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Vermicuture - a vision of the future

Vermicuture - a vision of the future

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    Vermiculture Vermiculture Presentation Transcript

    • Vermi-Culture Green Investment To use this slide show, simply click on the mouse, or keyboard arrows to change slides, then click the speaker icon in the lower right hand part of the slide for my audio commentary. Not all slides have a commentary, where the audio is long, you may wish to hear it more than once before proceeding to the next slide. Try it now to test your audio
    • Ong Eu Soon presents……. Vermi-Culture Green Investment
    • Solid Waste Generation
      • Solid waste generated in 2002 was 17,000 tonnes per day in Peninsular Malaysia;
      • Generation of solid waste expected to reach 30,000 tonnes per day in 2020; and
      • 9th Malaysia Plan estimated about 45% of the waste is made up of food waste, 24% of plastic, 7% is paper, 6% of iron and glass and others made of the rest
      • (Source: Nadzri Yahaya, Ph.D Deputy Director General National Solid Waste Department)
    • WASTE GENERATION IN MALAYSIA
    • Current Status -Landfills
      • 261 landfill sites all over the country as at April 2007
      • About 111 of these sites are closed
      • 150 still operating
        • (Source: Nadzri Yahaya, Ph.D Deputy Director General National Solid Waste Department)
    • Current Planning
      • Immediate Safe closure of 16 landfills that are in critical areas;
      • Upgrading of non sanitary landfills
      • Building new sanitary landfills
      • Building MRF, incinerators
      • (Source: Nadzri Yahaya, Ph.D Deputy Director General National Solid Waste Department)
    • INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Sanitary Landfill ??? source: KUB-BERJAYA Enviro Sdn Bhd - Bukit Tagar sanitary landfill
    • Bukit Tagar Sanitary Landfill- View of North dam and access road : Why near water catchment area?
    •  
    • Sanitary ????
    • Bukit Tagar Sanitary Landfill- This is what it suppose to build for toxic gas combustion!
    •  
    • 馬來西亞的面積是台灣的 7 倍大,而人口數卻和台灣差不多,非常廣闊,我們首先到訪( BUKIT TAGAR SANITARY LANDFILL SELANGOR,MALAYSIA )垃圾掩埋場,該掩埋場成立於 2004 年,佔地約 600 公頃,每天可處理 1500-2000 公噸的垃圾,由於附近並無 民眾居住,所以沒有抗爭等問題,垃圾主要來自一般家庭、工業及已處理的化學廢料 .. 等,目前馬來西亞僅有二座掩埋場,其污水亦處理後再放流,我們實際到掩 埋場附近,已有陣陣異味撲鼻,仍有許多進步的空間。
    • Excerpt from news report over the c ontamination of Sg Selangor by landfill Leachate
      • The Star Apr 25, 2006 Back in February, Klang Valley and Selangor residents complained of a foul smell in their water supply and the trail eventually led to the Bukit Tagar landfill in Rawang where an open pipe valve caused leachate spillage, leading to the contamination of Sungai Selangor.
    • `Landfill was urgently needed'
      • KUALA LUMPUR: The Bukit Tagar landfill should not have been allowed to operate without a leachate treatment facility. Natural Resources and Enviroment Minister Datuk Seri Azmi Khalid said the approval for it to operate was given because another landfill was urgently needed. Bukit Tagar became the ideal candidate as their leachate treatment facility was in the final stages of ...
    • Why we need an alternative ?
    • PRESSING NEEDS OF SUITABLE FACILITIES TO TREAT AND DISPOSE MSW
      • • Most acute in the capital city, the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (FTKL) and the surrounding state of Selangor
      • • Waste generation estimates for 2004:
      • – For FTKL: 2,538 t/d
      • – For Selangor state: 3,600 t/d
      • (source: www.aeccom.org.my )
    • Urban Finance Issue
      • The local authorities have come under increasing financial pressures on providing waste disposal facilities due to continuing rapid urban population growth
    • Is there any alternative?
    • VERMICULTURE … .a vision of the future
    • VERMICULTURE Where everything is based on the humble worm…….
    • What is Creating Wealth from Waste
      • ‘ Creating Wealth from Waste’ is about reducing our consumption of resources; reprocessing or reusing apparent ‘waste’; and limiting the amount of material that goes into landfill.
