Vanni Kaatu Vasam

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This is a short journey naration into the Tamil Tiger land in Sri Lanka.

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Vanni Kaatu Vasam

  1. 1. td;dpf; fhl;L trk; [h. milf;fy uhrh
  2. 2. E}y; tptuk;; mHg;gzk; jiyg;G : td;dpf; fhl;L trk; vd;id <d;W> jkpoKJ Cl;b tsHj;j vdJ jha; gpNyh [hz;> MrpupaH : [h. milf;fy uhrh je;ij fyhepjp Nj. [hz; mtHfSf;F gf;fq;fs; : vii + 89 Gj;jf msT : nlkp 1/8 vOj;J : 11 Gs;sp ntspaPL : 2003 gjpg;gfk; : ii iii
  3. 3. ed;wp cs;Ns ehd; td;dpf;fhl;L trkhfpl cjtpatHfs; . . . mzpe;Jiu vi Cf;fk; je;J> Mf;fG+Ht Vw;ghLfs; nra;j mz;zd; rpd;duhrh> Kd;Diu 1 mDkjp toq;fpa rNyrpa rig jpUr;rp khepyj; jiytH jkpoPoj;jpy; vd; gpuNtrk; 3 mUl;gzp. jpNahgpy];> jkpoUf;nfjpuhd $l;L rjp 15 md;NghLk;> ghrj;NjhLk; topaDg;gpa ngw;NwhH> cld;gpwe;NjhH> Nfhio tPuk; 19 cldpUe;J Cf;fk; je;j ez;gHfs; khwd;> mfpyd;> rfhauh[;> ,e;jpahtpd; ,ul;il Ntlk; 23 vd;id Vw;W> topelj;jpa kd;dhH kiwkhtl;l MaH NkjF Nghijf;F mbikahFk; jkpo; ,isNahh; 27 ,uhag;G N[hrg; kw;Wk; kd;dhH> aho;g;ghzk; kiwkhtl;l jkpoPoj;jpy; ngz; tpLjiy 35 rNfhju FUf;fs;> jkpoPo r%fk; - vdJ ghh;it 46 cldpUe;J topfhl;ba mUl;gzpahsHfs; N[k;]; gj;jpehjH> md;ld; kj;jpah]; kw;Wk; vkpy; mtHfs;> jkpoPoj;jpy; fpwp];jtk; 76 mzpe;Jiu toq;fpa jkpoPo ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd;> ,dg;gpur;ridf;Fj; jPh;T 87 jl;lr;R nra;J cjtpa Rrp kw;Wk; kQ;R. iv v
  4. 4. fhzhky; NghapdH. Nrhjid> crhTjy;> re;Njf jLg;Gf;fhty; vd;w ngahpy; ,d;Wk; gyH njd;dpyq;ifapy; rpiwapy; thLfpd;wdH. mWgjhapuk; mg;ghtpfs; capiug;gyp nfhz;L> ,yl;rf;fzf;fhNdhiu mfjpfshf;fp> ngz;fis tpjitfshf;fp> khztr; n ry; t q; f sp; d ; fy; t pia ghohf; f p mehijfshf; f pa ,Ugjhz;L fhy Aj;jj;jhy; ,wg;G> ,og;G> ,lg;ngaHT vd;Dk; Kg;ghpkhz Jd;gj;jpw;F jkpoHfs; MshfpAs;sdH.” rpq;fs ntwp murpd; jkpopd xopg;Gg; Nghiu jkpoPoj;jpd; tpLjiyg; Nghuhf khw;wp> fsj;jpy; Nkdp rpypHj;J epw;Fk; khngUk; mzpe;Jiu jiytH gpughfud; mtHfisj; jkpoPoj;jpd; xNu jiytuhf milahsk; fhl;LfpwhH mUl;gzpahsH. tpLjiy Gypfspd; NghH Mw;wy; gw;wp kl;Lky;y> epHthf Mw;wiyg; gw;wpAk; ‘td;dpf;fhl;L trk;’ tphpthf NgRfpd;wJ. czHr;rp ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd;> “td;dpf;fhl;by; EioAk; NghNj ‘jkpoPo Maj; Jiw’ nrd;id. ‘Nghf;FtuT fz;fhzpg;Gj;Jiw’ Nghd;wtw;iwAk;> td;dpg;gFjpapy; jkpoPo Nghf;Ftuj;J> jkpoPo fhty;> jkpoPo ePjpkd;wk;> jkpoPo gz;gl;l eLepiyahsH mUl;gzp. milf;fyuhrh mtHfspd; nghUz;kpak;> jkpoPo tdtsk;> jkpoPo kUj;Jtg;gzp> jkpoPo td;dpf;fhl;L trk; gbj;Njd;. ntwp nfhz;l rpq;fs murhYk; itg; g fk; (tq; f p)> Nghd; w mbg; g il murpay; epHthf jkpopd vjphpfshYk; mbf;fb Gijf;fg;gLk; my;yJ jphpf;fg;gLk; fl;likg;igAk; ghH;f;fyhk;.” vd;fpwhH Ehy; MrphpaH. cz;ikj; jkpoPok; gw;wpa cz;ikfis ntspr;rj;jpy; itj;jpUf;fpd;whH. jkpoPoj;ij mtH cyfpw;F fhl;Lfpd;whH. jkpoPoj;jpy; Xuhz;L fhyk; jq;fpapUf;f NeHe;j NghJ jkpo;ehl;ilr; NrHe;j ,sk; FUj;Jt Jwtpahd mtH fz;fspy; gl;lit> ‘njw;fhrpa xd;wpak;’ ,d;iwa Kjy; Njit vd;Wk; neQ;irj;njhl;lit midj;Jk; cz;ikapd; juTfsha; ,e;E}ypy; mjd; %yNk jkpopdr; rpf;fiy jPHf;f KbAk; vd;Wk; mbfshH gjpthfpAs;sd. E}ypd; Kbtpy; njhptpf;Fk; fUj;Jr; rhpahdjy;y. INuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;jpd; Njhw;wk; ,Rg;ghdpa ehl;bd; ghRf;F Njrpa ,d mtH fUj;J ,Jjhd;: “,yq;ifj; jkpoHfspd; ,d;iwa kf;fSf;F tpLjiy je;jjh? tlmaHyhe;J kf;fs; tho;tpy; xsp cz;ikahd tho;Tk; czHTfSk; ntspg;glhky; kiwthfNt gha;r;rpajh? ,y;iyNa. XU Njrpa ,dj;jpd; tpLjiy mj; cs;sd. jPtputhjk;> gphptpidthjk; vd;w Kj;jpiufNshL ek; Njrpa ,dk; jd;id Koikahd tpLjiyg; Nghhpy; xg;gilg;gjd; kf;fspd; tho;T ,Ul;lbg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.” %yNk ngwg;gLk;. mLj;jtd; taypy; jkpo; <oj;jpd; tpLjiy . vd;iwf;FNk mWtil MfhJ. ,f;fUj;ij mUl;jpU mbfshH <oj;jkpoHfs; jkpo;ehl;L kPdtHfis mbf;fb jd; E}ypd; ,Wjpapy; Fwpg;gplhky; ,y;iy. Jd;GWj;Jtjhf mtpo;j;J tplg;gLk; gr;irg; ngha;iaAk;> jkpoPo kf;fspd; tpLjiy czHit mopj;njhopf;f rpq;fs Ml;rpahsHfs; “kf;fspd; tpLjiyf;fhf cWjpAld;> JzpTld; gzpGhpAk; jq; f s; fl; L g; g hl; b y; cs; s jkpo; g ; gFjpfspy; jkpo; jiytHfshNyNa cz;ikahd tpLjiy ngw;Wj;ju KbAk;. ,isQHfspilNa Nghijg;nghUl;fis gug;gp tUk; nfhLikiaAk; <oj; j kpoHfs; mg; g bahdnjhU cz; i kahd jiytiug; mbfshH ,e;E}ypy; mk;gyg;gLj;jpAs;shH. ngw;wpUg;gJ mtHfspd; Gz;zpaNk. jkpoPok; epr;rak; tpbAk;” vd;fpd;whH mth;. Nehpy; milf;fyuhrh mtHfs; neQ;rk; cUfplf;fz;l - neUg;gpy; vhpe;J fUfpg; Nghd jkpoPok; ,Jjhd;. “,yq;ifapd; mUl;gzpahsUk;. eLepiyahsUk;> gz;ghsUkhd mtH tlf;F fpof;F (jkpoPok;) gFjpfspy; ngUksT jkpoHfs; thOk; tha;r;nrhy; edthfl;Lk;. ,lq;fspy; epyGyd;fs;> tPLfs>; tPl;Lg;nghUl;fs; mopf;fg;gl;ld. nrhj; J f; f s; R+iwahlg; g l; l d. Mapuf; f zf; f hd jkpoHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. gyH epue;jukhf Cdkhf;fg;gl;ldH. ,yq;if fhrp Mde;jd d; KOtJk; tho;e;j jkpo; ,isNahH> Fwpg;ghf Mz;fs; gyH vi vii [h. milf;fy uhrh td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  5. 5. cWjp nra;ag;glhj tplaq;fis> ntWk; fijahfNt cs;s fUj;Jf;fis> ahUf;Nfh ele;j epfo;it NtW xUtH nrhy;ypNah ,q;F vJTk; jug;gltpy;iy. vd; ,dpa fw;gidNah> gfy; fdNth> A+fNkh ,q;F ntspg;glhJ ,Uf;f fLk; Kaw;rp vLj;Js;Nsd;. cs;kd fpsHr;rpf;fhfNth> gugug;ghf;fNth vt;tpj nra;jpiaAk; ,q;F ntspapltpy;iy. khwhf cz;ikia vdJ kdjpy;gl;lthW mg;gl;lkhf vLj;Jiuf;fNt tpiofpd;Nwd;. ,d;Dk; ehd; fhzhj> Nfshj> mDgtpf;fhj gy epfo;Tfs; ,Uf;fyhk;. mtw;iwAk; Kd;Diu njhFf;f epidj;jhy; vd; tho;ehs; NghJkh? jdpkdpjHfspd; murpay; ,yhgj;jpw;fhf> kdpj Neakpd;wp ,e;Jkhf;flypy; xU rpW ePHj;Jspg; Nghy; fhl;rpjUk; jPT jkpopd mopg; i g Nkw; n fhz; l rpq; f s Nghpdthj Mjpf; f ,yq;if. ,d;W cyf tiuglj;jpy; rpe;jg;gl;l ,uj;jj;Jspg; Nghy rf;jpfSf;nfjpuhf Kg;gJ Mz;LfSf;Fk; Nkyhf mfpk;ir topapy; fhl;rp jUfpwJ. fle;j Kg;gJ Mz;L fhyKk; ,r;rpW jPT kf;fs; Ngr;R thHj;ijfs; %ykhf jPHTfhz Kw;gl;L Njhw;WNghd ,uj;jKk; fz;zPUkhf tho;e;J nfhz;bUg;gJ kpfg;nghpa r%f epiyapy;> NtWtopNaapd;wp MAjNke;Jk; epiyf;F jkpo; kf;fs; mtyk;. mjpYk; <oj;jkpoHfspd; tho;T neUg;gpypg;gl;l GOg;Nghy> js;sg;gl;lhHfs;. kz;zpd; kPl;Gf;fhf> kf;fSf;fhf fle;j ,UgJ fHrpf;Fk; rpq;fj;jpd; thapy; mfg;gl;l khd;Nghy cs;sJ. ,yq;if Mz;lsthf Nghhpl;L> rkgyj;ij mile;j gpd; NghH epWj;jk; jkpoHfspd; ,d; i wa cz; i kahd tho; T k; > czHTfSk; Vw;gLj;jp> Ngr;RthHj;ijfs; eilngWk; ,f;fhy fl;lj;jpy;> Jg;ghf;fp ntspg;glhky; kiwthfNt cs;sJ. jPtputhjk;> gphptpid thjk; Ntl;nlhyp ,y;yhj> mikjp epyTk; jkpoPoj;jpy;> Nghhpdhy; Vw;gl;l vd; w Kj; j piufNshL ek; kf; f spd; tho; T ,Ul; l bg; G ghjpg;Gfis Nehpy; fz;lwpe;J vd;idNa ghjpg;Gf;Fl;gLj;Jtjd; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. Mjpf;f rf;jpfspd; iffspYs;s Clfq;fs; %ykhf mij gpw jkpo; $Wk; ey;Yyfpw;F vLj;Jf; $Wk; jhHkPf cz;ikia jphpj;J> gugug;G nra;jpfis Kjd;ikg;gLj;jp gzk; nghWg;Ngw;fpNwd;. rk;ghjpf;Fk; vz;zj;NjhL jkpoPoj;jpd; cz;ik epiyia> ajhHj;j tho;f;ifia %b kiwj;Js;sd. thUq; f s; vd; N dhL; > tpLjiyf; f hdk; ,irf; F k; td;dpf;fhl;Lf;Fr; nry;Nthk; . . . ,e; e piyapy; ek; kf; f spd; cz; i k epiyawpaTk; > Aj;jj;jpdhy; Vw;gl;l tpisTfis Nehpy; fz;lwpaTk;> ek; ,d kf;fNshL $ba kl;Lk; ,ize;J tho;e;J mDgtk; ngw tpioe;Njd;. Fiwe;j fhykhd Xuhz;by; ehd; ngw;w mDgtq;fis> Nehpy; fz;l epfo;Tfis> Nfl;l fijfis> thrpj;J ngw;w cz;ikfis kl;Lk; njhFj;J <oj;J jkpoHfisawpahj jkpo; ehl; L jkpoHfNshLk; <oj; j kpoHfisg; gw; w pa jtwhd vz;zq;fNshL tho;gtHfSf;Fk;> gazf; fl;Liuahf toq;f vz;zp Kaw;rpj;jNj ,e;E}y;. [h. milf;fy uhrh 1 2 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  6. 6. Ik;gj;ije;J Mz;LfSf;F Kd;G Mq;fpNyaHfsplkpUe;J tpLjiy ngw;w ,yq;if> Mq;fpNyadpd; #o;r;rpahy; rpq;fs> jkpo;> ,Ryhkpa kf;fspilNa Mz;lhd; - mbik epiyia Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;lJ. nghUshjhuj;jpYk;> fy;tpapYk;> Ntiy tha;g;GfspYk; rpwe;J tpsq;fpa jkpoHfis ‘te;NjW Fbfs;’ vd;W tuyhw;iw jphpj;J> rpq;fs - ngsj;j Nghpdthj nfhs;iffis Kd; itj;J jkpopdj;ij mopj;J xopf;f Kw;gl;ldH. jkpoHfs; te;Njwpfs; vd;gJ tuyhw;Wg; gpio> jphpG vd;gij aho;g;ghz gy;fiyf; fof khztH xd;wpak;; ‘nghq;F jkpo;’ epfo;tpd; rhHghf elj;jpa fz;fhl;rpapy; Mjhuj;Jld; ep&gpj;jpUe;jij fz;$lhf jkpoPoj;jpy; vd; gpuNtrk; fz;Nld;. ,yq;if tho; midj;J jkpoHfisAk; Xuzpapy; jpul;b> gyk; tha; e ; j ghuhSkd; w cWg; g pduhd je; i j nry; t h vd;wiof;fg;gl;l jpU. nry;tehafk; Nghd;NwhH vt;tsNth mw ij gpwe;jhy; top gpwf;Fk; vd;ghHfs;. vd; ePz;l ehs; topapy; Kad;Wk; jkpoH chpikia epiyehl;l Kbatpy;iy. fdh 2003k; Mz;L ij khjk; Kjy; ehspNy edthdJ. ‘gioad NtWtopNaapd;wp jkpo; ,isQHfs; rpyH MAjNke;jp NghuhLk; fopjYk;> Gjpad GFjYk;’ vd;w Nghfpg; gz;bifapy; rpq;fs JHepiyf;F js;sg;gl;ldH. fle;j ,UgJ Mz;lsthf eilngw;W Mjpf;f murpd; vy;iyiaf; fle;J Gspaq;Fsk; topahf Rje;jpu te;j me;j Nghhpd; NfhutpisTfs; nrhy;ypy; mlf;f Kbah. jkpoPoj;jpy; gpuNtrpj;Njd;. 