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    Job Interview Job Interview Presentation Transcript

    • Unit Three Job Interview
    • Cultural Notes
    •  
    • Michael Jordan (1963- ):
      • American professional basketball player,considered by many to be the greatest player in basketball history.The 6 ft 6 (198 cm) shooting guard first became known as an explosive individual scorer, but as he matured as a player he adopted a more team-oriented approach to the game. Jordan led the Chicago Bulls to six National Basketball Association (NBA) championships (1991-1993, 1996-1998). His widespread appeal to fans has helped keep basketball one of the world’s most popular spectator sports.
    • John Michael Landy (1930- )
      • Australian athlete, and the second runner, after England’s Sir Roger Bannister, to break the four-minute mile. He did so in 3 minutes 58 seconds in 1954, two months after Bannister set his mark.
    • Sir Roger Bannister (1929- ):
      • British physician and the first athlete in history to run a mile in less than 4 min. Born in Harrow, England, he was educated at the University of Oxford and at Saint Mary’s Hospital Medical School. At a meet in Oxford on May 6,1954,Bannister ran the mile in 3 min 59.4 sec, establishing a world record.This was bettered less than two months later by the Australian athlete John Landy, who set a record of 3 min 58 sec.
    • The New York Marathon
      • In the fall, the largest running event in the U.S., annually attracting 30,000 or more entrants in a race through the five boroughs.
    • Text Organization
      • Part One: Para 1-6 A recent college graduate failed to answer the questions at an interview because of lack of preparation.
      • Part Two: Para 7-27 Four pieces of advice on being a successful interviewee.
      • Part three: Para 28-31 Everyone should make his or her own tracks in whatever he or she does.
    • Text Analysis
      • Five ways to begin an essay:
      • Using a quotation
      • Asking a question
      • Stating the time and place of the event to be described
      • Providing relevant background information
      • Giving a surprising or interesting fact
      • Text A:
      • Starting : with a personal story
      • Four keys to getting hired:
      • Key 1: with a quotation
      • Key 2: with a surprising fact
      • Key 3: with a question
      • Key 4: with a personal opinion
      • Four keys to getting hired:
      • Suggestions Examples
      • 1) Prepare to win
      • 1) Michael Jordan
      • 2) Never stop learning
      • 2) a 90-year-old tennis player
      • 3) Believe in yourself, even when no one else does.
      • 3) the four-minute mile, the New
      • York Marathon and the
      • Vietnam Veteran
      • 4) Find a way to make a difference
      • 4) New York cabdrivers
    • Preparing for the Interview
      • 1. Know the exact place and time of the interview, the interviewer’s full name, the correct pronunciation and his or her title.
      • 2. Learn pertinent facts about the company such as annual sales revenue, principal lines of business and locations.
      • 3. Find out why the hiring manager and /or client representative is interested in your qualifications.
    • Preparing for the Interview
      • 4. Determine how the opportunity will impact your immediate and long-term career development.
      • 5. An interview is a “two-way street.” Know what questions to ask during the interview. Your questions allow the hiring manager to evaluate your professional and personal needs. Insightful questions help both of you determine if your relationship will be mutually rewarding. Lastly, the better you understand the opportunity,the more you will be able to communicate your interest in the position.
    • Preparing for the Interview
      • 6. Put your best foot forward. Always wear proper attire and greet your interviewer with a firm handshake and an enthusiastic smile.
    • A Self-introduction:
      • * “ Hello, I’m Mary Mard, I have read the China Daily article about your software business. I’m a computer major with an art minor. I’m so excited to combine these two together.And I have acquired a degree of international teaching at Hubei University. I’m interested in the job very much.Will you please see the website I designed?”
      • * Please write a self-introduction in about 120 words .
    • Language Points
      • grill follow up prospective
      • endeavor go after incidentally
      • chuckle bracket physical
      • take/have a crack deadline
      • partition blurt pry
      • in the neighborhood of generous
      • beyond anyone’s wildest dreams sparkle
      • grill : question intensely; cook under or over direct heat(grill sb. about/on sth.)
      • e.g. The senior detective grilled the young suspect about the robbery case.
