Research Methods
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Research Methods






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Research Methods Research Methods Presentation Transcript

  • Research Methods Activity Fearghal Kelly Interview Questionnaire
  • INTERVIEW > Why?
    • I have used a piece of software to teach an aspect of Higher Biology differently.
    • I chose to sample students from two classes, one which had been taught using the software and one who hadn’t.
    • I thought that an interview was fit for purpose as it would allow me to gauge the pupils’ understanding of the topic more effectively than test scores or questionnaires.
  • INTERVIEW > Collect?
    • The pupils were presented with a series of genetics problems which got progressively more difficult.
    • I discussed these with the pupil and recorded the conversation on my iPod.
    • Issues?
    • The problems took quite a long time to complete.
    • As I hadn’t prepared a script, I ended up saying different things to the pupils as they required different degrees of assistance.
    • It was difficult not to assist/teach the pupils. I was helping them arrive at the correct answer.
    • Difficult to do this with a large number of pupils - therefore how reliable are the outcomes?
  • INTERVIEW > Collate?
    • The conversations were imported onto my computer and transcribed.
    • Four ten minute interviews filled nearly 10 pages of A4, size 11 font!!
    • Issues?
    • It took a very long time to transcribe 40 minutes of interview!!
    • Need to consider every question - what information will it provide you as it will add more time to your collation!
    • Some aspects of conversation are very difficult to transcribe accurately - how do you represent dialect and speech imperfections?
  • INTERVIEW > Analyse?
    • I have not analysed this data, but I anticipate that it will be very difficult.
      • How can you analyse a series of conversations?
    • Will I be able to draw out the relevant quotations?
      • Does this introduce bias?
  • INTERVIEW > Deduce & Infer?
    • As I’ve not yet analysed, I obviously haven’t reached this stage either.
    • Will I be able to make deductions and inferences when:
      • there are only two pupils from each class,
      • the pupils’ ages differ,
      • the group who have had the new activity, have also had a lot more time available,
      • the pupils received different amount of support from me during the interview?
  • INTERVIEW > Strengths & Weaknesses
    • Strengths
    • Time to probe understanding of pupil.
    • Pupil has greater influence over data recorded - more open.
    • Weaknesses
    • Very time consuming.
    • Limited sample.
    • Difficult to analyse.
    • I’m planning to develop the course materials for Standard Grade Biology for a number of reasons:
      • To try to base our lessons on sound educational theory.
      • To begin preparing our department for aCfE.
      • To reduce the cost and material requirements of our course.
    • I decided to ask our current pupils for their opinion on our current resources.
    • I decided a questionnaire would be fit for purpose as I wanted to generate as many responses as possible, quickly.
  • QUESTIONNAIRE > Collect?
    • I prepared a questionnaire online at
    • This was sampled with pupils who had completed the Standard Grade course last year.
    • My class was then asked to complete the survey during lesson time.
    • Issues?
    • On the free version of the website, there only 10 days to gather and print your data.
    • It is very difficult to draft questionnaire questions which offer the pupils the opportunity to provide relevant feedback.
    • Access to hardware is a problem and therefore, other classes were not able to complete the questionnaire also.
  • QUESTIONNAIRE > Collate?
    • The data was downloaded from the website and entered into an excel spreadsheet.
    • Issues?
    • On the free version of the website, this is quite an awkward process as you only get a webpage showing results.
    • You can not see individual responses on the free version either, only a summary.
  • QUESTIONNAIRE > Analyse?
    • I have not analysed this data.
    • I anticipate that as I now have the data in excel, it should be fairly straightforward to analyse the results and present them as graphs.
  • QUESTIONNAIRE > Deduce & Infer?
    • As I’ve not yet analysed, I obviously haven’t reached this stage either.
    • Will I be able to make deductions and inferences when:
      • I only asked one class,
      • I have directed the pupils responses through my questions,
      • the pupils have not necessarily based their opinions on the learning opportunities provided by the different resources?
  • QUESTIONNAIRE > Strengths & Weaknesses
    • Strengths
    • Quick to gather a large amount of data.
    • Easy to collate & analyse data - especially if collected online.
    • Weaknesses
    • Pupil responses are restricted by questions.
    • Difficult to ascertain pupils reasoning for their answers.