14-01-2003 md;W khiy rhpahf 5.30 jkpohpd; nghUl; nry;tk; kl;Lkd;W ,yq;if ehl;bd; nghUshjhuKk; kzpf;F vd; jkpoPo gpuNtrk; eilngw;wJ. jkpoPo tpLjiyg; mope;jJ. ,yq;ifapd; tlf;F - fpof;F gFjpfspy; ngUksT Gypfspd;> midj;Jyfj; njhlHgfk; rhHghf jah vd;w ‘nghbad;’ jkpoHfs; thOk; ,lq;fspy; epyGyd;fs;> tPLfs;> tPlLg;nghUl;fs; ; vd;id tuNtw;whd;. gpd; khq;Fsj;jpy; A9 tPjp topahf> Nghhpy; mopf;fg;gl;ld. nrhj;Jf;fs; #iwahlg;gl;ld. Mapuq;fzf;fhd jiukl;lkhd fl;blq;fisAk;> tskhd fpspnehr;rp tay;fisAk;> jkpoHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. gyUk; epue;jukhf Cdkhf;fg;gl;Ls;sdH. fpspnehr;rp khtl;lj;jpy; kpfg;nghpa Fskhd ,uizkL Fsj;ijAk; ,yq;if KOtJk; tho;e;j jkpo; ,isNahH kw;Wk; Mz;fs; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;Nl tha;f;fhy; Clhf nrd;w Nkhrkhd ghij gyH fhzhky; NghapdH. Nrhjid> crhTjy;> re;Njf jLg;Gf; topahf ,utpy; gazkhNdhk;. rhpahf es;spuT gd;dpuz;L kzpf;F fhty; vd;w ngahpy; ,d;Wk; gyH njd; ,yq;if rpiwfspy; mjhtJ ijg; nghq;fy; jpUehsd;W 15-01-2003 mjpfhiyapy; thLfpd;wdH. mWgjpdhapuk; mg;ghtpfspd; capHfisg; gypnfhz;L> tpLjiyg; Gypfshy; ‘Xahj miy-1’ ,uhZt eltbf;ifahy; ,yl;rf;fzf;fhNdhiu mfjpfshf;fp> ngz;fis tpjitfshf;fp> kPl;fg;gl;l Ky;iyj;jPT te;jile;Njhk;. Ky;iyj;jPtpd; gq;Fg; khztr;nry;tq;fspd; fy;tpiag; ghohf;fpaJld;> gzpahsH mUl;gzp. N[k;]; gj;jpehjH mDgtKk; jkpOzHTk; mehijfSkhf;fpa ,UgJ Mz;Lfhy kpNyr;rj;jdkhd Aj;jk; kpf;ftH. mthpd; JizNahLk;> topfhl;LjNyhLk; vd; td;dpf; ,wg;G> ,og;G> ,lg;ngaHT vd;w Kg;ghpkhz Jd;gj;jpw;F jkpoHfs; fhl;L tp[ak; Jtq;fpaJ. MshdJ nrhy;nyhz;zh tUj;jkspf;fpwJ. mbik tuyhW tjptpl Nrjq;fs; rpNyhd; vd;W ghuk;ghpakhf miof;fg;gl;l ,yq;if fle;j tl ,yq;ifapy; jkpoH gFjpapd; vy;iyg; gFjpahd fhyq;fspy; ,e;jpa kd;dHfSf;Fk>; NghHr;RfPR> lr;R kw;Wk; tTdpah njhlq;fp fpspnehr;rp topahf aho;gghzk; nry;Yk; tiu ; Mq;fpNyaHfspd; Mjpf;fj;jpd; fPOk; mbikg;gl;Lf; fple;j xU vy;yh fl;blq;fSk; KOtJkhf Nrjkhf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Nky; ehL. gy; N tW Mjpf; f q; f spd; vr; r nrhr; r q; f s; ,d; W k; $iufNs fhz KbahJ. fhd;fphPl; fl;llq;fs; kw;Wk; J}z;fs; fhzg; g Lfpd; w d. ,e; j pa gy; y tHfspd; Ml; r p fhyj; j py; cile;J rha;e;Js;sd. gf;fthl;L RtHfs; vy;yhk; Jg;ghf;fp mikf;fg;gl;l Fsq;fs; mtHfspd; ngaHfis jhq;fp epw;fpd;wd. Fz;Lfshy;> nry; jhf;Fjyhy; Jisf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. gy tPLfSk;> lr;R> NghHr;RfPrpa fl;bl tbtikg;Gfs; ,q;Fs;s goik tha;e;j epyq;fSk; ,uhZt fl;Lg;ghl;by;> Mf;fpukpg;gpy; ,d;WKs;sd. fpwpj;jt Nfhapy;fspy; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. gy fpuhkq; f s; KOtJkhf mopf; f g; g l; L s; s d. ,ij [h. milf;fy uhrh 3 4 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  7. 7. tTdpahtpypUe;J kd;dhH nry;Yk; ghijNahuk; ghHj;Njd;. ,isQHfspilNa td;Kiwf; fyhr;rhuk; ngUfpAs;sJ. rpwpa> aho;gghzk; kw;Wk; jkpoPok; KOtJk; ,Nj epiynad mwpfpNwd;. ; mw; g fhuzq; f Sf; f hf nghpatHfis vjpHj; J NgRjy; > rpwpa rpwpa ,uhZt Kfhk; f is mikj; J ,uhZt cld;gpwe;jtHfNshL Kuz;gLjy;> ez;gHfNshL rz;ilapLjy; fl; L g; g hl; b Ys; s jkpoH epyq; f s; Mf; f pukpg; G nra; a g; vd;gd mjpfkhf fhzg;gLfpd;wd. NghUf;F Kd; gpwe;jtHfs;> gl;Ls;sd.mg;gFjpfspy; trpj;J te;j kf;fs; mfjpfs; Kfhk;fspy; NghH fhyj;jpy; gpwe;jtHfs; vd;w NtWghL fhzf;$bajhf cs;sJ. ,d;Wk; mtjpg;gLfpd;wdH. fle;j 25 Mz;L fhy Nghhpy; jkpo; r%fk; fz;l tlf;F - fpof;F khtl;lq;fs; Clhf nry;Yk; vy;yh nfhLikfs;> thdpypUe;J ,bNghy; tpOk; Fz;Lfs;> jiyf;F tPjpfSk; fle;j 20 Mz;lsthf guhkhpf;fg;glhky; Kw;Wk; Nky; CryhLk; fj;jp Nghy; gwf;Fk; tpkhdg;gilg; NghH tpkhdq;fs;> gOjile;J Fz;Lk; FopAkhf fhl;rp jUfpwJ. Ik;gJ fpNyh n`ypfhg;lHfs;. Fz;L ntbj;J rpjWk; NghJ rpjWk; kdpj kPl;lH J}uKs;s gFjpfis flf;f ,uz;L kzp Neuj;Jf;Fk; cly;$Wfs;. jirgpz;lq;fs;> tope;NjhLk; ,uj;j MWfs;> Nkyhf MfpwJ. NgUe;Jfs; kw;Wk; rpW thfdq;fis tpLjiy jiyapy;yh Kz;lq;fs;> clypy;yh jiyfs;> kz;NdhL fye;j GypfSk; > mtHfspd; mDkjpNahL rpy jdpahHfSk; kdpj jirfs;. . . . . . nrhy;Yk; NghNj kdij gpirfpd;wJ. ,af;Ffpd;wdH. kpd;rhuk;> njhiyj; njhlHG trjpfNsapy;iy. ,ij ghHj;jtHfs;> mDgtpj;jtHfs; vg;gb xU rhjhuz kdpj rpy Kf;fpa CHfspy; tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ,uT Neuq;fspy; kl;Lk; tho;it tho KbAk;? jdJ fz;Kd;Nd capUf;fhf Xykpl;l nghpa n[dNul;lHfspd; %ykhf kpd;rhu trjp jUfpd;wdH. kpd;rhuk; Foe;ijfs;> capUf;fhf NghuhLk; ngw;Nwhiu fhg;ghw;w ,ayhJ flj;Jk; nghpa J}z;fs;> NfhGuq;fs; Nghhpy; jfHf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Jbj;j gps;isfs;> fztd; Kd;dhy; epHthzkhf;fg;gl;L ghypay; rhiy> kpd;rhuk;> njhiyj; njhlHgpd;wp nghJkf;fs; mtjpgl;lJ ty;YwTf;F cl;gLj;jg;gl;l ,sk; ngz;fs;. . . ,d;Dk; vj;jidNah kl;Lkpd;wp> vt;thW xU Njrk; nghUshjhu> njhopy; Kd;Ndw;wk; vj;jid. . . fhz ,aYk;? jkpoPo epHthf fl;likg;G kf;fspd; ,f;Fiwfisg; Nghf;f Kaw;rpf;fpwJ. ,t;tsT Jd;gq;fis mDgtpj;Jk; ruhrhpahd kdpj tho;f;ifia tho;tJ fbdkhdnjhd;whFk;. MfNt jhd; ,d;W tho Ntz;Lk; vd;w JzpTk;> ek;gpf;ifAk; nfhz;l gyH kdNehahspfshf> elkhLk; gpzq;fshf tho;;fpd;whHfs;. kwj;jkpoHfs; vy;yhtw;iwAk; ,oe;Jtpltpy;iy. ‘khdKk;> mwpTk; rpyUf;F Nga; gpbj;J tpl;lJ vd;W Md;kPf itj;jpaq;fs; kdpjUf;F moF’ vd;w nghpahhpd; nrhw;gb jkpohpdk; ,d;W ,q;F nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ. rpyUf;F jhq;fs; vd;d nra;fpd;Nwhk;> vq;F GJtho;itj; njhlq;fpAs;sJ. GJ tPLfs; fl;lg;gLfpd;wd. Nghfpd;Nwhk;> vd;d NgRfpd;Nwhk;> vd;d rhg;gpLfpd;Nwhk; vd;W Nrjkile;j tPLfs;> fl;blq;fs; jpUj;jg;gLfpd;wd. tptrhak; $l njhpahky; tpyq;fpdJk; fPohd tho;f;if tho;fpd;whHfs;. Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;L ney;> ntq;fhak;> fj;jhpf;fha; kw;Wk; fliy> Nrhsk;> gapW Nghd;wit gaphplg;gLfpwJ. ,aw;if tsk; kpFe;j Ky;iyj;jtpy; xU rpwpa ngz; Foe;ij. khiy Neuq;fspy; P jkpoPoj;jpy; kpjpntbfs; Mgj;J ngUkstpy; fhzg;gl;lhYk; jiytyp. jiyia ntl;b tplyhkh vd;W epidf;FksTf;F vg;NghJk; ,y;yh msTf;F tptrhak; nra;ag;gl;L ,e;j tUlk; jiytyp. gy Mz;LfSf;F gpwF nfhOk;;gpYs;s euk;gpay; jd;dpiwT ngw;Ws;sdH. GJ glFfs;> GJ ,ae;jpuq;fs;> GJ kUj;Jt epGzHfs; Neha;f;fhd fhuzk; njhpahky; iftphpj;J tiyfs; vd flNyhu gFjp jkpoHfs; GJ tho;f;ifapid tpl;ldH. ,;fFoe;ij jhapd; fUtpy; ,Ue;j NghJ my;yJ gpwe;J ; Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sdH. flw;Gypfspd; ghJfhg;gpy; Ky;iyj; jPT> iff;Foe;ijahf ,Ue;j NghJ nghpa Fz;L ntbj;J mjpHr;rpia msk;gpy; Nghd;w fpof;F flw;fiu fpuhk kPdtHfspd; tho;T mDgtj;jpUf;fyhk; vd;W mtHfs; fUj;J njhptpj;Js;sdH. Vw;wk; ngWfpwJ. nghJthfNt ,q;F kf;fspilNa xU gugug;ghd gae;j kdepiyia mtjhdpf;fyhk;. ve;j Neuj;jpy; vd;d elf;FNkh cstpay; ghjpg;Gfs; vd;w mr;rk; fye;j kdepiyapNyNa thoe;J tpl;ljhy; ,e;j gugug;G ,d;Dk; fhzf;$bajhf cs;sJ. MfNt epjhdkhf> fle;j 25 Mz;L fhy Nghhpdhy; jkpo; r%fk; gy;NtW jpl;lkpl;L> kdij xUepiyg;gLj;jp nray;gLk; jd;ik ,q;F cstpay; hPjpahd ghjpg;Gf;fisAk; mile;Js;sJ. Fwpg;ghf [h. milf;fy uhrh 5 6 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  8. 8. kpff;FiwT. ve;j nraYf;F vg;NghJ Kjyplk; juNtz;Lk; vd;W Foe;ijfSk; Ntiyf;F nry;y Ntz;ba mty epiy. jkpoHfs; rpe;jpj;J nray;gLtJk; rw;W Fiwthf cs;sjhf Kiwahd fy;tp fw;whYk; Nky; gbg;gpw;Nfh> Ntiy tha;g;gpw;Nfh mtjhdpf;fpd;Nwd;. cj;jputhjk; ,y;yh #o;epiyapy; Foe;ijfs; fy;tpia ,oe;jdH. mwpTk;> jpwikfSk; nfhz;l jkpopdk; jpl;lkpl;L fy;tp kWf;fg;gl;L kd;dhhpy; gj;jhk; Mz;L gbf;Fk; rpWtDf;F ,Uisf; rpijf;fg;gl;lJ. ,uhZt fl;Lg;ghl;bYs;s jkpoH tjpaplq;fspy; fz;lhy; gak;. tPl;by; vy;NyhUk; $bapUf;Fk; miwia tpl;L gy ghlrhiyfs; ,uhZt fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,d;Wk; njhlHe;J xsp ntspr;rk; Fiwthf ,Uf;Fk; mLj;j miwf;Nfh my;yJ ,Ug;gjhdhy; Foe;ijfs; ghlrhiyf;F nry;y kWf;fpd;wdH. If;fpa tPl;L Kw;wj;jpw;Nfh nry;y gak;. fhuzk; Nghhpdhy; Vw;gl;l ehLfspd; rigapd; cjtpahYk;> gy;NtW jd;dhHt njhz;L mjpHr;rpjhd;. epWtdq;fspd; Kaw;rpahYk; vy;yh Foe;ijfSk; fy;tp gapYkhW Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLfpwhHfs;. ghl Gj;jfq;fs; kw;Wk; ghlrhiy rpWtH> rpWkpaH> ,isQHfs; > ,sk; n gz; f s; vs; W cgfuzq;fs; toq;fg;gLfpd;wd. fiy> mwptpay; fy;Y}hpfs;> midtUNk cstpay; hPjpahf kdepiy ghjpf;fg;gl;ltHfshfNt tptrhak; kw;Wk; njhopy; El;g fy;Y}hpfis jkpoH gpuNjrq;fspy; tho;fpd;whHfs;. rpyUf;F ghjpg;G Fiwthf fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. rpyUf;F epWt jkpoPo fy;tpj;Jiw Kaw;rp Nkw;nfhz;LtUfpwJ. kUj;Jtk; iftpLk; msT ghhpa ghjpg;ghf cs;sJ. jkpopd topghl;L jyq;fs; mopg;gpd; xU Nfhu Kfk; ,J. ciof;Fk; rpwhH rpq;fsthpd; fz;%bj;jdkhd jhf;Fjypy; gy Nfhapy;fSk; jiukl;lkhfptpl;ld. rpy ,e;J Nfhapy;fs; ngsj;j Nfhapy;fshfTk; rdthp khj ,Wjp. khiy Ntis> Ky;iyj; jPT flw;gug;gpy; khw;wg;gl;Ls;sd. Nfhapy;fNs jQ;rk; vd;W kf;fs; NghHfhyj;jpy; ,isQHfNshL flNyhu fhw;wpid kl;Lky;yhky; kPdtHfspd; milf;fyk; GFe;j gy Nfhapy;fSk; jhf;fg;gl;ld. cjhuzkhf tho;tpidAk; cs;thq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;Njd;. mJ ,why;gL gUtk;. ,yq;ifapy; vy;yh kjj;jpdUk;> ,dj;jtUk; Gdpj ,lkhf fUJk; xt;nthU kPdtf; FLk;gKk;> FLk;g rfpjkhf flw;fiuapy; kUjkL khjh jpUj;jyk; 1999k; Mz;L Nghhpd; cf;fpuj;jhy; glFfspy; mkHe;J kPd;tiyfspypUe;J ,whiyg; gphpj;njLj;J Nfhapypy; jQ;rkile;j 3000 kf;fisf; Nflakhff; nfhz;L jpBH tiyfis fOtp Rj;jk; nra;J nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. ngUkstpy; ,why;kd; gpbgl;ljhy;> GJ glF> ,ae;jpuk;> tiy Nghd;witfis P thq;f ngw;w flid milj;Jtplyhk; vd;w ek;gpf;ifNahL Mo;flNyhL NghuhbdhHfs;. xNu ehspy; %d;WKiw flYf;F nrd;W jpUk;gp tUthaPl;l Kaw;rpj;jdH. ,e;j ek;gpf;if epiwe;j fLk; ciog;G jkpoUf;Nf chpj;jhapDk; gy rpWtHfs;> rpWkpaHfs; flw;fiuapy; Ntiy ghHg;gijAk; fhzKbe;jJ. Kf;fpa tPjpfspy; ,sk;rpwhHfs; Nrhsk; kw;Wk; fr;rhd; (NtHf;fliy)> ghyk;gok; (fhl;Lg;gok;) tpw;gijAk; rpy ,lq;fspy; fhzKbe;jJ. gbf;f Ntz;ba Foe;ijfs; Ntiy ghHf;f Ntz;ba J}Hepiyf;F js;sgl;lJ Vd;? gbg;ig ghohf;fpa muir gopg;gjh? tWikapdhy; Foe;ijfis ghlrhiy mDg;ghj ngw;Nwhiu Fiwnrhy;tjh? fy;tp epiy Nghhpdhy; gy fy;tpf; $lq;fs; jiu kl;lkhfptpl;ld. NghHfhyj; j py; ,lk; ngaHe; j vy; y h FLk; g q; f Sk; jkJ Foe;ijfspd; fy;tpia kwe;jdH. jkpoH gFjpfspy; gapw;Wtpf;f ,be;J Nghdit fl;blq;fs; kl;LNk - vkJ tho;f;ifay;y MrphpaHfs; ,y; y hJNgha; t pl; l dH. FLk; g ghuj; i j Rkf; f [h. milf;fy uhrh 7 8 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  9. 