Canada in Afghanistan – What Should Canada’s Role Be? Lacey P. Kendra H. Teresa F. Krista L. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2009/02/10/f-afghanistan.html http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2009/02/10/f-afghanistan.html Part One Canada’s Goals Globalization and Sustainable Prosperity for All http://afghanistan-canada-solidarity.org/files/images/TF%201-08%20019-REDUCED.jpg
Priority One: Security How is Canada Providing Help? to provide training as well as mentoring, and helping equip the ANA (Afghan National Army) and the ANP (Afghan National Police) Building capacity in administration and logistical support Supporting activities by complementary initiatives in the justice and correctional systems What are two goals that Canada has for this part of the mission by 2011? Canada expects the ANA will increase capacity to conduct operations, as well as sustain a more secure environment in vital districts of the province of Kandahar. This progress will be measured using specific indicators such as the ANA’s ability to conduct security operations. Canada expects the ANP will increase capacity to promote law and order in vital districts of the province of Kandahar. This progress will be measured using specific indicators such as the number of ANA and Afghan corrections officials trained and mentored in Kandahar.
Priority Two: Basic Services How is Canada Providing Help? Providing education Vocational training Roads and job creation for the Afghan people What are two goals that Canada has for this part of the mission by 2011? Canada expects that Kandhar’s provincial administration and core ministries will have more ability to provide basic services in key districts. The progress will be measured using indicators such as: Number of hectares of land benefiting from improved irrigation and water management School built, repaired, or expanded to provide more and better education Teachers trained Infrastructure projects implemented Seasonal jobs generated
Priority Three: Humanitarian Aid How is Canada Providing Help? Providing both food aid and non-food aid(blankets, kitchen utensils, etc.) for vulnerable populations, delivered through the World Food Programme Vaccinations for diseases, as well as promoting greater access to basic health services. (including an initiative to immunize seven million children and help close the gap to eliminating disease in Afghanistan.) Clearance of dangerous mines and provision of mine awareness education What are two goals that Canada has for this part of the mission by 2011? Humanitarian assistance will be continue to be accessible to Afghan refugees, returnees, and internally displaced persons, not only in the province but nation wide. Progress will be measured by observing the capacity of Afghan institutions to plan and coordinate emergency assistance: The access vulnerable populations have to essential quality of health services Number of people receiving mine awareness education Amount of land released and made available through mine clearance activities Number of children receiving the polio vaccine
Priority Four: Border How is Canada Providing Help? Contributing to a dialogue between Afghanistan and Pakistan Train the border officials, and facilitating discussions of border officials from both sides of the border Providing significant infrastructure as well as necessary equipment What are two goals that Canada has for this part of the mission by 2011? Canada expects Afghan institution, with cooperation with Pakistan, will exercise stronger capacity to manage the border and foster economic development in the border area. Progress will be measured using indicators including: Number of border official trained Completion of key infrastructure projects at the border crossings Increased dialogue between Afghan and Pakistani officials.
Priority Five: National Institutions How is Canada Providing Help? Providing financial and technical support for the election process Collaborate with international donors to provide technical and financial resources to support the Independent Elections Commissions Provide select national institutions/departments with technical expertise, training and mentoring, equipment, and program support. What are two goals that Canada has for this part of the mission by 2011? Canada expects national, provincial, and local institutions, especially in Kandahar, will exhibit and increasing capacity for democratic governance in the deliberation and delivery of public programs and services, as well as carrying out democratic elections. Progress will be indicated through a demonstrated ability of the Afghan ministries to plan, resource, and maintain the delivery of services, as well as organize effective budgeting mechanisms, and manage the 2009 and 2010 elections.
Priority Six: Reconciliation How is Canada Providing Help? Development of the Afghan government-led mechanisms that will encourage dialogue Improvement of the government of Afghanistan’s capacity to communicate with its citizens. What are two goals that Canada has for this part of the mission by 2011? Canada expects that the national and provincial Afghan government initiatives will encourage the political reconciliation and receive timely support from Canada Progress will be measured using specific indicators including an improved ability within the Afghan government to communicate with its citizens, as well as the identification of institutions and officials responsible for promoting the reconciliation.
Part 1A: Signature Projects – Canadian Efforts in Afghanistan
Signature Project 1 – Dahla Dam and Irrigation System. Why is this an important project for the people of Afghanistan? This project is promoting economic growth. With the repairing of the dam, it will provide a secure irrigation water supply to the majority of the Kandahari population. Not only does it provide water supply, but it also provides around 10 000 season jobs, and fosters the agriculture by providing farers with irrigated land. What is Canada doing to help? Canada is providing help by investing money in order to implement: Repairs to the Dahla Dam, such as replacing generators and repairing water valves in order to improve the control of water flow Fixing gates in order to control the flow of water from the Arghandab River into the canal system Repairs to the canals including desilting Support in establishing the ArghandabSub-basin water management body, which will take the lead in managing the area’s water system in consultation with local stakeholders Training farmers in water management and new crop production techniques
Signature Project 2 – Education. Why is this an important project for the people of Afghanistan? This is important because it will help build, expand or repair 50 schools in key districts of the Kandahar province. It also will help build the capacity of the Ministry of Education to deliver quality educational services. What is Canada doing to help? Canada will help by investing money in order to help train up to 3 000 teachers and provide adult literacy and vocational training
Signature Project 3 – Polio Eradication. Why is this an important project for the people of Afghanistan? This is important because it will help the Afghan government to provide humanitarian assistance to vulnerable people. In support of this, the Polio Eradication Signature Project will see the immunization of an estimated seven million children across all of Afghanistan. What is Canada doing to help? Canada is investing money in this in order to see the elimination of this debilitating disease. Canada’s partners in the international community include the World Health Organization and UNICEF. With this project, it will make the improvement to the general health of Afghans and to strengthen the delivery of health services in Afghanistan possible.