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The Roaring Twenties
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The Roaring Twenties

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  • 1. THE ROARING TWENTIES Ten day unit for your fifth grade classroom By Claudine Randolph
  • 2. OBJECTIVE
    • Students will better understand specific aspects of the social, cultural and political effects that the 1920s had on America.
    • Students will analyze fads, fashions, inventions, sports and politics to determine why the 1920s was considered a time of prosperity and change.
  • 3. Activities Outline
    • Decoration tips
    • Basic Timeline
    • Center Ideas
    • Cultural: Jazz Age and silent movies
    • Social: Sports and Sports fashions
    • Cultural: Advertisements
    • Political: famous faces
  • 4. Timeline of Events Ku Klux Klan Peaks at 3 million members Teapot Dome Scandal Congress investigates Immigration: restricted by Congress Wealthy Rule : Leopolds murder Bobby Franks Coolidge becomes president Yankee Stadium opens President Harding dies; succeeded by Calvin Coolidge Louis Armstrong Joins King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band Rudolph Valentino/ Charlie Chaplin Silent movies become popular Black Sox consequence Players banned from baseball Radio-baseball First baseball broadcast Sacco-Vanzetti : Italian immigrants convicted of a holdup murder in an unjust trial Babe Ruth : sold to Yankees from Red Sox Prohibition goes in effect National Football League is founded KDKA in Pittsburgh First successful on air radio station Warren Harding elected as president 18 th Amendment: bans manufacture, sale and transport of intoxicating liquors Black Sox Scandal Chicago White Sox are paid by gamblers to lose the World Series 1924 1923 1922 1921 1920 1919
  • 5. TimeLine of Events Unemployment reaches 4 to 5 million Great Depression begins St. Valentine’s Day Massacre Five of Al Capone’s rivals are killed Stock Market crashes (October 29) Herbert Hoover defeats Al Smith for presidency Franklin Roosevelt is elected governor of NY Charles Lindberg flies from New York to Paris Sacco/ Vanzetti executed Babe Ruth hits his 60 th home run Columbia Broadcasting System(CBS) is formed Cotton Club opens in Harlem National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is formed Gertrude Ederle swims the English Channel Rudolph Valentino dies Scopes Monkey Trial John T. Scopes is tried for teaching evolution Dion O’Banion; infamous Chicago mobster is murdered 1930 1929 1928 1927 1926 1925
  • 6. DECORATE THE ROOM
    • -- Create a bulletin board from the Jazz Age art activity.
    • -- Place 1920s timeline around the room
    • -- Set up center tables
  • 7. EASY TO USE IDEAS
    • The 1920s TimeLine
    • Distribute it for the students to use and/or
    • use it as a model for a larger scale timeline around your room which the students can illustrate.
    • Leave a desk or table available for your easy-to-find , very popular 1920s items
  • 8. Center Tables
    • Label a table or desk: “Twenties Firsts”
    • Fill a jar with a mix of popular 1920s candies : licorice sticks, lollipops, Tootsie Rolls, jawbreakers.
    • Display some items first invented or popularized during the 1920s : Kleenex, Band-Aids, zippers, frozen foods, Welch’s grape jelly, Wrigley’s chewing gum and Eskimo pies.
  • 9. The lessons
    • The lessons are easy to use and can be adapted to fit your fifth grade classroom. They are arranged in this order :
    • Introduction
    • Jazz Age and Project
    • Silent movie to talkies
    • Sports and Fashions
    • Advertising in the 1920s
    • Gangsters
  • 10. Introduction
    • In the 1920s, young people collected things like bottle caps and shiny foil gum and candy wrappers.
    • WHAT YOU DO
    • With the class, brainstorm a list of everyday things that they can collect
    • Let each student choose one thing to collect throughout your 1920s studies.
    • Students will journal about the significance of the items that they have chosen to collect.
    • On a specified day, students will share their journals and collections.
  • 11. Jazz Age
    • Jazz is a mix of ragtime, blues and black spirituals, and was invented by African Americans in the twenties.
    • Students will research one jazz or blues musician from the 1920s and complete a brief biography of this musician.
