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    Lynns Overview Lynns Overview Presentation Transcript

    • Welcome to the RCCDSB Junior Writing In-service April 10, 2008 Amy Sicoli Shelley Montgomery Lynn Denault
    • Key Messages Today
      • 4 writing instructional approaches
      • 4 reading instructional approaches vs.
      • 4 writing instructional approaches
      • explicitly teach writing during the literacy block using 4 instructional approaches – gradually extend to other subject areas
      • focus on nonfiction writing
    • Four Instructional Strategies
      • Vygotsky’s Gradual Release of Responsibility
      • Modelled writing
      • Shared writing
      • Guided writing
      • Independent writing
    • Modelled Writing (Quote from Nancie Atwell)
      • Teachers write and share their writing, processes and products, with their students.
      • They personally experience what they ask of student writers, from finding a topic through going public. Teachers do not require student writers to do anything they don’t do themselves as writers.
    • Modelled Writing
      • High teacher support – use mentor texts
      • Explicitly teach using focussed demonstration
      • Involves the teacher scripting the text while thinking aloud – create anchor charts
      • Teacher models problem-solving skills and strategies during writing
    • Modelled Writing
      • All students must SEE text as you WRITE
      • Teacher explains, thinks aloud and WRITES aloud
      • Shows that writers always write with an audience
      • Shows how good writers think and they craft their writing to make it effective
      • Shows value of risk-taking as part of writing
    • Quote from Donald Graves
      • What students have been missing for years is seeing their teacher write.
      • They need to see you wrestle with a piece you care about: delete and rethink and add details.
      • They want to hear your wish for a funny piece you are working on and then celebrate with you when you finally write a draft that shows what you mean.
    • Quote from Donald Graves
      • They want to understand what prewriting really is and what revision tools are useful.
      • They need to see you craft your writing so they can develop a vision for how to craft their own.
      • You are the only one who can show them. They’re counting on you .
    • Shared Writing
      • Teachers works WITH the students to construct a piece of writing
      • Teacher controls the PEN
      • Students actively contribute their IDEAS
      • Enables teacher to support and scaffold writers
      • Lesson explicitly teaches a writing text form, strategy, etc.
      • Teacher explicitly teaches strategies/genres/formats and demonstrates the writing process while collaborating with students
    • Shared Writing
      • Continue to think aloud while writing
      • Teacher responds to student suggestions, showing how they contribute to the writing
      • POWERFUL teaching tool in all curriculum areas
    • Benefits of Shared Writing
      • Authentic writing experience
      • Small-group or whole class – tailored to student needs
      • Explicitly teaches students
      • Motivates students to write more
      • Provides anchor charts for classroom for students can refer back to it
    • Guided Writing
      • The teacher gathers together a small, temporary group of writers and provides them with explicit teaching based on their needs at a particular point in time.
      • Volume 6, Page 34
    • Guided Writing
      • Teacher identifies a gap in students’ writing performance and decides on instructional focus
      • Guides students to apply techniques to their own writing as they move to independent practice
    • Guided Writing
      • Teaches the writer’s craft, strategies, and skills
      • Guides, supports, and gives feedback to students in the group
      • Makes ongoing observations and assesses students’ progress
    • Benefits of Guided Writing
      • Teacher provides support to small groups/individual students before they write texts independently
      • Can be used with students at any achievement level
      • Helps students to hone specific strategies with guidance
    • Independent Writing
      • (R)emember that students need to spend most of their time writing independently. If they are to become excellent writers they have to spend most of a writing lesson composing continuous text…
      • Regie Routman
    • Independent Writing
      • Students do the writing themselves, drawing on the knowledge/skills learned in modelled, shared and guided lessons + teacher feedback
      • 30 minutes per day of sustained writing – frequently on topics of student’s choice
      • Teacher confers with students
    • Independent Writing
      • suggests ideas for improvement, provides support as strategies are tried
      • explains, responds to needs, coaches, re-teaches, encourages, observes to plan future teaching
    • Benefits of Independent Writing
      • Helps writers become clearer, more focused, and more concise
      • Encourages enjoyment and confidence
      • Enables teacher to provide feedback
      • Allows students to try out new ways of writing
    • Text forms
      • Text forms offer a general framework that enables readers and writers to create meaning and communicate their ideas.
      • They generally describe the function and structure of a text.
    • Genres
      • Adventure
      • Drama Realistic fiction
      • Fantasy Science fiction
      • Humour Tall tales
      • Information piece
      • Legends/fables
      • Memoir
    • Text Forms
      • Persuasive
      • Recount Narrative
      • Story Report Storyboards
      • Explanation Summary
      • Procedure Poetry
      • Personal narrative
    • Genre
      • Generally, genre refers to the style or literacy category of a text, and may be informational or imaginative. The differences between text forms and genres are not absolute, and there may be overlap between the categories.
    • Text Format
      • Format can be thought of as the general organization and arrangement of text that accommodates the specific needs of an audience. There may be some overlap with text forms.
    • Text Formats
      • Announcement
      • Blog
      • Editorial
      • Essay
      • Instructions
      • Interview
      • Journal
    • Text Formats (continued)
      • Letter
      • List
      • Magazine
      • Newspaper
      • Radio ad
      • Speech
      • Story
    • How do I manage…?
      • 4 instructional approaches
      • 4 assessment levels
      • 4 categories of the Achievement Chart
      • 5 steps of the writing process
      • 6 +1 traits of writing
      • Text forms, genres, format
      • HELP ??!?????!????!!!???????!!!?
    • Effective Writing Program
      • 4 instructional strategies
      • the writing process – writer’s workshop
      • on-demand writing
      • word study/spelling
      • cross-curricular connections
      • understanding of traits of writing
    • Summary
      • Effective teachers use these key instructional approaches daily, selecting the best approach for the needs of the students at the time.
      • They may focus on one approach or use a combination, as appropriate.
      • The approaches are used to meet students’ needs , and are not necessarily used in a linear fashion.
      • Volume 6 – Page 36
    • Final thoughts…
      • Knowing WHEN to use modelling , WHEN to share writing responsibilities, WHEN to guide , and WHEN to let students work independently is what makes an effective teacher and ensures students’ success in writing.
      • Volume 6, Page 29