United States Enters The War

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  • 1. United States enters the War Objective: Cover the events that cause the U.S. to enter the war and the war’s conclusion.
  • 2. Entry of U.S.
    • U.S. tried to stay neutral
    • The naval war between Britain and Germany is what caused the U.S. to enter the war
    • German subs practice unrestricted submarine warfare
    • Germany sank any ships heading to Britain including civilian
  • 3. Entry of U.S.
    • Germans sink British ship Lusitania killing 1,100 civilians including Americans
    • America strongly protest and Germany stops for awhile
    • Germany did not think U.S. would join the war and begins unrestricted sub warfare again
  • 4. Entry of U.S.
    • In 1917 British intercept the Zimmerman Note from Germany; passes it to U.S.
    • Note asks Mexico to go to war against U.S.
    • U.S. declares war on Germany
    • This gives huge boost to Allied morale as well as money and supplies
  • 5. On the Home Front
    • Total war requires complete mobilization of people and resources
    • War had enormous impact on every American’s life.
    • Government increased its power
    • Drafted millions of men into military
    • Started rationing food, fuel, and materials
  • 6. On the Home Front
    • As casualties mounted public support for the war waned
    • Government uses propaganda to keep morale up.
    • Restricts voices against the war
    • Women start to take over traditional male jobs in the workforce
  • 7. Last Years of the War
    • Just as the Central Powers were about to win America sends 2 million troops to fight
    • They stop the German advance and push them back
    • German emperor flees country
    • Germany surrenders
  • 8. Last Years of the War
    • Allied nations meet in Paris
    • Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace
    • Wilson also calls for the League of Nations to be formed to help prevent future wars
    • England and France want to punish Germany
  • 9. Treaty of Versailles
    • The final settlement of WWI
    • Germany is guilty of starting the war
    • Must pay reparations for all damages
    • Germany must reduce military
    • Germany must surrender all territory gained during war
  • 10. Aftermath of WWI
    • Treaty outraged many Germans
    • Felt it was too harsh and unfair
    • New nations are formed among them are Poland, Yugoslavia, Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia
    • Britain and France gain Mandates in the Middle East after breaking promise
    • Ottoman Empire is broken up to form new countries Iraq, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria