History of the theatre  lesson 4 modern theatre
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History of the theatre lesson 4 modern theatre






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History of the theatre  lesson 4 modern theatre History of the theatre lesson 4 modern theatre Presentation Transcript

  • HISTORY OF THE THEATRE – Lesson 4 The Rise of Modern Theatre
  • Lesson Objectives
    • To consider some of the major influences on Modern Theatre
    • To understand the origins of naturalistic theatre
    • To experiment practically with a variety of styles
  • Starter ( 5 mins)
    • Brainstorm in pairs everything you know about the following types of theatre
    • Melodrama
    • Farce
    • Naturalism
  • 19 th Century Theatre
    • The main types of theatre during the later part of the 19 th Century were:
    • Melodrama
    • Farce
    • Main characteristics of melodrama
    • Stock (Typical) characters
    • Stock storylines
    • An exaggerated acting style (grand gestures, dramatic voices and emotions)
  • 19 th century Theatre (Cont)
    • Main characteristics of Farce
    • Slapstick style of comedy
    • Stock storylines
    • Stereotypical characters
    • Emphasis on action rather than dialogue
  • Naturalism/Realism
    • Towards the end of the 19 th Century, there was a reaction to the popular styles of theatre (melodrama and farce) across Europe.
    • These practitioners wanted to create ‘real’ Drama dealing with everyday life and real issues
    • They also wanted to create staging techniques that reflected this style. This included settings, props, lighting etc that reflected real places instead of painted on backdrops and fake props
    • Their innovative plays and staging techniques were not initially well received by a British audience who were used to light hearted escapist drama
    • Henrik Ibsen (Norway) ‘A Doll’s House’
    • Anton Chekhov (Russia) ‘The Cherry Orchard’
    • August Strindberg (Germany) ‘Miss Julie’
    • Konstantin Stanislavski (Russia) – practitioner, director, Actor
    Henrik Ibsen Konstantin Stanislavski
    • An actor who was frustrated by what he considered to be ‘mechanical acting’ – a performance which was learnt by the actor and repeated night after night
    • He believed that an actor needed to ‘live’ the role in order to keep his/her performance fresh and spontaneous
    • Developed a system of training for the actor and for rehearsing a production.
    • Believed that the creation of a role should be actor led and not director led
    • Many of his techniques are still used for training actors today
    • Group Work.
    • Task 1: Create a short scene which should last approximately 5 minutes entitled “The murder of sweet Sarah and the crooked finger Mystery” using the stock characters and style of Melodrama.
    • Task 2. Adapt this scene in the style of modern Naturalism . This scene should last 5 minutes.
    • Perform the work in both styles
    • Discussion:
    • What have you learnt today about modern theatre and its influences?
    • What are the major differences between early 20 th century theatre and theatre of today?
    • What is your view of modern theatre today in relation to theatre through history ?
    • What influences still survive today?
    • Homework:
    • In preparation for the history of theatre trip, review all the ideas covered in the theatre of history work to help you focus on how you will complete the Presentation assignment after half term