Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Lynns Overview
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Lynns Overview

1,734

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,734
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Welcome to the RCCDSB Junior Writing In-service April 10, 2008 Amy Sicoli Shelley Montgomery Lynn Denault
  • 2. Key Messages Today <ul><li>4 writing instructional approaches </li></ul><ul><li>4 reading instructional approaches vs. </li></ul><ul><li>4 writing instructional approaches </li></ul><ul><li>explicitly teach writing during the literacy block using 4 instructional approaches – gradually extend to other subject areas </li></ul><ul><li>focus on nonfiction writing </li></ul>
  • 3. Four Instructional Strategies <ul><li>Vygotsky’s Gradual Release of Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Modelled writing </li></ul><ul><li>Shared writing </li></ul><ul><li>Guided writing </li></ul><ul><li>Independent writing </li></ul>
  • 4. Modelled Writing (Quote from Nancie Atwell) <ul><li>Teachers write and share their writing, processes and products, with their students. </li></ul><ul><li>They personally experience what they ask of student writers, from finding a topic through going public. Teachers do not require student writers to do anything they don’t do themselves as writers. </li></ul>
  • 5. Modelled Writing <ul><li>High teacher support – use mentor texts </li></ul><ul><li>Explicitly teach using focussed demonstration </li></ul><ul><li>Involves the teacher scripting the text while thinking aloud – create anchor charts </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher models problem-solving skills and strategies during writing </li></ul>
  • 6. Modelled Writing <ul><li>All students must SEE text as you WRITE </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher explains, thinks aloud and WRITES aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Shows that writers always write with an audience </li></ul><ul><li>Shows how good writers think and they craft their writing to make it effective </li></ul><ul><li>Shows value of risk-taking as part of writing </li></ul>
  • 7. Quote from Donald Graves <ul><li>What students have been missing for years is seeing their teacher write. </li></ul><ul><li>They need to see you wrestle with a piece you care about: delete and rethink and add details. </li></ul><ul><li>They want to hear your wish for a funny piece you are working on and then celebrate with you when you finally write a draft that shows what you mean. </li></ul>
  • 8. Quote from Donald Graves <ul><li>They want to understand what prewriting really is and what revision tools are useful. </li></ul><ul><li>They need to see you craft your writing so they can develop a vision for how to craft their own. </li></ul><ul><li>You are the only one who can show them. They’re counting on you . </li></ul>
  • 9. Shared Writing <ul><li>Teachers works WITH the students to construct a piece of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher controls the PEN </li></ul><ul><li>Students actively contribute their IDEAS </li></ul><ul><li>Enables teacher to support and scaffold writers </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson explicitly teaches a writing text form, strategy, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher explicitly teaches strategies/genres/formats and demonstrates the writing process while collaborating with students </li></ul>
  • 10. Shared Writing <ul><li>Continue to think aloud while writing </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher responds to student suggestions, showing how they contribute to the writing </li></ul><ul><li>POWERFUL teaching tool in all curriculum areas </li></ul>
  • 11. Benefits of Shared Writing <ul><li>Authentic writing experience </li></ul><ul><li>Small-group or whole class – tailored to student needs </li></ul><ul><li>Explicitly teaches students </li></ul><ul><li>Motivates students to write more </li></ul><ul><li>Provides anchor charts for classroom for students can refer back to it </li></ul>
  • 12. Guided Writing <ul><li>The teacher gathers together a small, temporary group of writers and provides them with explicit teaching based on their needs at a particular point in time. </li></ul><ul><li>Volume 6, Page 34 </li></ul>
  • 13. Guided Writing <ul><li>Teacher identifies a gap in students’ writing performance and decides on instructional focus </li></ul><ul><li>Guides students to apply techniques to their own writing as they move to independent practice </li></ul>
  • 14. Guided Writing <ul><li>Teaches the writer’s craft, strategies, and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Guides, supports, and gives feedback to students in the group </li></ul><ul><li>Makes ongoing observations and assesses students’ progress </li></ul>
