• Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,847
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
43
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. STATE SOVEREIGNTY: A CASE STUDY OF RUSSIA & GEORGIA A PRESENTATION BY DEREK J. LANGFORD
  • 2. WHAT IS SOVEREIGNTY?
    • Eric Brahm Ph.D. of political science at the University of Nevada defines sovereignty as,
    • “ THE POSSESSION OF ABSOLUTE AUTHORITY WITHIN A BOUNDED SPACE.”
  • 3. SOVEREIGNTY IN THEORY
    • Sovereignty has 2 dimensions: the internal & the external
    • Brahm continues… “ INTERNALLY , a sovereign government is a fixed authority within a settled population that possesses monopoly on the use of force.”
    • “ EXTERNALLY , sovereignty is the entry ticket into the society of states.”
  • 4. The COMPONENTS of a SOVEREIGN NATION
    • Brahm continued, “RECOGNITION on the part of other states helps to ensure TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY and is the entrée into participating in DIPLOMACY and INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS on an equal footing with other states.”
  • 5. KEEP IN MIND
    • The notion has its origins in 17th century
    • Western Europe.
    • But, in the wake of the savagery of the Nazi Party in WWII, the concept took on BOLD NEW RAMIFICATIONS…
  • 6. Sovereignty as Responsibility
    • The Nuremburg Trials laid the foundation for bolstering the principle in international law which holds that States have a RESPONSIBILITY to PROTECT the RIGHTS of their CITIZENS .
  • 7. Sovereignty Under Fire
    • Economic Integration brought about by GLOBALIZATION
    • Rising influence of supranational organizations
    • Human Rights Agenda
  • 8.  
  • 9. Russia & Georgia
    • Georgia has been under the umbrella of Russian power since the 1800s
    • Since the crumbling of the Soviet Union in 1991, Georgia has known independence and unease due to the possibility of a Russian resurgence
  • 10.  
  • 11. Abkhazia & South Ossetia
    • On August 7th, the Georgian government launched military attacks to regain territorial integrity in the contested areas
    • The next day, August 8th, Russia responded and effectively squelched the Georgian offensive with massive reinforcements
  • 12. Geopolitical War Games
    • Georgia had previously been seeking to enter into NATO and the European Union
    • Russia has felt threatened by the expansion of American/Western influence in Eastern Europe
  • 13. Geopolitical War Games
    • The US has been covertly and overtly encouraging Georgia (and the Ukraine too) to join NATO and the EU
  • 14.
    • On August 12th, the EU brokered a ceasefire between Georgia and Russia
    • However, Russia has since recognized the ‘sovereignty’ of the break away regions of Abkhazia & South Ossetia
  • 15. A New Cold War?
    • The US and EU have been left unsettled and unresolved by Russia’s power play in Eastern Europe (not mention other former satellite countries of the Soviet Union)
  • 16.
    • Bush administration has called for a suspension of all cooperative programming between NATO & Russia
    • Also, the Bush administration has put pressure on France and German to ween itself from Russian energy dependence
    • Secretary of State Rice has since flown to Warsaw to formalize a missile agreement with the Polish government
  • 17.
    • As recently as last week, the Russian Prime Minister failed to acknowledge the ascendance of President-elect Barack Obama and declared that Russia would be moving missile reinforcements aiming them at Poland
  • 18. THE END