Israel Efforts For Peace Maympn


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Israel Efforts For Peace Maympn

  1. 1. “ Our nation wants peace and we are peace lovers from the bottom of our hearts” M.Begin 1978 ISRAELI EFFORTS FOR PEACE FROM 1948 TO 2006 Maymon Peer Pittsburgh-2008
  2. 2. Our commitment <ul><li>Israel is committed to a two state solution, where both Israel and Palestinians can live side by side in peace. </li></ul><ul><li>We look forward to time when Palestinians children are raised to be doctors, teachers and business people- and not suicide bombers. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Did we do mistakes? Yes. We did.
  4. 4. If more than 250 times, terrorists had crossed American borders and killed innocent citizen in pizza parlors, coffee shop, and malls, what would you have done?
  5. 5. 1947 Partition Plan
  6. 6. Why the Arab world said no to the 1947 partition plan?
  7. 7. The Arabs invasion of 1948
  8. 8. 1949 Armistice Agreements <ul><li>The 1949 Armistice Agreements are a set of agreements signed during 1949 between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria </li></ul><ul><li>The agreements ended the 1948 </li></ul><ul><li>Arab Israeli War and established </li></ul><ul><li>the armistice lines between </li></ul><ul><li>Israel and the West Bank </li></ul><ul><li>(known as the Green line) </li></ul><ul><li>until the 1967 six-day war </li></ul>
  9. 9. Lausanne Conference, 1949 <ul><li>Amongst the issues discussed were </li></ul><ul><li>territorial questions and the establishment of recognized borders </li></ul><ul><li>the question of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>the repatriation of refugees Israeli </li></ul><ul><li>the fate of orange groves belonging to refugees and of their bank accounts blocked in Israel . </li></ul><ul><li>No agreement was reached. </li></ul>
  10. 10. May 1967 <ul><li>Egypt asked for withdrawal of the UNEF forces. </li></ul><ul><li>On May 23, Nasser closed the straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping. </li></ul><ul><li>The armies of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon poised on borders of Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Israel had to react… </li></ul>
  11. 11. The outcome of the Arabs aggression- 1967
  12. 12. After the 6 Days War <ul><li>Following the Six Day War, the U.N Security Council adopted resolution 242 which proposed a peaceful solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict. The resolution was accepted by Israel ,Jordan and Egypt, but rejected by Syria ! </li></ul>
  13. 13. Khartoum Resolution 1967 <ul><li>The Khartoum Resolution of September 1 1967 was issued at the conclusion of a meeting between the leaders of eight Arab countries in the wake of the Six Day War. The resolution, which formed a basis of the policies of these governments toward Israel until the Yom Kippur War of 1973 called for: </li></ul><ul><li>Continued war against Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Ending the Arab oil boycott declared during the Six-Day War </li></ul><ul><li>An end to the war in Yemen. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic assistance for Egypt and Jordan. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Khartoum Resolution 1967 <ul><li>No peace with Israel ! </li></ul><ul><li>No recognition of Israel ! </li></ul><ul><li>No negotiations with Israel ! </li></ul>
  15. 15. We committed to peace <ul><li>Israel has long-term commitment to peace. When courageous Arab leader, such as Egypt's president, Anuar Sadat, reached out his hand to Israel, peace was achieved. </li></ul>
  16. 16. 1978 Camp David Accords <ul><li>signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on September 17, 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David. </li></ul><ul><li>The two agreements were signed at the White House: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Outlining the structure of the Israeli-Palestinian political process. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Framework for Israeli-Egyptian peace agreement. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Peace Agreement- 1979 Israel withdrew from Sinai
  18. 18. Madrid Conference 1991 <ul><li>The Madrid Conference was hosted by the government of Spain and co-sponsored by the USA and the USSR </li></ul><ul><li>convened on October 30, 1991 and lasted for three days. </li></ul><ul><li>It was an early attempt by the international community to start a peace process through negotiations involving Israel and the Arab countries including Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and the Palestinians. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Oslo accords 1993
  20. 20. <ul><li>The Oslo Accords were a framework for the future relations between the two parties. </li></ul><ul><li>The Accords provided for the creation of a Palestinian Authority . </li></ul><ul><li>The Palestinian Authority had responsibility for the administration of the territory under its control. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Terror From Oslo accord September 13,1993 until September 2000: 256 civilians and soldiers were killed in terrorist attacks in Israel.
  22. 22. Israel- Jordan Peace Agreement October 26, 1994                                                                                                  
  23. 23. Camp David - July 2000 <ul><li>Israeli redeployment from 95% of the West Bank and 100% of the Gaza Strip. </li></ul><ul><li>The creation of a Palestinian state in the areas of Israeli withdrawal. </li></ul><ul><li>The removal of isolated settlements and transfer of the land to Palestinian control </li></ul>
  24. 24. Continue… <ul><li>Other Israeli land exchanged for West Bank settlements remaining under Israeli control. </li></ul><ul><li>Palestinian control over East Jerusalem, including most of the Old City. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Religious Sovereignty&quot; over the Temple Mount, replacing Israeli sovereignty in effect since 1967. </li></ul>
  25. 25. The Arafat response was: <ul><li>Rejected the proposal. </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Aqsa Intifada. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Number of suicide attacks since Camp David Summit Total number of suicide attacks in four years of conflict: 138 This figure is correct as of September 26, 2004
  27. 27. Number of shooting attacks since Camp David Summit Total number of shooting attacks in four years of conflict : 13,730
  28. 28.   <ul><li>Total number killed since the Camp David Summit- </li></ul><ul><li>1,017. </li></ul><ul><li>70% of them Israeli civilians. </li></ul><ul><li>Total number injured since the camp David summit- 5,598. </li></ul><ul><li>Of these, 82% were Israeli civilians </li></ul>
  29. 29. Israel Disengagement Plan- Summer 2005 Israel made painful sacrifices and took a risk to give peace a chance. Israel voluntarily removed over 9,000 settlers from Gaza and parts of the west bank, abandoning homes, schools, businesses, and places of worship in the hope of renewing the peace process
  30. 30. Why Israel so strong? <ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Peace </li></ul>
  31. 31. Freedom <ul><li>In Israel, Christians, Muslims, and Jews all have freedom of speech , religion , and the right to vote . </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Israel is the only democracy in the ME <ul><li>10 Israeli Arabs serve in Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>HADAS, RA’AM-TA’AL, BALAB </li></ul><ul><li>Israeli Arab judge sits on the Israeli Supreme Court. </li></ul><ul><li>Miss Israel for 2004 was an Israeli Arab. </li></ul>Salim Gubran Ranna Raslan
  33. 33. Peace <ul><li>In contrast to those in the e Middle East who indoctrinate their children to become hate-mongers and suicide bombers, Israelis educate their children to strive to progress and peace. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Fact About Israel <ul><li>Did You Know? </li></ul>
  35. 36. Israel is, first of all, people.
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