      • 我们可以在野餐的时候烤排骨。
      • We could grill the chops on the barbecue. back
      • follow up :take traditional steps further
      • (followed by “ with ”)
      • If you make a hotel booking by phone, follow it up with written confirmation.
      • 我们担心恐怖分子会进一步采取炸弹袭击的方式进行威胁。
      • We are worried that terrorists will follow up their threats with bomb attacks. back
      • prospective: likely to become or be
      • e.g. The chief function of direct-mail advertising is to familiarize prospective buyers with a product.
      • 直邮广告的最主要的作用就是可以让有预期的买主能够对产品有足够了解。
      • Trans: 这所大学已经收到了接近 200 名学生的申请。
      • The college had applications from nearly prospective 200 students. back
      • endeavor: an effort or attempt to do sth.;
      • 政府已经努力禁止雇佣 16 岁以下的童工。
      • The government has endeavored to forbid the employment of children under the age of 16.
      • The company endeavors to deal with the clients’ complaints as promptly as possible.
      • back
      • go after: try hard to obtain
      • 你打算在 PETER 离开后尽力争取到他的工作么?
      • Are you planning to go after Peter’s job when he leaves?
      • 他经过努力终于获得了英语演讲比赛一等奖。
      • He went after first prize in the English speech contest. back
      • incidentally: by the way( used when adding more information to what was said before,
      • or when you want to talk about sth. else you have just thought of)
      • 顺便说一句,你如果还想见他,请告诉我。
      • Incidentally, if you want to see him again,
      • let me know.
      • back
      • chuckle: laugh quietly
      • She sat reading the comic, chuckling to herself.
      • 我们告诉教授我们有点怵她的时候她咯咯地笑了。
      • The professor chuckled when we told her that we were afraid of her. back
      • bracket: 类 , 档次 , 托架
      • 这辆新车超出了我的价格档次。
      • This new car is out of my price bracket.
      • Women outnumbered men three to two in the over-65 age bracket.
      • back
      • physical: of or concerning the body/laws of nature
      • It is a physical impossibility to be in two places at once.
      • 根据自然法则,同一时间是不可能出现在两个不同的地方的。
      • back
      • take/ have a crack (at) : try to do (sth.)
      • 我想在退役前再尝试冲击一下奥运冠军。
      • I would like to take a crack at the Olympic title again before I retire.
      • back
      • deadline: a time limit by which sth. must be done.
      • 明天是学生们交学期报告的最后期限了。
      • Tomorrow is the deadline for the students to hand in their term paper.
      • back
      • partition: a thin wall or screen that divides
      • a room into individual space
      • Her taxicab has a thick Perspex partition between the passenger’s seats and the driver.
      • 她的出租车在乘客和司机的座位之间有一块很厚的有机玻璃隔板。
      • back
      • blurt: utter abruptly and thoughtlessly
      • 我们还没来得及阻止他,彼得已经将那个秘密冲口说出。
      • Peter blurted the secret (out) before we could stop him.
      • back
      • pry: try to look into private facts about a person ( pry into sth .)
      • 有些记者喜欢探究影星们的私生活。
      • Some reporters like to pry into film stars’ private life.
      • back
      • in the neighborhood of : about
      • 他年薪大约有 40 , 000 美元。
      • He has an annual salary in the neighborhood of $40,000.
      • 我希望能买一套 20 万左右的公寓。
      • I am hoping to buy an apartment in the neighborhood of 200,000 RMB .
      • back
      • generous: giving or ready to give freely
      • It was generous of you to share your food with me.
      • The company announced a generous, unprecedented $20 per day wage for new workers. back
      • beyond anyone’s / one’s wildest dreams: more than anyone/one can ever imagine
      • 十年之前我做梦都没有想过我买得起汽车。
      • Ten years ago it was beyond my wildest dreams that I could afford a car.
      • back
      • sparkle: shine in small bright flashes
      • 钻石在太阳照射下闪闪发光。
      • The diamond sparkled in the sunlight.
      • The stone sparkles when properly cut.
      • back
    • Discussion
      • What do you think of the writer’s four suggestions about job application? Can you add anything?
    • An Application Letter
      • Dear Li,
      • In searching for employment opportunities on the internet, I learned of a job vacancy in the Public Affairs Reporting Section of your newspaper. I believe that my qualifications match the requirements you have listed of the position.
