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Nonverbal Communication

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  • 1. Nonverbal Communication What do people communicate through their body image and what they eat? Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 1
  • 2. Annual Americans Spending  One million Americans spend $8.4 billion on cosmetic surgery.  $40 billion this year to lose weight. http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-2336600558881506299&q=abc+news&hl=en  Weight loss industry $48.8 billion.  Diet soft drinks $14.86 billion.  Health clubs $13.52 billion.  The commercial weight loss centers category 1.2 billion. Source: October 2002 report from Marketdata Enterprises.quot; http://www.jennycraig.com/corporate/news/industry_fact_sheet.asp Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 2
  • 3. Bulimia Nervosa: Recurrent episodes of binge eating. Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 3
  • 4. Anorexia Nervosa: Refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height. Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 4
  • 5. Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 5
  • 6.  M agazines and celebrity weeklies and fashion magazines often focus on weight issues or feature ultra- thin celebrities and models. Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 6
  • 7. What is average body?  -The average U.S . woman is 5’4” and weighs 140 pounds. In contrast the average U.S . model is 5’11” and weighs 117 pounds.  -Twenty years ago the average fashion model weighed 8% less than the average woman. Today she weighs 23% less. Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 7
  • 8. Eating disorders affect men and women  Ideals promoted by media.  Sport that demands thinness.  Job or profession that demands thinness.  Culture fixated on diets and physical appearance is also a risk factor.  LINK: www.films.com/id/4589/Body_Image_for_Boys.htm Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 8
  • 9. Kate Moss  K ate M oss is 5’7” and weights 95 pounds. That is 30% below ideal body weight. (S ource: CNN) Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 9
  • 10. I’ve always thought M arilyn M onroe looked fabulous, but I’d kill myself if I was that fat.” - Elizabeth Hurley, Model/Actress (Source: Allure) Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 10
  • 11.  Television and M ovies: A ctresses often seem to “ shrink” before our eyes depending on their level of fame.  The more famous,  the thinner person becomes. Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 11
  • 12. quot;What's most shocking about this trend. . . is that you have young girls with normal figures who start to lose weight after they become famous and achieve a certain level of awareness in Hollywood.quot; -Danielle S tern, associate editor for Radar, a New Y ork- based pop-culture magazine. Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 12
  • 13. “ To the fashion industry, it’s not sexy to be a size 8.”  “ It’s sexy to be a size 2 and a size 4 and these girls have got to fit into sample sizes. They want to wear the beautiful gowns on the red carpet and those don’t come in the double digits. Those come in the very small, small single digits. They have to be a glorified hanger, that’s it. Liv Tyler is considered humongous in Hollywood. It’s unfortunate, but it’s true.”  - L ola Ogunnaike, The New Y ork Times Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 13
  • 14.  79% of teenage girls who vomit and 73% of teenage girls who use diet pills are frequent readers of women’s magazines. (Source: University of Michigan) Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 14
  • 15.  Half of teenage girls  One-third of teenage boys adopt unhealthy weight-control behaviors such as skipping meals, fasting, smoking cigarettes, vomiting, and taking laxatives. (Source: ABC News) Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 15
  • 16. What do Pro-Ana or Pro-Mia or Pro-Ed sites do?  Anti-recovery  How to  “Thinspiration”  Kids Getting 'Thinspiration' From Dangerously Skinny Stars ABC News video http:// abcnews.go.com/GMA/Health/story?id =2182068&page=1  Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 16
  • 17. Recovery  20% of people with serious eating disorders die prematurely.  With treatment, 2-3% die  Anorexia recovery takes an average of 3-7 years Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 17
  • 18. What not to do or say  “Would you just eat already??”  Why are you doing this to me?  Never criticize or shame.  Don't waste time trying to reassure your friend that s/he is not fat. S/he will not be convinced.  Don't be a food monitor.  Never nag, plead, beg, bribe, threaten or Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 18
  • 19. Discussion  What do you notice first about another person?  What is the media’s responsibility where body image is concerned?  What is the responsibility of celebrities?  What are some examples of a healthy body image being promoted?  How successfully do we communicate through our body image? Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 19
  • 20. What do you communicate through what you eat?  What would you eat at a job interview over lunch? Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 20
  • 21. What would you wear to a job interview? Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 21
  • 22. End Nonverbal Communication (Dr. Aitken) 22

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