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ACH 121 Lecture 12a Doors
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ACH 121 Lecture 12a Doors

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  • Flush: plywood, hardboard or plastic-laminate face panels bonded to solid or hollow-core Stile-and-rail: vertical and horizontal members enclosing wood, glass, or louver inserts creating panel, sash, storm, screen or louver designs Accordion Fold: assembled from narrow slats that give long, drape-like appearance
  • Increases the dimensional stability of a door Provides thermal insulation, sound insulation & fire resistant Fire rated wood doors range from 20 minutes to 1 ½ hours Solid-core material: wood, particle board, mineral composition or combination
  • Glue-Block Core Most common construction Wood blocks bonded together, with end joints staggered Stiles & rails are bonded to core Entire assembly is sanded to a smooth, uniform thickness Face panels are bonded or glued to the assembly Must meet a min. of 1/12 thickness
  • c. & b. Framed-block core: stile and rail frame surrounding an interior core of wood blocks, which may or may not be bonded together, but are bonded to face panels d. Stile-and-rail: consists of wood blocks bonded into stile and rail panel units; Particle-board core: constructed of one or more pieces of particleboard, each the full thickness of the core, may or may not be glued or end-glued together. Stiles and rails may or may not be bonded to core e. Mineral-composition core: only available in fire-rated doors, similar to particle board core doors, core is made of inorganic, non-combustible material formed into a rigid slab. Special blocking and framing are normally required to accommodate hardware, glazed openings and other cutouts f. wood-block, lined core: combination of previous constructions, central wood-block core, with a 3/16” or thinner liner of particleboard or other material bonded to each face to constitue core thickness. Face panels are bonded to assembly and stile & rail frame. Provides added sound insulation, fire resistence
  • Do not provide much thermal insulation or sound insulation Used in interior applications
  • Mesh: wood or wood derivative material joined, interlocked or woven together to form a grid or mesh; honeycomb cores of expanded paper are most common cores Ladder Core: wood or wood derivative strips placed horiz. Or vertically
  • Transcript

    • 1. Doors
      • Parts of the Frame
      • Types of Doors & Windows
      • Door & Window Operation
      • Hardware Accessories
      & Windows
    • 2. Doors
      • Parts of the Door & Frame
      • Types of Doors
      • Door Operation
      • Hardware Accessories
      This Lecture:
    • 3. General Purpose for Doors & Windows
      • Provides access to and from building’s exterior & interior areas as well as spaces within the structure.
        • Doors are commonly used for this function
      • Windows are uses as an areaway for
        • Natural light
        • Ventilation
        • Means of egress in cases for emergency
    • 4. Parts of the Door & Frame
      • Door Slab
        • stiles
        • rails
        • veneer
        • hardware
    • 5. Parts of the Door & Frame
      • Door Frame
        • rough opening
        • header
        • door stop
        • jamb
        • casing (trim)
        • threshold
    • 6. Types of Doors
      • FLUSH
        • Solid core
        • Hollow core
        • Hollow metal
        • Insulated
      • STILE-AND-RAIL
        • Panel/Sash
        • Louvered
        • Storm/screen
      • ACCORDION FOLD
    • 7. Types of Doors: Flush
      • Solid Core
        • Inside of door is made of solid material with laminated veneer material
        • Core is bonded lumber blocks or particleboard
        • Primarily used as exterior doors
          • Security doors
          • Sound insulated doors
          • Fire-rated doors
    • 8. Types of Doors: Flush
      • Glue-Block Core
        • Most solid core door construction
        • Wood blocks bonded together, with end joint staggered
        • Stiles & rails are bonded to core
    • 9. Types of Doors: Flush
      • Additional Solid Core Types:
      • Framed-Block Core
      • Stile & Rail Core
      • Particleboard Core
      • Mineral-Composition
      • Wood-Block, Lined Core
    • 10. Types of Doors: Flush
      • Hollow Core
        • Framework of stiles and rails
        • Honeycomb core of corrugated fiberboard or foam
          • Mesh (cellular) core
          • Ladder core
        • Primarily used as interior doors
    • 11. Types of Doors: Flush
      • Mesh (cellular) Core
        • Wood materials woven together to form mesh
        • Face panels are bonded to stiles & rails
      • Ladder Core
        • Wood strips placed horizontal or vertical
        • Face panels are bonded to stiles & rails
    • 12. Types of Doors: Flush
      • Hollow Metal
        • Sheets of metal are bonded to rails & stiles
        • Filled with rigid plastic-foam core or kraft honeycomb material
        • Types of construction
          • Rail & Stile
          • Rail Panel
          • Flush
    • 13. Types of Doors: Stile & Rail
      • Panel/Sash
        • Panel: stile & rail frames enclosing plywood or raised panel fillers
          • Available in variety of designs
          • Interior or exterior uses
        • Sash: like Panel, but have glass light panels
          • Exterior uses
    • 14. Types of Doors: Stile & Rail Panel Doors Glass & Louvered
    • 15. Types of Doors: Stile & Rail
      • Panel Designs
      • Sash Designs
    • 16. Types of Doors: Stile & Rail
      • Storm & Screen Doors
        • Lightly glazed doors
        • Used with exterior doors to improve weather resistance
        • Adds ventilation, but no BUGS!!
      http://www.rollaway.com/
    • 17. Types of Doors: Stile & Rail
      • Louvered
        • Horizontal wood slats contained within stile & rail frame
          • Chevron or standard slat style
        • Interior applications
          • Closet doors
          • Space dividers/laundry area
          • Classroom doors
          • Lavatory Doors
    • 18. Types of Doors: Accordion Fold
      • Made from slats or strips connected with cord or fabric tape
        • Materials  Types  Coverings
          • wood  solid  vinyl
          • plastic  woven  fabric
          • metal  corded  plastic laminate
      • Usually hung from ceiling-mounted tracks
        • Operate on nylon rollers or glides
      • Interior Uses
        • Closets
        • Space dividers
        • Laundry areas
    • 19. Prehung Doors
      • “ doors already mounted on hinges in a frame, complete with weatherstripping (if needed), ready to install by merely nailing the frame into the wall.”
