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“ Promotion mix is a specific blend of Advertising, Sales Promotion, Public Relations, Personal Selling and Direct Marketing tools that the company uses to pursue its advertising and marketing Objectives.”
Promotion Mix Advertising Sales Promotion Personal Selling Public Relation Direct Marketing
The advertising objectives must be stated clearly in a precise and measurable terms. The objectives stated clearly and precisely enable the advertiser to measure the extent upto which the objectives have been met or achieved. The advertising objectives can be “sales oriented” or “communication oriented”. Although the long term objective of each ad is to have an increase in sales, all ad campaigns are not designed with this specific objective. Some ad campaigns may focus on increasing the awareness about the product or service, changing the attitude, informing the new product etc.
Print media: Newspaper, magazines, pamphlets, visiting cards, yellow pages etc.
Broadcast media: Radio, T.V, Cinema.
Out door Advertising: Bill boards, hot air balloons, wall writings, hoardings etc.
Transit advertising: buses, loud speakers
Specialty advertising: T-shirts, caps, cups etc.
Step:5:Evaluating the effectiveness of advertisements:
The advertising program should evaluate both the communication effect and the sales effect of advertising regularly.
Measuring the communication effects of an advertisement-copy testing- tells whether the ad is communicating well.
The sales effect of advertising are often harder to measure than the communication effect because sales are effected by many factors besides advertising- such as product features, price and availability.
5 M’s of advertising: MISSION MEASURE MENT MEDIA MESSAGE MONEY 5 M’s
The American Association of Advertising Agency (AAAA) defines an advertising agency as “ an independent organization of creative people and business people who specialize in developing and preparing advertising plans, advertisements and other promotional tools.”
Types of Advertising Agencies:
Full service agency:
Full service agencies are geared to provide complete range of services to its clients, which includes services such as strategic planning, creative development, production, media planning, media buying and other related services.
In India, HTA, Clarion, Lintas are some of the Full Service agencies.
They concentrate on creative aspect of advertising. They are well appreciated and used by clients looking for high quality creative work while depending on other sources for media planning and execution of the campaign. They are also known as creative boutiques or creative shops.
The house agency is an advertising agency established by a company to look after its advertising requirements.
eg. Mudra Communication pvt ltd,- owned by reliance.
India’s 10 leading advertisers by media spend:
Hindustan Lever($376 m)
Paras Pharmaceuticals ($120 m)
Procter & Gamble ($114 m)
Coca-Cola company ($95 m)
Godrej industries ($80m)
Colgate-palmolive ($67 m)
Pepsico ($62 m)
Nirma chemicals ($52 m)
Nestle ($50 m)
Dabur India ($49 m)
India’s 10 leading advertising/PR companies of India:
The most important step lies in deciding what your advertising should say and to whom it should say it. All you need to do is to decide who buys and uses your products and why. In order to spend your media dollars wisely, you must know what they read or watch so that they will see your ads.