Harriet Beecher Stowe: Biography of a Literary Giant By Sylvia Marohn For American Literature, Professor B. Ritter-Guth
Birth and Early Life <ul><li>Harriet was born in 1811, in Litchfield, Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Mother was Roxanna (Fo...
<ul><li>Harriet’s mother died when she was four years old </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet was sent to live with her aunt </li></...
<ul><li>At 14 Harriet had a spiritual awakening and became a devout Christian </li></ul><ul><li>The family moved to Boston...
A Budding Writer <ul><li>When she was 23, Harriet won a writing contest in  Western Monthly Magazine </li></ul><ul><li>She...
Marriage to Calvin <ul><li>When Harriet was 35 she married widowed clergyman Calvin Ellis Stowe, a professor at her father...
Her Life’s Work: The Beginning of Social Reform <ul><li>In Ohio Harriet met escaped slaves from the bordering state Kentuc...
Unwanted Change <ul><li>Harriet’s youngest son Charley died of cholera in 1849, and Stowe’s book “Our Charley was publishe...
The Fugitive Slave Act <ul><li>In 1850, The Fugitive Slave Act was enacted </li></ul><ul><li>It stated that it was a crime...
Popularity and Critics <ul><li>As a result of the popularity of  Uncle Tom’s Cabin , Harriet spoke about emancipation all ...
More than a One-Book Author <ul><li>Other novels published include Sunny Memories (1854), Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal...
Influential Friends <ul><li>The family moved in 1873 to Hartford, Connecticut, and was Mark Twain’s neighbor </li></ul><ul...
Death Does Not Decrease Impact <ul><li>Although Harriet died in 1896, the impact of her work created the opportunity for s...
Images Cited_________________________ Slide 1:  http://www.americaslibrary.gov/assets/jb/reform/jb_reform_beecher_1_m.gif ...
Slide 5:  http://www.avenuedstereo.com/modern/beecher_title.jpg Slide 6:  http://museum.icp.org/museum/exhibitions/southwo...
Slide 9:  http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl= http://www.sonofthesouth.net/slavery/african-american-art/uncle-tom-cabi...
slide 10:  http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/e3/Stowe-Key-cover.jpg&imgref...
slide 12:  http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.americaslibrary.gov/assets/jb/civil/jb_civil_lincoln2_1_e.jpg...
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Harriet Beecher Stowe

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Harriet Beecher Stowe

  1. 1. Harriet Beecher Stowe: Biography of a Literary Giant By Sylvia Marohn For American Literature, Professor B. Ritter-Guth
  2. 2. Birth and Early Life <ul><li>Harriet was born in 1811, in Litchfield, Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Mother was Roxanna (Foote) Beecher </li></ul><ul><li>Father was Lyman Beecher, a Calvinist preacher </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet was number seven, of eight children </li></ul>Harriet’s Birthplace
  3. 3. <ul><li>Harriet’s mother died when she was four years old </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet was sent to live with her aunt </li></ul><ul><li>When she was 13, Harriet moved to Hartford, Connecticut to attend the Female Seminary that was run by her eldest sister Catherine. </li></ul>Harriet with her father Father, Lyman Sister, Catherine
  4. 4. <ul><li>At 14 Harriet had a spiritual awakening and became a devout Christian </li></ul><ul><li>The family moved to Boston for a year, and then to Cincinnati, Ohio, where her father was appointed President of Lane Theological Seminary. </li></ul><ul><li>Their home on Gilbert Ave. in Cincinnati is now a National Historical Museum. </li></ul>Stowe National Historic Museum
  5. 5. A Budding Writer <ul><li>When she was 23, Harriet won a writing contest in Western Monthly Magazine </li></ul><ul><li>She then became a frequent author for other publications </li></ul>Harriet’s first book, co-authored with sister Catherine
  6. 6. Marriage to Calvin <ul><li>When Harriet was 35 she married widowed clergyman Calvin Ellis Stowe, a professor at her father’s theological seminary </li></ul><ul><li>They had seven children, including a set of twins. </li></ul>Calvin Stowe family, taken in 1850
  7. 7. Her Life’s Work: The Beginning of Social Reform <ul><li>In Ohio Harriet met escaped slaves from the bordering state Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>Her first solo authored novel, The Mayflower , was published in 1843. </li></ul>Found in the Stowe Bible, a quote from Irish poet Sir Isaac Moore
  8. 8. Unwanted Change <ul><li>Harriet’s youngest son Charley died of cholera in 1849, and Stowe’s book “Our Charley was published in 1858. </li></ul>Charles Edward Stowe, 1850-1934
  9. 9. The Fugitive Slave Act <ul><li>In 1850, The Fugitive Slave Act was enacted </li></ul><ul><li>It stated that it was a crime to assist runaway slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, the series “ Uncle Tom’s Cabin ” was born </li></ul><ul><li>It appeared in the monthly magazine “ Era ” as a protestation of the Act. </li></ul>The popularity of the series turned into a book publishing deal