9. Mf; f pukpg; G nra; j rpq; f s ,uhZtk; kLj; j pUj; j yj; i jg; tha;e;jjhfTk; mike;Js;sd. mNj Neuj;jpy; mit fhyj;jhy; NghHKidahf;fpajpd; tpisthf nry; jhf;fp 42 NgH> mg;ghtp tpiutpy; mopaf; $ bajhfTk; cs; s J. rpq; f s ,uhZtk; kf;fs; ,we;jdH. mjpy; ngUk;ghNyhH rpW Foe;ijfs;. ,];uhNay;> ghfp];jhd;> rPdh Nghd;w ehLfspypUe;J kpjpntbfis ,wf; F kjp nra; J s; s J. ,it gpsh]; b f; nghUl; f shy; 1995k; Mz;L [Piy khjk; 9k; Njjp aho;gghz jPgfw;gj;jpy; ; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sjhy; gy tUlq;fSf;Fk; mopahky; epyj;jpy; ethyp J}a NgJU Myaj;jpy; Gf;fhuh Fz;LtPr;R tpkhdq;fs; cs;sJ. fz;zp ntbfSf;F ez;gd; ahH> vjphp ahH vd;W jhf;fp 141 NgH nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. FUefH J}a N[k;]; Myaj;jpy; milahsk; njhpahJ. kdpjUf;Fk; kpUfq;fSf;Fk; $l tpj;jpahrk; VONgH nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. 1992k; Mz;L Nk khjk; 18k; Njjp njhpahj ,t;tif kpjpntbfs; ,d;Wk; nghJ kf;fSf;F kpfg;ngUk; Ky;iyj;jPT tw;whgis fz;zfp mk;kd; Nfhapy; kPJ ele;j mghakhfj;jhd; cs;sJ. vwpfizj; jhf;Fjypy; 15 NgH ,we;jdH. gue;jd; KUfd; Nfhapy; fpzw; w pypUe; J mghafukhd ntbkUe; J fSk; > MH.gp.[p rpWtdpd; ngaH tpky;. ez;gHfs; $g;gpLk; ngaH ikd;]; vwpfizfSk; kPlfg;gl;ld. ,d;Dk; gy Nfhapy;fs; ,d mopg;gpd; ; gbg;G Vohk; Mz;L. 1998k; Mz;L kd;dhH khtl;lk; (MINES). rhl;rpahf cUf;Fiye;J fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,uhZt rpyhtj;Jiwapy; mfjpahf tho;e;j Neuk; tPl;bw;F mUNf Mf;fpukpg;gpYs;s jkpoH gFjpfspYs;s ,e;J Nfhapy;fs; rpy tpisahbf; n fhz; b Ue; j NghJ ,Uk; G nghUs; xd; i wf; ngsj;j Nfhapyhf> ,uhZtj;jpdH topgLk; ,lkhf khw;wgl;Ls;sd. fz; b Uf; f pd; w hd; . mJ VNjh tpisahLk; nghUs; vd; W Xke;ij> kd;dhH NuhL Nghd;w ,lq;fspYk; aho;g;ghzk; nry;Yk; fz;nLj;jtd; mij tpisahl;lhf jiuapy; vwpe;j NghJ Vw;gl;l “ma;Nah mk;kh” vd;W J}f;fp vwpag;gl;lhd;. tPjpfspYk; rpy Nfhapy;fs; ,uhZt Kfhk;fshf khw;wg;gl;L tpghpjk; jhd;> gad;gl;L tUtJk; fz;$L. rdthp khjk; ehd; jq;fpapUe;j ghhpa ntbr;rj;jk; Nfl;L mf;fk; gf;fj;jpypUe;j nghpatHfs; $b Ky;iyj;jPT J}a NgJU MyaKk; 1995k; Mz;L ,uhZt te;J ghHj;j NghJ tpky; fhypy; %d;W nghpa fhaq;fs; Vw;gl;L Kfhkhf ,Ue;jJ. Nfhapy; RtHfspYk;> fjTfspYk; ,uhZt ,uj;jk; Xbf;nfhz;bUe;jJ. ngaHfSk;> rpq;fs thHj;ijfSk; vOjg;gl;Ls;sd. Fz;lbgl;L Nfhapypd; gpuhjhd thapw;fjT ry;yilNghy; Jisf;fg;gl;Ls;sJk; mtd; tpisahl;lhf vwpe;j nghUs; xU kpjp ntb. ,d;iwa tuyhw;W rpd;dq;fs;. kpjpntb mghak; tTdpah njhlf;fk; aho;ghzk; nry;Yk; 193 fpNyhkPl;lH J}uk; KOtJk; tPjpapd; ,UGwKk; fz;zpntb mghar; nra;jp fhzg;glyhk;. ,e;j tPjpjhd; jkpoPo Nghuhl;l tuyhw;wpy; cyf gpurpj;jp ngw;w ‘My;gh9’ (A9) nfhOk;G - fz;b tPjp. ,yq;if ,uhZtKk; tpLjiy GypfSk; fz;zp ntbfis mjpfkhf ghtpj;Js;sdH. cyfpy; vq;nfy;yhk; Aj;jk; ele;Js;sNjh mq;nfy;yhk; fz;zp ntbfshy; kf;fs; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sdH. fz;fSf;F Gyg;glhjthW epyj;jpy; Gijf;fg;gl;Ls;s ,t;tif ntbfs; kdpjHfisAk;> kpUfq;fisAk; ntFthf ghjpj;J Cdkilar; nra;Js;sJ. ,yq;ifapd; tlf;F - fpof;F jkpoH gFjpfspy; kl; L k; RkhH 20 ,yl; r k; fz; z p ntbfs; Gijf;fg;gl;Ls;sjhfTk;> mitfspy; ,Jtiu xU ,yl;rk; kl;LNk kP l ; f g; g l; L nraypof; f r; nra; a g; g l; L s; s jhfTk; > kdpjNea fz;zpntb mfw;Wk; epGzH FO njhptpj;Js;sJ. jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; jhq;fshfNt nrhe;jkhf fz;zp ntbfis jahhpj;Js;sdH. tPjpfspy; fhzg;gLk; kpjpntb mgha mwptpg;G gyiffs; mit ngUk;ghYk; kuj;jpdhy; nra;ag;gl;ljhfTk;> kpfTk; rf;jp [h. milf;fy uhrh 9 10 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  10. 10. rpyhtj;Jiwapy; ,yq;if ,uhZtk; Kfhk; mike;J ,Ue;j md;dhd; tpiutpy; jkpoPoj;jpw;F tp[ak; nra;thH vd;W gj;jphpif Neuj;jpy; ghJfhg;Gf;fhf jq;fs; Kfhk; Rw;wp Ntyp Nghy; nra;jp ntspahfpapUe;jJ. A+iy khjk; A 9 ghijA+lhf Gypfspd; kpjpntbfis Gijj;J itj;J tpl;ldH. Kfhk;fis mfw;wpa fl;Lg;ghl;L gFjpf;Fs; ,yq;iff;fhd fNdba J}jH> mnkhpf;f NghJ fz; z pntbfis KOtJkhf mfw; w tpy; i y. jkpoH J}juf mjpfhhpfs; kw; W k; [g; g hd; > NehHNt J}jHfs; gFjpjhNd vd;W myl;rpak; nra;jjd; tpisT ,e;j tpgj;J. ,J gazkhdhHfs;. Mrpa mgptpUj;jp tq;fp> cyf tq;fp kw;Wk; Nghd;W vj;jidNah NgH fhy;fis ,oe;J mq;ftPdHfshfTk;> muG ehLfspd; mgptpUj;jp tq;fp Nghd;wit Neubahf jkpoPoj;jpy; capiu ,oe;Jk; mope;Jk; NghAs;sdH. gp.gp.rp thndhypapd; Nkk;ghl;L gzpfis Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sdH. cyf ehLfspy; tpLjiyg; jftypd;gb kpjpntbapdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltHfspy; 78 rjtPjkhNdhH Gypfs; ,af;fk; jPtputhj ,af;fkhf jil nra;ag;gl;ljhf rpwhHfs; vd;W INuhg;gpa kpjpntb mfw;Wk; epGzH FO fUj;J ,Ug;gpDk;> ,yq;ifapy; jil ePf;fg;gl;L jkpoH gFjpfspy; fzpg;G nra;Js;sJ. ,t;thwhf vkJ vjpHfhy jiyKiwapdiu kl;Lky;y jiyefH nfhOk;GtpYk; murpay; mYtyfq;fis Cdkhf;fpAs;sdH giftHfs;. vkf;F cly; Cdk; CdNkapy;iy. tpLjiyg; Gypfs; Vw;gLj;jpAs;sdH. mz;il ehLfspd; cwT “tpbay; mtrpankd;gjhy; mtHfs; R+hpaidAk; efHj;JthHfs;. fle;j ,UgJ Mz;Lfhy jkpoPo tpLjiy Nghuhl;lj;jpy;> tho;tJ rhj;jpankd;why; mtHfs; g+kpiaAk; Gul;LthHfs;” cyf ehLfs; jq;fisNa rpq;fs Nghpdthj Mjpf;f rf;jpf;F mbikahf;fp nfhz;ldH. njd;dhg;gphpf;f tpLjiyia Mjhpj;j cyf ehLfs;> ghy];jPd tpLjiyia Mjhpj;jtHfs;> nfhrhNth g;utPd; vd;gtH vOjpajhf vq;Nfh ehd; thrpj;Njd; cz;ikjhd; ,d tpLjiyia if nfhLj;J kPl;ltHfs; ,yq;ifapy; jkpohpd; jkpod; tho;tJ rhj;jpankd;why; cyf ehLfnsy;yhk; jkpoPok; tpLjiy Nghuhl;lj;ij kl;Lk; jPtputhjk; vd;wdH. gphptpidthjk; Nehf;fp tu G+kpiaAk; Gul;LthHfs;. mJjhd; ,d;W> ,q;F ele;J vd;W Kj;jpiuf; Fj;jpdH. ,jw;F fhuzk; ,y;yhky; ,y;iy. nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. ,e;jpahtpd; ,d;iwa epiy Nkw;fj;jpa ehLfs;> njd;fpof;F Mrpahtpy; nry;thf;F • ngw me;je;j ehLfspd; murpay; jiyikia xUNghJk; gifj;jjpy;iy. cyfehLfspd; gpujpepjpfs; mjpYk; Fwpg;ghf [g;ghdpd; njw;fhrpahtpy; ty;yuR ehlhf jpfOk; ,e;jpahtpd; tpNrl J}JtH kw;Wk; ,q;fpyhe;jpd; ntspAwT ,izaikr;rH • ve;jnthU epiyg;ghl;bw;Fk; vjpuhf cyf ehLfs; vg;NghJk; Nghd; N whH jkpoP o j; j py; tpLjiyg; GypfNshL Neubahf epd;wjpy;iy. ve;j ehl;by; ahH Ml;rp nra;jhYk; ,Nj Ngr;RthHj;ij elj;jp> epjpAjtpfis jhuhskhfr; nra;a thf;FWjp epiyjhd;. nfhLj;j Neuj;jpy; ,e;jpahtpd; epiy jHk rq;flj;jpw;Fs;shdJ. NehHNt> x];Nyhtpy; eilngw;w epjpAjtp nra;NthHfs; khehl;by;> Mdhy; ,d;W cyf ehLfs; midj;Jk; ,yq;iftho; Gypfs; fye;J nfhs;Sk; ve;jnthU $l;lj;jpYk; ,e;jpah jkpoHfspd; xNu gpujpepjp ‘jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs;’ jhd; vd;gij fye;Jnfhs;sf; $lhJ vd;W ePjpkd;wj;jpy; jilAj;juT thq;fpAs;s Vw;Wf; nfhz;L (gpd;tUk; gf;fq;fspy; ,ij tphpthf Muha;Nthk;)> Neuj;jpy; ,e;jpah ,yq;ifapd; rkhjhd Kaw;rpapy; xJq;fpapUg;gJ mtHfNshL if FYf;fp epw;fpd;wdH. fle;j [dthp khjk; kl;Lk; ey;yjy;y vd;W czHe;Js;sdH. MfNtjhd; ,yq;ifapd; tlf;F- gy;NtW ehLfspd; gpujpepjpfs; td;dpf;F tp[ak; Nkw;nfhz;L fpof;F gFjpapy; Nghhpdhy; NrjKw;w ngsj;j tpfhiufis rPHgLj;j GypfNshL Ngr;RthHj;ij elj;jpdhHfs;. 2003 [dthp 21k; Njjp ,e;jpah cjTk; vd;w nra;jpahdJ ntspaplg;gl;lJ. ,e;jpahtpy; md;W kl;Lk; mnkhpf;fhtpd; NtHy;l; tpd;;> INuhg;gpa A+dpad; rpWghd;ikapdhpd; ghJfhtydhf gpjw;wpf; nfhs;Sk; gh.[.f. gpujpepjpfs;> Nldp; mfjpfs; Nguit gpujpepjpfs; kw;Wk; [g;ghd;> tl,yq;ifapy; rpWghd;ikAs;s ngsj;j kjj;jpdUf;F if I.eh.rig mjpfhhpfs; jkpoP o jhafj; j py; td; d p gpuNjrk; nfhLf;f tpiue;Js;sJ. fpspnehr;rpapy; tpLjiyg; Gypfspd; murpay; nghWg;ghsH jpU. R.g. jkpo; nry;td; mtHfis re;jpj;J Ngr;RthHj;ij elj;jpAs;sdH. ,e;Jj;Jth nfhs;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; ,e;J kjj;ijf; (Mjhuk;: <oehjk;> 22-01-2003) I.eh. rigapd; nrayH jpU. Nfhgp fhg;ghw;wTk;> cyf ,e;Jf;fis xd;W NrHf;fTk; Kaw;rpf;Fk; [h. milf;fy uhrh 11 12 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  11. 