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Aristotle MetaPhysics

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Transcript

  • 1. Aristotle
    "The Philosopher"
  • 2. Warning
    This presentation has been rated PG
    for philosophically great!
    This presentation is on more of a philosophical topic and my cause death or spontaneous combustion… or death due to spontaneous combustion?
    If you are under the age of 13, are prone to excessive love of peanut butter, or pregnant, please leave the room now.
    Thanks!
  • 3. Ἀριστοτέλης
    Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great.
    Together with Plato and Socrates, Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy.
    His major areas of interest were: physics, poetry, theater, music, logic and philosiphy.
    He was born 384 BC and died 322 BC.
    His first name was Tim.
    Haha, just kidding, I had you going though.
  • 4. Cont’d
    While Aristotle was very brilliant, he was also completely inaccurate a lot of the time.
    For instance, he believed that the everything in the universe was composed of 5 elements:
    Air
    Earth
    Water
    Fire
    Ether
    Ether being a mysticalenergythat the heavenswerecreatedfrom.
  • 5. Elements
    He felt that everything moved according to what elements it was composed of.
    For instance, fire always goes up and earth always goes down.
    This proved amazingly accurate when predicting what a rock will do when dropped in some water.
    But also proved horribly useless in more complicated calculations, such as predicting change in momentum in a moving body passing beyond the edge of a black hole!
  • 6. Metaphysics
    So let’s jump on into the theory we picked: Metaphysics
  • 7. Proof
    What chair?
  • 8. Metaphysics broken down
    Metaphysics investigates principles of reality transcending those of any particular science. It is concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world.
    This means major questions like:
    is there a creator?
    how real is our reality?
    and
    do we really exist?
  • 9. Break it down; Cont’d
    Metaphysics can be broken down into 3 unique categories:
    OntologyNatural TheologyUniversal
    Science
    The study of
    being and
    existence.
    The study of the basic fundamentals of life.
    The study of God or Gods.
    In each one of these areas there lies hundreds of theories, most without answers still to this day.
  • 10. Question?
    Let’s add a little fiery debate.
    Suppose that one is sitting at a table, with an apple in front of him or her; the apple exists in space and in time, but what does this statement indicate?
    Could it be said, for example, that space is like an invisible three-dimensional grid in which the apple is positioned? Suppose the apple, and all physical objects in the universe, were removed from existence entirely. Would space as an "invisible grid" still exist?
    Fraser believed it would not, arguing that without physical objects, "space" would be meaningless because space is the framework upon which we understand how physical objects are related to each other. Chris, on the other hand, argued for an absolute "container" space.
    What do you think?
  • 11. Our thoughts
    Chris:
    Aristotle is a pretty cool dude, he was thousands of years ahead of his time and even now people still don’t fully understand his methods.
    I think everyone should take a couple minutes of their day to think about how amazing this universe (real or not) that we live in is!
    That way people would take less for granted and really appreciate what they have in life.
    As for being real or not? I asked my mom and she said the smell drifting from my room was definitely not an illusion. So I guess that settles it?
  • 12. Our thoughts
    Fraser:
    Aristotle is one of those geniuses that saw the world in a different view.
    A fake reality.
    I don’t know if I totally believe his theories, maybe out of fear, or maybe they just don’t make enough sense.
    Either way, I see it that we are stuck where we are now.
    In whatever universe or dimension this is we can’t leave it.
    So why not make the best of it, instead of spending your life trying to prove a chair is not real?
  • 13. Sources
    Www –
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristotle
    http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/aris.htm
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tm0Uq08xXhY
    Books –
    The Metaphysics (By: Aristotle)
    The Foundations of Science
    Songs –
    Fergilicious (By: Fergie)