Building Materials

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Building Materials

  1. 1. Building Materials <ul><li>Project made by: Ramón Mateos Fernández and Eduardo Ortega Collazos </li></ul>
  2. 2. Summary <ul><li>Building materials.......................................3
  3. 3. Stony materials...........................................4
  4. 4. Binder materials..........................................5
  5. 5. Concrete......................................................6
  6. 6. Ceramic materials........................................7
  7. 7. Other materials............................................8
  8. 8. Building constructions..................................9
  9. 9. Construction tools........................................13
  10. 10. Construction machinery...............................15 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Building materials Definition: They're materials that are used in building's constructions and monuments. Types: Stony materials, binder materials, concrete, ceramic materials and other materials.
  12. 12. Stony materials Compact rocks: are blocks of limestone, marble, granite, slate, sandstone... Disintegrate rocks: Clay and aggregates.
  13. 13. Binder materials Definition: They are materials that when they are mixed with water they become solid and rigid Types: Lime Plaster Cement
  14. 14. Concrete Definition: it is a mixture of arids, binder and water. Types: - Mass concrete - Reinforced concrete - Cyclopean concrete - Cellular concrete
  15. 15. Ceramic materials Different processes: 1. Mix and mold: Machines mixes clay with water. Then, the mass takes form. 2. Firing on continuous kiln: Gives continuous heat to the ceramic pieces. Materials: Bricks Slates Tiles Stoneware Porcelain
  16. 16. Other materials <ul><li>Metals can be:
  17. 17. Steel
  18. 18. Aluminium
  19. 19. Copper </li></ul><ul><li>The woods, plastics and glass are also building materials. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Buildings constructions <ul>The building construction is a long and complex process that contains many phases: <li>1. Land preparation through operations of demolition, earthmoving and leveling. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Building construction <ul><li>2. Foundation Pile: is the colocation of the elements that form the base of the building.
  22. 22. 3. Elevation of the structure: at this stage are built the pillars and plates that will form the floors of the building. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Building construction <ul><li>4. Water coverage: it consist in the colocation of the roof of the building.
  24. 24. 5. Colocation of paving:is the colocation of materials over the plates of each building. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Building construction <ul><li>6. Elevations of walls
  26. 26. 7. Colocation of installations (water, gas, electricity, etc)
  27. 27. 8. Works of finish </li></ul>
  28. 28. Constructions tools <ul><li>In the earth movements are used spades, wagons and baskets. </li></ul><ul><li>In demolitions are used percussion tools and cutting tools. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Construction tools <ul><li>In the masonry works are used pallets and stirrers.
  30. 30. In plaster work are used trowels. </li></ul><ul><li>In meditions are used the meters and tape measures. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Construction machinery <ul><li>In excavation and earth movements, are used the excavators.
  32. 32. In land leveling, are used buldozers and road roallers.
  33. 33. The materials are transported with trucks. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Construction machinery <ul><li>In construction, the materials are elevated with cranes. This are formed of three elements:
  35. 35. - The tower
  36. 36. - The jib
  37. 37. - The counter jib </li></ul>

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