      • Both interior & exterior doors
      • Quicker, less costly to install
    • 20. Door Operation
      • Broken into 3 categories
        • SWINGING
        • SLIDING
        • FOLDING
      • Other “SPECIALTY” categories
        • REVOLVING
        • OVERHEAD & COILING
        • STOREFRONT
      • Operation is determined by use and location of door
    • 21. Door Operation: Swinging
      • Swings on hinges attached to jamb
        • Can swing on pivots
      • Requires area for swing
      • Right-hand or left-handed and RH/LH reverse
      • Most commonly used
        • Access doors to interior & exterior spaces
    • 22. Door Operation: Sliding
      • Bypass Sliding
        • Travels on guided track
          • Suspended from overhead tracks & operates on rollers
          • Guided track on floor
        • Access through 50% of doorway
          • One door panel overlaps other
        • Commonly used as exterior sliding glass door
          • Also used as closet doors
    • 23. Door Operation: Sliding
      • Surface Sliding
        • Similar to bypass;
          • Travels on an exposed surface-mounted track
        • Allows access through full width of doorway
        • Interior applications
          • Closet doors
        • Not commonly used
    • 24. Door Operation: Sliding
      • Pocket Sliding
        • Slides on a recessed track within the header of frame and adjacent wall
        • Door slab appears “hidden” when open;
          • Gives a finish look
        • Common uses
          • Kitchen & dining room separation
          • Toilet/shower and sink area separation
          • Office or den
    • 25. Door Operation: Folding
      • Hinged panels fold flat against each other when open
      • Hung on overhead tracks with rollers
        • Some require floor track
      • Require little space for operation
      • Interior uses
        • Closet/pantry doors
        • Laundry area
    • 26. Door Operation: Revolving Door
      • 3 or 4 “branched panels” that turn about a central core within a round space
        • Always open or always closed
        • 6 ft to 8ft in dia. (typical)
        • Manual or power assisted operation
      • Requires optimum space for entire assembly
      • Used primarily for commercial buildings to maintain pedestrian traffic flow
        • Prevents passage of cold or warm air & noise
    • 27. Door Operation: Overhead or Coiling Door
      • Large door that is opened by rolling up into a position above door opening
      • Constructed of panels or slats
        • Steel, aluminum, wood or fiberglass
      • Door travels along a jamb mounted guided track
        • Coiled doors roll into a housing
      • Exterior uses (typical)
        • Garages, loading docks, shop areas
    • 28.  
    • 29. Door Operation: Glass Storefront/Entrance
      • Door that uses stiles & rails to enclose a large piece of tempered glass
      • Stiles & rails are constructed as aluminum, steel or wood
      • Used in exterior and interior applications
        • Exterior: entrance to store or lobby
        • Interior : entrance to office or conference area
    • 30. Door Operation: Door Designs
      • FLUSH
      • VISION
    • 31. Door Operation: Door Designs
      • LOUVERED
      • DUTCH DOOR
      • FRENCH DOOR
      • BATTEN DOORS
    • 32. Hardware Accessories
      • Door Hardware
        • Handle set
          • Door Handle
          • Lockset
          • Dead bolt
        • Hinges
          • Exposed and Hidden
        • Panic Hardware
    • 33. Locksets & Strikes Deadbolt Lockset Strike Plate
    • 34. Door Hardware
      • Cylinder Lock/Latchsets
        • Most common in residential applications
        • Inexpensive
        • Less durable
      Inter-connected Entrance: Activation of knob/handle retracts deadbolt
    • 35. Door Hardware
      • Mortise Locksets
        • Common in commercial applications
        • Heavy duty residential
          • Entrance locksets
        • Integral Deadbolt
        • Expensive
    • 36. Door Hardware
      • Functions
        • Many options in residential (shown)
        • Manu more in commercial
        • Options vary by manufacturer
    • 37. Door Hardware
      • Handles
        • Orbital
          • Residential only
          • Not ADA compliant
        • Lever Handle
          • Commercial
          • Some residential
          • Many design options
    • 38. Door Hardware
      • Automatic Closers
        • Surface mounted
          • Push or pull side of door
        • Semi-Concealed
          • Concealed in door head and attached to door face
        • Fully Concealed
          • Concealed within door frame and door
    • 39. Door Hardware
      • Panic Hardware
        • Required by code where exit volume is large
        • Allows secure exit with easy exiting
          • No special knowledge required
        • Sometimes tied to alarm system
    • 40. Door Hardware
      • Magnetic hold-open
        • Used with automatic closer
        • Tied to fire alarm system
        • Holds fire door open
        • Door closes when alarm is activate
    • 41. Door Hardware
      • Electronic & Magnetic Locks & Strikes
        • Electronic Keyed/Keyless Entry
        • High-volume access control
        • Magnetic keys can be de-programmed/ programmed at will