    • Resource Conservation
    • WHAT IS VERMICULTURE?
      • 1 WASTE ELIMINATION
      • 2 WASTE CONVERSION
      RESULTING IN: ENVIROMENTALLY SOUND VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS
    • WHAT ARE THE VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS? 1 SOLID VERMICAST 2 LIQUID VERMICAST 3 SURPLUS WORM
    • SOLID VERMICAST A safe 100% organic fertilizer that can be used in any horticultural or agricultural applications, such as broad acre, small crop, vineyards, orchards, market gardens, hydro-ponics, golf courses, even domestic gardens .
    • LIQUID VERMICAST A liquid fertilizer that can be used as a soil conditioner or plant stimulant including foliar feeding.
    • SURPLUS WORM STOCK A bonus of the entire vermiculture process is continuous surplus worm stock that can be harvested and tasked to further local waste conversion or sold for profit into other markets.
    • Why Vermi-Culture
      • Socially responsible investment
      • Bright green economy
      • Low capital investment with promising ROI
      • Simple technology without sophisticated  infrastructure
      • Profit that don’t cost the earth ….
    • Classic commercial recirculation modular pit system utilising twin tanks. Vermi-Culture COMMERCIAL SYSTEMS
    • Self Financing Growth
    • The Fertilizer Market
      • The market size for fertilizers in Malaysia estimated to be around RM1 billion and is import based.
    • Fertilizer Industry in Malaysia
      • Comprise the following:
      • Urea Manufacturers
      • NPK Compound Manufacture
      • Importer / Distributors
      • Second Liner Distributors
      • (source:FIAM)
    • Fertilizer Consumption Trend
    • Fertilizer Consumption Trend
    • Trend of Global Fertilizer Prices
    • International Prices of Fertilizers
    • International Prices of Fertilizers
    • International Prices of Fertilizers
    • Fertilizer Industry in Malaysia
      • CONSUMPTION BY SECTORS
      • ~ Comprise the following:
      • Government Subsidies
      • Smallholders
      • Government Bodies
      • Plantation Companies
      • (source:FIAM)
    • Fertilizer Industry in Malaysia MARKET SEGMENTS
      • Padi farmers
      • Vegetable farmers
      • Pepper farmers (mainly in Sarawak)
      • Fruits growers
      • Flower growers
      • Cocoa growers (smallholders & plantations)
      • Tobacco growers (smallholders & plantations)
      • Pineapple growers (smallholders & plantations)
      • Rubber growers (smallholders & plantations)
      • Oil palm growers (smallholders & plantations)
    • Fertilizer Industry in Malaysia
    • Problems Faced by Importer
      • Currency Market Fluctuation
      • Oil Price Uncertainty
      • Volatile Commodities Price
    • DEMANDS FROM THE PALM OIL PLANTERS
      • Malaysian oil palm planters consumed more than 75% of the imported fertilizers.
      • From 2007 and up to September 2008, despite the higher prices of fertilizers, sales of the Malaysian Crude Palm Oil
      • (CPO) were very firm. The highest was RM 4,486 per tonne in March 2008.
    • DEMANDS FROM THE PALM OIL PLANTERS
      • The Malaysian six (6) big palm oil planters IOI Corp Bhd, Sime Darby Bhd, Kual Lumpur Kepong Bhd (KLK), Boustead Holdings Bhd, Felda Holdings Bhd and United Platation Bhd, which represent almost 60% of the country’s annual production of about 17.5 million tones, have stated that they are “considering not using fertilizers for the next six months if the current fertilizer prices do not fall further.” But KLK also stated that “efficient planters are still making profits and are not distressed yet.”
    • DEMANDS FROM THE PALM OIL PLANTERS
      • But the six big palm oil planters, and the other palm oil planters, are expected to continue to utilize fertilizers, albeit in a reduced quantity and delayed applications. In fact some of the big planters have finalized and confirmed their supply for the next six months.
      • By February 2009 CPO production is expected to be reduced by 700,000 tonnes via a replanting exercise which would cover 200,000 ha. The exercise covers palm oil trees of more than 25 years old.
    • DEMANDS FROM THE PALM OIL PLANTERS
      • When the prices of CPO were high, there was no complaint from the planters on the high prices of fertilizers. They wanted more and exercised their rights for the maximum supply at the shortest time possible.
