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  • 1. Cloning
    Matthew Kopec
    &
    Andrew Platt
  • 2.
    • Cloning is the process of extracting a nuclei from a cell, and injecting it with a nuclei from another cell. This changes the cell, forming it into the same type as the donor cell.
    What is Cloning?
  • 3. The Good:
    • Scientist’s might have the ability to save endangered species through cloning which will help the biodiversity of any ecosystem which is vital to its health. Ex.) Panda Bears
    • 4. Cloning could also be used to reverse the aging process. Over time cells are unable to repair and reproduce. The gradual decay and degeneration of the body that appear with aging is particularly due to this factor. Reversing the effects of aging can be done by substituting the damaged and worn-out cells in the body with newly cloned young cells of identical genetic composition as that of the individual in whom the replacement is being carried out. This process is a theory which if holds true in the future will dramatically increase the length that humans can live.
    • 5. Researchers will eventually be able to engineer medicine using stem cells that can be altered by cloning.
    • 6. Cloning could also be used in reproduction for couples that are infertile.
  • The Bad:
    • One consequence of cloning would be a reduction in biodiversity and genetic variation. If too many identical copies of the same individual are reproduced, there would be a lesser amount of individuals with unique and useful genomes. This loss of biodiversity could be detrimental especially when environmental conditions change, favoring a genotype that no longer exists.
    • 7. Beauty in humanity lies in the differences we see in each other. Cloning of humans would eliminate surprise and predict expectancy.
    • 8. The technology is not well developed currently. The chances of fatality and deformity are higher than that of a traditional birth(Ex. Dolly-277 Tries).
    • Scientists have cloned a whole sheep, named Dolly in 1997, from nothing but a nuclei from a donor sheep.
    • 9. Other notable cloned animals:
    Camel, Carp, Cats, Cattle, Deer, Dogs, Ferrets, Frogs (tadpole), Fruit Flies, Gaur, Horses, Mice, Mouflons, Mules, Pigs, Rabbits, Rats, Monkeys, Sheep, Water Buffalo and Wolfs.
    Cloning in Animals:
  • 10. Upside of Cloning Animals:
    Downside of Cloning Animals:
    • In some cases, the cloning process fails during pregnancy or the subject is born with birth defects.
    In a recent case, a calf was born with two faces.
    • Farmers are able to maximize profit by replicating a specific animal that perhaps generated more goods such as a cow that produced more milk than the “average” cow.
    • Is cloning a crime against humanity? Cloning isn’t a natural occurrence for humans.
    • 11. On December 28, 2006, the U.S. FDA approved the consumption of meat and other products from cloned animals.
    Ethicality:
  • 12.
    • http://www.topantiagingtips.com/cloning.htm
    • 13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloning
    • 14. http://www.bing.com/reference/semhtml/Cloning?fwd=1&src=abop&qpvt=cloning&q=cloning
    • 15. http://www.methodsofhealing.com/the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-cloning/
    • 16. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ethical-issues-of-cloning.html
    • 17. http://www.myhead.com
    • 18. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethics_of_cloning
    Work Cited: