Mohandas K. Gandhi


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Mohandas K. Gandhi the mahatma mooney

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Mohandas K. Gandhi

  1. 1. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi The Mahat m a Jenny Boranian Period 1 Mr. Mooney IDEA English
  2. 2. The Basics <ul><li>Born October 2 nd 1869 in Porbandar, Kathiawad </li></ul><ul><li>Assassinated January 30 th 1948 by Nathuram Godse </li></ul><ul><li>Family was conservative; belonged to Bania caste </li></ul><ul><li>Had connections to ruling family of Kathiawad </li></ul><ul><li>Mother Putlibai was devout Hindu </li></ul><ul><li>Leader in Indian independence movement </li></ul><ul><li>Studied at University College London </li></ul><ul><li>Married Kasturba Gandhi </li></ul><ul><li>Children: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harilal- 1888 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manilal- 1892 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ramdas- 1897 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Devdas- 1900 </li></ul></ul>“ During another Chaturmas she vowed not to have food without seeing the sun…I remember days when, at his [the sun’s] sudden appearance, we would rush and announce it to her…but by that time the fugitive sun would be gone.” (Gandhi)
  3. 3. Thesis <ul><li>Gandhi was the most influential person of the 19 th century. His ideals of non-violent resistance revolutionized society’s perspective on protest throughout the world. Never before has one man’s lack of action reflected so much physical and spiritual strength as well as getting the attention of so many people internationally and leaving such a lasting impact. </li></ul>“ I believe that Gandhi’s views were the most enlightened of all the political men of our time. We should strive to do things in his spirit: not to use violence for fighting our cause, but by non-participation of anything you believe is evil.” (Albert Einstein)
  4. 4. First Steps in South Africa <ul><li>1891- Attempted to found law practice </li></ul><ul><li>1893- Moved to Durban for position as legal advisor </li></ul><ul><li>1896- Began to preach passive resistance and non-cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>1906- Launched non-violent campaign in Johannesburg to protest discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>1913- Lead 2500 Indians into defiance of law </li></ul><ul><li>1914- Returns to India! </li></ul>“ Hate the sin, love the sinner.” (Gandhi)
  5. 5. Gandhi Returns <ul><li>1914- Organized campaign in defense of Asian immigrants and began first of 14 fasts </li></ul><ul><li>1919- Peaceful demonstration on Sikh New Year </li></ul><ul><li>1920- Became president of AIHRL </li></ul><ul><li>1925- Began autobiography </li></ul><ul><li>1930- Salt March </li></ul><ul><li>1931- Man of the Year </li></ul><ul><li>1932- Fasted for untuchables </li></ul><ul><li>1933- Travels and speaks </li></ul><ul><li>1947- India gains independence </li></ul><ul><li>1948- RIP </li></ul>“ I cannot teach you violence, as I do not myself believe in it. I can only teach you not to bow your heads before anyone, even at the cost of your life.” (Gandhi) “ The intellectual and moral satisfaction that I failed to gain… I found in the non-violent resistance philosophy of Gandhi” (Martin Luther King, Jr.)
  6. 6. The Legacy <ul><li>Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was truly the only one of his kind. His strong spirituality led to the revolutionary idea of passive resistance which quickly spread to millions around the world. Although countless people of the early 19 th century may have despised him and his ideals, Gandhi never ceased to love all people. His wisdom and strength were a true inspiration to Indians during their struggle for independence and are still an inspiration to scores of people around the world today. </li></ul>“ A coward is incapable of exhibiting love; it is the prerogative of the brave.” (Gandhi)
  7. 7. Interesting Facts <ul><li>Non-violent resistance is called satyagraha </li></ul><ul><li>Leo Tolstoy influenced Gandhi’s belief in passive resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Five attempts at Gandhi’s murder </li></ul><ul><li>Harilal- alcoholic, embezzler, prostitute, and Islam convert (but later returned to Hinduism) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Gandhi” means grocer </li></ul><ul><li>Gandhi’s signature </li></ul>“ I want freedom for the full expression of my personality.” (Gandhi)
  8. 8. Questions? “ Freedom is not worth having unless it includes the freedom to make mistakes.” (Gandhi)
  9. 9. Work Cited <ul><li>Easwaran, Eknath. Gandhi the Man . 2nd ed. Nilgiri P, 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Gandhi: A Biography.&quot; Mahatma Gandhi Album . 15 Aug. 1997. Kamat. 3 Apr. 2009 <> </li></ul><ul><li>Gandhi, Mohandas K. Gandhi, an Autobiography: The Story of my Experiments with Truth . Boston: Beacon P, 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Gandhi, Mohandas K. The Essential Gandhi . Ed. Louis Fischer. 2nd ed. New York: Random House, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Meeting at Poona, Mr. Gandhi's Views: Effort to avoid a Split.&quot; London Times 15 July 1933: 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp, Gene. &quot;Gandhi's Political Significance Today.&quot; Politics . 20 Apr. 2009 <> </li></ul>