Assignments 《读写教程  III 》 :   Ex.  II, p. 99 Comprehension 《读写教程  III 》 :   Ex. III, p. 99 《读写教程  III 》 :   Ex. IV, p. 100 ...
<ul><li>What are the five symbols of the United States? </li></ul>They are the Statue of Liberty, Barbie dolls,  American ...
2. Whose face was the Statue of Liberty modeled after? It was modeled after Bartholdi’s mother’s face.  3. What was the re...
4. How popular is Barbie according to the text? Since her introduction in 1959, Barbie has become the universally recogniz...
6. How did Wood get the idea of painting  American Gothic ? He was inspired by the Gothic window of an old farmhouse.  7. ...
8. Why did Fraser go to New York City’s Central Park Zoo to sketch an aging buffalo? Because buffalo no longer wandered ab...
10. How did Flagg’s portrait of Uncle Sam look like? It was a self-portrait of Flagg. 上一页 Back 下一页 V.  Exercises--Comprehe...
1. This means they have been _______ by a team of professional experts and the standard of their work has been approved.  ...
2. The Statue of Liberty had just arrived from Paris and was being _______ so it was not in New York harbor when they arri...
3. This reaction to the event is rather ______ but on the other hand there’s something in it.  exaggerated 下一页 上一页 Back u...
4. Officials say it is because the two sides have different ______ of what was decided at the previous negotiations that t...
5. I talked to some of my friends and it seemed to be a ______ problem.  universal 下一页 上一页 6. Wright is correct to see Pa...
7. Then Miss Harker lifted her head and addressed them all in ______ tones.     solemn 上一页 8. Between 1909 and 1915, the ...
《读写教程  III 》 :   Ex. IV, p. 100 下一页 IV.   Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with word...
下一页 上一页 2. The committee ( 委员会 ) did not  like  the plan to build a new bridge over the river.  approve of 3. Although som...
下一页 上一页 4. There are some houses  on the market  in the economic development zone. Let’s go and have a look. for sale 5. H...
下一页 上一页 6. This second-hand dress can be  made into  a rather pretty skirt. refashioned into 7. This is an illustration th...
上一页 8. What  interests me  is the neck that is stretched a little bit and the face that is sour-looking. captures my atten...
《读写教程  III 》 :   Ex. V, p. 100 下一页 e.g.  At age 23, he started a meatpacking business and  earned a reputation  for being ...
下一页 上一页 <ul><li>Our teacher has earned res____ from nearly all his class, by being a just, quiet, serious and honest man. ...
下一页 上一页 4. In other words, they preferred, when they had earned enough mo___ to meet their immediate needs, to spend the r...
上一页 6. Many local folk who earned their liv___ on or from the river were still worried about what would happen as a result...
《读写教程  III 》 :   Ex. VI, p. 101 下一页 VI.  Adjectives ended in  –ant  or  –ent  can be made into their corresponding nouns m...
Back excellence 下一页 上一页 brilliance competence consequence ignorance indifference intelligence magnificence significance Lo...
下一页 上一页 <ul><li>Examinations are not necessarily the best  way to measure ___________________.  </li></ul><ul><li>The powe...
下一页 上一页 5. I don’t like the department chairman’s ___________ to the teachers who are not in his favor.  6. I hear on all ...
VII.  The prefix  co -  means “ accompanying ”, “ sharing ”, “ with ” or “ joint ”. New words may be formed by adding  co ...
Back co-director co-author cooperate copilot coexist 下一页 上一页 Look at the following words that come from word building and ...
上一页 <ul><li>We must be aware that peace _______ with war.  </li></ul><ul><li>He was the __________ of that film which was ...
《读写教程  III 》 :   Ex. VIII, p. 102 下一页 VIII.  Study the following models and then combine each group of sentences into one,...
下一页 上一页 Back V.  Exercises—Structure B. After the war, a character called Uncle Sam began appearing in political cartoons....
下一页 上一页 From the above two models, we see that generally there are two ways of making a full sentence into an absolute con...
下一页 上一页 2. The hotel taxi sped away. The taillights ( 尾灯 ) disappeared into the distance.  The hotel taxi sped away, the t...
下一页 上一页 4. Barbara just lay there.  Her mouth trembled.  Her eyes were unfocused. She was unable to say a word.  Barbara j...
5. Then the two players let him fall to the  track.  His chest landed first. His head followed, bounced, and finally lay s...
《读写教程  III 》 :   Ex. IX, p. 103 下一页 IX.  Study the model carefully and then rewrite the following sentences after the mode...