  • 15. Benefits of Guided Writing <ul><li>Teacher provides support to small groups/individual students before they write texts independently </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used with students at any achievement level </li></ul><ul><li>Helps students to hone specific strategies with guidance </li></ul>
  • 16. Independent Writing <ul><li>(R)emember that students need to spend most of their time writing independently. If they are to become excellent writers they have to spend most of a writing lesson composing continuous text… </li></ul><ul><li>Regie Routman </li></ul>
  • 17. Independent Writing <ul><li>Students do the writing themselves, drawing on the knowledge/skills learned in modelled, shared and guided lessons + teacher feedback </li></ul><ul><li>30 minutes per day of sustained writing – frequently on topics of student’s choice </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher confers with students </li></ul>
  • 18. Independent Writing <ul><li>suggests ideas for improvement, provides support as strategies are tried </li></ul><ul><li>explains, responds to needs, coaches, re-teaches, encourages, observes to plan future teaching </li></ul>
  • 19. Benefits of Independent Writing <ul><li>Helps writers become clearer, more focused, and more concise </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages enjoyment and confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Enables teacher to provide feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Allows students to try out new ways of writing </li></ul>
  • 20. Text forms <ul><li>Text forms offer a general framework that enables readers and writers to create meaning and communicate their ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>They generally describe the function and structure of a text. </li></ul>
  • 21. Genres <ul><li>Adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Drama Realistic fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Fantasy Science fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Humour Tall tales </li></ul><ul><li>Information piece </li></ul><ul><li>Legends/fables </li></ul><ul><li>Memoir </li></ul>
  • 22. Text Forms <ul><li>Persuasive </li></ul><ul><li>Recount Narrative </li></ul><ul><li>Story Report Storyboards </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Personal narrative </li></ul>
  • 23. Genre <ul><li>Generally, genre refers to the style or literacy category of a text, and may be informational or imaginative. The differences between text forms and genres are not absolute, and there may be overlap between the categories. </li></ul>
  • 24. Text Format <ul><li>Format can be thought of as the general organization and arrangement of text that accommodates the specific needs of an audience. There may be some overlap with text forms. </li></ul>
  • 25. Text Formats <ul><li>Announcement </li></ul><ul><li>Blog </li></ul><ul><li>Editorial </li></ul><ul><li>Essay </li></ul><ul><li>Instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Journal </li></ul>
  • 26. Text Formats (continued) <ul><li>Letter </li></ul><ul><li>List </li></ul><ul><li>Magazine </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>Radio ad </li></ul><ul><li>Speech </li></ul><ul><li>Story </li></ul>
  • 27. How do I manage…? <ul><li>4 instructional approaches </li></ul><ul><li>4 assessment levels </li></ul><ul><li>4 categories of the Achievement Chart </li></ul><ul><li>5 steps of the writing process </li></ul><ul><li>6 +1 traits of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Text forms, genres, format </li></ul><ul><li>HELP ??!?????!????!!!???????!!!? </li></ul>
  • 28. Effective Writing Program <ul><li>4 instructional strategies </li></ul><ul><li>the writing process – writer’s workshop </li></ul><ul><li>on-demand writing </li></ul><ul><li>word study/spelling </li></ul><ul><li>cross-curricular connections </li></ul><ul><li>understanding of traits of writing </li></ul>
  • 29. Summary <ul><li>Effective teachers use these key instructional approaches daily, selecting the best approach for the needs of the students at the time. </li></ul><ul><li>They may focus on one approach or use a combination, as appropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>The approaches are used to meet students’ needs , and are not necessarily used in a linear fashion. </li></ul><ul><li>Volume 6 – Page 36 </li></ul>
  • 30. Final thoughts… <ul><li>Knowing WHEN to use modelling , WHEN to share writing responsibilities, WHEN to guide , and WHEN to let students work independently is what makes an effective teacher and ensures students’ success in writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Volume 6, Page 29 </li></ul>

×