Israel at a Glance ID : Official name: The State of Israel Government : Parliamentary democracy Capital : Jerusalem Area : 21,643 sq.km (8,367 miles) Official language : Hebrew, Arabic Currency : New shekel Internet ending : il Population : 7.15 Million GDP/Capita : $19,890 5 years average Inflation rate : 1.2%
Israel The Promised Land 1948 806,000 2007 7,150,000
85,000 over the age of 65.
Less than 5 percent of the population.
640,000 Israeli citizens are over 65
Almost 10 percent of the population
Whereas the number aged 65 and over doubled between 1970 and 1990, the number of over-75 years old tripled , and the sector which grew most quickly during this period was the over-80 years old Older Seniors age 75 and above
Life Expectancy in Israel In 1965 : Males- 70.5 females- 73.2 In 2002: Males- 77.9 females- 81.9 Life expectancy had risen by almost 10 percent
The aging services are composed of:
Welfare System The policy is to enable elderly people to stay in their community. It is manifested in two ways:
Developing set of services within the community.
Nursing Insurance Law- in order to finance treatment in elder’s home. (15.5 hours per week)
Most of the services are supplied by the Third Sector (non profit) but also by the private sector.
The government Welfare Ministry finance and supervised.
Nursing Insurance Law
According the national insurance law the Nursing Pensions will pay to:
Elder who lives in his/her home and need help in daily activities (dressing, bathing …)
The National Insurance Institute pays directly to the services suppliers.
In June 2006 120,360 seniors got this pension (17.5%).
Consultation to Elderly
The National Insurance Institute established a Consultants Department to fill the needs which are not supplied by the law.
21 branches all over Israel
111,256 seniors used the service in 2005
4,094 volunteers provide the services
Day Centers The Day Centers are a place for daily activities in order to provide a treatment to disabled seniors in their own community, to postpone or avoid the transition to institutes. Welfare Ministry, National Insurance Institute and the Municipalities finance the service. Non Profit Organizations (77%), volunteers (18%) and private organizations (5%) provide it.
Support Community The goal is to develop support environment for seniors by creating personal connection. This group of seniors can receive services at their home and be a volunteer in helping other seniors. In 2006 there were 190 programs 30,000 seniors took part
The social clubs provide social, cultural and employment activities (lectures, fiscal activity, courses etc…) The municipalities operate the service The welfare ministry finance them . In 2003 there were active 840 clubs 75,900 seniors participated (12.4%).
A house who consists of more than 3 independent seniors. Each one lives in his own unit. Basic services are included : maintenance, social worker and housekeeping. In 2006 about 30,000 seniors are living in this program. Protected Accommodation
Senior Citizens' Homes
Institute for long term treatment with supervision of Welfare Ministry
1. For independent seniors citizens
2. For those who need nursing car services.
Important Legal Development during the 1990s
The enactment of the
1994- National Health Insurance Act
1996- Patient’s Rights Act
Health Insurance Law The law afforded universal health care insurance coverage to all the senior citizens of Israel on a universal coverage plan, and eliminated the possibility of seniors citizens being completely without health insurance or unable to obtain treatment for ill health.
According to the Law The HMO gives
Discount in health insurance fee
They pay less than the entire population per their income.
Nursing care insurance
The HMO offer special insurance for nursing care hospitalization.
The HMO is responsible to supply the health treatment in the community and refer them to experts and hospital.
Health Management Organization
KLALIT (general) Health Services
MACABI Health Services
HMO is responsible for acute patients, rehabilitation and complex nursing patients
The Ministry of Health take care of the nursing care patient and mentally frail person