下一页 上一页 1. Although they have a threatening appearance, most snakes aren’t really dangerous if you leave them alone. Most ...
下一页 上一页 3. Though there was a severe shortage of coal supply, the governor was not forced to close all the schools. Though...
上一页 5. When you are in doubt about the result of your test, call the test office.  When in doubt about the result of your ...
《读写教程  III 》 :   Ex. X, p. 103 下一页 X.  Translate the following into English. His parents did not approve of his plan to go...
下一页 上一页 It is said that the painter used his aunt as the  model in the painting whose face represented  suffering yet stre...
下一页 上一页 3.   真正的肯不喜欢三维芭比娃娃,这种娃娃 被描绘 成 具有 “出卖肉体之女人” 的模样 。 be described as The real Ken did not like the three-dimensional B...
下一页 上一页 4.   这位小说家于 1950 年 因出版 《再见,亲爱的》 一举成名 ,小说的 灵感来自于他和一位姑娘 在他哥哥的农场 的经历 。 with the publication of The novelist instantly...
下一页 上一页 5.   战后 政治漫画 里开始出现了 一个名叫山姆大叔的人物 ,很快,山姆大叔就成了 受 美国人 欢迎的象征 。 political cartoon After the war, a character called Uncl...
下一页 上一页 6.   这幅画展示了一个 神色严肃的 男子, 旁边站了 一位女子,身后是所农舍,他们的原型 分别 是画家的牙医和姐姐。 serious-looking The painting shows a serious-looking ...
下一页 上一页 7.   他 为了镍币另一面上的 野牛,只好到中央公园的动物园里 素描一只老野牛 ,这只老野牛后来被宰杀 用于墙上的装饰 。 in order to have…on the other side of the nickel  I...
上一页 8.   有个故事说 ,“ US” 是“山姆大叔”的缩写,“山姆”大叔原名叫山姆     威尔逊,他曾和一名男子一道工作过,这名男子 和美国政府签订了一份合同 ,给军队提供肉食。 One story says…  One story ...
19 世纪 70 年代中期,法国艺术家弗里德里克  奥古斯特  巴托尔迪正在设计一个大项目,名为“自由照耀世界”。这是一座庆祝美国独立和美法联盟的纪念碑。 1. In the mid-1870s, French artist Frederi...
马特尔公司将这个娃娃作了一番改造,变成了体面而地道的美国货,尽管胸围有些夸张。它名从当时 10 多岁的少女芭芭拉。 2. Mattel refashioned the doll into a decent, all-American  —  a...
如今芭芭拉已有 60 多岁了,她拒绝接受采访,但据说非常喜欢芭比。她可能是当今世上真名实姓不为人知的最著名的人物。 3.  Now more than sixty years old, Barbara  —  who declines inte...
1930 年,格兰特    伍德因其画作《美国哥特式》一举成名。此画体现了美国农民庄严的自豪,常常被人临摹。 4. Grant Wood instantly rose to fame in 1930 with his painting  Am...
他深受中世纪艺术的影响,他的灵感来自于一所古老农舍的哥特式窗户,但最令世人注目的是画中人物的脸。 5. He was strongly influenced by medieval artists and inspired by the Got...
但 1913 至 1938 年间发行的野牛硬币,却是为了纪念由美国拓居引起的两起相互关联的悲剧—— 野牛群的灭绝和美洲印第安人的毁灭。 6. But the Buffalo nickel, produced from 1913 to 1938,...
尽管此前一直是白人被用作美国硬币上的模特,而著名艺术家詹姆斯    厄尔   弗雷泽却反传统而行之,启用了三名真正的美洲印第安人作为自己创作的原型。 7.  While white people had previously been us...
战后,政治漫画里开始出现了一个名叫“山姆大叔”的人物。他的原型是一个早期漫画人物名叫乔纳森大哥,此人在美国独立战争时期非常出名。 8. After the war, a character called Uncle Sam began appe...
Ⅵ .  Writing (分析建议类) How to Do Something 写作模式 参考范文 1.  某一事物的现状 2.  分析该事物的重要性 ( 或危害性/社会意义等 ) 3.  怎样对待该事物
(划线部分可替换) 下一页 上一页 写作模式(分析建议类) 1)   Much to our distress / delight / surprise, these years have seen  the popularity / wors...
(划线部分可替换) 下一页 上一页 4)   The  importance / harmfulness / significance of sth.  to sb. / sth. else, (however), can be seen fr...