11. gh.[.f.> tl ,yq;ifapy; Mapuq;fzf;fhd ,e;J jkpoHfs; nra;ag;gLfpwJ. tPur;rhT va;jpa khtPuHfspd; jpahfk;> mHg;gzpg;G> nfhy;yg;gl;l NghJ tha; nghj;jp nksdk; fhj;jJ Vd;? gy ,e;J <if> NghHfsj;jpy; gl;l Jd;gq;fs;> vy;yh tw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf Nfhapy;fs; ,yq;ifapy; jiukl;lkhd NghJk;> ngsj;j tpfhiuahf mtHfSila ,yl; r pak; kwf; f g; g lhky; jiyKiwf; F k; khwpd NghJk; Ngrhky;> Mjpf;f rf;jpfspd; gf;fk; rha;e;jJ Vd;? epidT$wg;gLk;. ,wg;gpDk; ehk; tho;Nthk; vd;w vz;zNk jkpoHfspd; jhafkhd jkpoPoj;jpy; mope;J Nghd ghuk;ghpa ,e;J ,isNahiu Nghuhl;l tho;tpw;F miof;fpwJ. jdJ gps;is khtPud; Nfhapy;fisAk;> ,e;J jkpoHfspd; kWtho;itAk; tpl te;Njwpfspd; vd; g ij rpy ngw; N whH kdKte; J ngUikNahL vd; d plk; ngsj;j tpfhiufis rPHgLj;j rpq;fs Nghpdthj muRf;F epjpAjtp $wpAs;sdH. Ks;spf;Fsj;ij gpwg;gplkhf nfhz;l me;Njhdp vd;w nra;tJjhd; ,e;jpahtpd; ,d;iwa jiyahaf; flikah? ,isQd; KUq;fd; ghlrhiyapy; gdpnuz;lhk; Mz;L gbj;J nfhz; b Ue; j NghNj ,af; f j; j py; ,ize; J 2001k; Mz; L Mjpf;f rf;jpfNshL if NfhHj;Jf; nfhs;tJjhd; ghHg;gdpa Kfkhiyapy; eilngw;w rkhpy; tPur;rhT va;jpAs;shd;. nrg;lk;gH jj;Jtk;. jho;jjg;gl;l ,e;J kj jypj; rNfhjuHfs; ,ij czHe;J ; khjk; vl;lhk; Njjp mtUf;fhf ,uz;lhkhz;L epidT jpUg;gypia Ghpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ehk; ,e;Jf;fs; vd;W rkj;Jtk; ehd; Ks;spf;Fsj;jpy; epiwNtw;wpa NghJ mthpd; jpahfj;ij nfhz;lhbdhYk;> ghHg;gdpa jiyikj;Jtk; ek;ik mbikg;gLj;Jk;. epidj;J vd;idawpahkNy mOJtpl;Nld;. khtPuH JapYk; ,y;yq;fs; ,e;j khtPuHfspd; JapYk; ,y;yq;fspd; tpLjiy jhf;fj;ij rhpahf czHe;J nfhz;l rpq;fs ,uhZtk; aho;Flh ehl;il jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; kdNehahsHfs;> Nghij kUe;Jf;F 2000k; Mz;by; ifg;gw;wpa NghJ Nfhg;ghapy; mike;Js;s khtPuH mbikahfp jPtputhjj;jpy; <LgLfpwhHfs;; vd;nwy;yhk; rpy JapYk; ,y;yj;ij Gy;NlhrH nfhz;L jiukl;lkhf;fpdH. ,d;W tUlq;fSf;F Kd;G ,e;jpa gj;jphpifapy; nra;jp ntspahdJ. kPzLk; Kd;dijtpl mofhd Njhw;wj;ij mJ ngw;W khtPuHfSf;F ; ,j; j ifa Gidf; f ijfis vOjpatHfSf; F k; > mij tzf;fk; nrYj;JfpwJ. ek;gpdtHfSf;Fk; ,Njh XH nra;jp. Mapuq;fzf;fhd jkpo; ,isNahiu gyp fz;l Nfhug; NghH. gbf;f Ntz;ba tajpy;> ,sik Rfq;fis mDgtpf;f Ntz;ba gUtj;jpy; kz;Zf;fha;> kf;fSf;fha; ,d;Dapiu ePj;j khtPuHfis> Njr jpahfpfis tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ,af;fk; jf;f khpahijNahL tzf;fk; nrYj;Jk; ,lq;fNs> khtPuH JapYk; ,y;yq;fs;. fpwpj;jt fy;yiwfisg; Nghd;W> Nghhpy; tPur;rhT va;jpa tPuHfis mlf;fk; nra;J> tUle;NjhWk; Kjy; fsg;gypahd Nghuhsp rq;fH ,we;j etk;gH 27k; ehis khtPuH jpdkhf jkpoPo Njrnkq;Fk; nfhz;lhb tUfpd;wdH. khtPuHfspd; jpahfj;ij czHj;Jk; tifapy; mtHfSila fy;yiwfspy; <fN[hjp Vw;wg;gLfpwJ. td;dpf; fhl;by; tpRtkLtpYk;> Ks;spatpisapYk; aho;Flh ehl;by; Nfhg;ghapYk;> kd;dhH khtl;lj;jpy; gz;btphpr;rhd;> Ksq;fhtpy;> kw;Wk; Mz;lhd;Fsj;jpy; mike;Js;s khtPuH JapYk; ,y;yq;fis Nehpy; fz;Nld;. kpf mofhd fy;yiwj; Njhl;lq;fs;. thpirahf xNu khjphpahd fy;yiwfs;. Rw;wpYk; mofhd kyHj; Njhl;lq;fs;. mUikahd ghuhkhpg;G. ve;j ehl;bYk;> ehl;bw;fhf khtPuH JapYk; ,y;yq;fs;> capH tho;gtHfspd; ghriwfs;. ,we;j tPuHfSf;F nra;ag;glhj khpahij jkpoPoj;jpy; kl;LNk jkpoPok; kyUk; ehs;> ,tHfspd; capHg;G ngUehs;. [h. milf;fy uhrh 13 14 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  12. 12. 3k; Njjp khiyapy; ,e;Jkhf;flypy; ,yq;if jkpo; kPdth;fSf;Fk; ,e;jpa jkpo; kPdth;fSf;Fk; Vw;gl;l iffyg;gpy; 17 jkpo;ehl;L kPdth;fSk;> 4 Ngrhiy kPdth;fSk; fhaKw;wdh;. 70f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l jkpo;ehl;L kPdth;fs;> ,yq;if kPdtHfs; cjtpAld; ,yq;if fhty;Jiwapduhy; rpiwgpbf;fg;gl;ldh;. mLj;j ehs; jiykd; d hhpy; 42 jkpof kP d tHfs; kP z ; L k; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lhHfs;. 4k; Njjp gfypy; Ngrhiy fpuhkj;jpy; tprhuiz nra;a te;j ,yq;if fhtyh;fs; eilngw;w rk;gtj;jpw;fhf mg;ghtp ,isQh;fs; ehd;F Ngiu ifJ nra;J> ,e;jpa glFfis jkpoUf;nfjpuhd $l;L rjp Nrjg;gLj;jpajhfTk;> kPd;gpb fUtpfis nfhs;sisabj;jhfTk; ngha; tof;F Nghlg;gl;L mioj;Jr;nrd;wdh;. Ngrhiy fpuhk kf; f spd; xw; W ikahYk; > cldb rhiy kwpay; Nghd; w jkpof kPdth;fs; 100 NgUk; mth;fSila kPd;gpb Nghuhl;lj;jpdhYk;> kd;dhH MaH> gq;Fje;ijah;fspd; Kaw;rpahYk; glFfSk;> kPdgb tiyfSk; ,yq;if kPdth;fshy; flj;jg;gl;ld. ; me;j mg;ghtp ,isQh;fs; cldbahf tpLtpf;fg;gl;ldh;. ,J jkpofj;jpy; ntspahd nra;jp. jkpof kPdth;fs; ,yq;if flw;gug;Gf;Fs; mj;JkPwy;. ,J ,yq;ifapy; ntspahd nra;jp. kUj;Jtkidapy; rpfpr;ir ngw;w ,e;jpa kPdth;fis Nehpy; ; ele;j rk;gtk; xd;W> Mdhy; nra;jpfNsh ,uz;L. jkpoHfis re;jpj;J tprhhpj;j NghJ mth;fs; midtUk; ,uhNk];tuk; Fog;gp murpay; Mjhak; Njbf;nfhs;s gyUk; Kd;tUtij gFjpfis rhh;e;jth;fs; vd;gJk;> $ypf;fhf kPd;gpb njhopypy; ,e;epfo;T njspTgLj;Jfpd;wJ. ,r;rk;gtq;fs; ele;j NghJ ,yq;if> <Lgl;ljhfTk; njhptpj;jhHfs;. fr;rj;jPT gFjpfspy; jq;fis kd;dhh; khtl;lj;jpy; Ngrhiyapy; epfo;T xd;wpy; ehd; fye;J ,yq;if kPdth;fs; Rw;wp tisj;J gpbj;jjhfTk;> ,Uk;G jbfshy; nfhz;ljhy; Neubahd nra;jpfis> cz;ikia Kd; itf;Fk; jq;fis mbj;J> fhag;gLj;jpajhfTk;> kaf;f epiyapy; jq;fis nghWg;gpid ,e;jpa jkpod; vd;w Kiwapy; Vw;W Kd;tUfpNwd;. flj;jp te;jjhfTk; $wpdhh;fs;. fle;j fhyq;fspy; gy Kiw ,g;gbg;gl;l rk;gtq;fs; ele;jjhfTk;> ,e;jpa> ,yq;if muRfs; 2003> Nk khjk; 3k; Njjp kjpak; ,yq;if> kd;dhh; khtl;lk;> vt;tpj jLf;Fk; Kaw;rpfis vLf;fhkYk;; ,Ug;gjhfTk; $wpdhh;fs;. Ngrhiy vd;w kPdt fpuhkj;jpy; ,e;jpa glFfs; tUtij fz;Zw;w kf;fs;> ,e;jpa glFfis vy;iyf;F mg;ghy; Juj;jNt nrd;wdh;. NkYk; ele;j rk;gtq;fs;jhd; vd; kdijj; njhl;L> ,e;jpa kPdth;fs; ,yq;if vy;iyapy; mj;JkPwp Eioe;J> jq;fs; cz;ikia ntsp nfhzh;fpwJ. rpiwgpbf;fg;gl;l vy;yh ,e;jpa glFfisAk;> kPd;gpb tiyfisAk; Nrjg;gLj;JtjhfTk;> jil kPdth;fisAk; gj;jpukhf nfhz;L te;J> jhq;fshfNt mth;fSf;F nra;ag;gl;l ,ul;ilkb tiyfisg; gad;gLj;jp rpwpa kPdfisAk; ; czT rikj;Jj; je;jhh;fs; ,yq;if kPdth;fs.; ,e;jpa glFfisj; mbNahL gpbj;J nry;tjhy; jq;fspd; kPd;tsk; Fd;WtjhfTk; jhq;fNs fiuf;F Xl;bte;J mitfisg; ghJfhg;ghf ,yq;if ,yq;if kPdth;fs; njhptpf;fpd;whh;fs;. ,e;jpa flw;gug;gpy; kPdtsk; ; fhty;Jiwapdhplk; xg;gilj;jhh;fs;. kUj;Jtkikapy; rpfpr;ir Fd;wpajhNyNa ,g;NghJ ,e;jpa kPdth;fs; ,yq;if flw;gug;gpy; ngw;WtUk; ,e;jpa kPdth;fisr; re;jpj;J MWjy; $wp> Gjpa mj;JkPwp kPd;gpbf;fpd;whh;fs; vd;W Ngrhiy kPdth;fs; fUj;J Yq;fpfis thq;fp nfhLj;J> nuhl;b> gp];fl; Nghd;w czT njhptpf; f pd; w hh; f s; . ,uT Neuq; f spy; ,e; j pa glFfs; nghUl;fisAk; njhlh;e;J nfhLj;J nfhz;L te;jhH;fs;. fle;j Ehw;Wf;fzf;fpy; tUtjhfTk;> me;j glFfspy; vhpAk; tpsf;Ffs; ,UgJ Mz;Lfshf ,yq;if jkpoh;fs; mfjpfshf ,e;jpah xU fpuhkNk flypy; kpjg;gJ Nghd;W Njhd;WtjhfTk; mjid te;jNghJ jkpof kPdth;fs;jhd; jq;fis md;Gld; tuNtw;W> Neubahf ghh;j;j mUl;je;ijaHfs; $Wfpd;whh;fs;. cztspj;J> cgrhpj;J> ghJfhg;gspj;jij ,d;W ,yq;if [h. milf;fy uhrh 15 16 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  13. 13. jkpoh;fs; ed;wp czh;Tld; epidj;J cjtp nra;fpd;whh;fs;. ,e;jpa ,yq;if flw;gug;gpy; mj;JkPwpdhHfsh my;yJ ,yq;if jkpo; kP d th; f Sk; jq; f isg; NghyNt $yp njhopyhsh; f s; j hd; > kPdtHfs; ,e;jpa jkpo; kPdtHfisAk;> glFfisAk; flj;jpdhHfsh? mth;fisAk; ek;gp ,e;jpa flw;fiuapy; Ehw;Wf;fzf;fhd vd;w cz;ik epiy tprhhpf;fg;gl Ntz;banjhd;whf ,Ue;jhYk; FLk;gq;;fs; ,Ug;gijAk; ,yq;if kPdth;fs; czh;e;J ,e;jpa ,e; j pa> ,yq; i f flNyhu fhty; g ilapd; nray; g hLfs; glFfis Nrjg;gLj;jhky; gj;jpukhf fhty; Jiwapdhplk; Nfs;tpf;Fl;gLfpd;wd. xg;gilj;Js;shh;fs;. ,e; j pa flw; g ug; g pYk; > mjw; F mg; g hy; rh; t Njr cz;ikapy; elg;gJ vd;;d? Kjyhtjhf> ,e;jpa kPdt vy;iyfspYk;> xU rpwpa JUk;G kpje;jhYk; mtw;iw fz;Lgpbj;J Kjyhspfs; Mo;fly; kPd;gpbg;Gf;F chpkk; ngw;W jhf;Fk; Mw;wy; tha;ej ,e;jpa flw;gil gy kzpNeukhf ,uz;L ; $ypnjhopyhsh;fis mkh;j;jp mth;fis ,yq;if flw;gug;gpy; ehl;L kPdth;fSf;Fk; ele;j rz;ilia guhKfkhf ,Ue;jJ kPd;gpbf;f mDg;Gfpwhh;fs;. gpbf;fg;gLk; kPd; msTf;F Vw;;gjhd; Vd;? ehl;ilAk;> ehl;Lkf;fisAk; fhg;ghw;w Ntz;ba ,e;jpa> mth;fSf;F $ypAk; toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,yq;if flw;gug;gpy; ,yq;if flNyhu fhtw;gilfs; jdJ kPdth;fs; jhf;fg;gLtij VNjDk; gpur;rid Vw;gl;lhy; jkpof murpay;thjpfisf; nfhz;L Vd; fz;L nfhs;stpy;iy? ,yq;if jkpoh;fs; vd;whNy jPtputhjpfs; epyikiar; rkhspf; f KbAk; vd; w ek; g pf; i fAk; ,e; j vd;W Kj;jpiu Fj;Jk; ,e;jpa muRk;> ,uhZtKk; jkpof kPdth;fs; KjyhspfSf;F cz;L. 120 NgUk; 25 glFfSk; ,yq;if kPdth;fshy; flj;jg;gl;l NghJ eltbf;if vLf;f jtwpaJ Vd;? ,uz;lhtjhf> ,j;jifa rk;gtq;fs; njhlh;eJ eilngw;W ; te;jhYk; ,yq;if> ,e;jpa flw;gilapdh; fz;Lnfhs;shky; ,e;jpa flw;gil NghyNt ,yq;if flw;gilAk; jkpo; mrl;iljdkhf ,Ug;gJNt Ntjidf;FhpaJ. ,e;jpa kPdtHfs; kPdth;fspd; gpur;ridapy; mf;fiwapy;yhjJ Nghy; ele;Jnfhs;fpwJ. ,e; j pahtpypUe; J kP d tHfSk; > glFfSk; flj; j g; g Ltijj; jLf;ff;$l tf;fpy;yhj ,yq;if ,uhZtk; mg;ghtpj; jkpoHfis tprhuiz vd;w ngahpy; nfhLikg;gLj;Jtijj;jhd; fhyk;fhykhf nra;J te;Js;sJ. ahH ahiu jhf;fpdhHfs; vd;w GfhH VJk; ,y;yhky; 1500 kPdt FLk;gq;fs; cs;s Ngrhiy fpuhkj;jpy; ehy;tiu kl;Lk; NjHe;njLj;J ifJ nra;jJ mbg;gil kdpj chpik kPwyhFk;. ifJ vd;w ngahpy; eltbf;if vLg;gjhf rHtNjr ehLfs; Kd; ey;y Kfj;ij fhl;bf; nfhs;sNt ,yq;if muR tpUk;GfpwJ. ,e;jpa jkpoHfSf;Fk;> ,yq;if jkpoHfSf;Fk; gifikia cz;lhf;fp> xUtiunahUtH jhf;fp mopj;J nfhs;tijNa ,uz;L ehl;L muRfSk; tpUk;Gfpd;wd. jkpoHfspd; rNfhjuj;Jt czHit kOq;fbf;fr; nra;J ,uhNk];tuj;jpw;Fk; jiykd;dhUf;Fk; ghyk; mikg;gjpdhy; vd;d gad;? ahUf;F gyd;? jkpoHfSf;nfjpuhd $l;L rjpia jkpoHfs; czHe;J nray;glNtz;Lk;. xUtH kw;wthpd; mbg;gil tho;thjhu> kdpj chpikfis kjpf;f Ntz;Lk;. cwTg; rHtNjr vy;iy jhz;Lk; ,e;jpa kPd;gpb Mjpf;fk; ghyq;fisf; fl;bnaOg;GNthk;. [h. milf;fy uhrh 17 18 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  14. 