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Water Management Constraints in Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain

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Presented at the 2nd Phase Planning and Review Workshop of the Indo-Ganges BFP, 24-25 February, 2009, Haryana, India

Presented at the 2nd Phase Planning and Review Workshop of the Indo-Ganges BFP, 24-25 February, 2009, Haryana, India

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  • 1. Water Management Constraints in Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain P K Joshi and K K Datta National Center for Agricultural Economics & Policy Research Dev Prakash Shastry Marg, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012 25 February 2009
  • 2. Indo-gangetic plain in India Trans Gangetic Upper Gangetic Middle Gangetic Lower Gangetic National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
  • 3. Background Characteristics of Eastern IGP Low productivity, high unemployment, extreme poverty High rainfall; endowed with abundant good quality water Most fertile soils Irrigated area is extremely low compared to western IGP Large area during winter season is kept fallow due to non-availability of water Water management is a major concern Technical and socio-economic constraints limit adoption of available water management options National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
  • 4. Objectives To document the available water management options for the Eastern IGP To evaluate the financial and economic feasibility of different water management options suited to eastern IGP To identify the constraints for non-adoption of available water management options by different categories of farmers To assess the changing prospects of agriculture in Eastern IGP under different scenario of water management options To propose strategies for larger adoption of improved water management options in different categories of farmers National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
  • 5. Study area Eastern IGP Middle-Gangetic plain Northeastern plain; Eastern plain; Vindyan; Northeast plains; and South Bihar plains Lower-Gangetic plain Barid plains; Central alluvial plains; Alluvial coastal saline plains; and Rorh plains National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
  • 6. Regions, sub-regions and districts Agro-climatic Sub-region State/ district region 1. Middle Gangetic Plains Region (a) North Eastern Plains U.P. : Bahraich, Gonda, Basti, Gorakhpur, Deoria (b) Eastern Plains U.P. : Faizabad, Sultanpur, Pratapgarh, Jaunpur, Azamgarh, Ballia, Ghazipur, Varanasi (c ) Vindyan U.P. : Mirzapur (d) North Bihar Plains Bihar : Paschim Champaran, Prubi Champaran, Gopalganj, Siwan, Saran, Sitamarhi, Muzaffarpur, Vaisali, Madhubani, Darbhanga and Samastipur (e) North East Plains Bihar : Madhepura, Purnia, Katihar, Khogaria, Begusarai and Saharsa (f) South Bihar Plains Bihar : Bhojpur, Rohtas, Patna, Aurangabad, Nalanda, Gaya, Nawada, Munger and Bhagalpur 1. Lower Gangetic Plain Region (a) Barind Plains West Bengal : West Dinajpur, Maldah (b) Central Alluvial Plains Murshidabad, Nadia, Bardhaman, Hoogly, Hawrah and Medinipur (c) Alluvial Coastal Saline Plains North and South 24 Parganas, (d) Rorh Plains Birbhum and Bankura National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
  • 7. Activities Documentation of the available water management options Review the Perspective Plan and Annual Reports of ICAR Research Complex for Easter Region Review the reports of AICRIP on water management Review IWMI research studies and other publications Review studies undertaken under NATP National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
  • 8. Activities Evaluate the financial & economic feasibility of different water management options Review the government policies for irrigation water in different states Estimate item wise cost of available water management options Assess the feasibility of improved water management options, and compare with the existing practices National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
  • 9. Activities Constraints to no-adoption of available water management options Super impose characteristics of water management options over the agro- ecoregion Technological Institutional (land size, land tenure system) Water related policies (water pricing; canal water distribution) Infrastructure (electricity, roads) Social (migration) Any other (drawn after RRA) National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
  • 10. Activities Assessment of changing prospects of agriculture as a result of improved water management system Changing cropping patterns, and production portfolio Changing farm income, and employment Changing livelihood pattern National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
  • 11. Activities Strategies for larger impacts of improved water management options Develop policy matrix under different scenario Assess cost implications Assess needed policy and institutional responses National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
  • 12. Study period 1 April 2009 to 31 December 2009 Study team NCAP KK Datta and PK Joshi IASRI Exploring possibility to associate IWMI B R Sharma and Stefanos Xenarios National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research