(划线部分可替换) 下一页 上一页 9)   So the  most pressing for us / basic problem  now is how to…  10)   In my opinion, the first step s...
How to Conduct Patriotic Education Among the Youth of Today 1.  我国爱国主义教育的现状。 2.  分析爱国主义教育的重要意义。 3.  如何在青少年中开展爱国主义教育? 下一页 上...
1)   Much to our distress, these years have seen a widespread neglect of  patriotic education  in  our society.   2)   Acc...
4)   The significance of  patriotic education  to  our society,  however ,  can be seen from the perspectives as follows ....
dearer their golden chances of enriching themselves with knowledge in peace.   7)  And above all ,   the patriotic educati...
9)   So the most pressing for us now is how to  effectively inculcate patriotism in the youth of today.   10)   In my opin...
Exercises Vocabulary 《读写教程 III 》 Ex. XVII, p. 118 《读写教程 III 》 Ex. XVIII, p. 118
1. The pressure cannot ____ me; it forces me to think.    crush 《读写教程  III 》 :   Ex. XVII, p. 118 Fill in the blanks with...
3. We are constantly upgrading our ____ network to ensure that the right product is delivered to the right customer at the...
5.Unfortunately, Rose did not  ____ on the nature of such mixed schooling  experiences.  elaborate 4. Lewis had a  ____ m...
6.  The “New Army” was ____ of volunteers only, who poured into recruiting stations in their thousands.  comprised 下一页 上一...
下一页 上一页 7.  While you are working through this process, take note of the ____ in the garden that you would like to keep. ...
8.  The downstairs restaurant where breakfast is served has walls ____ with paintings of people dressed in traditional loc...
1. Modern music stars usually come to fame ___ their early twenties or even ___ a younger age. 《读写教程  III 》 :   Ex. XVIII,...
2. Believing that he was fully qualified, he submitted his application instantly, but a week later he was crushed to learn...
4. A young girl ___ mini-skirt appears ___ the front cover of the magazine  Fashion. in 5. Quite a number of modernist nov...
6. The apartment is comprised ___ two bedrooms, a dining-room, a sitting-room, a bathroom, and a kitchen. of 7. ___ comfor...
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Five Symbols Of The United States

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Five Symbols Of The United States

  1. 1. Assignments 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. II, p. 99 Comprehension 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. III, p. 99 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. IV, p. 100 Vocabulary 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. V, p. 100 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. VI, p. 101 Collocation Translation 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. IX, p. 103 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. VII, p. 101 Word Building 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. VIII, p. 102 Structure 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. XI, p. 103 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. X, p. 103
  2. 2. <ul><li>What are the five symbols of the United States? </li></ul>They are the Statue of Liberty, Barbie dolls, American Gothic , the Buffalo nickel, and Uncle Sam. 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. II, p. 99 II. Answer the following questions. 下一页 Back V. Exercises--Comprehension
  3. 3. 2. Whose face was the Statue of Liberty modeled after? It was modeled after Bartholdi’s mother’s face. 3. What was the real name of Barbie? Her real name was Barbara Handler. 下一页 上一页 Back V. Exercises--Comprehension
  4. 4. 4. How popular is Barbie according to the text? Since her introduction in 1959, Barbie has become the universally recognized Queen of the Dolls. The average American girl owns ten Barbie dolls, and two are sold somewhere in the world every second. 5. Who painted American Gothic ? Grant Wood. 下一页 上一页 Back V. Exercises--Comprehension
  5. 5. 6. How did Wood get the idea of painting American Gothic ? He was inspired by the Gothic window of an old farmhouse. 7. What was the Buffalo nickel produced for? It honored a pair of connected tragedies from the settlement of the American frontier – the destruction of the buffalo herds and the American Indians. 下一页 上一页 Back V. Exercises--Comprehension
  6. 6. 8. Why did Fraser go to New York City’s Central Park Zoo to sketch an aging buffalo? Because buffalo no longer wandered about the great grasslands. 9. What did the employee say when he was asked about the letters “EA-US”? He said “US” was short for “Uncle Sam” Wilson. 下一页 上一页 Back V. Exercises--Comprehension
  7. 7. 10. How did Flagg’s portrait of Uncle Sam look like? It was a self-portrait of Flagg. 上一页 Back 下一页 V. Exercises--Comprehension