      • When the CPO was not moving, and the prices were falling down, some of the palm oil planters did not honour their contractual obligations to the fertilizer suppliers. They deferred their off-takes and some even cancelled parts of their contracted volumes. Due to this non-performance by the planters, the suppliers are left with high cost inventories. These inventories are estimated to be in the region of 800,000 to 1.2 million tonnes.
    • DEMANDS FROM THE PALM OIL PLANTERS
      • One of the big Malaysian palm oil planters was reported to return a profit of about RM 2.3 billion.
      • The Malaysian palm oil planters are expected to continue to source for fertilizers.
    • AUSTRALIAN PRODUCTION OF ORGANIC FOOD IN THE PAST 9 YEARS IS EVEN MORE SPECTACULAR, GROWING AT 32%PA Left hand column in AUD millions - baseline to Year 2002
    • U.S.A. PRODUCTION OF ORGANIC FOOD IN THE PAST 8 YEARS IS GROWING AT 23%PA Left hand column in USD billions - baseline to Year 2002
    • Vermi-Compost – The Alternative
      • Enriches soil in most natural organic manner, and also increases the quality, fertility and mineral content of the soil
      • Chemical fertilizers destroy beneficial microorganisms organisms and friend insects, making the crop more susceptible to the attack of diseases reducing the soil fertility and thus causing irreparable damage on the overall system.
    • Vermi-Compost – The Alternative
      • contains more than 8 kinds of useful microbial bacterium groups (over 600 million per gram). So it can supply all nutrition elements needed by the variety of plants.
      • Use of bio-organic fertilizer will reduce the use of harmful chemical fertilizers; give higher yield & improve soil fertility.
    • Vermi-Compost – The Alternative
      • One liter of liquid vermicast is proportional to 200 kilos of urea or any other mineral fertilizer.
      • There is significant savings in handling, transportation and storage.
    • Overcoming fiscal constrains
      • Raise additional revenue through tax, utilities service charge, assessment fee
      • Improve efficiency and effectiveness
      • Greater use of private participation
    • Pay As You Throw
      • Residents pay for the level of service used.
      • Residents are encouraged to reduce the amount of waste produced.
      • ****No Workable in BolehLand****
      • ****Illegal Dumping ****
      • ****Administrative Complexity****
      • ****Corruption****
    • Bio-solids Management Alternatives
    • Bukit Tagar
      • Initial investment: RM120 million
      • Lifespan: 40 years
      • Max capacity: 120 million tonnes
      • Land area: 25 ha
      • Optimum capacity: 3000 and 5000 tonnes per day
      • Current capacity: 1,400 tonnes per day
      • Tipping fee of RM26.50 per ton
    • Vermiculture Investment
      • Initial investment: RM1,000,000
      • Lifespan: forever
      • Land area: 30 ha
      • Capacity: 400 tonnes per day after 5 years of expansion
      • Leachate Management
    • Scaling Up: Pilot => Full Scale
    • Cost Comparisons - Alternative Management Technologies
    • Source Separation Waste Collection
      • Source separated organic waste with multiple stream sort.
      • Waste separation is mandatory
      • Using paper bags for bio-degradable waste
      • Collection occurs 3 times per week
    • Source-separated organic waste composting
      • The tipping area and pre-processing equipment are not sized for a large residual fraction, thus saving capital and operating costs.
      • More value can be recovered from the recyclables in the non-compostable fraction since it is not soiled by food waste.
      • The resulting compost is lower in heavy metals and visible paper and plastics. Thus, it may be more desirable.
      • Also, a smaller quantity of compost is produced, which may simplify marketing requirements.
    • European examples of source-separate composting
      • Vienna
      • Two-stream sort
      • Kitchen wastes are placed in communal waste containers at the street-side Participation is 65 percent
      • Waste diversion is 10 percent
      • Compostable waste is manually checked for contaminants, ground and composted in windrows.
    • How other countries do it ?
      • Denmark
      • Food waste separation is mandatory
      • Collection occurs 3 times per week
      European examples of source-separate composting ( continue ..)
      • Netherlands
      • Includes separate collection of food and yard wastes. which represented about 50 percent’ of the residential waste stream
      • Paper food and yard waste bags are deposited in communal containers.