      • As a journalism major at Sichuan University, my academic training has enabled me to develop my writing and editing skills, particularly in the reporting of pubic affairs. At college, English, Reporting Public Affairs, Advertising and Public Relations have been my favorite subjects. I would like to utilize my interests and training to fullest through working on
      • a newspaper as well---known as your own.
      • My resume reflects my experience as a journalistic intern with two newspapers in Sichuan. While working there I did both research work and reporting. I greatly enjoyed work as a professional reporter and the challenge of writing to deadlines, all of which I successfully met.
      • I have won several awards for my journalistic work and was admitted to be the journalists’ Association of Sichuan Province last year. I was the vice chairman of the Students’ Union in my university for two years. The enclosed resume provides further information about my experience and background.
      • I wonder if it would be possible for us to meet one of these days so that you could learn more about me and I could find out more about the specifics of the job. Please call me anytime on (028) 87654336 Monday through Friday. Thank you for your time and consideration.
      • Sincerely,
      • Li Ming
    • Self-introduction
      • 自述个人工作
      • I am working for a tourist agency.
      • 我在一家旅行社工作。
      • 2. Although I do my job well, I’m looking for a new job which is more challenging.
      • 尽管工作干得不错,我还在寻找一份更有挑战的工作。
      • 3. Though I just left school, I have had a lot of working experience from my part time jobs in my vacations.
      • 4. I would like to take a job with which I can develop my full potential.
    • 自述个人教育经历
      • I graduated from a rather famous university in East China.
      • 我毕业于华东一所很有名的大学。
      • 2. My major is Economics and my minor is French.
      • 3. After 4 years of hard working, I have had a good command of listening, speaking and writing with English.
    • 自述个人家庭住址
      • I am from Dalian, a port city in Northeast China.
      • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is my hometown.
      • 我的家乡在内蒙古自治区。
      • 3. My family moved to Honkong SAR three years ago.
    • 自述个人个性
      • I’m a man of my word.
      • 我是一个说话算数的人。
      • 2. I am not a man of hidden talents, but I may be considered as a Jack of all trades.
      • 我虽说不上是一个身怀绝技的人,但也算得上是个万事通。
      • 3. Many people believe I am a diffident person, but as a matter of fact I’d like to have long talks with close friends.
      • 许多人认为我很内向,实际上我很愿意与好朋友长谈。
    • 自述情感类
      • Cupid makes me want a hurl: I’ll love you till the end.
      • 爱神丘比特让我情不自禁说出:我爱你到永远。
      • 2. I just want to say those three little words to you in this sweet season: I love you.
      • 3. I love you. You’re the nicest blessing I’ve got.
      • 4. If love is a flower, you would be a perfect rose.
      • 5. It would be perfect if you were closer.
      • 6. The easiest part is falling in love with you.
    • Exercises
      • 1) generously
      • 2) physically
      • 3) structure
      • 4) partition
      • 5) blurted out
      • 6) chuckling
      • 7) pried
      • blurt: utter abruptly and thoughtlessly
      • ( 未经思考 ) 脱口而出
      • e.g. He blurted out the bad news before I could stop him.
      • 我还没来得及阻止,他就脱口说出了这个坏消息。
      • back
      • pry: try to look into private facts about a person ( pry into sth .)
      • 有些记者喜欢探究影星们的私生活。
      • Some reporters like to pry into film stars’ private life.
      • back
      • 8) prospective
      • 9) jet
      • 10) sparkled
      • 11) took a crack at
      • 12) partner
      • 13) made a (big) difference
      • 14) Beyond his wildest dream
      • 15) employment
      • take/ have a crack (at) : try to do (sth.)
      • 我想在退役前再尝试冲击一下奥运冠军。
      • I would like to take a crack at the Olympic title again before I retire.
      • back
      • 2. 1) go after
      • 2) look back on/at
      • 3) be put up
      • 4) count on
      • 5) was handed down
      • 6) follow up
      • go after: try hard to obtain
      • 他经过努力终于获得了英语演讲比赛一等奖。
      • He went after first prize in the English speech contest.