  8. 8. 1. This means they have been _______ by a team of professional experts and the standard of their work has been approved.  inspected 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. III, p. 99 III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. 下一页 上一页 Back universal version interpretation solemn alongside inspect grave recruit assemble stretch exaggerate inspire V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  9. 9. 2. The Statue of Liberty had just arrived from Paris and was being _______ so it was not in New York harbor when they arrived.  assembled 下一页 上一页 Back universal version interpretation solemn alongside inspect grave recruit assemble stretch exaggerate inspire V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  10. 10. 3. This reaction to the event is rather ______ but on the other hand there’s something in it.  exaggerated 下一页 上一页 Back universal version interpretation solemn alongside inspect grave recruit assemble stretch exaggerate inspire V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  11. 11. 4. Officials say it is because the two sides have different ______ of what was decided at the previous negotiations that the ceasefire ( 停火 ) has broken down.  versions 下一页 上一页 Back universal version interpretation solemn alongside inspect grave recruit assemble stretch exaggerate inspire V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  12. 12. 5. I talked to some of my friends and it seemed to be a ______ problem.  universal 下一页 上一页 6. Wright is correct to see Paisley’s _____ of liberty as a development of this view.  interpretation Back universal version interpretation solemn alongside inspect grave recruit assemble stretch exaggerate inspire V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  13. 13. 7. Then Miss Harker lifted her head and addressed them all in ______ tones.  solemn 上一页 8. Between 1909 and 1915, the Futurists ( 未来派艺术家 ), an Italian group who exhibited in Paris, were _______ by moving pictures.  inspired Back 下一页 universal version interpretation solemn alongside inspect grave recruit assemble stretch exaggerate inspire V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  14. 14. 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. IV, p. 100 下一页 IV. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning. 1. The project he devoted his attention to last year fell through as it was costly. worked on Back 上一页 V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  15. 15. 下一页 上一页 2. The committee ( 委员会 ) did not like the plan to build a new bridge over the river. approve of 3. Although some members slipped away, the meeting continued without them. went ahead Back V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  16. 16. 下一页 上一页 4. There are some houses on the market in the economic development zone. Let’s go and have a look. for sale 5. Have you got an idea of how to deal with test cheating? come up with Back V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  17. 17. 下一页 上一页 6. This second-hand dress can be made into a rather pretty skirt. refashioned into 7. This is an illustration that popular music stars become famous at a young age. rise to fame Back V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  18. 18. 上一页 8. What interests me is the neck that is stretched a little bit and the face that is sour-looking. captures my attention Back 下一页 V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  19. 19. 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. V, p. 100 下一页 e.g. At age 23, he started a meatpacking business and earned a reputation for being honest and hard working. V. Look at the following sentence taken from your reading passage. Just think about what else you can “earn” and fill in the sentences below with the right words. Back 上一页 V. Exercises--Collocation
  20. 20. 下一页 上一页 <ul><li>Our teacher has earned res____ from nearly all his class, by being a just, quiet, serious and honest man. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Bernard has earned admi______ and affection at Westminster with his good humor. </li></ul><ul><li>3. And no one doubts that he has earned his pl___ among the sport’s leading players. </li></ul>ace pect ration Back V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  21. 21. 下一页 上一页 4. In other words, they preferred, when they had earned enough mo___ to meet their immediate needs, to spend the rest of their time in leisure rather than in work to increase their earnings. 5. His great courage at the time eventually earned him the Military Cross, a rew___ that he had never dreamed about before. ney ard Back V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  22. 22. 上一页 6. Many local folk who earned their liv___ on or from the river were still worried about what would happen as a result of the pollution. 7. On the contrary, however, he has earned not____ but displeasure from what he did. 8. At the time of the competition, he earned his na___ as he was considered to be the highest authority on Spanish paintings. ing hing me Back 下一页 V. Exercises--Vocabulary
  23. 23. 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. VI, p. 101 下一页 VI. Adjectives ended in –ant or –ent can be made into their corresponding nouns mainly by omitting the letter –t and adding –ce . 上一页 Back V. Exercises—Word Building e.g. important importance independent independence
  24. 24. Back excellence 下一页 上一页 brilliance competence consequence ignorance indifference intelligence magnificence significance Look at the following nouns and choose from them to fill in the blanks of the sentences that follow. V . Exercises—Word Building + ce - t magnificent + ce - t intelligent + ce - t indifferent + ce - t significant + ce - t ignorant + ce - t consequent + ce - t competent + ce - t brilliant + ce - t excellent
