>HARD WARE (PHYSICAL PARTS OF COMPUTER ) LIKE </li></ul><ul><li>C.P.U. </li></ul><ul><li>KEY BOARD </li></ul><ul><li>MOUSE </li></ul><ul><li>MONITOR </li></ul><ul><li>PRINTER </li></ul><ul><li>MODEM & SCANNER </li></ul><ul><li>SPEAKER,MICROPHONE &CAMERA </li></ul><ul><li>( NEXT PAGE ) </li></ul>
  97. 107. <ul><li>SOFT WARE (IT IS INTERFACE BETWEEN USER AND COMPUTER ) LIKE </li></ul><ul><li>OPERATING SYSTEM (WIN 98/WIN XP/WIN 2000/WIN VISTA) </li></ul><ul><li>LANGUAGE ( C, C++ , JAVA, VB , ORACLE ) </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION PROGRAMME ( MS OFFICE, AUTO CAD, TALLY, PHOTO SHOP ) </li></ul>
  98. 108. TYPES <ul><li>MICRO COMPUTER ( PC,PC/XT, PC/AT, SUPER AT ) </li></ul><ul><li>MINI COMPUTER </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN FRAME COMPUTER </li></ul><ul><li>SUPER COMPUTER </li></ul>
  99. 109. WORKING <ul><li>COMPUTER DISTRIBUTE IN FOUR PARTS </li></ul><ul><li>INPUT (KEY BOARD, MOUSE, CAMERA, SCANNER ) </li></ul><ul><li>C.P.U.( MOTHER BOARD, F.D.D, H.D.D,C.D.D ) </li></ul><ul><li>MEMORY ( RAM, ROM ) </li></ul><ul><li>OUT PUT ( MONITOR, PRINTER ) </li></ul>
  100. 110. STORAGE UNIT OUTPUT UNIT CONTROL UNIT ARITHMETIC LOGIC UNIT PROGRAMME & DATA RESULT INPUT UNIT
  101. 111. APPLICATION <ul><li>MINI COMPUTER USE IN UNIVERCITIES, RESEARCH ORG & GOVERN. SECTORS. </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN FRAME COMPUTERS USE IN INDUSTORIES, BANKS, AIRLINES ETC. </li></ul><ul><li>SUPER COMPUTERS USE IN RESEARCH AND PROGRESS, AERO DYNAMICS, MASSIVE DATA PROCESSING APPLICATION, SYSMOLOGY, NUCLEAR AND PLASMA PHYSICS & SPACE RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS. </li></ul>
  102. 112. Designed & Produced By Ins. B.K. Purohit
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