      • back
      • 7) bring about
      • 8) broke into
      • 3. 1) Mary’s parents grilled her about where she had been all night.
      • 2) In order to meet the deadline, we worked 48 hours without sleep and finally made it.
      • 3) The translation of the popular novel has just finished and a Chinese version will be in readers’ hands soon.
      • 4) As with anything else, it is important to do your homework before going on an interview.
      • 5) Jim’s car broke down last week and the repair cost was in the neighborhood of 150 dollars.
    • Words with Multiple Meaning
      • 1. When in Rome, do as the Romans do. (behave)
      • 2. Richard suggested I keep all my friends' addresses on my computer, as he does his. (used to avoid repetition)
      • 3. Elizabeth told her daughter that if she did the bathroom, the kitchen and the living
      • room, she would get $10.00 every week. (clean)
      • 4. Since the Smiths’ business is doing well, they are thinking of starting a similar type of business in Canada. (get along)
      • 5. If you are prepared, you can certainly do the job. (perform or complete a job)
      • 6. Knowing what you can not do is more important than knowing what you can. (perform or complete an action or a job)
      • 7. When I asked John why he does philosophy, he said that he does it simply because he finds it interesting. (study)
      • 8. A small piece of cake will do for me, thanks. (enough)
      • 9. Leisure is a beautiful garment, but it will not do for constant wear. (be acceptable)
    • Usage
      • 1. There is so much t say and it is hard to know where to begin. OK , I’ll talk about myself first.
      • 2. Thank you very much, John, for your beautiful Christmas card. By the way , I have something here for you.
      • 3. The new computer language can be quite easily understood by anyone who can read the daily newspaper. Now , why is this an advantage?
      • 4. I’m going to work out the outline and will let you know how it goes. By the way , I will see you in February, as I plan to attend your seminar in Shanghai.
      • 5. OK, you got the job. Now , how to maximize your profits with as little effort as possible?
      • 6. Chris has been back from Australia. Incidentally , those pictures you sent me are wonderful.
    • Structure
      • 1. 1) As I see it/ From my standpoint/ In my opinion, the institution needs better management rather than more money.
      • 2) As I see it/ From my standpoint/ In my opinion, our schools have focused on tests to such an extent that the students hardly have any time left to participate in creative activities.
      • 3) From my standpoint/ As I see it/ In my opinion, we can’t judge people by appearance only, because clothes don’t always reflect someone’s personality.
      • 4) From my standpoint/ As I see it/ In my opinion, talent just comes from doing something often enough.
      • 2.1) Sleep is a never ending task that has to be done at least once every couple of days, if not every day .
      • 2) As I see it, per-school children who are taught at home by their parents do at least as well as, if not better than , those educated at nursery schools.
      • 3) It is difficult, if not impossible , for most people do think otherwise than in the fashion of their own period.
      • 4) I have reasons to believe that most applicants, if not all of them , will have done their homework before the interview.
    • Cloze (B)
      • 1. matter
      • 2. to
      • 3. not
      • 4. possible
      • 5. can
      • 6. interview
      • 7. ask
      • 8. copies
      • 9. If
      • 10. preparing
      • 11. what
      • 12. kinds
      • 13. take
      • 14. Prior
      • 15. whether
      • 16. fit
    • Translation
      • Well begun is half done, as the saying goes . It is extremely important for a job applicant to do his homework while seeking employment. From my standpoint , whether or not one has done his homework clearly makes a difference in his chance of success.
      • I have a friend who is earning somewhere in the neighborhood of 100 thousand dollars a year in a large computer software company. He told me that from his own experience the decision makers who interview prospective employees like people who are well
      • prepared. Those who make no endeavor to learn as much about his prospective employer as possible don’t have much of a chance of success.
    • 翻译考点分析及备考建议
      • 题名为翻译,实为补全句子,考察语法结构与词组运用知识,此外还考察到了能否正确拼写单词,正确运用大小写及标点符号。考生如能在把握原则的基础上掌握一些应试技巧,在考试中取得理想成绩并非难事。
    • 考点分析
      • 1. 重点语法:主要是虚拟语气,其次是倒装结构,比较结构,从句,非谓语动词等。
      • 例 1. The victim ____________( 本有机会活下来 )if he had been taken to hospital in time.