14. mJ. Nguhyaj;jpd; Kfg;gpy; xspe;jpUe;J nfhhpy;yh jhf;Fjy; %yk; %d;W rpq;fs ,uhZtj;jpdh; Nguhya Kd; re;jpapy; nfhy;yg;gl;ldh;. nfhiy nra;jth;fis gpbf;f Kbahkw; NghfNt ,yq;if ,uhZtk;> kd;dhh; njUf;fspy; fz;%bj;jdkhd jhf;Fjiyj; njhlh;e;jpUf;fpwhh;fs;. me;j Neuj;jpy; Nguhya tsTf;Fs; ,sk;FU khzth;fSf;fhd gapw;rp eilngw;Wf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. me;j ,isQHfSf;F Mq;fpyk; Nghjpj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;j MrphpaH> jdJ Nfhio tPuk; kidtpf;Fk;> FLk;gj;jpw;Fk; vd;d MdNjh vd;w gaj;jpy; tPlbw;F ; nry;y Kw;gl;l NghJ FUkhzth;fs; Mrphpaiu tw;GWj;jp ,J vd;d> tpj;jpahrkhd jiyg;G. cz;ikahd jdJ jq;fNshL jq;FkhW Nfl;bUf;fpwhh;fs;. fhuzk; FUkhzth;fSf;F vjphpiag; gpbf;f tf;fpy;yhj ,yq;if ,uhZtKk;> fhty; JiwAk; nghWg;ghd FUf;fs; me;j Neuj;jpy; mq;fpy;iy. NkYk; jhq;fs; gy Neuq;fspy; mg;ghtp jkpo; kf;fsplk; jdJ tPuj;ijf; ,isQh;fs; vd;gjhy; ,yq;if ,uhZtk; jq;fis tpLjiyg; fhl;bapUf;fpwJ. Xd;Wkwpahj mg;ghtp nghJ kf;;fisAk;> Gypfs; vd;W jtwhf epidj;J Jd;GWj;Jthh;fs; vd;gjw;fhfTk; Foe;ijfisAk;> Kjpath;fisAk;> NehahspfisAk; Rl;Lf; nfhd;W MrphpaUf;F rpq;fsKk; njhpAk; vd;gjhYk; mOJ nfQ;rp Mrphpaiu tpLjiyg; Gypfisf; nfhd;Wtpl;Nlhk; vd;W nfhf;fhpj;Js;sJ. jq;fNshL jq;f nra;Js;shh;fs;. Njb tisj;Jg; gpbj;j jkpoh;fs; midtUNk mth;fspd; ghh;itapy; me;j ,sk; FUkhzth;fs; epidj;jJ NghyNt ,uhZtk; tpLjiyg; Gypfs;. ,jid ,e;jpa ,uhZtKk; 1987 - 1989fspy; Nfhapy; tsTf;Fs; tpLjiyg; Gypfisj; Njb te;Js;sJ. mq;F nra;Js;sJ vd;gJ ntl;ff;NflhdJ. cyfpNyNa kpfg; nghpa me;Neuk; cjtpahsuhf ,Ue;j xU rNfhjuiu (,d;W Xh; ,sk; rdehaf ehL> fhe;jp jiyikapy; mfpk;ir topapy; Rje;jpuk; FUthf kd;dhhpy; gzpahw;Wfpwhh;) gpbj;J ,Oj;Jr; nrd;W ngw;w ehL> njw;fhrpa fz;lj;jpy; ty;yurhf cUntLf;Fk; ehL> Nfhapypd; gpd;Gwk; cs;s rf;fhp]; (Nfhapy; jpUgz;l miw) ,yq;iff;F %j;j rNfhjud; Nghy; typag; Ngha; cjtp nra;j miwapy; %bitj;J mbj;Js;shh;fs;. gpd;dh; rpy nghpath;fs; ehL> aho; jPgfw;gj;jpy; tpLjiyg; Gypfis epuhAjghzpfshf;f te;J me;j rNfhjuiuf; fhg;ghw;wpAs;sdh;. ,Ug;gpDk; md;wpuT mg;ghtp jkpo; ngz;fis ghypay; gyhj;fhuk; nra;J mopj;jdh;. rpy ,uhZtj;jpdh; Nfhapypy; ,Ue;j xU kuj;jpDs; Vwp ,jidNa Nfhio tPuk; vd;fpNwd;. jkpo; ,dj;Jf;nfjpuhf ,uz;L kiwe;jpUe;J FUf;fisAk;> rNfhjuh;fisAk; Nehl;lk; fz;L nghpa ,uhZt fl;likg;Gf;fs; ,j;jifa Nfhiojdkhf tPuj;ij mr;RWj;jp nrd;Ws;sdh;. XLw ghk;ig kpjpf;fpw tarpy> nrj;j fhl;bapUf;fpwhh;fs; vd;gJ nrd;w E}w;whz;bd; mtyq;fspy; xd;W. ghk;ig vl;b epd;W mbf;fpw tPur; nray; Nghd;wJ ,J. ghAk; GypfSf;F ,th;fs; vk;khj;jpuk;? kd;dhhpy; ehd; gjpndhU khjq;fs; jq;fpNdd;. kd;dhh; kiwkhtl;l Nguhyag; gq;fpy; jq;fpapUe;j NghJ mq;Fs;s Nguhya ,Nj Nghd;W aho;g;ghzj;jpy; 1987k; Mz;L mf;Nlhgh; ,isQHfs; fijahf nrhd;d xU epfo;T. ,yq;if ,uhZtj;jpdH khjk; 21k; Njjpad;W muR nghJ kUj;Jtkidapy; rpfpr;ir gaq;futhjpfs; vd;W miof;fg;gl;ltHfis xopj;J rkhjhdj;ij ngw;w Nehahspfs;> gzpGhpe;j kUj;Jth;fs;> jhjpah;fs; gzpahsh;fs; Vw;gLj;Jtjhff; $wp> kd;dhh; tPjpfspy; Nrhjidr; rhtbfis cl;gl 21 Ngiu gLnfhiy nra;Js;sdh;. kPz;L;k; mLj;j ehNs Vw;gLj;jp jkpoh;fis Jd;GWj;jp> mtkhdg;gLj;jp te;j fhyfl;lk; [h. milf;fy uhrh 19 20 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  15. 15. 47 NgH nfhy;yg;gl;ldH. fhuzk; me;j kUj;Jtkidapy; fhag;gl;l ,jDila cz;ikahd kw;nwhU tphpthf;fk; Innocent People Nghuhspfs; rpfpr;ir ngWfpwhh;fs; vd;gJjhdhk;. rkhjhdj;ijAk;> Killing Force vd;gjhFk; vd;W ,e;jpadhfpa vd;dplk; gfpbf;fhf ruziltijAk; czh;j;Jk; tifapy;> kUj;Jtg; gzpahsh;fs; nrhd;dtH xU ez;gH. ntl;fp jiyFdpe;Njd;. fhe;jp jhj;jh iffis cauj; J}f;fpagb epd;wNghJk;> ,e;jpa mikjpg;gilapdh; mfpk;ir topapy; tpLjiy thq;fp je;jjhff; $wg;gLk; ,e;jpahtpy; Nenujphpy; epd;W mth;fisr; Rl;L tPojjp vwpFz;LfisAk; mth;fs; ;; gpwe;jjw;fhf ntl;fg;gl;Nld;. ,uz;L tUlq;fshf ,e;jpa mikjpg; kPJ tPrpapUf;fpwhh;fs;. Nehahspfs; vJtpj vhpr;rYhl;Lk; nraiyr; gil> mikjpapd; ngauhy; jkpoh;fis nfhd;W Ftpj;J> ngz;fis nra;ahj NghjpYk;> ,e;jpa ,uhZtf; fhl;L kpuhz;bj;jdj; khdgq;fg;gLj;jp> tPLfisAk;> nrhj;Jf;fisAk; #iwahb> mopj;J jhf; F jypy; kUj; J tkidg; gzpahsUk; > NehahspfSkhf jdJ Nfhio tPuj;ij ntspf;fhl;bAs;sJ. Ik;gj;jpnahUth; fLq;fhak; mile;jpUf;fpwhh;fs; vd;fpwhh; ‘Rje;jpu Ntl;if’ vd;w E}ypd; Mrphpah; jpUkjp mNly; ghyrpq;fk;> ,e;j ,e;jpa mikjpg;gil xU ,uhZt eltbf;if hPjpapy; ,opthd epfo; t pd; NghJ aho; g ; g hzj; j py; jq; f papUe; J khngUk; Njhy; t p fz; l epiyapNyNa ,d mopg; i g fhaKw;NwhUf;F kUj;Jtk; ghh;j;jth;fspy; ,tUk; xUth;. Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sJ vd;gjidAk; cWjpg;gLj;jyhk;. XUtd; nra;j tuyhw;W gpioahy; xU ,dNk mopatplyhkh? mg;gpio jpU. ehtz;zd; mth;fs; vOjpa ‘mf;fpdpf; fuq;fs;’ vd;w nra;jtid jz;bj;jNj xU tuyhw;W gpioahFkh? me;j Xh; FWehty; Nky;Fwpg;gpl;l epfo;tpd; mbg;gilapy; vOjg;gl;l caph; kl;Lk;jhd; capuh? vq;Nfh ghh;j;j xU Gj;jfj;jpd; jiyg;G FWehty;. ,e;j ehtYf;F mzpe;Jiu toq;fpAs;sth; itj;jpa ,J. fyhepjp(lhf;lh;) v];. gp. Mh;. rPHkhwd;. ,th; ,r;rk;gtj;jpd; NghJ kUj;Jtkidapd; vf;]; - Nu gphpTf;Fs; kiwe;jpUe;J jg;gp gpioj;jth;. XU Aj;j fsj;jpy; fhag;gl;lth;fSf;F cjtp nra;fpd;w njhz;lh; $l> eL epiyahsuhff; fUjg;gl;L kjpf;fg;gly; jkpoPok; Ntz;Lk; vd rh;tNjrr; rl;lq;fSk; jh;kq;fSk; $Wfpd;w Ntisapy; xU kUj;Jtkid> mjDs; rPUilfspy; jhjpfs;> Copah;fs;> lhflHfs; > fhaj; J lDk; > NtW Neha; f SlDk; ,Uf; f pd; w Nehahspfs; vd;fpd;w kdpjNeak; ,y;yhky; mj;JkPwp jhf;Fjy; elj;jpAs;sdh; vd;fpwhh;. ,JNt ehtz;zd; mth;fs; fhe;jpa ehl;bd; fhl;Lkpuhz;bfs; vd;W ,e;jpa mikjpg; gilapdiu miof;f itj;Js;sJ. ,e;j Mrphpaiu ehd; rdthp khjk; Ky;iyj;jtpy; itj;J re;jpj;J ciuahba NghJ ehd; xU ,e;jpad; P vd;W njhpe;Jk;> vd;NdhL fhprpidNahLk;> khpahiuNahLk; gy;NtW fUj;Jf;fis gfph;e;J nfhz;lhh;. ,yq;if jq;fspd; Mjpf;fj;ij epiyehl;l xU ,d mopg;igNa Nkw;nfhz;l ,e;jpahtpd; ,r;nrayhy; jkpoh;fs; ngUe;Jd;gj;jpw;F Mshdhh;fs; vd;gJ cz;ik. ,e;jpa mikjpg;gilia Mq;fpyj;jpy; Indian Peace Keeping Force vd;gij RUf;fp I.P.K.F vd;ghHfs.; [h. milf;fy uhrh 21 22 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  16. 16. Vida tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lq;fSf;Fk; Kjy;epiy MjuT toq;fpaJ. ghy];jPd Nghuhl;lk; gaq;futhjk; vd;W fUjg;gl;l murpay; uh[je;jpu cyfpy;> gy];jPd tpLjiy ,af;fkhd PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organisation)Tf;F ,e;jpah tYthd MjuT toq;fpaJ. ,J gy];jPd kf;fSf;F nghpanjhU jhh;kPf ce;Jjyhf tpsq;fpaJ. Vida fz;lq;fspYk;> gpuNjrq;fspYk; eilngw;w Njrpa tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lq;fSf;Fj; jhuhs kdg;ghd;ikAld; ntspg;gilahf jhh;kPf> uh[je;jpu cjtpfis toq;fp te;j ,e;jpah> jdJ nfhy;iyg; Gwj;jpy; epfo;e;j Nghuhl;lq;fs; ,e;jpahtpd; ,ul;il Ntlk; rk;ge;jg;gl;ltifapy; re;jh;g;gthjj;ijAk;> gpuNjr eyd; NgZk; rhzf;fpaj;ijANk filg;gpbj;jJ. tlf; F tho; f pwJ> njw; F Nja; f pwJ vd; w mwpQh; mz;zhtpd; $w;W ,e;jpa ika murpd; Nghf;if njspTgLj;JfpwJ. ,e;jpahtpd; ika muir ,Uk;G ngz;kzp ,e;jpuh fhe;jp jkpopdNk jd; fhYf;fbapy; cs;s vz;zj;NjhNl (cyf Ml;rp nra;j NghJk;> jkpo;ehl;il ebfh; vk;. [p. ,uhkr;re;jpud; tiuglj;jpy; Ntz;Lkhdhy;; mg;gb ,Uf;fyhk;) ,e;jpa murhq;fk; Ml; r p nra; j NghJk; jkpoP o tpLjiyg; Nghuhl; l j; j pw; F nraw;gLfpwij jkpoh;fs; fhyk; fhykhf czh;eJ te;Js;shh;fs;. ; ntspg;gilahd ,uhZt> MAj> epjpAjtp nra;Jte;Js;shHfs;. ,Ug;gpDk; ,e;jpa jkpoh;fSf;F Nghjpa msT Nuhrk; - khdk; mjd; cs;Nehf;fk; ,yq;ifia jd; ifg;gpbf;Fs; nfhz;L tuyhk; ,y;yhj fhuzj;jpdhNy jkpo;ehL vd;w ntWk; ngaNuhL> ,d;wsTk; vd;wjhf ,Ue;jpUe;jhYk; mth;fspd; cjtpia <oj; jkpoh;fs; ,e;jp – Mhpa rf;jpfspd; Mjpf;fj;jpw;F mbgzpe;J tho;e;J xU NghJk; kwf;fkhl;lhh;fs;. ed;wp kwg;gJ ed;wd;W vd;w nfhz;bUf;fpwhh;fs;. ehDk; xU ,e;jpa jkpod; vd;whYk; ,g;NghJ ts;Stdpd; thf;fpd;gb tho;gtHfs; kwj;jkpoh;fs;. Mdhy; ehd; tho; e ; J f; n fhz; b Ug; g J tP u k; tpisAk; td; d pf; fhL mth;fSf;Fg; gpwF ele;j Ml;rp khw;wk;> mjpfhhpfs; khw;wk; vd;gjhNyNa mth;fs; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhh;fs; vd;fpNwd;. ,e;jpahtpd;; cz;ik epiyia cyFf;F vLj;jpak;gpaJ. mjd;gpd; ,yq;ifapYk;> ,e;jpahtpYk; ele;j