Referencing Artdes


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Referencing Artdes

  1. 1. Referencing your work
  2. 2. Referencing in context Read and Take Notes Assignment Evidence to support your ideas or argument <ul><li>Paraphrase </li></ul><ul><li>Direct </li></ul><ul><li>quote </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledge sources used </li></ul><ul><li>Briefly, in your text </li></ul><ul><li>In full, at the end </li></ul>
  3. 3. Outline <ul><li>What is a reference? </li></ul><ul><li>Why reference? </li></ul><ul><li>When to reference </li></ul><ul><li>How to reference </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Within your assignment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At the end of your assignment </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What is a Reference? <ul><li>An acknowledgement that you have referred to (cited) information from published sources in your own work. </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, a recognition that you have borrowed other people’s work, ideas or opinions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why Reference? <ul><li>Shows off your research! </li></ul><ul><li>Published evidence to support your own ideas/argument/point of view or give examples </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism - using other people’s work and ideas as your own without acknowledgement </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Helps others to trace your information sources </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the marking scheme </li></ul>
  6. 6. When to Reference <ul><li>A particular theory, argument or viewpoint </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics, examples, case studies </li></ul><ul><li>“ Direct quotations” - writer’s exact words. Use sparingly! </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing </li></ul>
  7. 7. How to Reference <ul><li>There are various systems for referencing </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard system (Author/Date) is the most popular and recommended at the University </li></ul><ul><li>You need to reference in two places: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brief details, within the main body of your assignment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full details, at the end of your assignment </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How to Reference: Direct Quotations <ul><li>As Jencks (2005, p.15) states, “most meanings of postmodernism have been trivialized.” </li></ul><ul><li>According to Jencks (2005, p.15), “most meanings of postmodernism have been trivialized.” </li></ul><ul><li>The meaning of postmodernism has recently been described as “trivialized” (Jencks, 2005, p.15) </li></ul>AUTHOR, DATE, PAGE NUMBER(S) Larger quotes (3 lines +): Start quote on new line and indent. No need to use quotation marks.
  9. 9. Useful verbs and phrases for introducing direct quotes <ul><li>As X states/ believes/ suggests /indicates/ points out / observes/ explains/ argues/ outlines/ contradicts / proposes , “…….”. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, X has argued that “……”. </li></ul><ul><li>According to X, “…….”. </li></ul><ul><li>X suggests/ believes/ observes that “…..”. </li></ul>
  10. 10. How to reference paraphrases <ul><li>Jean-Francois Lyotard wrote one of the first two books devoted to Post-Modernism and possibly helped to popularise the concept. (Jencks, 2005). </li></ul>AUTHOR, DATE
  11. 11. Referencing at the end of your assignment <ul><li>  </li></ul>References or Bibliography – what’s the difference? <ul><li>Reference list – a single alphabetical list by author of everything you have specifically mentioned in your assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography – a list of sources you have read but not specifically mentioned in your assignment </li></ul>
  12. 12. What information do I need to include? <ul><li>Name(s) of the Author(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>When and where it was published </li></ul><ul><li>Who published it </li></ul><ul><li>Web site address and date you looked at it </li></ul>
  13. 13. Referencing books <ul><li>Author(s) E.H. Gombrich (3 or more use ‘et al’) </li></ul><ul><li>Title The story of art </li></ul><ul><li>Year of Publication © 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Edition (if not the first) 16 th rev. edition </li></ul><ul><li>Place of publication London </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher Phaidon </li></ul>Using the title page (not the front cover) note the: Gombrich, E. H. (1995) The story of art. 16 th rev. ed. London: Phaidon.
  14. 14. Referencing Journal/Magazine Articles <ul><li>Author David Benady </li></ul><ul><li>Year of publication 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Title of article Smoke screen </li></ul><ul><li>Title of journal Design Week </li></ul><ul><li>Volume number (if present) 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Part number (if present) 26 </li></ul><ul><li>Page number(s) 20-21 </li></ul>Benady, D (2005) ‘Smoke screen’ Design Week , vol. 20, part 26: pp20-21.
  15. 15. Referencing a Web site <ul><li>Author/editor/organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Year written (or last updated) </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>URL </li></ul><ul><li>Date you accessed it </li></ul>For future reference, print and keep a copy of the web site
  16. 16. Author Title URL Date Accessed Black, A. (no date) About: user-centred design [online] Available at: < servlet/ XRM?Page /@id=6004&Session/@id=D_5Up2J QoC81Bf6PCdwWey&Section/@id=1272> [Accessed 28 th November 2003]
  17. 17. More Examples Pavitt, J. (2000) London. V&A Publications Wentzel, B (2005) ‘New dimensions to pattern creation’ Fashion business international , June-July 2005: pp34-38 (no date) Cy Twombly: Fifty Years of Works on Paper - Serpentine Gallery [online] Available at: < > [Accessed 15 th July 2005] What is sustainable development? (no date) Sheffield City Council [online] Available at: < > [Accessed 15 th July 2005]