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Vietnam War

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  • 1. Vietnam War American History 10th Grade
  • 2. What do you already know?
    • What do you already know about the Vietnam War?
    • We never actually declared war
    • Only war we have ever lost
  • 3. Learning Targets
    • I can explain how the Vietnam war is an example of the U.S. Policy of Containment.
    • I can explain how the Vietnam war affected American foreign policy.
    • I can analyze why the war created conflict at home.
    • I am able to understand different perspectives of the war.
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6. Key Events of the War
    • French forces controlled Vietnam during imperialism.
    • The French were defeated in 1954
    • Vietnam was divided at the 17th parallel into a noncommunist south and a communist north.
    • Vietnam was split into two nations in 1956.
    • President Ngo Dinh Diem pledged to prevent a communist takeover of the South.
    • Ho Chi Minh led the Communist Party in the North.
    • Diem eventually fell out of favor and was assassinated.
  • 7. U.S. Involvement
    • American warships were attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin in 1964.
    • Congress gave President Lyndon Johnson almost unlimited military power to wage war
    • Johnson began bombing North Vietnam and increased the number of U.S. troops
    • As U.S. casualties increased, so did opposition to the war at home.
      • Massive antiwar demonstrations took place on U.S. college campuses and at the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
  • 8. Involvement Cont’d
    • In 1968, the North Vietnamese launched a massive offensive against South Vietnam during the first day of Tet.
    • America needed to use full military power.
    • War was televised for the first time in U.S. history.
    • Nixon began Vietnamization: supported turning the war effort over to the South Vietnamese and withdrawing U.S. troops.
    • 1970, Nixon expanded the war into Laos and Cambodia- led to increased opposition to the war at home.
      • Four college students were killed at Kent State in Ohio
  • 9. The end of the War
    • The United States signed a treaty with North Vietnam in 1973 and brought home its troops and POWs,
    • South Vietnam continued to fight. On April 30, 1975, the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon fell to communist forces, unifying Vietnam.
  • 10. War Strategies
    • How might have Vietnam’s geography affected fighting?
    • What is guerilla warfare? How did this effect the U.S.?