Jf;fkhd tuyhw;W ,e;jpahitg; gw;wpa vj;jifa xU vz;zj;NjhL ,yq;if epfo;Tfis ehk; ed;whf mwpNthk;. jkpoh;fs; ,Ue;jhh;fs; vd;gij jpUkjp mNly; ghyrpq;fk; jdJ Rje;jpu Ntl;if vd;w Gj;jfj;jpy; mofhf vOjpapUf;fpwhh;fs;. ehd; ,yq;ifapy; ,Ue;jNghJ mjhtJ 2003 Nk khjk; ,yq;ifapd; njd; fpof;F gFjpfspy; gyj;j fhw;W> Gay;> kio gy E}w;whz;Lfshff; FbNaw;wthj Ruz;lYf;F cs;shfp> te;jJ. kpFe;j nghUl;Nrjk; Vw;gl;lJ. 250 Ngh; nts;sj;jpdhy;> Nghuhl;lk; %yNk Rje;jpuj;ij ntd;nwLj;j xU ehL vd;w kz; rhptpdhy; ,we;jhh;fs;. Fwpg;ghf ,uj;jpdGhp khtl;lk; ngUk; tifapy; > tpLjiyg; Nghuhl; l j; j py; <Lgl; L te; j gy mopTf;Fs;shdJ. mLj;j ehNs ,e;jpah jdJ MjuT fuq;fis xLf;fg;gl;l Njrpa ,dq;fs; kl;by; ,e;jpah mDjhgk; ePl;baJ. ngUk; mstpyhd kPl;Gg;gzpfis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhf fhl;baJ. mj;Jld; mg;Nghuhl;lq;fSf;F jhh;kf hPjpahfTk; P ,uhZtf; fg;gy;> cyq;F thD}h;jp (n`ypfhg;lh;) kw;Wk; ,uhZt ,e;jpah MjuT toq;fpaJ. midj;Jyf kl;lj;jpy; kUj; J th; f s; > kUe; J > czT nghUl; f s; midj; i jAk; fz;bf;fg;gl;l mg;ghHijl; ,d xLf;fy; Kiwf;F vjpuhfg; mDg;gpitj;jJ. ,e;j kdpjhgpkhd nraiy> Nfl;gjw;F Kd; Nghuhba Mgphpf;f Njrpa fhq;fpuRf;F MjuT toq;Ftjpy; cjTk; el;gpid ghuhl;bahf Ntz;Lk;. Kjy;epiy ehlhf ,e;jpah jpfo;ejJ. mj;NjhL Mgphpf;fhtpd; ; [h. milf;fy uhrh 23 24 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  17. 17. Mdhy; fle;j ,Ugj;ije;J Mz;Lfhy Nghhpdhy; xU ngsj; j tpfhiufisj; jpUj; j epjpAjtp nra; f pwhh; f shk; . ,yl;rj;jpw;Fk; Nkw;gl;l jkpoh;fs;; ,we;j NghjpYk;> ,yq;ifapd; ,e;jpahtpd; ,ul;il Ntlk; cyf muq;fpy; muq;Nfw;wg;gl;Ls;sJ. tlf;fpYk;> fpof;fpYk; jkpoh; jhafnkq;Fk; tPLfs;> nrhj;Jf;fs; $j;jhb Mhpadpd; Mhpaf;$j;ij tha;gpse;J epd;W ,urpf;f mopf;fg;gl;l NghJk; ,e;jpa murpd; epiyg;ghL vd;d? xU ,dk; <oj;jkpondd;d ,spr;rthadh? vkf;F Njit epjpAjtpay;y> kw;nwhU ,dj;ij mopj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gij cs;ehl;L gpur;rid epue;ju rkhjhdj;Jld; $ba epk;kjpahd tho;f;ifNa! vd;W nksdk; fhj;J Ntbf;ifg; ghh;g;gJ rhpjhdh? Nkw;fj;jpa ehlhd Nehh;Nt ,q;Fte;J rkhjhdg; Ngr;Rthh;j;ijfis elj;j> jdf;F vJTk; njhpahjJ Nghy; fz;Lk; fhzhkYk; ,Ue;Jtpl;lhy; $l eyk;> ,yq;ifapd; vjph;fl;rp cWg;gpdh;fis mioj;J rkhjhdj;ijf; Fog;ghky; ,Ue;jhy;. Xt;nthU KiwAk; rkhjhdg; Ngr;Rf;fs; ele;jhy;> epjpAjtp khehLfs; ele;jhy; clNd jdf;F njhptpf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W ,e;jpah vjph;ghh;j;J fhj;jpUg;gJ Nghy> ,yq;if muR J}Jth;fSk;> Nehh;Nt mjpfhhpfSk; ,e;jpahtpd; Ml;rpahsh;fisf; fz;Lnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. vq;Nf jdf;F njhpahky; ,yq;ifAk;> rh;tNjr ehLfSk; tpLjiyg;Gypfis Vw;Wf;nfhz;L tpLthh;fNsh vd;w gaj;JlNdNa ,e;jpah tpop gpJq;fp ghh;jJf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. jw;rkak; ,yq;if ; muR jahhpj; J s; s ,ilf; f hy epHthf rigg; g w; w pa jdJ mr;rj;ijAk;> mjdhy; tpLjiyg;Gypfs; ngWk; mq;fPfhuj;ijAk; ,e;jpah kpFe;j ftiyNahL ntspg;gLj;jpAs;sJ. jpUtptpypaj;jpy; tUk; Cjhhp ike;jd; fijapy; je;ij ,isa kfid kd;dpj;J md;G nra;tij Vw;fhj %j;j kfidg; Nghy ,yq;ifAk;> rh;tNjr ehLfSk; tpLjiyg; Gypfis kjpj;J jkpoh;fspd; gpujpepjpfshf Vw;W Ngr;Rthh;j;ijf;F mioj;J rkhjhdkhf tho; t ij tpUk; g hj ,e; j pah> ,yq; i fapy; rkhjhdj; i jf; Fog; G Nthiu ntspNa mioj; J > tprhhpj; J mth;fis Cf;fg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;bUg;gJ jiyFdpa itf;Fk; mtkhdr; nray;. ,jd; mbg;gilapNyNa rkhjhdg; Ngr;Rthh;jij; Kwpe; j hy; Gypfis xLf; f ,e; j pah cjTk; vd; W ,q; ; F murpay;thjpfs; mwpf;iffis tpl;Lf;nfhz;bUf;fpwhh;fs;. ,e;jpahtpy; gpwe;j ngsj;j kjj;ij ,e;jpahtpypUe;J Juj;jp tpl;l ,e;jp – Mhpah;fs;> ,yq;ifapy; jkpoh;fspd; tho;tplkhd tlf;F gFjpfspy; vj;jidNah ,e;J> fpwp];jt Nfhapy;fs; jkpoPo khtl;lq;fs; Nghhpdhy; mope;J NghAs;s epiyapy; mNj tlfpof;fpy; mope;JNghd [h. milf;fy uhrh 25 26 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  18. 18. jpU. rpwpy; $wpdhh;. ,e;j ,lq;fspnyy;yhk; ,yq;ifapd; flw;gil epiyf; nfhz;Ls;sJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. Vw;fdNt Nghij nghUs; vjph;g;G $l;lq;fis kd;dhh; khtl;lj;jpy; gpui[fs; FO rhh;ghf capyq;Fsk; kw;Wk; jiykd;dhh; Nghd;w ,lq;fspy; elj;jp ehNd ciuahw;wpUf;fpNwd; vd;gij> tUj;jj;NjhL Rl;bf;fhz;gpf;fpNwd;. kd;dhh; J}a rNthpahh; Mz;fs; Njrpa fy;Yhhpiar; rhh;ej rpy ,sk; khzth;fs; Nghij ; Nghijf;F mbikahFk; nghUs; itj;jpUe;jjd; mbg;gilapy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;L fhtypy; itf;fg;gl;Ls;sdh;. mNj Nghd;W rpy khztpfSk; Nghij jkpo; ,isNahh; nghUl;fis ghtpj;jjhf ifJ nra;ag;gl;Ls;sdh;. rpy ,isQh;fs; Nghij nghUl;fis ngWtjw;fhf jq;fs; nrhe;j tPLfspYk;> Majk; nfhz;L Nghuhb ntw;wpf; nfhs;s Kbahj fath; gpwUila tP L fspYk; tpiyAah; e ; j nghUl; f isAk; > jq; f $l;lk;> Nghijg; nghUSf;F ,isNahiu mbikahf;fp jkpopdj;ij eiffisAk;> JzpkzpfisAk; jpULtjhf fhty; Jiwapdh; mopf; f Kd; t e; J s; s J tUe; j j; j f; f J. ,uhZtj; j pdh; njhptpf;fpd;wdh;. epiynfhz;Ls;s jkpo; gpuNjrq;fspy; ,d;W Nghijg; nghUl;fs; vspjhf khzth; iffspy; Goq;ff; fhuznkd;d? ,uhZtk; Nkw;nrhd;d $l;lj;jpd; NghJ ciuahw;wpa kd;dhh; fhty; Fwpg;ghf ,yq;ifapd; flw;gil kw;Wk; fhty;Jiwapdhpd; Jiwapy; Nghij nghUs; jLg;G cah; mjpfhhpahd jpU. rphpy; mDruizapy;yhky; ,yq;ifapy; Nghij nghUSf;F ,lkpy;iy eifr;RitahfTk;> NtjidahfTk; rpy tplaq;fis Kd;itj;jhh;. vd;gij kd;dhh; gpui[fs; FO rhh;gpy; Nghijg; nghUs; vjph;g;G ,dp kd; d hh; njUf; f spy; fhJ mWe; j ngz; f Sk; > jhyp jpdkhd A+d; 26k; Njjp kd;dhhpy; eilngw;w nghJf;$l;lk; xd;wpy; ciuahw;Wk; NghJ njspTgl vLj;Jf; $wpNdd;. me;j ciuapd; njhFg;G ,Njh. kd;dhh; khtl;lj;jpy; Nghijg; nghUs; ghtid gs;spKid gFjpapy; Vwf;Fiwa mWE}W fpwp];jt FLk; g q; f spy; Ew; i wk; g J ,isNahH; Nghij nghUSf; F mbikahfpapUg;gjhf mq;F tPLfis jhprpj;J kfh QhdxLf;fk; Nkw;nfhz;l mky khp jpahfpfs; rigiar; rhh;e;j mUl;je;ij md;Guhrh $wpdhh;. mg;gbnad;why; Fiwe;jJ ehd;F FLk;gq;fspy; xd;W Nghijg;nghUSf;F mbikahd egiuf; nfhz;l FLk;gkhf cs;sJ. mNj Nghd;W kd;dhh; jPtpy; Ngrhiy> jho;TghL> jiykd;dhh;> gdq;fl;bf;nfhl;L Nghd;w ,lq;fspnyy;yhk; Nghijg; ed;wp: RlHxsp> [Piy 19, 2003, rdpf;fpoik nghUs; ghtidahsh;fs; cs;sjhf fhty;Jiw cah; mjpfhhp [h. milf;fy uhrh 27 28 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  19. 19. nfhbapy;yhj ngz;fSk; elkhLthh;fs;. fhuzk; Nghij nghUl; Mirf;fhl;b mtHfsplNk NghijnghUl;fis tpw;fpwhHfs;. ,jd; ghtidahsh;fs; jq;fs; nrhe;j cwTngz;fsplNk eiffisf; %ykhf xU Row;rp Kiwapy; Nghijg; nghUs; ghtidahsh;fs; nfhs; i sabj; J Nghijg; nghUl; f is thq; F k; epiyf; F gpw Gjpa ghtidahsh;fis cUthf;Ffpwhh;fs;. js;sg;gl;Ls;shh;fs;. NkYk; jz;zPh; gpbf;f njUf;Foha; mbapy; gpsh];bf; Flq;fisf; $l itf;f KbahJ. mtw;iwAk; jpUb> nghpa mstpy; Nghijg; nghUs;fis flj;jp tpw;gid tpw;W Nghij nghUl;fis thq;Ffpwhh;fs;> vd;whh;. nra;gth;fs; Neubahf tpw;gjpy;iy. Nghijg; nghUSf;F mbikahd Vio ,isQh;fisf; nfhz;Nl tpw;gid nra;fpwhh;fs; ,yq;ifapy; nkhj;jk; xU ,yl;rk; Nghijg; nghUl; ,jd; %ykhf nghpa flj;jy;fhuh;fs; fhty;JiwaplkpUe;J ghtidahsh;fs; cs;shh;fs; vd;Wk;> xU ehisf;F xUtUf;F jg;gptpLfpwhh;fs;. mg;ghtp ,isQh;fs; khl;bf;nfhs;fpwhh;fs;. &gh 500 ngWkjpahd Nghijg; nghUs; Njitg;gLtjhfTk; ngUk;gzk; nfhLj;J mth;fis kPlf Ntz;ba mty #o;epiyf;F ; $wg;gLfpwJ. mg;gbnad;why; ,yq;ifapy; xU ehisf;F 50 FLk;gj;jpdh; js;sg;gLfpd;wdh;. kpy;ypad; &gh Nghijg; nghUSf;fhf nrytplg;gLfpwJ. ,J ,yq;ifapd; ,uhZtj;jpw;F xU ehSf;F nrytplg;gLk; njhifia ghjpf;fg;gLgth;fs; ,isQh;fNs tpl $LjyhFk;. ,e;j gznky;yhk; ahUilaJ? cynfq;Fk; cs;sJNghy ,yq;ifapYk;> kd;dhhpYk; md;whl $ypfshf xt;nthU ehSk; cioj;J> rk;ghjpj;j ngUk;ghYk; ,isQh;fNs Nghij nghUSf;F mbikahdth;fshf gzj;ijAk;> gpwhplkpUe;J jpUba gzKk;jhd; NghijnghUSf;F cs;shh;fs; gd;dpuz;L taJ njhlf;fk; Kg;gJ taJf;Fl;gl;l gad;gLj;jgLfpwJ. NkYk; NghijnghUSf;F mbikahdtNu ,isQh;fNs Nghijg; nghUSf;F mbikfshf ,Uf;fpwhh;fs; jdf;F gzk; Njitg;gLk; vd;gjhy; jdJ rfez;gHfSf;F vd;gJ kpfTk; Ntjidf;Fhpa tplakhFk;. mjpYk; Fwpg;ghf ghlrhiy khzth;fs;> khztpfs; kj;jpapy; ,j;jPa gof;fk; mjpfhpg;gij r%fj;jpy; njspthf czuyhk;. ,Ug;gpDk; ngUk;ghYk; gs;spg; gbg;ig ghjpapy; epWj;jp VNjDk; xU $ypj; njhopYf; F Fwpg; g hf kd; d hhpy; fly; njhopy; nra; A k; ,isQh;fspilNa ,g;gof;fk; mjpfkhf fhzg;gLfpwJ. jPa el;gpd; fhuzkhfTk; ,g;gof;fk; ,isQh;fspilNa Ntfkhf guTfpwJ. Vw;fdNt NkNy Fwpg;gpl;lJ Nghy Nghijg; nghUSf;F mbikahd xU ,isQh; jdJ Njitf;Fg; gzk; Njitg;gLfpwJ vd;gjdhy; jdJ ez;gh;fis Cf;fg;gLj;jp mth;fsplNk Nghijg; nghUl;fis tpw;W jdf;F Njitahd gzj;ijg; ngWfpwhh;. “,ij eP vLf;fhtpl;lhy; eP xU Mk;gpisNa ,y;iy” vd;W jdJ ez;gd; rthy;tpl;lhy; ve;j ,isQdhy; jdJ Miriaf; fl;Lg;gLj;j ,aYk;. XU KiwjhNd vd;W ez;gNdhL Nghijg; nghUl;fisg; ghtpg;gth; nkJthf mjw;F Nghijt];J xopg;G fUj;juq;fpy; ehd; ciuepfo;j;jpaNghJ [h. milf;fy uhrh 29 30 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  20. 