Information Research Strategies


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  • Information Research Strategies

    1. 1. Library Workshop for Preparation of Honours Project Information Research Strategies May 2008 In Business Research <ul><li>Identify types of information needed </li></ul><ul><li>Locate information sources using library tools </li></ul><ul><li>Use effective search techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Library’s Subscribed Business Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Compile a Bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Resources Beyond HKBU Library </li></ul>
    2. 2. Confessions of a Librarian I use Google. Everyday.
    3. 3. <ul><li>Identify types of information resources </li></ul><ul><li>SCOPE of RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>Specific aspect of a broad area </li></ul><ul><li>Currency / time frame </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical area </li></ul><ul><li>Language of publication </li></ul><ul><li>Single or Multidisciplinary approach, e.g. the application of IT in accounting </li></ul><ul><li>INFORMATION RESOURCES </li></ul><ul><li>Books (facts, not necessary updated) </li></ul><ul><li>Journal articles </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Films, videos and broadcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Conference papers </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys/Research reports (primary data) </li></ul><ul><li>Theses </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Patents </li></ul><ul><li>Directories </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionaries/Encyclopedias </li></ul><ul><li>Law/Ordinances </li></ul><ul><li>Companies’ annual reports and accounts </li></ul><ul><li>Financial/Security/Investment Data </li></ul><ul><li>Industry/Market Info. </li></ul><ul><li>Define your scope of study (a focused topic, currency, region, etc.) </li></ul>Your Topic and Possible Information Resources Colonel Harland Sanders; parent company KFC; Tricon Global; stocks; competitior activity; tech impacts; suppliers; government policy; consumers; financial records; human resources; business direction; social trends; consumer behaviour; marketing; public opinion; H5N1 chicken disease; genetically modified foods ………..
    4. 4. <ul><li>CATALOGUE FOR: </li></ul><ul><li>Books, eBooks </li></ul><ul><li>Journals/Magazine Titles </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper Titles </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>DATABASES FOR: </li></ul><ul><li>Journal/Magazine Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Theses, Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Papers, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Locate Information Sources using Library Tools </li></ul>
    5. 5. Confessions of a Librarian II I find Google faster and easier than Library Resources
    6. 6. <ul><li>SEARCH TECHNIQUES EXAMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>employee AND motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Credit analysis OR risk assessment </li></ul><ul><li>corporate governance [no quote!] </li></ul><ul><li>risk assessment AND NOT financial </li></ul><ul><li>sharehold * | organi ? ation </li></ul><ul><li>marketing within # models </li></ul><ul><li>field search, e.g. t: (in title); s: (in subject); a: (in author) </li></ul>Use Effective Search Strategies Library catalogue / Databases search mechanism BUT similar ≠ <ul><ul><ul><li>“ Chinese economic development ” CANNOT find titles with “ China’s economic and political development ”, “ Economic development in China ”, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>intitle:
    7. 7. <ul><li>Define your search topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be specific; try to write it in the form of a question. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the latest strategies for retaining staff? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify the main concepts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignore “soft” words or connectors e.g. effect, improve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>retention, staff, (strategies) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a list of possible search terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>retention, retain, retaining, retain* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>staff, employee*, worker* </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Combine your search terms appropriately </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(retention or retain*) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(staff or employee* or worker*) </li></ul></ul>* - variant endings of a word AND – narrows search, use between concepts OR – broadens search, use between synonyms ( ) – orders search, use to keep your synonyms together Formulate your Search – a Sample
    8. 8. <ul><li>Field Search (Keyword=XXX) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To search the keyword in a particular field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To avoid retrieving irrelevant records </li></ul></ul>Something New! Relevant to “compensation” in management context 1 Keyword search: compensation Subject in Brazilians, Alien labor, Japan Irrelevant to “compensation” in management context 2 Keyword search: Subject in Employee fringe benefits, compensation management S: compensation
    9. 9. Applications Small Businesses <ul><ul><li>E.g. s: small business * AND <topic> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. s: small business * AND (governance OR manag * ) </li></ul></ul>Case Studies <ul><ul><li>E.g. s :(case stud ??? OR 案例 OR 個案研究 ) AND <specific area> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finding Topics in Management </li></ul>E.g. s: corporate governance E.g. s: directors of corporations E.g. s: board of directors Corporate Governance Publications of the Institute for Enterprise Development & Management Research (formerly Business Research Centre) <ul><ul><li>E.g. ( a: business research centre OR institute for enterprise development and management research) </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Applications <ul><li>Finding Company Information </li></ul>E.g. s: <company name> E.g. s: coca cola Competitors Information General Company Directories <ul><ul><li>E.g. s: (corporation * OR compan * OR business enterprise * ) AND s :( director ??? ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Fortune 500 at: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. a: Dun AND s: directories (Finding Dun’s & Bradstreet Directories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. a: Standard AND s: directories (Finding Standard and Poor’s Directories) </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access up-to-date information on companies listed in South East Asia, e.g. annual and interim reports, company profiles, stock quotes and charts, news, etc. Allows searching by company name, stock ticker symbol, industry sector. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main board listed companies: annual/interim reports </li></ul><ul><li>Main board listed companies: corporate documents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compiled by HK Exchange and Clearing </li></ul></ul>Company Annual Report Company Information <ul><li>Securities (disclosure of interests) daily summaries. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ownership data of HK companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> ( up to 31 March 2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> (after April 1 2003) </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Applications Industry Background <ul><ul><li>E.g. s :(industr ??? ) AND s:<specific industry> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. s :(industr ??? ) AND s :(automobile * OR motor vehicle * ) </li></ul></ul>Brand Names/ Product Info. <ul><ul><li>E.g. s :(brand* OR trademark* OR 商標 OR 商品 ) </li></ul></ul>Market Research/ Industry Survey/ Market Share/Consumer Behavior/ Consumption <ul><ul><li>E.g. subject = market surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Title: Market Report on… (Report published by the TDC) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E.g. Title: Doing Business in… </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Title: Business Profile series (Report published by the HSBC Group) </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Title: World Bank Country Study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. s :(market OR consum * ) AND ( survey * OR research * OR forecast * OR statistic * OR 市場調查 ) AND <specific industry> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. s: industr ??? AND s:( survey * OR statistic *) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finding Topics in Marketing Research </li></ul><ul><li>Profiles of HK Major Service Industries (TDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Profiles of HK Major Manufacturing Industries (TDC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TradePort: Market Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find country and market reports from the &quot;Buy USA database&quot; and country, business and finance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>surveys from the </li></ul></ul>Country Profile/ Country Report <ul><ul><li>E.g. a: Economist Intelligence Unit AND t:( country report OR country profile )) </li></ul></ul>Economic Indicators <ul><ul><li>E.g. a: Economist Intelligence Unit AND t:( country report OR country profile )) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. a:( World Economic Forum OR IMD ) AND competitiveness </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Applications <ul><li>OFFICIAL STATISTICS </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Annual Digest of Statistics ( 香港統計年刊 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics ( 香港統計月刊 ) and its “featured articles 專題文章” </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Social and Economic Trends ( 香港社會及經濟趨勢 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Census & Statistics Dept. Hong Kong Statistics (Online) at: (Under “Statistics by Subject” & “Social Topics Studies”) </li></ul><ul><li>Business Statistics Online (Trade Development Council) at: _cid=7&w_idt=1900-01-01 (including trade statistics, trade in services, employment statistics, GDP, foreign companies in HK, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Departmental Annual Report. </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Monetary Authority. Statistics. </li></ul><ul><ul><li> ( “Economic & financial data for HK”, “Monthly statistical bulletin” which contains financial statistics including the “Residential mortgage survey”) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Property Market Statistics (Rating and Valuation Dept.) at: </li></ul><ul><li>UNOFFICIAL STATISTICS </li></ul><ul><li>Non-profit organizations and political parties </li></ul>E.g. <country> AND <topic> AND s: statistic* E.g. 中國 AND ( 農村 OR 鄉鎮 ) AND s: 統計 Statistical publications <ul><li>Finding Statistical Information </li></ul>
    13. 13. Applications <ul><li>Finding Stock Market Information </li></ul>Trading Records <ul><ul><li>1. SEHK monthly bulletin (formerly The Securities Journal. Trading Record 1990-97) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains trading records from 1998-2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web site: HKEX: Data & Statistics: Securities Market (current volumes) at: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Cash market, traded options, growth enterprise market…quotations (1999-2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains data of all sales records, daily and weekly quotations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web site: HKEX: Data & Statistics: Securities Market: Market Data: Daily quotations & Weekly quotations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Hang Seng Index Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains daily closing of all ordinaries index, trading value and volume of deals, market capitalization, etc. from 1986 onwards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web site: HKEX: Data & Statistics: Securities Market: Statistics: Statistics Archive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1. BigCharts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to interactive charts, quotes, reports and indicators on over 50,000 stocks, mutual funds and market indexes. Users can search by symbol, industry, fund name and access historical quotes. Online charting offers a wide range of user defined options, e.g. choice of time frame, various price statistics, comparison charts, various data analysis features. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Taiwan Securities and Futures Information Centre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look up financial and other stock information of listed companies in Taiwan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Confessions of a Librarian III I may look exhausted. But I’m just getting started!!!
