Mike Lubell, American Physical Society: Lean and Clean: Equipping Modern Manufacturers

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On Friday, March 19, Alliance staff and industry experts discussed energy efficiency's role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the industrial sector.

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Mike Lubell, American Physical Society: Lean and Clean: Equipping Modern Manufacturers

  1. 1. Efficient EnterprisesPowering American Industry<br />Michael Lubell<br />American Physical Society<br />&<br />Department of Physics, CCNY<br />March 19,2010<br />
  2. 2. What We Will Cover<br />Climate change science: a primer<br />Energy policy: a prudent approach<br />Energy efficiency: now and in the future<br />Climate change R&D: a way forward<br />Electricity production: an observation<br />
  3. 3. The Greenhouse EffectSimplified Picture<br />
  4. 4. The Greenhouse EffectMore Complete Picture<br />
  5. 5. Climate ChangeWhat We Know Well: Settled Science<br />Absorption of IR by greenhouse gas molecules<br />Increase of atmospheric CO2 due to human activity <br />
  6. 6. Climate ChangeWhat We Know Less Well<br />Temperature of the Earth and correlation with CO2<br />
  7. 7. Climate ChangeWhat We Know Even Less Well<br />Climate models<br />Global<br />Local<br />Predictability<br />Confidence<br />
  8. 8. Climate ChangeBut What We Also Know Well<br />Dwell time of CO in the atmosphere<br />
  9. 9. Climate ChangeBut What We Also Do Know Well<br />Dwell time of CO2 in the atmosphere: hundreds of years<br />Compare ozone hole and dwell time of Freon<br />
  10. 10. Climate ChangeBut What We Also Know Well<br />Dwell time of CO2 in the atmosphere: hundreds of years<br />Compare ozone hole and dwell time of Freon: decades<br />
  11. 11. And Even with the Ozone Hole…<br />Note: 1 Dobson Unit = 0.01 mm<br />
  12. 12. Energy PolicyClimate Change & Energy Security<br />
  13. 13. Energy PolicyClimate Change & Energy Security<br />Energy Efficiency<br />Prudent policy<br />It costs the economy nothing to deploy existing technologies<br />But we must invest in research to develop future technologies<br />
  14. 14. A Promotional Announcement<br />
  15. 15. www.aps.org/EnergyEfficiencyReport/ <br />
  16. 16. Energy PolicyClimate Change & Energy Security<br />Climate change R&D<br />White House roadmap: $15 billion/yr federal R&D investment needed to achieve 83% target reduction by 2050<br />Unfortunately existing climate bills virtually ignore research  We will never reach the target!<br />
  17. 17. Energy PolicyClimate Change & Energy Security<br />Some ideas for funding climate change R&D<br />Five percent of total carbon allowances issued annually should be dedicated to funding basic research and long-term applied research to help achieve the 83% carbon reduction goals.<br />The Secretary of Energy should prepare a long-term research plan and provide annual updates to assure targets are met.<br />To the maximum extent practicable, multiyear projects should be fully funded at their initiation with reviews of projects taking place annually.<br />
  18. 18. Energy PolicyClimate Change & Energy Security<br />Some ideas for funding climate change R&D<br />Funds should be used for competitively awarded research in the following areas:<br />New lower, or zero, carbon emission energy resources and technologies, including increased efficiency.<br />Improved methods for capturing and sequestering greenhouse gases.<br />Climate change research, including its modeling and monitoring.<br />The economic, behavioral and social factors affecting consumer energy use.<br />
  19. 19. One More Issue – Renewables in Brief<br />Sources of electric power: load classification<br />Coal: base load<br />Nuclear: base load<br />Hydro: base load<br />Natural gas: “peaker” as currently used<br />Wind: intermittent<br />Solar: intermittent<br />Fundamental requirements for wind and solar scale-up<br />Grid<br />Electricity storage<br />
  20. 20. What We Covered<br />Climate change science: a primer<br />Energy policy: a prudent approach<br />Energy efficiency: now and in the future<br />Climate change R&D: a way forward<br />Electricity production: an observation<br />

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