20. mbikahfptpLfpwhh;fs;. FLk;g gpur;ridfis mJTk; ngw;Nwhhpd; nra;tij mwpfpd;Nwhk;. fhty;JiwapdH vt;tpj mf;fiwAk; fz;bg;Gf;F Kfk; nfhLf;f ,ayhj ,isQh;fs; Nghijg; fhl;lhky;> jkpopdk; Fbj;jhtJ mopal;Lk; vd;W Ntbf;if nghUSf;F mbikahfpd;whh;fs;. ghHf;fpd;wdH. rpy r%f mf;fiwAs;s epWtdqfs; %yk; fhty; JiwapdH eltbf;ifapy; ,wq;fpdhy; rhuhak; tpw;gtHfsplk; ngw;Nwhhpd; ftdkpd;ikahYk;> gphpe;j FLk;gq;fspd; gzj;ijAk;> jkf;F Njitahd rhuhaj;ijAk; ngw;W jg;gtpl;L mtyj; j pdhYk; ,isQh; f s; Nghijg; nghUSf; F vspjpy; tpLfpd;wdH. mg;gbNa gpbj;jhYk; ntWk; ,uz;lhapuk; &gha; mbikahfptpLfpd;whh;fs;. mJTk; Fwpg;ghf ,yq;ifapy; fle;j mguhjk; fl;b ntsptUfpd;wdH. rhuhatpahghhpfs; aho;gghzj;jpy; ; 30 Mz;Lfhy Nghhpdhy; ,lk; ngah;e;j gy jkpo; FLk;gq;fs; khztHfs; rhuhaj;jpw;F mbikahFk; nra;jpj;jhs; jftiyf; rpije;J> gphpe;J tho;fpwhh;fs;. jha; xUgf;fKk; je;ij kw;nwhU fz;L mjpHr;rpaile;Njd;. ,Njh me;j nra;jp gf;fkhf my;yJ ngw;Nwhh;fis Nghhpdhy; ,oe;J ,isQh;fs; jdpj;J thOk; mty #o;epiyiaf; fhzf;$bajhf cs;sJ. ,f;fhuzpAk; Nghijg; nghUs; ghtidia mjpfhpj;Js;sJ. rhuha Nghij Nghij vd;why; VNjh fQ;rh. gpuTz; RfH Nghd;w nghUl;fs; kl;Lky;y> jkpoHfs; ,d;W ruhaj;jpw;Fk; mbikahfp jkJ tho;itAk;> nghUshjhuj;ijAk; ,of;fpd;wdH. efuq;fs; kl;Lky;y rpwpa fpuhkq;fspYk; rhuhaf;filfs; jpwf;fg;gl;L mNkhf tpw;gid nra;ag;gLfpd;wd.,jdhy; ,isQHfSk; ,j;jPa gof;fj;jpw;F cs;shtij Nehpy; fhzyhk;. [dthp khjk; ehd; Ky;iyj;jPtpy; epd;w Neuk;> flypy; ,why;gl;lJ. vd;iwf;nfy;yhk; ed;whf ,why; gl;lNjh> md;nwy;yhk; efhpd; kj; j papy; > NgUe; J epiyak; mUfpy; ,aq; f pa rhuhaf;filapYk; tpw;gid mjpfkhfpaJ. tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; fl;Lg;ghl;L gFjpapNyNa rhuhaf;filfs; jpwf;fg;gl;L tpw;gid nra; a g; g LtJ> mjpYk; Kf; f pa efukhd Ky; i yj; j P t pd; ed;wp: tPuNfrhp> 23.07.2003 gf;fk; 2 efug;gFjpapy; ,J ele;jJ Ntjidf;FhpaJ. kd;dhH Nghd;w ,lq;fspy; kpfTk; rHtrhjhuzkhf rhuhak; Nghijg; nghUs; ghtidapd; tpisT vy;NyhHf;Fk; fpilf;Fk;. ,utpy; 9kzpf;F Nky; rhuhak; tpw;ff;$lhJ vd;gjdhy; rpy ngz;fs; jq;fspd; ePz;l cLg;Gf;Fs; rhuha Nghijg; nghUs; ghtidapy; ,d;W gy FLk;gq;fs; rpije;J Nghj;jiy kiwj;Jf; nfhz;L FbfhuHfSf;F “r%f Nrit” NghAs;sd. tPl;bd; nghUshjhu epiy Kw;wpYkhf Fd;wp [h. milf;fy uhrh 31 32 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  21. 21. eLj;njUTf;F tuNtz;ba epiyapy; gy FLk;gq;fs; thLfpd;wd. ntspehLfspypUe;Nj flj;jg;gLfpwJ. fly; khh;f;fkhfTk;> thd; FLk;gj;ij fhg;ghw;w Ntz;batNu njhopy; nra;ahky; Nghij topahfTk; flj;jg;gLk; Nghijg; nghUl;fis ,uhZtj;jpdh; nghUSf;F mbikahdhy; FLk;gj;jpd; tUkhdk; vd;dthFk;? vspjpy; epWj;jyhk;. NkYk; Nghijf;F mbikahdtUf;F ehshe;jk; Njitg;gLk; Nghijg; nghUis ngw gzKk; Njitg;gLfpwJ. Nkyjpfkhf ,iwtd; nfhilahf je;j tho;it mopj;Jf;nfhs;s ve;j mtUf;F Njitahd kUj;Jt rpfpr;irNah my;yJ jdpkdpjUf;Fk; chpikapy;iy. mbg;gilapy; thoNtz;Lk; vd;w fhty; J iwapdhplkpUe; J kP l ; f Nth mf; F Lk; g k; ngUk; ce;JjNy vy;yh caphpYk; ,Ug;gijg; ghh;f;fpNwhk;. vy;yh gzneUf;fbf;F cs;shtijAk; ,q;F Nehpy; fz;lwpayhk;. caph;fSf;Fk; grp vLg;gJk;> grp vLf;fpwNghJ cz;z Ntz;Lk; ,t;thwhf Nghijg; nghUSf;F mbikahdthpd; nkhj;j FLk;gNk vd;w czh;Tk; tho Ntz;Lk; vd;w ,e;j czh;thNy. tho rPuope;J tpLfpwJ. Ntz;ba ,isQh;fs;> ehisa r%fj;jpd; jiyth;fs;. ,d;W Nghijg;nghUl;fSf;F mbikahfp tho;it ,oe;jth;fshf> rhit ,uz;lhtjhf ghjpf;fg;gl;lthpd; clYk;> cs;sKk; vjph;Nehf;Fgth;fshf ,Ug;gJ kpfg; nghpa mtyk;. nfLfpwJ. cly; nkype;J> czT VJk; cl;nfhs;s Kbahky; ke;j epiyf;F> rhtpd; tpspk;Gf;F js;sg;gLfpwhh;fs;. vt;tpj mJTk; ,q;F jkpoPoj;jpy;> Aj;jj;jhy; mope;J NghAs;s czh;Tkpd;wp> khdkpd;wp> kdpj jd;ikapoe;J thOk; epiyf;F jkpo; r%fk; ,d;W nky;y> rpwpa Nghijg; nghUl;fSf;F mbikahfp mth; js;sg;gLfpd;whh;. rhit vjph;Nehf;fpatuhf mDjpdKk; NkYk; mopa tplyhkh? 18,000 ,isQh;fs;> ,sk;ngz;fs; nrj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gtuhf> eilgpzkhf tho;gtiu vd;d nra;tJ? ,yl;rpaj;NjhL tho;eJ> kz;Zf;fhf> kf;fSf;fhf Nghuhb> jkpopdk; ; tho fhuzkhf jq;fs; capiuNa ifaspj;Js;s #o;epiyapy;> %d;whtjhf> mth;fs; gy;NtW r%ftpNuhj eltbf;iffspy; ,d;iwa ,isNahh; Nghijf;F mbikahfp jq;fs; tho;it <LgLfpd;whh;fs;. jpUl;L> nfhiy> nfhs;is> gzk; gwpg;G vd;W mopj;Jf; nfhs;tJ Ntjidf;FhpaJ> ntl;fj;Jf;FhpaJ. me;j jP a topfspy; vspjhf gzk; ngw Kaw; r p vLg; g jdhy; khtPuh;fspd; jpahfj;ijAk;> mh;g;gzpg;igAk;> jw;nfhiliaAk; r%fj; j pypUe; J k; xJf; f g; g Lfpwhh; f s; . Nghijapd; w p xU mh;jjkw;wjhfTk;> nfhr;irg;gLj;JtjhfTk; mikfpwJ. nehbg;nghOJk; mth;fshy; tho KbahJ vd;w #o;epiyapy; vg;gzk; nfhLj;jhtJ> vt;topapyhtJ Nghijg; nghUl;fis fle;j fhy Nghuhl;l tho;tpid ePh;j;J Nghftplhky;> ngw;Wf;nfhs;s mth;fs; Kaw;rpf;fpwhh;fs;. Rje;jpukhf> rfy chpikfSld; jkpopdk; tho ,d;iwa ,isNahh; kPz;Lk; jq;fis mh;g;gzpf;f Ntz;Lk;. cd;dhy; KbAk; jk;gp Nghijg; nghUs; vjph;gG jpdkhd A+d; 26k; Njjpf;F Ke;jpd ; vd;w ek;gpf;ifNahL vk;khy; epiwthf tho KbAk; vd;gij ehs; mjhtJ 25-06-2003 md;W ,yq;ifapd; jiyefukhd rhjpj;Jf; fhl;l Nghijg; nghUs; ghtidaw;w xU ey;y jkpo; nfhOk;gpy; ,uz;L fhty;Jiw mjpfhhpfs; Nghijg; nghUs; jLg;G r%fj;ij ,isNahh; gilf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjpfhhpfshy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;lij rf;jp b.tp. nra;jpfspy; Nrhk;gpf; fple;jhy; $wpaJ. fhuzk; ngUk;gzj;ijg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;L Nghijg; nghUs; rpye;jpAk; cd;idr; rpiwg;gpbf;Fk;. flj;jy;fhuh;fis gpbj;J gpd; jg;gtpl;Ltpl;lhh;fs;. ,t;thwhf vOe;J ele;jhy; vhpkiyAk; topnfhLf;Fk;. fhty; JiwapdUk;> ,yq;if ,uhZtj;jpdUk; cle;ijahf nray; g Lfpwhh; f s; . Nghijg; nghUl; f s; ,yq; i ff; F - ftpQH ftpjhrd; [h. milf;fy uhrh 33 34 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  22. 22. NghJ mtHfs; midtUk; ngz; Nghuhspfs; vd;W mUl;je;ij vd;dplk;; $wpdhH. ,Ul;by; jdpahf ve;j Mz;JizAk; ,y;yhky; xU nghpa thfdj;ij ,sk;ngz;fs; Xl;b tUtij Kjd;Kjyhf vd; tho;ehspy; fz;Nld;. Mr;rhpag;gl;L jpUk;Gk; Kd; mtHfs; Ntfkhf vk;ik fle;J nrd;Wtpl;lhHfs;. md;wpuNt ehq;fs; vq;fs; gazj;ij njhlHe;j NghJ GJf;FbapUg;ig jhz;b Ky;iyj;jit Nehf;fp ehq;fs; nrd;wNghJ P es;spuT Neuk;. ehDk; miuJhf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;Njd;. jpBnud;W jkpoPoj;jpy; ngz; tpLjiy mUl;gzpahsH vkJ thfdj;ij epWj;jpa NghJ ehd; gae;J tpl;Nld;. vkJ thfdj;jpw;F Kd;dhy; xU nghpa thl;l rhl;lkhd xU tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gLgtHfs; ngz; xU ifapy; lhHr; tpsf;NfhLk;> kw;nwhU ifapy; xU nghpa ngz;fNs. nghJthf ngz;fSf;Fhpa ghJfhg;G jd;ikia ,oe;J ,ae;jpu Jg;ghf;fpAlDk; epw;gij fz;Ljhd; gae;J NghNdd;. gy; N tW neUf; f bfSf; F mtHfs; cs; s htij gy NghH vq;fisg; gw;wp tprhhpj;J gpd; vkJ thfdj;ij Nrhjidapl;l tuyhWfspy; gbf;fyhk;. cly; hPjpahd Jd;gq;fs;> kdg; ghjpg;Gf;fs; gpwNf vkJ gazj;ij njhlu mDkjpj;jhs; me;j ngz; Nghuhsp. vd;W gy;NtW Nfhzq;fspy; ngz;fs; ghjpf;fg;gLfpd;whHfs;. GJf;FbapUg;G> Ky;iyj;jPT gpuNjrq;fs; tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; mjpAaH ghJfhg;G tyaq;fshf ,Ug;gjdhy; ,uT Neuq;fspy; jkpoPo tpLjiyg;Nghuhl;lj;jpYk; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gl;lJ ghJfhg;ig mjpfg;gLj;jp NrhjidapLfpd;whHfs; vd;W mUl;je;ij ngz;fNs vd;whYk; ngz;fs; tpLjiyg;Nghuhl;lj;jpYk; <Lgl;lJ vdf;F tpsf;fkspj;jhH. Kwj;jhy; Gypfis tpul;ba tPuj;jkpo; ngUikf;Fhpa tplak;jhd;. cyf muq;fpy; ngz;tpLjiynad;gJ ntWk; tha; Ngr;rhfNt epd;W tpLfpd;w NghJ jkpo; ngz;fs; tPuj;NjhL Nghhpl;likAk;> rkme;j];J cilatHfshf r%fj;jpy; tho;tJk; Fwpg;gplNtz;baJ. vdJ td; d p fhl; L tp[aj; j pd; Kjy; mDgtNk myhjpahdJ. ,uT RkhH gj; J kzp Nghy; ,Uf; F k; fpspnehr;rpapypUe;J tl;lf;fr;rp topahf GJf;FbapUg;G Nghf gazkhNdhk;. fpspnehr;rp ,uizkL Fsj;jpd; fiuNahukhf nkJthf ‘gpf;fg;’ thfdj;jpy; gazk; nra;jNghJ xU buf;lH thfdk; gOjhfp ,Ul;by; epd;W nfhz;bUe;jJ. RkhH 10-15 ,sk; ngz;fs; mq;F epd;Wnfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. vd;id mioj;J nrd;W nfhz;bUe;j mUl;gzp. N[k;]; gj;jpehjH mtHfs; vkJ thfdj;ij epWj;jp mq;fpUe;j ,sk; ngz;fsplk; “cjtp Ntz;Lkh?” vd;W Nfl;f mtHfSk; khpahijNahL “Ntz;lhk; [ah> ehq;fNs Gypia Kwj;jhy; tpul;ba tPuj;jkpo; ngz; ,d;W tpLjiyGypaha; . . . jpUj;jptpl;Nlhk;” vd;whHfs;. mtHfis fle;J ehq;fs; nrd;w [h. milf;fy uhrh 35 36 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  23. 