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Expansion In Latin America

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  • 1. Expansion in Latin America and the Pacific 10 th Grade Social Studies
  • 2. Learning Targets:
    • I understand how international trade affects a nations economy.
    • I can explain how trade affects my individual decisions and options.
    • I can analyze U.S. Reasons for imperialism in Latin America and the Pacific.
    • I can analyze the significance of the Panama Canal.
    • I can explain the international relationship between Japan and the U.S.
  • 3. Places to know…
    • Cuba
    • Guantanamo Bay
    • Puerto Rico
    • Panama
    • Panama Canal
    • Hawaii
    • Japan
    • China
    • Philippines
  • 4. Governing Cuba and Puerto Rico
    • Cuba and Puerto Rico wanted freedom
    • Teller Amendment?
    • McKinley set up military governments to rule the islands
    • Roosevelt created a new foreign policy that favored using military power to protect national interests
      • Big-Stick Diplomacy
  • 5. Platt Amendment
    • U.S. would remove troops if Cuba agreed to make this part of their constitution
    • Limited Cuban freedom to make treaties with other countries
    • Authorized the U.S. to intervene in Cuban affairs
    • Required Cuba to sell or lease land to the U.S. for naval and fueling stations
    • Protectorate: American promised to protect Cuba from other nations but reserved the right to intervene in Cuba’s affairs.
  • 6. Meanwhile in Puerto Rico…
    • U.S. ruled the island as a territory (like the Philippines)
    • Were these people entitled to all the rights of U.S. citizens?!
    • Foraker Act-Governor and upper house of legislature to be appointed by U.S.
    • Jones Act-made Puerto Ricans American citizens
  • 7. Open Door Policy
    • Begun to impose free trade in China
      • Asked the world powers to keep China open to all nations seeking investment opportunities there
        • China
    • Roosevelt negotiated a peace settlement to end the Russo-Japanese War
      • Balanced power in Asia
    • Roosevelt sent the “Great White Fleet” around the world to display American power to Asia
  • 8. Hawaii
    • U.S. Government overthrew the monarchy in Hawaii
      • Annexed Hawaii as a territory
      • Trade proximity, fertile soil, raw materials
      • Prospect for a strong naval base
      • Spread Christianity
  • 9. Panama Canal
    • In 1903 Roosevelt makes a deal with the Panamanians to build the canal
      • Panama Canal
    • Roosevelt justified the involvement of the U.S. In Latin America by announcing the Roosevelt Corollary
      • Stated that the U.S. Had the right to use international police power in Latin America
      • Justify American actions in Latin America
  • 10. Short Answer
    • The United States fulfilled one if its imperialist ambitions in the early 20 th century by acquiring land to build the Panama Canal. State two reasons (political and/or economic) why U.S. Imperialists wanted to build the canal.
  • 11. Panama Canal PANAMA CANAL (Episode H5) Music traditional ( Erie Canal ). Lyrics by John P. McCann. Yakko: Got a tramp steamer My ship's called Hal Crew : 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: Got a cargo of sodas They are low-cal Crew : 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: Sailing 'cross The Caribbean Sea To the Pacific in a jiffy Through Panama But not on land I'd look silly with my ship in the sand Crew : Yo, Hal! Try the Canal Yo, Hal! The Canal is your pal You can sail a cargo ship From sea to shining sea Through the Panama Canal For a nominal fee Yakko: You enter a lock It's a ship corral Crew : 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: You pay your money Then get a decal Crew : 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: You cross the locks They number three Full of water for you and me 100 feet wide 41 feet deep Water enough to drench a sheep Crew : High lock Up goes the ship Low lock The ship takes a dip First they raise the water level Then lower it again 'Cross the Panama Canal It's really zen Yakko: We passed the locks With good morale Crew : 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: The crew yells out Crew : "Thank you, Hal!" 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: You're welcome, men Wasn't that fun? 40 miles Our voyage is done From Colón Now past Balboa Adiós, Panama So long; aloha

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