Do You Dig


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4.4.8: Know and explain that artifacts and preserved remains provide some evidence of the physical characteristics and possible behavior of human beings who lived a very long time ago.

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Do You Dig

  1. 1. Do you dig? By: Emily Toothman
  2. 2. Science Indicator <ul><li>4.4.8: Know and explain that artifacts and preserved remains provide some evidence of the physical characteristics and possible behavior of human beings who lived a very long time ago. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  3. 3. An interactive game for students to play
  4. 4. Material <ul><li>Slides </li></ul><ul><li>Box </li></ul><ul><li>Paint brushes </li></ul><ul><li>Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Pencils </li></ul><ul><li>Trash bag </li></ul><ul><li>Artifacts </li></ul><ul><li>Sand </li></ul>
  5. 5. Words You Need To Know <ul><li>Archaeology: The scientific study of material remains (fossil relics, artifacts, and monuments) of past human life and activities </li></ul><ul><li>Artifacts: Something created by humans usually for a practical purpose; especially: an object remaining from a particular period </li></ul><ul><li>Society: The manner or condition in which the members of a community live together for their mutual benefit. </li></ul><ul><li>Surveyance: inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Excavation: the act of digging </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis: examine in detail </li></ul>
  6. 6. Archaeology <ul><li>Often archaeology provides the only way to learn of the existence and behaviors of people of the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Humans have been alive for 200,000 years and writing wasn’t always known. By finding the materials you can get a feel for what their society was like. </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeology involves surveyance, excavation and eventually analysis of data collected in order to learn more about the past. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Native Americans
  8. 8. Fun Facts <ul><li>There are about 150 Native American languages in Canada and the United States, and another 600-700 languages in Central and South America. </li></ul><ul><li>Native American tradition says that Indians were always here. Most of the scientific evidence suggests that Indian ancestors came from Asia in prehistoric times, either by foot over a land bridge or using ancient boats. This would have happened more than 20,000 years ago, and no human culture has good records of what it was doing 20,000 years ago, so perhaps we're both right. </li></ul><ul><li>A division of boy scouts relies on Delaware traditions for its ceremonies. This is the order of the arrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Cherokees, Chickasaws, Creeks, Choctaws and Seminoles were only tribes that were willing to co-exist peacefully with their settler neighbors and take on some of their customs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Types of artifacts Native Americans used
  10. 10. Utensils <ul><li>Today we can only respect the high level of development in which stone, bone, clay, wood, and leather were artfully and skillfully shaped by hand and applied to satisfying the needs of their cuisine. </li></ul><ul><li>Stone knives and scrapers with wooden handles, bone awls and needles, freshwater mussel shell spoons ere some of their utensils. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Utensils
  12. 12. Clothing <ul><li>In most tribes, Native American men wore breechcloths (a long rectangular piece of hide or cloth tucked over a belt, so that the flaps fell down in front and behind), sometimes with leather leggings attached in colder climates </li></ul><ul><li>Men did not wear shirts except for war </li></ul><ul><li>Most Native American women wore skirts and leggings, though the length, design, and material of the skirts varied from tribe to tribe. And in other tribes women usually wore one-piece dresses. </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly all Native Americans had some form of moccasin (a sturdy leather shoe) or mukluk (heavier boot). </li></ul>
  13. 13. Clothing War shirts Women dresses
  14. 14. Clothing Moccasins Men leggings
  15. 15. Beadwork <ul><li>Originally, Native American beads were carved from natural materials like shells, coral, turquoise and other stones, copper and silver, wood, amber, ivory, and animal bones, horns, and teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Glass beads were not used until the colonists brought them from Europe 500 years ago, but like horses, they quickly became part of American Indian culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Today glass beads, particularly fine seed beads, are the primary materials for traditional beaders of many tribes. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Beadwork
  17. 17. Transportation <ul><li>Canoes </li></ul><ul><li>Sleds </li></ul><ul><li>Snow shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Boat </li></ul><ul><li>Horses </li></ul>
  18. 18. Transportation
  19. 19. Do you Dig? <ul><li>Now it is time for the activity. There is a box of sand or dirt. Use the paintbrushes and find the artifacts. The artifacts you find are the artifacts of people today. Compare and contrast the artifacts of today to the ones in the slides. </li></ul><ul><li>Write your answers down on the pieces of papers I have given you. </li></ul><ul><li>After you write about them you can draw on the back what their artifact looked like. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Assessment <ul><li>How do artifacts show evidence of how people lived in the past? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Sources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>