Relationships Cultural Differences And Us Laws


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Relationships Cultural Differences And Us Laws

  1. 1. Relationships: Cultural Differences and U.S. Laws Presented by Robyn Wiktorski, LMSW Director of Health Education and Human Services, a division of Sub-Board I, Inc.
  2. 2. Sub-Board I, Inc Services <ul><li>Pharmacy: 829-2368 </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical Lab: 829-2367 </li></ul><ul><li>Student Medical Insurance: 645-3036 </li></ul><ul><li>Generation Magazine: 645-6131 </li></ul><ul><li>WRUB Radio: 645-3370 </li></ul><ul><li>Ticket Office: 645-2353 </li></ul><ul><li>Group Legal Services: 645-3056 </li></ul><ul><li>Off-Campus Housing: 829-2224 </li></ul><ul><li>Business Office: 645-2954 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sub-Board I, Inc Services continued… <ul><li>Health Education and Human Services </li></ul><ul><li>829-2584 </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Rape Task Force </li></ul><ul><li>Sexuality Education Center </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS Coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-Board I Players </li></ul>
  4. 4. Goals of Presentation <ul><li>To provide information and resources necessary in the event that these issues happen to you or someone you know. </li></ul><ul><li>To make you aware of your rights in relationships </li></ul><ul><li>To provide you with definitions of what is considered illegal behavior. </li></ul>
  5. 5. U.S Women & Men: The Role of Media <ul><li>What do some of the images from movies or television tell you about U.S. women? </li></ul><ul><li>About U.S. men? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the stereotypes of U.S. sexuality? </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. relationships? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Relationships in the U.S. <ul><li>It is expected that two people begin to date or spend time together because they mutually have an interest in one another. </li></ul><ul><li>Each person chooses not only who they want to be with, but also what their boundaries are. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Relationships and Boundaries <ul><li>What are boundaries? </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries refer to the extent a person will act on certain behaviors, based on her/his comfort level. </li></ul><ul><li>In relationships, each person has the right to choose for him/herself what sexual behaviors s/he wants to engage in with another. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question #1 <ul><li>TRUE or FALSE? </li></ul><ul><li>I can show I am interested in a woman by following her to and from her classes or by watching her through her windows. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question #1 <ul><li>FALSE. </li></ul><ul><li>This can be considered harassment. </li></ul><ul><li>Harassment is: </li></ul><ul><li>when a person engages in conduct over any period of time or repeatedly commits acts which alarm or seriously annoy another person and which serve no legitimate purpose. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Harassment <ul><li>Harassment is also: </li></ul><ul><li>when a person creates a condition which unnecessarily endangers or threatens the health, safety or well-being of other persons or their property. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Harassment <ul><li>Examples of harassment: </li></ul><ul><li>Unwanted repeated emails to another person </li></ul><ul><li>Stalking </li></ul><ul><li>Repeated unwanted phone calls, hang-up phone calls or voicemails. </li></ul><ul><li>Harassment is illegal on campus as well as throughout the U.S. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Cultural Differences <ul><li>Cultural expectations of how women dress differ across the world. </li></ul><ul><li>In the U.S., women dress as they choose, which could mean a lot of clothing or… </li></ul><ul><li>very little. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cultural Differences <ul><li>This may cause confusion to people from countries where women do not dress in this way. </li></ul><ul><li>Someone may perceive that a woman wearing limited clothing is available for sexual involvement and make unwanted advances towards her. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question #2 <ul><li>TRUE or FALSE? </li></ul><ul><li>If a woman is wearing clothing that shows a lot of her skin, it means she wants to have sex with anyone. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Question #2 <ul><li>FALSE. </li></ul><ul><li>Very little clothing or clothing that exposes a lot of her skin does not mean that she is wanting to have sex or is available for sexual advances. </li></ul><ul><li>In the U.S., it is simply an expression of her style or the fashion. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question #3 <ul><li>TRUE or FALSE? </li></ul><ul><li>When a girl says “No” to sex, she may mean ”Maybe”. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Question #3 <ul><li>FALSE. </li></ul><ul><li>Before a person engages in sexual activity with another person, he/she must also have that person’s consent to do so. </li></ul><ul><li>“No” means “No”. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Relationships & Consent <ul><li>What is consent? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Consent <ul><li>Consent is when a person willingly gives permission or agrees to do something. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question #4 <ul><li>TRUE or FALSE? </li></ul><ul><li>Making repeated, unwanted sexual comments or advances to another person is against U.S. law. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Question #4 <ul><li>TRUE. </li></ul><ul><li>In the U.S., this is against the law. It can be considered sexual harassment. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Sexual Harassment <ul><li>Sexual harassment, as defined by the University’s Equity, Diversity and Affirmative Action Administration is: </li></ul><ul><li>{see pamphlet in the University Police section of binder} </li></ul><ul><li>Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when it is a condition of employment, academic performance or when it interferes in an individual’s daily life. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Sexual Harassment <ul><li>Examples of sexual harassment can be: </li></ul><ul><li>Unwanted touching someone’s shoulder, back or arm </li></ul><ul><li>Talking to or paying attention to another person in a way they perceive to be intrusive or excessive </li></ul>