      • 本题是典型的语法题。考察对 if 条件句中虚拟语气的掌握
      • 1 )与过去事实相反,从句用 had + done, 主句用 would/should/could+ have + done.
      • 2) 与现在事实相反,从句用一般过去时,主句用 would/should/could + v.
      • 3) 与将来事实相反,从句用过去时表示,主句用 would/should/could + v.
      • could have had the chance to survive
      • 例 2
      • Not only________( 他向我收费过高 ), but he didn’t do a good repair job either.
      • 本题考察了对倒装结构的掌握。以表示否定的副词开头的句子需要倒装,常见的否定副词有 never, little, nowhere, not only(…but also, as well), not until, nowhere, hardly, scarcely, rarely, seldom, no sooner… 。句首的 not only 决定了本题要用倒装结构连接。
      • did he overcharged me/ did he overcharge me too much.
      • 例 3
      • Since my childhood I have found that_________( 没有什么比读书对我更有吸引力 ).
      • 本题考察了对比较结构的掌握。英语中常见的比较结构有如下:
      • 1. not as (or so)…as… 表示两者的程度不一样,前者不如后者,通常翻译为“……不如……”。
      • e.g. Young people are not as modest as they once were.
      • 2. not so much... as… 通常翻译为 “与其说……不如说…… .
      • e.g. Translation is not so much a science as an art.
      • 翻译与其说是一门科学不如说是一门艺术。
      • 3. no more…than… 表示对两者都否定,可译为 “……和…… . 一样不”,“既不……也不……”
      • e.g. His salary is no higher than mine.
      • 他的薪水和我的一样低。
      • 4. more… than… 可译为 “比……更…… .”
      • 如本题,
      • nothing else is more attractive/ appealing to me than reading
    • 固定搭配
      • 固定搭配是翻译考试的核心考点,包括名词与动词的搭配,形容词与名词搭配,动词与副词的搭配,名词与介词的搭配,以及常见的固定词组。
      • 例 4
      • By contrast, American mothers were more likely________( 把孩子的成功归因于 ) natural talent.
      • 本题考察到了两个固定搭配 :
      • 1. be likely to do sth. 易于… ; 倾向于…
      • 2. attribute…to… 把…归因于…
      • 正确答案:
      • to attribute their children’s success to
      • 例 5
      • The finding of this study failed to________________( 将人们的睡眠质量考虑在内 ).
      • 本题考察了 take…into consideration( 把……考虑在内 ) 这个固定结构。也可以使用 take…into account.
      • take the quality of human’s sleep into consideration/account
      • 例 6
      • The nation’s population continues to rise___________( 以每年 1200 万人的速度 ).
      • 本题考察倒了 at a rate/speed of ( 以…的速度 )
      • 这个固定搭配
      • 正确答案:
      • at the rate of 12 million people per year
      • at the speed of 12 million people every year
    • 3. 核心动词以及动词短语
      • 例 7
      • Specialists in intercultural studies say that it is not easy to___________( 适应不同文化中的生活 ).
      • 本题考察的是对 “适应”这个核心动词的翻译。
      • 可以使用的词组有 adapt oneself to; adjust oneself to 等
      • 正确答案:
      • adapt oneself to lives in different cultures
      • 例 8
      • Because of the leg injury, the athlete__________( 决定退出比赛 ).
      • 本题考察的是对 “退出比赛”这个动词短语的翻译。使用动词 quit
      • 正确答案:
      • decided to quit the match
      • 例 9
      • To make donations or for more information, please_________( 按以下地址和我们联系 ).
      • 本题考点是对“联系”这个核心词的翻译。可以使用 contact
      • 正确答案:
      • contacts us at the following address
    • 备考建议
      • 1. 强化重点语法知识,如虚拟语气、比较结构、倒装结构、非谓语动词等。
      • 2. 重点熟记常用短语及固定搭配,尤其是动词结构。
      • 3. 平时多做翻译练习,以便扩展思维,掌握核心表达。
      • 4. 从历届真题中发觉考点。
      • 5. 在具体的翻译过程中,可采用三步法。第一步,翻译中心词汇或词组;第二步,把词汇或词组连成句子;第三步,联系前后文修改时态语态。