  25. 25. 下一页 上一页 <ul><li>Examinations are not necessarily the best way to measure ___________________. </li></ul><ul><li>The power station was shown to be dangerous and, as a ___________, was closed down. </li></ul><ul><li>This discovery was of great __________, but few people realized that. </li></ul><ul><li>In the “I to you” approach, the workers were in complete _________ of the management’s plans. </li></ul>intelligence/competence significance consequence ignorance Back V. Exercises—Word Building
  26. 26. 下一页 上一页 5. I don’t like the department chairman’s ___________ to the teachers who are not in his favor. 6. I hear on all sides of the _________ of your establishment. 7. The sun has both _________ and heat. 8. There is calm and joy, too, when the mind can focus on the ____________ and beauty of nature. brilliance excellence magnificence indifference Back V. Exercises—Word Building
  27. 27. VII. The prefix co - means “ accompanying ”, “ sharing ”, “ with ” or “ joint ”. New words may be formed by adding co - to some words at the beginning. 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. VII, p. 101 下一页 上一页 Back V. Exercises—Word Building e.g. founder co-founder
  28. 28. Back co-director co-author cooperate copilot coexist 下一页 上一页 Look at the following words that come from word building and choose from them to fill in the blanks. Remember to change the form where necessary. V . Exercises—Word Building pilot + co- exist + co- author + co- operate + co- director + co-
  29. 29. 上一页 <ul><li>We must be aware that peace _______ with war. </li></ul><ul><li>He was the __________ of that film which was half criticized and half praised. </li></ul><ul><li>The couple spoke about how they would _________ in the raising of their child. </li></ul><ul><li>The pilot was seriously injured and the ______ took over. </li></ul><ul><li>He is the _________, with Andrew Blowers, of The International Politics of Nuclear Waste . </li></ul>coexists co-author copilot cooperate co-director Back 下一页 V. Exercises—Word Building
  30. 30. 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. VIII, p. 102 下一页 VIII. Study the following models and then combine each group of sentences into one, using absolutes. 上一页 Back V. Exercises—Structure Model: A. Marie was sitting at her desk. Her head was slightly lowered over a pile of chemistry notes. Marie was sitting at her desk, her head slightly lowered over a pile of chemistry notes.
  31. 31. 下一页 上一页 Back V. Exercises—Structure B. After the war, a character called Uncle Sam began appearing in political cartoons. His form evolved from an earlier cartoon character called Brother Jonathan that was popular during the American Revolution. After the war, a character called Uncle Sam began appearing in political cartoons, his form evolving from an earlier cartoon character called Brother Jonathan that was popular during the American Revolution.
  32. 32. 下一页 上一页 From the above two models, we see that generally there are two ways of making a full sentence into an absolute construction. One is omitting a form of the verb be – such as is , are , was , or were as in Model A. The second way is changing the main verb into its –ing form as in Model B. <ul><li>Jimmy walked slowly to the corner of the playground. </li></ul><ul><li>His face was covered with tears. </li></ul>Jimmy walked slowly to the corner of the playground, his face covered with tears. Back V. Exercises—Structure
  33. 33. 下一页 上一页 2. The hotel taxi sped away. The taillights ( 尾灯 ) disappeared into the distance. The hotel taxi sped away, the taillights disappearing into the distance. 3. Their stomachs were crying for food. Their backs were burning from too much sun. Both boys gathered their things and headed for home. Their stomachs crying for food, their backs burning from too much sun, both boys gathered their things and headed for home. Back V. Exercises—Structure
  34. 34. 下一页 上一页 4. Barbara just lay there. Her mouth trembled. Her eyes were unfocused. She was unable to say a word. Barbara just lay there, her mouth trembling, her eyes unfocused, unable to say a word. Back V. Exercises—Structure
  35. 35. 5. Then the two players let him fall to the track. His chest landed first. His head followed, bounced, and finally lay still. 上一页 Then the two players let him fall to the track, his chest landing first, his head following, bouncing, and finally lying still. Back 下一页 V. Exercises—Structure
  36. 36. 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. IX, p. 103 下一页 IX. Study the model carefully and then rewrite the following sentences after the model, using the structure of “ conjunction + prepositional phrase ”. Back 上一页 V. Exercises—Structure Model: Mattel refashioned the doll into a decent, all-American version although the version had an exaggerated breast size. Mattel refashioned the doll into a decent, all-American – although with an exaggerated breast size – version.
