Lynns Overview
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Lynns Overview Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Welcome to the RCCDSB Junior Writing In-service April 10, 2008 Amy Sicoli Shelley Montgomery Lynn Denault
  • 2. Key Messages Today
    • 4 writing instructional approaches
    • 4 reading instructional approaches vs.
    • 4 writing instructional approaches
    • explicitly teach writing during the literacy block using 4 instructional approaches – gradually extend to other subject areas
    • focus on nonfiction writing
  • 3. Four Instructional Strategies
    • Vygotsky’s Gradual Release of Responsibility
    • Modelled writing
    • Shared writing
    • Guided writing
    • Independent writing
  • 4. Modelled Writing (Quote from Nancie Atwell)
    • Teachers write and share their writing, processes and products, with their students.
    • They personally experience what they ask of student writers, from finding a topic through going public. Teachers do not require student writers to do anything they don’t do themselves as writers.
  • 5. Modelled Writing
    • High teacher support – use mentor texts
    • Explicitly teach using focussed demonstration
    • Involves the teacher scripting the text while thinking aloud – create anchor charts
    • Teacher models problem-solving skills and strategies during writing
  • 6. Modelled Writing
    • All students must SEE text as you WRITE
    • Teacher explains, thinks aloud and WRITES aloud
    • Shows that writers always write with an audience
    • Shows how good writers think and they craft their writing to make it effective
    • Shows value of risk-taking as part of writing
  • 7. Quote from Donald Graves
    • What students have been missing for years is seeing their teacher write.
    • They need to see you wrestle with a piece you care about: delete and rethink and add details.
    • They want to hear your wish for a funny piece you are working on and then celebrate with you when you finally write a draft that shows what you mean.
  • 8. Quote from Donald Graves
    • They want to understand what prewriting really is and what revision tools are useful.
    • They need to see you craft your writing so they can develop a vision for how to craft their own.
    • You are the only one who can show them. They’re counting on you .
  • 9. Shared Writing
    • Teachers works WITH the students to construct a piece of writing
    • Teacher controls the PEN
    • Students actively contribute their IDEAS
    • Enables teacher to support and scaffold writers
    • Lesson explicitly teaches a writing text form, strategy, etc.
    • Teacher explicitly teaches strategies/genres/formats and demonstrates the writing process while collaborating with students
  • 10. Shared Writing
    • Continue to think aloud while writing
    • Teacher responds to student suggestions, showing how they contribute to the writing
    • POWERFUL teaching tool in all curriculum areas
  • 11. Benefits of Shared Writing
    • Authentic writing experience
    • Small-group or whole class – tailored to student needs
    • Explicitly teaches students
    • Motivates students to write more
    • Provides anchor charts for classroom for students can refer back to it
  • 12. Guided Writing
    • The teacher gathers together a small, temporary group of writers and provides them with explicit teaching based on their needs at a particular point in time.
    • Volume 6, Page 34
  • 13. Guided Writing
    • Teacher identifies a gap in students’ writing performance and decides on instructional focus
    • Guides students to apply techniques to their own writing as they move to independent practice
  • 14. Guided Writing
    • Teaches the writer’s craft, strategies, and skills
    • Guides, supports, and gives feedback to students in the group
    • Makes ongoing observations and assesses students’ progress
  • 15. Benefits of Guided Writing
    • Teacher provides support to small groups/individual students before they write texts independently
    • Can be used with students at any achievement level
    • Helps students to hone specific strategies with guidance
  • 16. Independent Writing
    • (R)emember that students need to spend most of their time writing independently. If they are to become excellent writers they have to spend most of a writing lesson composing continuous text…
    • Regie Routman
  • 17. Independent Writing
    • Students do the writing themselves, drawing on the knowledge/skills learned in modelled, shared and guided lessons + teacher feedback
    • 30 minutes per day of sustained writing – frequently on topics of student’s choice
    • Teacher confers with students
  • 18. Independent Writing
    • suggests ideas for improvement, provides support as strategies are tried
    • explains, responds to needs, coaches, re-teaches, encourages, observes to plan future teaching
  • 19. Benefits of Independent Writing
    • Helps writers become clearer, more focused, and more concise
    • Encourages enjoyment and confidence
    • Enables teacher to provide feedback
    • Allows students to try out new ways of writing
  • 20. Text forms
    • Text forms offer a general framework that enables readers and writers to create meaning and communicate their ideas.
    • They generally describe the function and structure of a text.
  • 21. Genres
    • Adventure
    • Drama Realistic fiction
    • Fantasy Science fiction
    • Humour Tall tales
    • Information piece
    • Legends/fables
    • Memoir
  • 22. Text Forms
    • Persuasive
    • Recount Narrative
    • Story Report Storyboards
    • Explanation Summary
    • Procedure Poetry
    • Personal narrative
  • 23. Genre
    • Generally, genre refers to the style or literacy category of a text, and may be informational or imaginative. The differences between text forms and genres are not absolute, and there may be overlap between the categories.
  • 24. Text Format
    • Format can be thought of as the general organization and arrangement of text that accommodates the specific needs of an audience. There may be some overlap with text forms.
  • 25. Text Formats
    • Announcement
    • Blog
    • Editorial
    • Essay
    • Instructions
    • Interview
    • Journal
  • 26. Text Formats (continued)
    • Letter
    • List
    • Magazine
    • Newspaper
    • Radio ad
    • Speech
    • Story
  • 27. How do I manage…?
    • 4 instructional approaches
    • 4 assessment levels
    • 4 categories of the Achievement Chart
    • 5 steps of the writing process
    • 6 +1 traits of writing
    • Text forms, genres, format
    • HELP ??!?????!????!!!???????!!!?
  • 28. Effective Writing Program
    • 4 instructional strategies
    • the writing process – writer’s workshop
    • on-demand writing
    • word study/spelling
    • cross-curricular connections
    • understanding of traits of writing
  • 29. Summary
    • Effective teachers use these key instructional approaches daily, selecting the best approach for the needs of the students at the time.
    • They may focus on one approach or use a combination, as appropriate.
    • The approaches are used to meet students’ needs , and are not necessarily used in a linear fashion.
    • Volume 6 – Page 36
  • 30. Final thoughts…
    • Knowing WHEN to use modelling , WHEN to share writing responsibilities, WHEN to guide , and WHEN to let students work independently is what makes an effective teacher and ensures students’ success in writing.
    • Volume 6, Page 29