Body Image


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Body Image

  1. 1. Body Image “ Mirror, Mirror”
  2. 2. Eating Disorders <ul><li>8,000,000 people in the United States have diagnosed eating </li></ul><ul><li>disorders </li></ul><ul><li>90% of people diagnosed </li></ul><ul><li>with eating disorders are </li></ul><ul><li>women </li></ul>
  3. 3. More Statistics <ul><li>10% of U.S. girls and women are suffering from eating disorders </li></ul><ul><li>50,000 will die as a direct result </li></ul><ul><li>Eating disorders and substance abuse have the highest mortality of all psychiatric disorders </li></ul>
  4. 4. Quote <ul><li>“ If we place pornography and the tyranny of slenderness alongside one another, we have the two most significant obsessions of our culture, and both of them focused upon a woman’s body.” Kim Chernin </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cosmetic Surgery <ul><li>“ Cosmetic surgery is the fastest growing medical specialty. Throughout the 1980’s as women gained power, unprecedented numbers of them sought out and submitted to the knife.” </li></ul><ul><li>Naomi Wolf </li></ul><ul><li>Men are beginning to enter into cosmetic surgery with the same desire as women to fit the cultural norm. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Origins of Body Image <ul><li>We are not born with a body image. We learn it from family, peers, the press, movies, and television. Our culture reinforces only certain images. </li></ul>
  7. 7. A relationship has been demonstrated between the development of personal boundaries and body image. Susan Orbach , Fat is a Feminist Issue Hunger Strike: Anorexia as a Metaphor for Our Age The Women’s Therapy Centre Institute Eating Problems: a Feminist Psychoanalytic Treatment Model have
  8. 8. Body Image Is: <ul><li>Mental </li></ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul><ul><li>Perceptive </li></ul><ul><li>Imaginative </li></ul>
  9. 9. Men’s Image Issues <ul><li>Glamorous “macho” figures: </li></ul><ul><li>Tough </li></ul><ul><li>Muscular </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Athletic </li></ul>
  10. 10. Media Influence <ul><li>Models </li></ul><ul><li>Health and fashion magazine covers </li></ul><ul><li>Computer doctored photos </li></ul><ul><li>“ Barbie” and Arnold Schwarzenegger </li></ul><ul><li>Music-video queens and kings </li></ul><ul><li>Movies, billboards, television </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Diet/Fitness Craze We are influenced through: <ul><li>Diet foods </li></ul><ul><li>Diet commercials </li></ul><ul><li>Diet centers </li></ul><ul><li>Diet books </li></ul><ul><li>“ abs” and workout videos </li></ul><ul><li>Health clubs </li></ul><ul><li>Body size talk </li></ul><ul><li>Fashion </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Media Influence <ul><li>Billions are spent on cosmetics, new diets, and clothes </li></ul><ul><li>We are constantly trying to reshape and remake our bodies into the media image </li></ul>
  13. 13. Personal Boundaries Physical Limits <ul><li>our skin distinguishes between what is inside and outside of us </li></ul><ul><li>we determine what to physically put into our bodies and how we take care of ourselves </li></ul>
  14. 14. Personal Psychological Boundaries <ul><li>A person with strong psychological boundaries helps others but maintains his or her sense of self and has an intrinsic sense of self </li></ul><ul><li>A person with weak psychological boundaries has an extrinsic sense of self and can’t maintain boundaries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>might have sex with anyone who wants them as a way to try to feel “whole” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>might find it painful to be alone </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Personal Boundaries Psychological & Emotional Limits <ul><li>boundaries are based upon how we were held and touched early in life (or not touched) </li></ul><ul><li>early touching provides us with sensory information </li></ul><ul><li>consequently, our boundaries may be clear or unclear </li></ul><ul><li>maintaining limits that are within our value system is essential </li></ul>
  16. 16. Body Image <ul><li>Directly related to self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Developed through interactions with others </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects our mental picture of ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>Contains our thoughts, feelings, judgments, sensations, awareness and behavior </li></ul>
  17. 17. Body Image Questionnaire
  18. 18. You Can Develop a Healthy Body Image <ul><li>Listen to your body, and eat only when you are hungry. </li></ul><ul><li>Be realistic about the size you are likely to be based on your genetics and environment. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Developing a Healthy Body Image <ul><li>3. Exercise regularly doing something you enjoy. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Expect normal weekly and monthly changes in weight and shape. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Be gentle with yourself – work toward self- acceptance and forgiveness. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Developing a Healthy Body Image <ul><li>6. Ask for encouragement from friends and family when life is stressful. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Make some life decisions about what is most important to you and pursue them. </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Three A’s <ul><li>Attention – listening to internal cues </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciation – enjoying the pleasure your body can provide </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance – accepting what is instead of longing for what is not </li></ul>
  22. 22. What You Can Do <ul><li>Force yourself to look for your good points in the mirror </li></ul><ul><li>Decide which of the cultural pressures prevent you from feeling good about yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise to feel good about yourself </li></ul>
  23. 23. What You Can Do <ul><li>Give up dieting and bail on the scale </li></ul><ul><li>Eat healthy </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge size-bigotry and fight size discrimination by refusing to speak negatively of others </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t let every new inch or curve upset you </li></ul>
  24. 24. Enjoy Your Life <ul><li>Work on focusing your thoughts and energy toward the unique and amazing person you are rather than focusing on what you believe you are not. </li></ul>