  37. 37. 下一页 上一页 1. Although they have a threatening appearance, most snakes aren’t really dangerous if you leave them alone. Most snakes, although with a threatening appearance, aren’t really dangerous if you leave them alone. Women, even though with the same abilities, have failed to approach the income of men. 2. Women have failed to approach the income of men even though they have the same abilities. Back V. Exercises—Structure
  38. 38. 下一页 上一页 3. Though there was a severe shortage of coal supply, the governor was not forced to close all the schools. Though with a severe shortage of coal supply, the governor was not forced to close all the schools. She is capable of making complete French meals even though with no cheese between salad and dessert. 4. She is capable of making complete French meals even though there is no cheese between salad and dessert. Back V. Exercises—Structure
  39. 39. 上一页 5. When you are in doubt about the result of your test, call the test office. When in doubt about the result of your test, call the test office. Back 下一页 V. Exercises—Structure
  40. 40. 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. X, p. 103 下一页 X. Translate the following into English. His parents did not approve of his plan to go and study abroad with a girl they had never met, but he went ahead and got to New York with her. 1. 他父母不 赞成 他和一个他们没有见过面的姑娘 到国外学习 的计划,可他 还是去了 ,和她一起去了纽约。 approve of go ahead go and study abroad Back 上一页 V. Exercises—Translation
  41. 41. 下一页 上一页 It is said that the painter used his aunt as the model in the painting whose face represented suffering yet strength. 2. 据说 ,画家以他的婶婶作他画中的模特,她的面容 饱经沧桑却不失坚定 。 It is said that… represent suffering yet strength Back V. Exercises—Translation
  42. 42. 下一页 上一页 3. 真正的肯不喜欢三维芭比娃娃,这种娃娃 被描绘 成 具有 “出卖肉体之女人” 的模样 。 be described as The real Ken did not like the three-dimensional Barbie dolls, which were described as having the appearance of “a woman who sold sex”. Back V. Exercises—Translation have the appearance of
  43. 43. 下一页 上一页 4. 这位小说家于 1950 年 因出版 《再见,亲爱的》 一举成名 ,小说的 灵感来自于他和一位姑娘 在他哥哥的农场 的经历 。 with the publication of The novelist instantly rose to fame in 1950 with the publication of Good-bye, My Dear , a novel inspired by his experience with a girl on his older brother’s farm. inspired by his experience with a girl Back rise to fame V. Exercises—Translation
  44. 44. 下一页 上一页 5. 战后 政治漫画 里开始出现了 一个名叫山姆大叔的人物 ,很快,山姆大叔就成了 受 美国人 欢迎的象征 。 political cartoon After the war, a character called Uncle Sam began appearing in political cartoons, and soon became American’s most popular symbol. most popular symbol Back a character called Uncle Sam V. Exercises—Translation
  45. 45. 下一页 上一页 6. 这幅画展示了一个 神色严肃的 男子, 旁边站了 一位女子,身后是所农舍,他们的原型 分别 是画家的牙医和姐姐。 serious-looking The painting shows a serious-looking man and a woman standing alongside him in front of a farmhouse, their models being respectively the painter’s dentist and sister. respectively Back standing alongside V. Exercises—Translation
  46. 46. 下一页 上一页 7. 他 为了镍币另一面上的 野牛,只好到中央公园的动物园里 素描一只老野牛 ,这只老野牛后来被宰杀 用于墙上的装饰 。 in order to have…on the other side of the nickel In order to have the buffalo on the other side of the nickel, he went to the Central Park Zoo to sketch an aging buffalo which was later killed for a wall decoration. sketch an aging buffalo for a wall decoration Back V. Exercises—Translation
  47. 47. 上一页 8. 有个故事说 ,“ US” 是“山姆大叔”的缩写,“山姆”大叔原名叫山姆  威尔逊,他曾和一名男子一道工作过,这名男子 和美国政府签订了一份合同 ,给军队提供肉食。 One story says… One story says that “US” was short for “Uncle Sam” whose real name was Sam Wilson who had once worked with a man who had signed a contract with the government to provide meat to the US Army. sign a contract with the government Back 下一页 V. Exercises—Translation
  48. 48. 19 世纪 70 年代中期,法国艺术家弗里德里克  奥古斯特  巴托尔迪正在设计一个大项目,名为“自由照耀世界”。这是一座庆祝美国独立和美法联盟的纪念碑。 1. In the mid-1870s, French artist Frederic Auguste Bartholdi was working on an enormous project called Liberty Enlightening the World , a monument celebrating US independence and the France-America alliance. XI. Translate the following into Chinese. 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. XI, p. 103 Back 下一页 上一页 V. Exercises—Translation