    15. 15. Major Electronic Resources in Accountancy & Business <ul><li>Current Events </li></ul><ul><li>WiseNews </li></ul><ul><li>Lexis-Nexis Academic </li></ul><ul><li>HK TV Programs Db. </li></ul><ul><li>Finding journal articles, reports </li></ul><ul><li>ABI/INFORM Global (ProQuest) </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting & Tax with Standards (ProQuest) </li></ul><ul><li>Banking Information Source (ProQuest) </li></ul><ul><li>ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Intelligence Unit: Country Profile/ Country Report in EBSCOhost – Military & Government Coll. </li></ul><ul><li>Emerald Fulltext </li></ul><ul><li>EconLit </li></ul><ul><li>NBER Working Paper Series </li></ul><ul><li>PAIS International </li></ul><ul><li>Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO) </li></ul><ul><li>World Economic Outlook Reports </li></ul><ul><li>China Journal Net 中國期刊網 - 經濟政治與法律專輯 </li></ul><ul><li>Speech/Interview Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Research Library </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Search Elite </li></ul><ul><li>E-Books </li></ul><ul><li>NetLibrary </li></ul><ul><li>Ebrary </li></ul><ul><li>Apabi e-books 方正數字圖書館 </li></ul><ul><li>Safari Tech Books Online </li></ul><ul><li>E-Reference Tools </li></ul><ul><li>中國人物庫 (1991-) </li></ul><ul><li>中國統計數據庫 (1995- ) </li></ul><ul><li>中國上市公司文獻庫 in China InfoBank (GB) </li></ul><ul><li>中國法律法規庫 in China InfoBank (GB) </li></ul><ul><li>iSinoLaw (coming soon) </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>Define your search topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be specific; try to write it in the form of a question. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can we improve performance through motivating employees? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify the main concepts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignore “soft” words or connectors e.g. effect, improve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>performance, motivating, employees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a list of possible search terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>performance, productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>motivating, motivate, motivation, motivat* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>employees, staff </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Combine your search terms appropriately </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(performance or productivity) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and motivat* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> and (staff or employee*) </li></ul></ul>* - variant endings of a word AND – narrows search, use between concepts OR – broadens search, use between synonyms ( ) – orders search, use to keep your synonyms together Formulate your Search – Your Turn!
    17. 17. ABI/INFORM GLOBAL (part of ProQuest) No!
    18. 18. ABI/INFORM GLOBAL (part of ProQuest) Still hope... Yea!!!
    19. 19. ABI/INFORM GLOBAL (part of ProQuest) Yea!!!
    20. 20. <ul><li>Apply for a Reader's Card to access other Hong Kong University Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HK$50 per application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>valid for one academic year (Aug-July) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application form and one photo required – ask at Reference Desk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Request books that our Library does not hold or that have been checked out, but that are held by other libraries with the status &quot;AVAILABLE&quot; through Hong Kong Academic Library Link (HKALL) </li></ul><ul><li>Online Interlibrary Loan Request </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First 20 articles per academic year free of charge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web-based HKBU ILL System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First-time user registration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep track of the status of requests online </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieve electronic articles on desktop </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HK$5 charge for each additional article filled by local libraries. </li></ul></ul></ul>Access to Resources Beyond HKBU Library –Final-Year
    21. 21. Compile your Bibliography Register for a personal RefWorks account at: (one working day is required to process your request) <ul><li>Citation Management Software </li></ul><ul><li>Functions: </li></ul><ul><li>Import references directly from major databases or enter manually </li></ul><ul><li>Create bibliographies and in-text citations </li></ul><ul><li>Access your references from any location via the Web </li></ul>Unit 2.2: Citing Information Resources @Library Tutorials
    22. 22. Confessions of a Librarian IV Ask a Librarian … or I’ll be forced to spend my day on FaceBook!