  24. 24. Rape and Sexual Assault <ul><li>What is rape? </li></ul><ul><li>Rape is when a person threatens force, implies force or uses force and has nonconsensual vaginal intercourse with another person. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Rape & Sexual Assault <ul><li>There are different forms of rape: </li></ul><ul><li>Acquaintance rape or Date rape: when the victim knows the perpetrator </li></ul><ul><li>Stranger rape: when the perpetrator is a stranger </li></ul><ul><li>Marital rape: when the perpetrator is your husband or wife </li></ul>
  26. 26. Rape & Sexual Assault <ul><li>What is Sexual Assault? </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Assault refers to other non-consensual sexual activities, including touching, groping and kissing. </li></ul><ul><li>Men can also be sexually assaulted. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Rape & Sexual Assault <ul><li>Rape and sexual assault are crimes in the United States and perpetrators can be tried in the legal system. </li></ul><ul><li>Survivors of these crimes have rights to prosecute and have access to supportive services such as counseling. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Question #5 <ul><li>TRUE or FALSE? </li></ul><ul><li>Having sex with someone who is drunk is considered rape. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Role of Alcohol & Drugs <ul><li>TRUE. </li></ul><ul><li>A person who is under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol CANNOT legally give consent. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Role of Drugs & Alcohol <ul><li>What does this mean? </li></ul><ul><li>DRUNK SEX IS NOT CONSENSUAL SEX. </li></ul><ul><li>A person may be brought up on charges because the person he/she had sexual relations with did not give consent and may not have agreed to such activity had she/he been sober. </li></ul><ul><li>This may include intimate touching, kissing, rubbing against someone, sexual intercourse, oral sex, etc. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Question #6 <ul><li>TRUE or FALSE? </li></ul><ul><li>It is illegal in the U.S. if a person physically and/or verbally harms his/her intimate partner. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Domestic Violence <ul><li>TRUE. </li></ul><ul><li>In the U.S., this is called Domestic Violence and it is a crime. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Domestic Violence <ul><li>Domestic violence is a pattern of coercive behavior where one individual uses fear and intimidation to gain and maintain power and control over their intimate partner. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Domestic Violence <ul><li>This behavior can include the following abuses: </li></ul><ul><li>Physical: slapping, kicking, strangulation, punching, shoving, burning, biting </li></ul>
  35. 35. Domestic Violence <ul><li>Emotional: name calling, insults, ignoring of partner’s needs & feelings, public humiliation </li></ul>
  36. 36. Domestic Violence <ul><li>Psychological: isolation from friends & family, restrictions of partner’s activities </li></ul>
  37. 37. Domestic Violence <ul><li>Economic: controlling partner’s money, interfering with partner’s work or school </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual: rape, criticism of person’s desirability, forced sex with others </li></ul>
  38. 38. Domestic Violence <ul><li>Domestic violence is a crime in the United States and is punishable under law. </li></ul><ul><li>Victims have the right to prosecute and receive support services. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Question #7 <ul><li>TRUE or FALSE? </li></ul><ul><li>When two people are in a relationship, it means one person makes the decision about when and where to have sex. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Question #7 <ul><li>FALSE. </li></ul><ul><li>In a relationship (including dating and marriage), if one person does not consent, this can be considered rape. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Helpful Tips… <ul><li>Do not assume anything about a person you are interested in. </li></ul><ul><li>Be mindful of your alcohol and/or drug consumption. When going to a party or a bar, leave with the same friends you came with. Keep safety in mind even when you return home. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask questions if you are not sure. </li></ul><ul><li>No means No! </li></ul>
  42. 42. Helpful tips… <ul><li>Understand your own boundaries and share these with your partner. </li></ul><ul><li>Seek support if you think you are in an unhealthy relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>Seek help if you have been sexually assaulted or raped. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Local Resources <ul><li>Health Education and Human Services : 829-2584 </li></ul><ul><li>Group Legal Services : 645-3056 </li></ul><ul><li>University Police : 645-2222 </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis Services : 834-3131 (24-hour hotline, rape, domestic violence, suicide) </li></ul><ul><li>Haven House : 884-6000 (24-hour hotline, domestic violence and emergency shelter) </li></ul><ul><li>Buffalo Police Department : 851-4494 (Sex Offense Section) </li></ul><ul><li>Amherst Police Department : 689-1311 </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Affairs : 645-6154 </li></ul><ul><li>Wellness Education Services : 645-2837 </li></ul>
  44. 44. Contact Information <ul><li>Robyn Wiktorski </li></ul><ul><li>716-829-2584 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] or [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Hayes Annex C </li></ul><ul><li>Suite 5 </li></ul><ul><li>South Campus </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>