  49. 49. 马特尔公司将这个娃娃作了一番改造,变成了体面而地道的美国货,尽管胸围有些夸张。它名从当时 10 多岁的少女芭芭拉。 2. Mattel refashioned the doll into a decent, all-American — although with an exaggerated breast size — version and named it after Barbara, who was then a teenager. 上一页 Back 下一页 V. Exercises--Translation
  50. 50. 如今芭芭拉已有 60 多岁了,她拒绝接受采访,但据说非常喜欢芭比。她可能是当今世上真名实姓不为人知的最著名的人物。 3. Now more than sixty years old, Barbara — who declines interviews but is said to have loved the doll — may be the most famous unknown figure on the planet. 上一页 Back 下一页 V. Exercises--Translation
  51. 51. 1930 年,格兰特  伍德因其画作《美国哥特式》一举成名。此画体现了美国农民庄严的自豪,常常被人临摹。 4. Grant Wood instantly rose to fame in 1930 with his painting American Gothic , an often-copied interpretation of the solemn pride of American farmers. 上一页 Back 下一页 V. Exercises--Translation
  52. 52. 他深受中世纪艺术的影响,他的灵感来自于一所古老农舍的哥特式窗户,但最令世人注目的是画中人物的脸。 5. He was strongly influenced by medieval artists and inspired by the Gothic window of an old farmhouse, but the faces in his composition were what captured the world’s attention. 上一页 Back 下一页 V. Exercises--Translation
  53. 53. 但 1913 至 1938 年间发行的野牛硬币,却是为了纪念由美国拓居引起的两起相互关联的悲剧—— 野牛群的灭绝和美洲印第安人的毁灭。 6. But the Buffalo nickel, produced from 1913 to 1938, honored a pair of connected tragedies from the settlement of the American frontier — the destruction of the buffalo herds and the American Indians. 上一页 Back 下一页 V. Exercises--Translation
  54. 54. 尽管此前一直是白人被用作美国硬币上的模特,而著名艺术家詹姆斯  厄尔  弗雷泽却反传统而行之,启用了三名真正的美洲印第安人作为自己创作的原型。 7. While white people had previously been used as models for most American coins, famed artist James Earle Fraser went against tradition by using three actual American Indians as models for his creation. 上一页 Back 下一页 V. Exercises--Translation
  55. 55. 战后,政治漫画里开始出现了一个名叫“山姆大叔”的人物。他的原型是一个早期漫画人物名叫乔纳森大哥,此人在美国独立战争时期非常出名。 8. After the war, a character called Uncle Sam began appearing in political cartoons, his form evolving from an earlier cartoon character called Brother Jonathan that was popular during the American Revolution. 上一页 Back V. Exercises--Translation
  56. 56. Ⅵ . Writing (分析建议类) How to Do Something 写作模式 参考范文 1. 某一事物的现状 2. 分析该事物的重要性 ( 或危害性/社会意义等 ) 3. 怎样对待该事物
  57. 57. (划线部分可替换) 下一页 上一页 写作模式(分析建议类) 1) Much to our distress / delight / surprise, these years have seen the popularity / worsening / much improvement / a widespread neglect of sth . ( 议论的主题 ) in society . 2) According to a recent / official report / survey / opinion poll , ... ( 佐证陈述 ) 3) If this current is allowed to run its course, things are bound to turn for the better / worse . (Para. 1) Back Ⅵ . Writing
  58. 58. (划线部分可替换) 下一页 上一页 4) The importance / harmfulness / significance of sth. to sb. / sth. else, (however), can be seen from the perspectives as follows. 5) In the first place , … ( 分析 I) 6) In the second , ... ( 分析 II) 7) And above all , … ( 分析 III) 8) To sum up , ... ( 归纳总结 ) (Para. 2) Back Ⅵ . Writing
  59. 59. (划线部分可替换) 下一页 上一页 9) So the most pressing for us / basic problem now is how to… 10) In my opinion, the first step should be focused upon … ( 建议 I) 11) Then, greater efforts must be made to ... ( 建议 II) 12) In one word , where there is …, there is … ( 结论句 ) (Para. 3) Back Ⅵ . Writing
  60. 60. How to Conduct Patriotic Education Among the Youth of Today 1. 我国爱国主义教育的现状。 2. 分析爱国主义教育的重要意义。 3. 如何在青少年中开展爱国主义教育? 下一页 上一页 Back Ⅵ . Writing
  61. 61. 1) Much to our distress, these years have seen a widespread neglect of patriotic education in our society. 2) According to some official reports , many patriotic education centers have been closed down or kept open to the public for other more profitable purposes while many of our national heroes have given way to today’s pop stars in youths’ minds. 3) If this current is allowed to run its course , I am afraid, things are bound to turn for the worse , with less and less sense of patriotism left in the youth. 下一页 上一页 Back Ⅵ . Writing
  62. 62. 4) The significance of patriotic education to our society, however , can be seen from the perspectives as follows . 5) In the first place , the patriotic education can make youth more aware of the glorious history and culture of our nation, thus building up their sense of pride as Chinese. 6) In the second , the patriotic education helps youth value today’s hard-earned life so as to hold 上一页 下一页 Back Ⅵ . Writing