23. ngz;zpd; thhpRfs; ,d;W Gypfshf jkpo; kf;fis ghJfhj;J nry;thHfs;. Mdhy; vq;fs; FLk;gk; kl;Lk; XLtjpy;iy. epw;fpd;whHfs;. ,uhZtf; fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s jkpoH gFjpfspy; Fdpe;jhy;jhNd Fl;LthHfs; vd;w nrUf;Fld; epw;Nghk;. te;j fhty; fhf;Fk; ,uhZt tPuHfs; vq;Fk; jdpj;J epw;gjpy;iy. Mkpfs; xU tpLjiyg; Gypiaf;$l gpbg;gjpy;iy. me;j vg;NghJk; ,Utuhf my;yJ ehd;F Nguhf $bj;jhd; jphpthHfs;. Vkhw;wj;ij kf;fs; kPJ fhl;LthHfs;. kf;fis gaKWj;jp Mdhy; jkpoPoj;jpy; ngz; Nghuhspfs; jdpj;Nj es;sputpYk;$l mtHfis mlf;fp tpLjiy GypfSf;F ahUk; milf;fyk; fhty; fhj;J epd;wJ tpag;Gf;FhpaNj. nfhLf;ff; $lhJ vd;ghHfs;. kPwpnfhLj;jhy; mf;FLk;gk; rpijf;fg;gLk;. milf;fyk; nfhLg;gtHfs; tPlby; ,isQHfs; ; jkpo; ngz;fspd; JzpitAk;> Jd;gj;ijAk; xU Nru glk; ,Ue;jhy; mtHfSf;F rpiwthrk; fpilf;Fk;. ngz;fSf;F gpbj;Jf;fhl;Lk; epfo;it xU ,sk; ngz;zpd; nrhe;j fijahf khdgq;fk; Vw;gLk;. ,Jjhd; ,e;jpa mikjpg;gil jkpoPo mthplNk ,Ue;J Nfl;Nld;. mij mtiuNa vOjpAk; jur; kf;fSf;F nfhLj;j ntFkhdk;. vj;jidg;gl;lhYk; Jzpe;J nrhd;Ndd;. ,Njh xU Gul;rpg; ngz;zpd; nrhe;jf;fij> mthpd; epd;W milf;fyk; nfhLj;j tPuj;jkpoHfis tpuy; tpl;L nrhe;j thHj;ijfspNy. vz;zptplyhk;. mjpy; vq;fs; FLk;gKk; xd;W vd;gij ehd; khHjl;b epkpHe;J> ngUkpjj;Jld; nrhy;Ntd;. tf;fPy; nghz;Z milf; f yk; nfhLj; J tUk; ehl; f spy; vq; f s; FLk;gj;jiytpahd vdJ mk;khtpd; ngaH cl;gl VO 1987-1989fs; > mit ,e; j pa mikjp fhf; F k; FLk;gq;fspd; ngaHg;gl;bay; Mkpf;fhuHfshy; (,uhZtj;jpduhy;) gilapduhy; jkpoPo tpLjiyg;Gypfs; Xuq;fl;lg;gl;l fhyk;. vOjp xl;lg;gl;lJ. ,g;gb> tpLjiy GypfSf;F czNth njUTf;Fj; njU ,e;jpag;gilfs; Nuhe;J NghtJ> jpBH jpBnud vJtpj cjtpANkh nfhLf;ff; $lhJ. kPwp nfhLj;jhy; fLk; Rj;jptisg;G vy;yhk; tpLjiyg;Gypfisg; gpbf;f. md;whlj; eltbf;if vLf;fg;gLk;. tUtJ tul;Lk;> tho;tJk; rhtJk; Njitfs; gw;wpa vJtpj rpe;jidAkpy;yhky;> vq;Nf Mkpf;fhuH GypfSlNd> tPuk; nrwpe;j ,e;jpa tk;rj;jpy; te;jtHfs; jhNd epw;ghHfNsh> md;wp vg;Ngh tUthh;fNsh> ,Jjhd; ek;ktHfs; ehKk; vd;gij mtHfSf;Nf Ghpaitf;f Ntz;lhkh? vd;W J}q;fpdhYk; tpopj;jhYk; vz;zk; vy;yhk;. vkf;Fs;NsAk; xU Ntfk; - nfhjpg;G. vq;fs; kz;zpy; vq;fs; czHTfis ,tHfs; eRf; F tjh? ehKk; krpatpy; i y> md;Wk; nghOJ GyHe;jJ. jpBnud CHkf;fs;> gjw;wk; cWjpAld; nray;gl;Nlhk;. grp vd;W jk;gpkhH te;jNghnjy;yhk; gugug;G gak; xd;WNrHe;j czHtiyfSld; Myak; Nehf;fp vq;fs; rf;jpf;F kPwp czT nfhLj;Njhk;. ,jpy; vq;fs; Xbf;nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. Mk;> Mkpf;fhuHfs; te;jhy; kf;fs; md; i df; F j; j hd; ngUk; g q; F . vq; f s; gps; i sfis> milf;fyk; MtJ Njthyaq;fspy;jhd;. Fspj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;j cld;gpwg;Gf;fis grpapy; jtpf;ftplyhkh? jhAs;sk; jtpf;fhjh? ngz;kzpnahUtH Nkyhil khw;wp> fPohil <uj;Jld;> khw;Wil ifapYkhf XbdhH vd;why; jkpoPo kf;fs;gl;l mty epiyia vdJ rNfhjhp> Kjy;Kjypy; ,uz;L Nghuhspfis ,jw;FkpQ;rp nrhy;y Ntz;Lkh? me;j mstpw;F ,e;jpa mioj;J te;j me;j ehis> fyq;fpa fz;fSlDk;> jha;ik mikjpg;gil vq;fisg; ghJfhj;jJ. xLfpd;w kf;fs; “INah! czHTlDk; ,d;Wk; epidT $Hths;. ,uhZtj;jpdH Juj;j Mkpf;fhud;fs; thuhd;fs;> vq;fs; tPl;bw;Ff; nfhQ;rk; js;sp Xbf;fisj;J CH vy;iyapy; XH fpzw;Wf;fl;by; jz;zPH thuhd;fs;> eha;fnsy;yhk; Fiuf;FJ. mq;NfapUe;J rdq;fSk; Fbj;J fisg;Gj;jPHj;J ,Ue;jhHfs. Kfj;jpy; grpf;fis. Xb tUJ” vd;W epd;w kf;fisAk; Fuy; nfhLj;J $l;b [h. milf;fy uhrh 37 38 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  24. 24. jha;ikAs;sk; jhq;ftpy;iy> tPlbw;F mioj;J te;J tpl;lhs;. ; ; xU kzp Neuk; tiu tprhhpf;fg;gl;Nld;. vq;fs; Chpy; md;wpypUe;J mtHfSf;F vq;fs; tPL milf;fykhdJ. tpLjiyg;Gypfis vjpHj;jtHfSk; cz;L. mtHfs; vd;id mt;tpUtUk; Kf;fpa cWg;gpdH vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. Jk;gd;> ‘Rje;jpu gwit’ (tpLjiy Gypfspd; ,sk; ngz;fs; rq;fk;) jNde; j pud; ngaH nfhz; l ,tHfs; Vhpah (gpuhe; j pa) vd;W jtwhd ,ufrpaj; jftiy nfhLj;jpUe;jhHfs;. mjd; nghWg;ghspfs;. ,tHfspd; $l;lk; fLikahf Njlg;gl;lJ. mbg;gilapNyNa ehd; tprhhpf;fg;gl;Nld;. ehd; mtHfs; nrhd;d ,tHfSf;F milf;fyk; nfhLj;j VO tPLfspy; MW tPLfSk; Fw;wrhl;Lf;fis kWj;Njd;. Kjy; Nfs;tp: “Jk;gd; te;jhdh? ,uhZtj;jpduhy; fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;L rPy;itf;fg;gl;lJ. vkJ eP Rje;jpu gwitapy; ,Ue;jhah?” ehd; ,y;iy vd;Nw gjpy; tPL kl;Lk; mtHfSf;F rthyhf mike;jJ. nrhd;Ndd;. “ngha; nrhd;dhy; cs;Ns js;sptpLNthk;. ghH me;j miwia” vd;W mtHfs; fhl;ba miwiag; ghHj;jhy; vkJ fpuhkj;Jf;Fs; tpLjiyg;Gypfs;; tUtij mwpe;J mJ igj;jpafhuHfs; FOkpa ,lk; vg;gb Njhd;WNkh ,uhZtj;jpdH thfdq;fspy; Rj;jptUthHfs;. Mdhy; tPL mg;gbg;gl;l czHit Vw;gLj;jpaJ. xd;Wkl;Lk; jpl;ltl;lkhf rhpahfj; njhpahjjhy; Kbtjpy;iy. ,Wjpapy; xUehs; Njhd;wpaJ. ,tHfsplk; cz;ik vLglhJ. vdNt mtHfs; nghOJrha;e;J MW kzpf;F Nky; vkJ tPl;by; Fwpg;gpl;l topapNyNa ngha;ia nka;ahf;fp> nka;ia ngha;ahf;FtJ tpLjiyg;Gypfs; te;jhHfs;. ,k;Kiw vg;gbAk; gpbg;gJ vd;W vd kdjpy; jplk; nfhz;Nld;. fq;fzk;fl;b> vq;fs; tPl;il milahsk; fhl;lntd vq;fs; CH egH xUtiuAk; jq;fs; lwf; tz;bapy; Vw;wp te;jhHfs;. mofpa J}a jkpopy; ,uhZt jsgjp Nfl;l Nfs;tpfSk; mtHfs; E}W mb njhiytpy; te;j nghONj fhty; epd;w vdJ gjpy;fSk;: vkJ md;id fz;Ltpl;lhH. tpLjiyg;Gypfs; gwe;Jtpl;lhHfs;. jsgjp: eP Rje;jpu gwitapy; ,Ue;jhah? kaphpioapy; midtUk; md;W jg;gpNdhk;. ,uNthL ,uthf ehd;: Mk;> ,Ue;Njd;. (ngha;ia nka;ahf;fpNdd;) ehKk; ntspNawptpl;Nlhk;. md;W ,uT KOtJk; ,uhZtk; vq;fs; tPl;by; fhty;> tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; thiyg;gpbf;f. jsgjp: Vd; ,Ue;jha;? ehd;: ,e;jpahtpd; cjtpAld; jkpoPoj;ij ntd;nwLg;Nghk;. kWehs; nghOJ GyHe;jJ. kPz;Lk; gj;J kzpastpy; ,e;jpah vkf;F MAjg;gapw;rp cl;gl rfytpj cjtpfSk; vq;fs; Chpy; nghpa mstpyhd nrd;hp Nghl;L njhlHthfdq;fs; nra;fpd;wJ. jhHkPf rKjhaj;ij fl;bnaOg;gp jkpoPoj;ij R+o ,uhZtk; tUif je;jJ. vdJ mk;kh rNfhjhp ehd; ,e;jpahtpd; Jiznfhz;L ntd;nwLg;Nghk; vd;W jkpoPo cl;gl> gf;fj;JtPl;L FLk;gj;jtiuAk; buf;tz;bapy; Vw;wp tpLjiyg;Gypfs; gpur;rhuk; nra;jhHfs;. ehKk; fhq;Nfrd;Jiw (K.K.S) Kfhkpw;Ff; nfhz;L nrd;wdH. mq;Nf tpLjiyg;Gypfisg; gpd;njhlHe;Njhk;. (re;jHg;gk; tha; j ; j Nghnjy; y hk; ,e; j pahit Kd; i tj; N j gjpiyf; ehy;tiuAk; jdpj;jdpahf tprhuizfs;. gf;fj;JtPlLf;fhuiuAk; ; nfhLj;Njd;) mioj;J nrd;wjd; fhuzk;> vq;fspy; jq;fs; iftpuy; efk; $lg; gltpy;iy vd;gjid cyfpw;F fhl;b jkJ fsq;fj;ijj; jsgjp: Rje;jpu gwitapy; vd;d nra;jha;? Jilf; f j; j hd; vd; g ij gpd; d H mwpe; N jhk; . mq; N f ehd;: rpWrpW ifj;njhopy; Kaw;rpfs;> gpd;jq;fpa fpuhkq;fis ,uhZtj;jiytH Kd;dpiyapy; mk;kh> mf;fh> gf;fj;J cUthf;Fjy;> fy;tpawptw;w r%fj;jpy; mjid tsHj;jy; tPl;Lf;fhuH %tUk; tprhuizf;F cl;gLj;jgl;l gpd;dH ehd; Nghd;wit. miof;fg;gl;Nld;. [h. milf;fy uhrh 39 40 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;
  25. 25. flf; F k; NghJ vq; f s; tP L jhz; b gf; f j; J tP l ; l hYk; jsgjp: mjid ePqfs; nra;a Ntz;bajpy;iyNa. murhq;fKk; ; Xbg;Nghfpd;whHfs;. mt;tsTjhd;. ePqfs; vg;gb> vq;fs; tPlby; ; ; ehKk; ghHj;Jf;nfhs;SNthNk. ,Ue;Jjhd; Xbg;NghdhHfs; vd;W nrhy;y KbAk;. mLj;j ehd;: ePq;fnsy;yhk; nra;J epiwTfz;bUe;jhy; ehk; Vd; tPl;lhiuAk; Nfl;f Ntz;baJjhNd. jiyapLfpNwhk;. nra;a Ntz;ba Njit ,Ue;jJ. ehKk; rpy tpdhbfs; nksdk;. nra;fpNwhk;. ,e;jpah jiyapl;ljhy;jhd; vkf;F JzpTk;> gyKk; jsgjp: mg;gbahapd; eP Vd; Jk;gd; vd;wJk; gag;gl;lha;? fpilj;jJ. fPo;kl;lj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; kf;fspd; Njitfis (Jk;gd; vd;W nrhd;dJk; vdf;F cs;Su cjwy; vLj;jJ epiwNtw;w Ntz;lhkh? mtHfs; tho;T kyu Ntz;lhkh? cz;ikjhd;. fhuzk; ifAk; nka;Akhf gpbgl;lJjhNd) ehd;: cq;fs; gilapdUf;Fjhd; gag;gLfpNwhk; - fijia jsgjp: GypfSf;F rhg;ghL nfhLj;jhah? jpirjpUg;gpNdd;. ehd;: Mk;> nfhLj;Njd;. jsgjp: Vd; . . . . ? jsgjp: Vd; nfhLj;jha;? ehd;: ehl;by; elg;gJ njhpahjh? ehd;: (,J vd;d Nfs;tp vd;w czHT vd; thHj;ijapy; jsgjp: cd;id VjhtJ nra;jhHfsh? njhdpf;f) grpnad;W ahH te;jhYk; czT nfhLf;fj;jhNd ehd;: ,y;iy. . . . MapDk; tPl;by; epd;w cilAld;jhNd Ntz;Lk;. mJ flikj;jhNd. Vd; ePq;fs; te;J Nfl;lhy;$l ,q;F te;Js;Nsd;. cilia khw;wf;$l vkf;Fr; Rje;jpuk; ehk; czT nfhLg;Nghk;. jkpoH gz;ghL mJ. ,y;iy. miwthrypy; fhty;..... vd;wJk; vdf;F fz;fs; fyq;fp tpl;ld. Nfs;tpfSk; gjpy;fSk; njhlHe;jd. jpBnud ,uhZt jsgjp Jk;gd; te;jhdh? vd;whH. vd;idawpahJ gak; vd;idf; jsgjp: vd;d tf;fPy; nghz;Z mOfpwhNah? ft;tpf;nfhz;lJ cz;ik. mij mtH vdJ Kfj;jpy; ehd;: Vd;? tf;fPy; nghz;Zf;F czHr;rpfs; ,y;iyNah? fz;Lnfhz;lhH. vdf;F rpwpJ Neuk; Ngr;Nr tutpy;iy. mtH mUfpy; epd;wthplk; FbePH nfhz;L tur; nrhd;dhH. fpshrpy; rpwpJ Neuk; kPzLk; nksdk;. gpd;dH gf;fj;jpy; epd;wtdplk;. ; jz;zPH nfhz;L tug;gl;lJ. vd;idf; Fbf;fr; nra;jhH. mjd; rl;il nfhz;Lte;J nfhLf;Fk;gb Mq;fpyj;jpy; nrhd;dhH. gpd;dNu kPzLk; vdf;F njd;G te;jJ. kPzLk; mtuJ Nfs;tpfs;. ; ; ehd; vdf;Fj; Njitapy;iy vd;W> cukhf gjpy; nfhLj;Njd;. ,tHfsplk; rl;il thq;fp ehd; NghLtjh> vq;fis vd;dntd;W jsgjp: Jk;gd; Ml;fs; cq;fs; tPl;bw;F te;jJjhNd? epidj;jhHfs;. ,JNt vd; nfhjpg;G. ehd;: ,y;iy> mtHfs; tUtjpy;iy. tPl;bypUe;J Gwg;gLk; Neuk; ele;j rpWrk;gtj;ij ,q;Nf jsgjp: te;jhHfs;. ngha; nrhy;y Ntz;lhk;. vkJ Ml;fs; nrhy;y tpUk;Gfpd;Nwd;. ehd; cil khw;w Ntz;Lnkd;W vdJ New;W fz;lhHfNs> cq;fs; tPl;bypUe;J Xbg; Nghdijg; %j;j rNfhjhpAld; (mf;fh) miwapDs; nrd;Nwd;. vikj; ghHj;jhHfNs? njhlHe;J te;j xU ,uhZttPud; miwthrypy; fhty; epd;whd;. ehd;: (ehd; crhuhfp) Mkhk; tpLjiyg;Gypfis ePq;fs; jhd; vd;d nra;tJ vd;W njhpahj rq;flk;> Milkhw;wg;NghfpNwd; tsHj;jPHfs;. mtHfs; ,q;Nf vy;yh ,lKk; ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;> vd;W ,tdplk; nrhy;tjh> KbahJ. mNj Neuk; vdJ mf;fh cq;fs; gilapdH Juj;Jk; NghJ Xbte;j Gypfs; tPLfs; [h. milf;fy uhrh 41 42 td;dpf; fhl;L trk;

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