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Surrealist Manifesto In 1924, Breton and the other Surrealists published La RévolutionSurréaliste, defining the surrealist movement and what it stood for. Dictionary: Surrealism, n. Pure psychic automatism, by which one proposes to express, either verbally, in writing, or by any other manner, the real functioning of thought. Dictation of thought in the absence of all control exercised by reason, outside of all aesthetic and moral preoccupation.Encyclopedia: Surrealism. Philosophy. Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of previously neglected associations, in the omnipotence of dream, in the disinterested play of thought. It tends to ruin once and for all other psychic mechanisms and to substitute itself for them in solving all the principal problems of life.
Qualities Inspiration for surrealist artwork comes from dreams and the philosophy of the individual artist. The artists rely on including unexpected elements in their works to symbolize ideas and thoughts. However, the works are not meant to be political and should be a constant flow of the mind.
"Each morning when I awake, I experience again a supreme pleasure--that of being Salvador Dalí." Declaring that nobody was qualified to judge his art, Salvador Dalí was expelled from La Academia de San Fernando. However, while he was at the school, his style developed. Dalí was influenced and experimented with cubism, avant-garde, and classical and modernist styles. The artwork by Pablo Picaso and Joan Miró, who he later met, as well as his tumultuous relationship with his father also shaped his works. To the discontent of his fellow Surrealists, Dalí expressed his political views through his art.Dalí used film, sculpture, writing, photography, drawing, and painting to convey his imaginative creations. Dalípracticed what he called the Paranoiac-critical method which accessed the subconscious for creativity. Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto DalíiDomènech, 1st Marquis of PúbolMay 11, 1904 – January 23, 1989
The Persistence of Memory – Dalí drew this painting in response to Einstein’s theory of relativity. It has surreal qualities with it’s deserted landscape and misplaced objects. “I have Dalinian thought: that one thing the world will never have enough of is the outrageous.”
“There is only one difference between a madman and me. I am not mad.”The Temptation of St. Anthony – the towering elephants and horses is a thing that comes from dreams. Imagination fills the canvas of this painting with unrealistic images.
“I seated ugliness on my knee, and almost immediately grew tired of it.” Swans Reflecting Elephants – This was painted in Dalí’s Panoramic-critical period. It is an optical illusion between the images of three swans and elephants. The painting is hazy and relaxed, yet complicated and strange.
“I myself am surrealism.” Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening – This painting has heavy symbolism, with the tiger being the bee awakening the slumbering woman in the title.