      • Munich
      • Two –stream collection.
      European examples of source-separate composting ( continue ..)
      • Numbering and Maintz, Germany
      • Paper bags containing organic waste are placed in communal bins
      • Participation is 80 percent
      • Coupled with a recycling program,
      • Source: New York City Department of Sanitation, Draft Source Separation Composting Report, prepared by Tellus Institute, 1990.
      European examples of source-separate composting ( continue ..)
      • Ludwigsburgh, Germany
      • Three-stream collection using two plastic bins: one for dry recyclables, one with two compartments for compostable materials and non-recyclable dry wastes.
      European examples of source-separate composting ( continue ..)
      • Denmark
      • Food waste separation is mandantory for those generating at least 220 pounds per week
      • Collection occurs three times per week.
      European examples of source-separate composting ( continue ..)
    • Interesting Questions
      • Who Collects Solid Waste
      • Who pays for the Service
    • How Can We Proceed
    • WHY DO WE NEED VERMICULTURE?
      • Because the average person from
      • most countries produces approximately
      1 ton of organic waste per year!
    • WHY DO WE NEED VERMICULTURE?
    • WHAT ARE THE OTHER OPTIONS? 1 OCEAN OUTFALLS 2 INCINERATORS 3 LAND FILL BANNED! BANNED! BEING BANNED!
    • Vermi-Culture OFFERS THE ONLY REAL SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVE - Vermiculture using compost worms can achieve waste elimination and value added conversion on the same site forever.
    • Internationally proven modular pit system making liquid cast on a carrot farm. AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS
    • Modular pit system making liquid cast for a hydroponic tomato farm. AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS
    • Modular pit system being unloaded. AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS
    • M odular pit system used indoors at a sugar cane farm to recycle sugar refinery waste. AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS
    • M odular pit system used on an avocado farm to make solid and liquid cast for the fruit trees. AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS
    • Modular pit system used at a Municipal council indoor compost worm breeding program. COMMERCIAL SYSTEMS
    • M odular pit system setup in a small country town to make liquid cast for the local domestic garden market. COMMERCIAL SYSTEMS
      • Equipment
      • VITAL EARTH INTERNATIONAL
      • Commercial applications of V.E pits have gone into municipal waste elimination programs.
      • VITAL EARTH INTERNATIONAL
      • For use at dairies to eliminate and convert manures.
      • VITAL EARTH INTERNATIONAL
      • For making liquid fertilzer using our two tank system on farms for their own consumption.
      • VITAL EARTH INTERNATIONAL
      • An organic grape and maize grower with a twin VE pits system.
      • VITAL EARTH INTERNATIONAL
      • A fifty pit sale to a customer who just wanted to make liquid for resale after an early retirement.
      • VITAL EARTH INTERNATIONAL
    • The Easy Rota 1000 ……. a hand operated compost worm separator exclusively from Vital Earth Int. VERMICULTURE MACHINERY
    • The Easy Rota 2000 ……. the industry premier electric drive compost worm separator exclusively from Vital Earth Int. Vital Earth International VERMICULTURE MACHINERY
    • Vital Earth International OF VERMICULTURE MACHINERY Production Facilities …….for Vermi-Convertors and Easy Rota machines from Vital Earth Int.
    • A Simple Technology
      • Not a rocket science
      • No special qualification need to run the facilities
    • Solve Hardcore Poverty Problem
      • Hardcore poor and homeless living on Penang streets can be recruited to work on the facilities with minimum monthly wages of RM 1500 per month
      • Solve hardcore poverty by empowerment not mere rhetoric and charity
      • Consultation
      • Seminars
      • Local government programs.
      • Joint venture proposals.
      • Special interest groups i.e. Orchardists.
      • On site consultation prior to a project.
      • On site consultation for projects sold.
      Support Available
      • VITAL EARTH INTERNATIONAL
    • Another landfill for Solid Waste ???
      • Jeff Ooi is looking for another landfill in Penang, acceptable? Pulau Burung is too far and polluted
    • Other Reading
      • Create Wealth from Waste
      • Alternative Option of Solid Waste Management for Pakatan Rakyat State Governments
      • Best Practice Guideline to Managing On-site Vermiculture Technologies