HKBU POLS3620 Spuerstition Between China And Europe


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HKBU POLS3620 Spuerstition Between China And Europe

  1. 1. Superstitions between China and Europe 0600 9921- CHAN Pei Yuan, Mandy 0601 6227- MAN Kit Wing, Kit Europe and Asia
  2. 2. What is Superstitions? <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>1) An undoubting belief </li></ul><ul><li> without reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Irrational belief </li></ul><ul><li> future can be influenced by specific actions </li></ul><ul><li> avoid the actions that bring bad luck </li></ul><ul><li> implement the actions that bring good luck </li></ul><ul><li>3) Reflects on ritual, taboo, fortune telling etc. </li></ul>MAN Kit Wing, Kit
  3. 3. 1) Lack of knowledge/science e.g. a solar eclipse ( 天狗食日 ) 2) Seeking of security feeling  Bring luck and avoid bad things ( 趨吉避凶 ) 3) Religious influence : ritual Why is there superstition? MAN Kit Wing, Kit
  4. 4. China Vs. Europe: Beliefs & behaviors in superstitions CHAN Pei Yuan, Mandy
  5. 5. China Vs. Europe: Beliefs & behaviors in superstitions (Cont’d) CHAN Pei Yuan, Mandy China Europe Travelling outside <ul><li>Very cautious towards everything: </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid touching of things on the road while not necessary </li></ul><ul><li> Spirits in everything </li></ul><ul><li>2) Knocking on the door to say “hi” before entering the hotel room </li></ul>Not much superstitious practices are found:  Less attention is paid while travelling – tend to enjoy the most out of the trip: Be adventurous, curious and opened to discover new things Dressing More superstitious towards the colors and styles of the clothes   Eg. Red would bring luck, while Black and white should be avoided in happy occasions No special superstitions towards colors, BUT rather bases on the nature of the occasions 
  6. 6. China Vs. Europe: Beliefs & behaviors in superstitions (Cont’d) CHAN Pei Yuan, Mandy China Europe At work <ul><li>Both sides tend to avoid women in certain professions or areas (ie. Temples, ships) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects their view of status towards different groups of people </li></ul>
  7. 7. China Vs. Europe: Reasons for the divergences in superstitions MAN Kit Wing, Kit + CHAN Pei Yuan, Mandy China Europe Cultural aspect (Different mindset) <ul><li>Great influence of Confucian </li></ul><ul><li>Based on instinct and more abstract way of thinking </li></ul><ul><li>More critical, logical and open-minded </li></ul>Different structures of society Agricultural based society) (~60% of population)  Relies a lot on nature Financial based society (Service orientated)  Relies a lot on one’s effort Level of education Less population is educated Have a considerable amount of people having educated
  8. 8. Influence of superstition in the modern world <ul><li>Affect people’s lives and practices </li></ul><ul><li>In China/Hong Kong : </li></ul><ul><li>a. 39 Conduit Road ( 天匯 ) 88th floor incident </li></ul><ul><li>b. Beijing Olympic opening ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>08-08-2008 08:08pm </li></ul><ul><li>In Europe </li></ul><ul><li>a. European champions league (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Spain Vs Italy : Voodoo Doll </li></ul>44th? 88th? MAN Kit Wing, Kit
  9. 9. Importance of knowing the differences among different societies -more interaction under globalization environment  MORE Business opportunity e.g. feng shui in the West Chinese fortune telling guides (English version) -Understanding of each others ( avoid conflicts ) MAN Kit Wing, Kit
  10. 10. Bibliography <ul><li>Freedman, Holly. 1997. Why People believe weird things: Pseudoscience, Superstitions, and other confusions of our time. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company. </li></ul><ul><li>鄭春苗著, 中西文化比較研究 , 北京:北京語言學院出版社, 1994 。 </li></ul><ul><li>萬建中著, 禁忌與中國文化 ,北京:人民出版社, 2001 。 </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Thank you!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Merci!! </li></ul><ul><li>Danke! </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>