Expansion In Latin America

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Expansion In Latin America

  1. 1. Expansion in Latin America and the Pacific 10 th Grade Social Studies
  2. 2. Learning Targets: <ul><li>I understand how international trade affects a nations economy. </li></ul><ul><li>I can explain how trade affects my individual decisions and options. </li></ul><ul><li>I can analyze U.S. Reasons for imperialism in Latin America and the Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>I can analyze the significance of the Panama Canal. </li></ul><ul><li>I can explain the international relationship between Japan and the U.S. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Places to know… <ul><li>Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Guantanamo Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Puerto Rico </li></ul><ul><li>Panama </li></ul><ul><li>Panama Canal </li></ul><ul><li>Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines </li></ul>
  4. 4. Governing Cuba and Puerto Rico <ul><li>Cuba and Puerto Rico wanted freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Teller Amendment? </li></ul><ul><li>McKinley set up military governments to rule the islands </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt created a new foreign policy that favored using military power to protect national interests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Big-Stick Diplomacy </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Platt Amendment <ul><li>U.S. would remove troops if Cuba agreed to make this part of their constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Cuban freedom to make treaties with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Authorized the U.S. to intervene in Cuban affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Required Cuba to sell or lease land to the U.S. for naval and fueling stations </li></ul><ul><li>Protectorate: American promised to protect Cuba from other nations but reserved the right to intervene in Cuba’s affairs. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Meanwhile in Puerto Rico… <ul><li>U.S. ruled the island as a territory (like the Philippines) </li></ul><ul><li>Were these people entitled to all the rights of U.S. citizens?! </li></ul><ul><li>Foraker Act-Governor and upper house of legislature to be appointed by U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Jones Act-made Puerto Ricans American citizens </li></ul>
  7. 7. Open Door Policy <ul><li>Begun to impose free trade in China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asked the world powers to keep China open to all nations seeking investment opportunities there </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>China </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt negotiated a peace settlement to end the Russo-Japanese War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balanced power in Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt sent the “Great White Fleet” around the world to display American power to Asia </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hawaii <ul><li>U.S. Government overthrew the monarchy in Hawaii </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annexed Hawaii as a territory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade proximity, fertile soil, raw materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prospect for a strong naval base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread Christianity </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Panama Canal <ul><li>In 1903 Roosevelt makes a deal with the Panamanians to build the canal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Panama Canal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt justified the involvement of the U.S. In Latin America by announcing the Roosevelt Corollary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stated that the U.S. Had the right to use international police power in Latin America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Justify American actions in Latin America </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Short Answer <ul><li>The United States fulfilled one if its imperialist ambitions in the early 20 th century by acquiring land to build the Panama Canal. State two reasons (political and/or economic) why U.S. Imperialists wanted to build the canal. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Panama Canal PANAMA CANAL (Episode H5) Music traditional ( Erie Canal ). Lyrics by John P. McCann. Yakko: Got a tramp steamer My ship's called Hal Crew : 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: Got a cargo of sodas They are low-cal Crew : 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: Sailing 'cross The Caribbean Sea To the Pacific in a jiffy Through Panama But not on land I'd look silly with my ship in the sand Crew : Yo, Hal! Try the Canal Yo, Hal! The Canal is your pal You can sail a cargo ship From sea to shining sea Through the Panama Canal For a nominal fee Yakko: You enter a lock It's a ship corral Crew : 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: You pay your money Then get a decal Crew : 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: You cross the locks They number three Full of water for you and me 100 feet wide 41 feet deep Water enough to drench a sheep Crew : High lock Up goes the ship Low lock The ship takes a dip First they raise the water level Then lower it again 'Cross the Panama Canal It's really zen Yakko: We passed the locks With good morale Crew : 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: The crew yells out Crew : &quot;Thank you, Hal!&quot; 40 miles on the Panama Canal Yakko: You're welcome, men Wasn't that fun? 40 miles Our voyage is done From Colón Now past Balboa Adiós, Panama So long; aloha

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