    • Have the students listen to one or more recordings of Louis Armstrong’s music
    • While they listen, the students can draw abstract pictures using the elements of art.
  • 12. Elements of Art
    • Lines
    • Shape
    • Color
    • Texture
    • Space
  • 13. Jazz Age project
    • Research a jazz or blues musician from the 1920s.
    • Organize your information in 3 paragraphs:
        • Basic Biography
        • Career
        • Major contributions in American culture
  • 14. Silent Movie to Talkies
    • Students will be introduced to the transition of the silent movie to talkies
    • Students will view Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer’s production of Singing in the Rain
    • Students will research 4 silent movie actors from the 1920s and the films they were in.
    Charlie Chaplin
  • 15. Sports
    • While learning about sports you can have your students conduct a marathon.
    • Divide the students into groups and let them plan a physical activity like jumping rope or calisthenics. See which group can go the longest.
  • 16. Sports and Sports Fashion
    • Use the Library of Congress website to find pictures of sports fashions from the 1920s.
    • Then research other 1920s fashion influences still around today.
    • OR Research and write about the Black Sox scandal of the 1920s.
    Swimwear in the 1920s
  • 17. Advertising in the 1920s
    • Advertising often made false claims about products because there were no laws governing these claims.
    • Pair students and instruct them to choose an ad for any product in a magazine or newspaper.
    • Tell them to write the ad with exaggerated claims .
    • Display the ads.
  • 18. Gangsters Project
        • Students should be divided into groups of 4-5 people.
        • Each group will receive one of the following photographs and the question that accompanies it.
        • Students will research the photograph through the Library of Congress.
  • 19. Gangsters
    • Willy Doody:
    • What is he saying?
    • Joseph “Diamond Joe” Esposito:
    • What is he doing with the baskets?
  • 20. Gangsters
    • Tony Lombardo:
    • Where is this photo hanging, and why?
    • Julian Kaufman:
    • What is he waiting for?
  • 21. Gangsters
    • Joe Saltis:
    • What is he looking at?
    • Al Capone:
    • What problem is he having?
  • 22. Inspiration Organizers
    • Students will take on specific roles within their group: note-taker, illustrator, tech assistant, researcher.
    • Students will organize research found on their gangster into a graphic organizer using Inspiration
    • Students will present graphic to classmates.
  • 23. Creative Story
    • Each student will write a creative story, based on fact about the gangster in their photo.
    • Each story will answer the question that was associated with the photograph .
  • 24. Resources
    • Students can take a field trip to the nearest regional public library where they can research all the information they may need for their projects.
    • Websites:
      • Library of Congress:
        • http://www.loc.gov
      • Jazz:
        • http://www.apassion4jazz.net
      • Black Sox:
        • http:/ www.chicagohs.org/history/blacksox.html
      • Chicago Public Library:
        • http:// www.chipublib.org /
      • Silent Films
        • Questia Online Library - New Search
  • 25. Assessment
    • Small projects 50 pts
    • -- journals/collections
    • -- biography of musician
    • -- abstract art
    • -- silent movie actor
    • -- advertisement
    • Writing Projects 50 points
    • -- Black Sox scandal
    • -- Sports Fashion Influences
    • Inspiration/Creative Writing 50 points
    • -- Graphic Organizers
    • -- Writing on gangster
    • Final Exam 20 points
  • 26. Wrap up
    • Field Trip to the Chicago Historical Society to view photographs on gangsters found from the Library of Congress
    • Gangsters Tour Bus : tour Chicago while learning about the Roaring Twenties
    • Alfred SmART Museum : View and participate in a workshop with your students on abstract art and art elements .
    Chicago
  • 27. Illinois Learning Standards
    • Social Science Goal 16.A.2c: Ask questions and seek answers by collecting and analyzing data from historic documents
    • Social Science Goal 16A.1b: Ask questions and seek out answers from historical sources
    • Fine Arts Goal 25A.1d: Identify the elements of line, space, shape, color and texture.
    • Language Arts Goal 5: Use language arts to communicate, acquire and assess information.