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Opiate Project

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • Opiates derived from the poppy plant
    • Used in the 19 th century as painkillers for cough, diarrhea, and physical ailments
  • 3.
    • Grown in countries like Afghanistan and Turkey
  • 4.
    • Opiates can be found in liquid, powder, or pill form
  • 5.
    • Common opiates include:
    • Morphine
    • Heroin
    • Hydrocodone (Lortabs)
    • Oxycodone (Oxycotin)
    • Percocet
    • Vicodin
    • Codine
  • 6.
    • Opiates either come straight from the poppy flower, are derived from opium, or are manufactured synthetically.
  • 7.
    • Opiates were originally marketed as OTC pain-relievers.
    • For Example: Bayer- heroin, opium
    • Codeine- OTC cough medicine
  • 8.
    • Most opiates are now Schedule I or II controlled substances in the U.S.
  • 9.
    • Opiates bind to the opiate receptors in the brain, the same receptors that endorphins bind to
  • 10.
    • Once opiates bind to their corresponding receptors, they trigger two sensations: pleasure and pain relief.
  • 11.
    • Opiates cause greater amounts of dopamine to be released, which activates the brain’s pleasure circuit and creates a feeling of reward.
  • 12.
    • If opiates are taken in excess, addiction may occur.
    • Opiates cause an intense rush, or euphoria, followed by a few hours of relaxation. This sensation appeals to many and causes addiction.
  • 13.
    • Use of Opiates make body dependent on them to function normally
  • 14.
    • When a person quits using opiates after a long period of time, they often experience physical pain from withdrawal.
  • 15.
    • Don’t Do Drugs
  • 16.
    • Images courtesy of: Google Images, Flickr.com
    • Wikipedia.org
    • Opiates.org