  63. 63. dearer their golden chances of enriching themselves with knowledge in peace. 7) And above all , the patriotic education can push youth to draw upon more of their capabilities in order to make tomorrow’s life better than today’s and leave behind themselves more highlights for the nation’s culture. 8) To sum up , patriotic education is a key ingredient in the all-round development of youth. 上一页 下一页 Back Ⅵ . Writing
  64. 64. 9) So the most pressing for us now is how to effectively inculcate patriotism in the youth of today. 10) In my opinion , the first step should be focused upon giving fuller play to the potentials of patriotic education centers instead of running them for the purpose of making money. 11) Then , greater efforts must be made to integrate the patriotic education into the curriculums throughout youth’s education. 12) In one word , where there is an effective patriotic education of youth, there is a greater enhancement of national cohesiveness. 上一页 THE END Back Ⅵ . Writing
  65. 65. Exercises Vocabulary 《读写教程 III 》 Ex. XVII, p. 118 《读写教程 III 》 Ex. XVIII, p. 118
  66. 66. 1. The pressure cannot ____ me; it forces me to think.  crush 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. XVII, p. 118 Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. 下一页 Back feature comprise license distinctive sample astonish crush distribution elaborate plunge classic decorate Exercises
  67. 67. 3. We are constantly upgrading our ____ network to ensure that the right product is delivered to the right customer at the right time.  distribution 2. Membership grew at an ____ pace, reaching close to 30,000 in the late 1970s .  astonishing 下一页 上一页 Back Exercises feature comprise license distinctive sample astonish crush distribution elaborate plunge classic decorate
  68. 68. 5.Unfortunately, Rose did not ____ on the nature of such mixed schooling experiences.  elaborate 4. Lewis had a ____ manner of lecturing, which was not greatly changed over the years.  distinctive 下一页 上一页 Back Exercises feature comprise license distinctive sample astonish crush distribution elaborate plunge classic decorate
  69. 69. 6. The “New Army” was ____ of volunteers only, who poured into recruiting stations in their thousands.  comprised 下一页 上一页 Back Exercises feature comprise license distinctive sample astonish crush distribution elaborate plunge classic decorate
  70. 70. 下一页 上一页 7. While you are working through this process, take note of the ____ in the garden that you would like to keep.  features Back Exercises feature comprise license distinctive sample astonish crush distribution elaborate plunge classic decorate
  71. 71. 8. The downstairs restaurant where breakfast is served has walls ____ with paintings of people dressed in traditional local costumes.  decorated 下一页 上一页 Back Exercises feature comprise license distinctive sample astonish crush distribution elaborate plunge classic decorate
  72. 72. 1. Modern music stars usually come to fame ___ their early twenties or even ___ a younger age. 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. XVIII, p. 118 in at Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable preposition or adverb. 下一页 上一页 Back Exercises
  73. 73. 2. Believing that he was fully qualified, he submitted his application instantly, but a week later he was crushed to learn that it had been turned ___. down 3. To Mary Engelbreit, greeting cards seemed a come-down ___ her high expectations, but the advice stayed ___ her. from 下一页 上一页 with Back Exercises
  74. 74. 4. A young girl ___ mini-skirt appears ___ the front cover of the magazine Fashion. in 5. Quite a number of modernist novels are written with an eye ___ the past. to 下一页 上一页 on Back Exercises
  75. 75. 6. The apartment is comprised ___ two bedrooms, a dining-room, a sitting-room, a bathroom, and a kitchen. of 7. ___ comfort food, comfort art is healthy to people. Like 上一页 Back 8. The notion that blacks comprise a problem is ____ the core of racist reasoning. at Exercises
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