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  1. 1. “ Onomatopoeia” By: Eve Merriam Presentation by: Ally and Stephanie
  2. 2. The rusty spigot sputters, utters a splutter, spatters a smattering of drops, gashes wider, slash, splatters, scatters spurts, finally stops sputtering and plash! gushes rushes splashes clear water dashes.
  3. 3. <ul><li>Line One </li></ul><ul><li>-A spigot is a synonym for “faucet” </li></ul><ul><li>-Merriam is attempting to recreate the sounds an old rusty spigot makes when it is turned on. </li></ul><ul><li>Line Two: “sputters” </li></ul><ul><li>-water is exploding through the faucet </li></ul><ul><li>-the “sp” imitates the sound something makes when it sputters </li></ul><ul><li>-the sounds following “sp” are in a burst. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Line 3: “utters” </li></ul><ul><li>-rhymes with line before it </li></ul><ul><li>-not an example of onomatopoeia, but a metaphor comparing the faucet to human speech </li></ul><ul><li>-lacking the explosive “sp” sound </li></ul><ul><li>-personifying the faucet </li></ul><ul><li>Line 4: “a splutter” </li></ul><ul><li>-an example of onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>-symbolizing 2 drops out of the faucet </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Line 5: “spatters a smattering of drops,” </li></ul><ul><li>-”spatter” is onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>-assonance (similar vowel sounds) </li></ul><ul><li>-changes the “sp” sound to “sm” sound </li></ul><ul><li>Lines 6-7: “gashes wider; slash,” </li></ul><ul><li>-gash and slash do not imitate a sound, but are still considered onomatopoeia </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Lines 8-9 : “splatters, scatters,” </li></ul><ul><li>-assonance </li></ul><ul><li>-the “sp” sound is back </li></ul><ul><li>-introduces “sc” sound </li></ul><ul><li>-like a tongue twister (the two sounds are hard to say continuously) </li></ul><ul><li>Lines 10-11: “spurts, finally stops sputtering” </li></ul><ul><li>-alliteration (“s” sound” </li></ul><ul><li>-”sp” sound </li></ul><ul><li>-introduces “st” sound </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Line 12: “and plash!” </li></ul><ul><li>-hearing the water hit the sink for the first time </li></ul><ul><li>-the exclamation emphasizes this </li></ul><ul><li>-the climax of the poem is this line </li></ul><ul><li>Line 13: “gushes rushes splashes, clear water dashes.” </li></ul><ul><li>-last 2 lines are longer, symbolizing the water is flowing as a stream </li></ul><ul><li>-external rhyme </li></ul>
  8. 8. Structure <ul><li>Structure of the poem can be shaped into individual drops of water or streams of water coming out of the faucet </li></ul><ul><li>Lines 2 and 4 are arranged to look like drops of water </li></ul><ul><li>Lines 2 and 3 are one word each, but line 4 is two words, creating the image of 2 drops coming together to form a stream of water </li></ul>
  9. 9. Style <ul><li>Sputters/utters, splash/gash </li></ul><ul><li>Sputter, splutter, splatter, splash, spurt, and spigot </li></ul><ul><li>29 words, no specific rhyme scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Spatter, smatter, scatter; splash, plash, dash, gash </li></ul><ul><li>“ gash” to “gush” (vowels) </li></ul><ul><li>“ rush” to “rusty” (consonants) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Overall Meaning <ul><li>- “Onomatopoeia” does not contain a very deep meaning </li></ul><ul><li>-can primarily be used for kids to read, as a tongue twister or a lesson in onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>-represents a faucet struggling to produce clean, clear water </li></ul>
  11. 11. Imagery <ul><li>-“Onomatopoeia” has a lot of imagery </li></ul><ul><li>-The reader can see an old faucet struggling to release clear water </li></ul><ul><li>-An old unused sink comes to mind, with a rusty faucet head </li></ul><ul><li>-Can see “clear water” dashing </li></ul>
  12. 12. About Eve Merriam <ul><li>Born July 19, 1916 in </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphia, Penn. </li></ul><ul><li>Both parents were </li></ul><ul><li>born in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote biographies, plays, </li></ul><ul><li>and fictions, but is best known </li></ul><ul><li>for poetry http://www. randomwalks .com/ dayku / iraq -index. htm </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Earned bachelor’s degree from Univ. of Pennsylvania in 1937 </li></ul><ul><li>Worked as the fashion copy editor for Glamour Magazine </li></ul><ul><li>First collection of poetry is “Family Circle” </li></ul><ul><li>Died of cancer in April 1992 in Manhattan, NY </li></ul>
  13. 13. About the Poem <ul><li>“ Onomatopoeia” is part of Merriam’s book of poetry titled It Doesn’t Always Have to Rhyme (1964) </li></ul><ul><li>Deals with words that imitate the sound that they define </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a clear intro to the terminology and the joy of poetry. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Personal Response <ul><li>We thought the poem was a fun poem to read out loud, although it didn’t hold any special meaning for us. The words are somewhat like a tongue twister, making it a poem that kids might enjoy. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Works Cited <ul><li>“ Onomatopoeia.” Poetry For Students . Eds. Mary K. Ruby and Lynn Koch. Vol. 6. Farmington Hills: Gale, 1999. 132-142. </li></ul>