  10. 10. Popularity and Critics <ul><li>As a result of the popularity of Uncle Tom’s Cabin , Harriet spoke about emancipation all over North America and Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Her Southern critics were harsh, and in defense of her publication, Harriet wrote The Key to Uncle Tom’s Cabin in 1853. </li></ul>A stamp commemorates Harriet’s work and her travels
  11. 11. More than a One-Book Author <ul><li>Other novels published include Sunny Memories (1854), Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp (1856), and Minister’s Wooing (1859). </li></ul><ul><li>When the Civil War broke out in 1861, Stowe wrote prolifically: short stories and novels alike. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Influential Friends <ul><li>The family moved in 1873 to Hartford, Connecticut, and was Mark Twain’s neighbor </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet befriended Abraham Lincoln, Prince Albert, The Duke of Argyl, John Ruskin, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Charles Dickens, and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. </li></ul>Abe
  13. 13. Death Does Not Decrease Impact <ul><li>Although Harriet died in 1896, the impact of her work created the opportunity for social reform through decades and generations. </li></ul><ul><li>Her work is still relevant today. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Images Cited_________________________ Slide 1: http://www.americaslibrary.gov/assets/jb/reform/jb_reform_beecher_1_m.gif http://www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org/life/#mark Slide 2: http://www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org/life/#childhood Slide 3: http://newman.baruch.cuny.edu/digital/2001/beecher/images/beecher_015.jpg http:// images.google.com/imgres?imgurl =http://newman.baruch.cuny.edu/digital/2001/beecher/images/beecher_015.jpg&imgrefurl=http://newman.baruch.cuny.edu/digital/2001/beecher/harriet.htm&h=500&w=338&sz=39&hl= en&start =3&tbnid= kzHBKjUxQbYnnM:&tbnh =130&tbnw=88&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dharriet%2Bbeecher%2Bstowe%2527s%2Bfather%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den Slide 4: http:// www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org /life/#childhood
  15. 15. Slide 5: http://www.avenuedstereo.com/modern/beecher_title.jpg Slide 6: http://museum.icp.org/museum/exhibitions/southworth_hawes/images/image_bio_cestowe.jpg http://newman.baruch.cuny.edu/digital/2001/beecher/images/beecher_001.jpg Slide 7: http://www.uwm.edu/Library/special/exhibits/clastext/clastextimages/sto1938a.jpg http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http:// www.seaportautographs.com/images/stowe.jpg&imgrefurl =http:// www.seaportautographs.com/lincolnandcivilwar.htm&h =400&w=499&sz=21&hl=en&start=196&tbnid=2SknQLaxrNflDM:&tbnh=104&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dwriting%2Bof%2BHarriet%2BBeecher%2BStowe%26start%3D180%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN Slide 8: http:// www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org/life/#charlese http://www.amazon.com/Our-Charley-What-Do-Him/dp/1408638029/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s= books&qid =1216259369&sr=8-1
  16. 16. Slide 9: http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl= http://www.sonofthesouth.net/slavery/african-american-art/uncle-tom-cabin.jpg&imgrefurl = http://www.sonofthesouth.net/slavery/african-american-art/uncle-tom-cabin-topsy.htm&h =849&w=600&sz=100&hl=en&start=2&tbnid= hlRxGStrLbnwnM:&tbnh =145&tbnw=102&prev=/images%3Fq%3Duncle%2Btom%2527s%2Bcabin%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://img.inkfrog.com/pix/rebelsoldier/UCTfrontis2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php%3Faz%3Dview_all%26address%3D225x1279&h=672&w=444&sz=56&hl=en&start=4&tbnid= iS-dEIxqnQsEXM:&tbnh =138&tbnw=91&prev=/images%3Fq%3Duncle%2Btom%2527s%2Bcabin%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/61ynMoMf06L.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.bookrags.com/Uncle_Tom%27s_Cabin&h=500&w=421&sz=80&hl=en&start=7&tbnid=cezi5KyH2uTkaM:&tbnh=130&tbnw=109&prev=/images%3Fq%3Duncle%2Btom%2527s%2Bcabin%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den
  17. 17. slide 10: http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/e3/Stowe-Key-cover.jpg&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Key_to_Uncle_Tom%27s_Cabin&h=331&w=220&sz=52&hl=en&start=10&tbnid=z-FGCKWtWL91-M:&tbnh=119&tbnw=79&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bkey%2Bto%2Buncle%2Btoms%2Bcabin%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.usps.com/communications/newsroom/2007stamps/definitives/images/2007hbstowe75_300.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.usps.com/communications/newsroom/2007stamps/definitives/&h=337&w=300&sz=51&hl=en&start=19&tbnid=NgTktrCvHxt8BM:&tbnh=119&tbnw=106&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dharriet%2Bbeecher%2Bstowe%2Btraveling%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den slide 11: http://www.library.ucla.edu/libraries/special/wildershores/images/LTStoweHB_small.jpg http://www.soldierstudies.org/images/webquest/civil%20war%20soldiers.jpg
  18. 18. slide 12: http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.americaslibrary.gov/assets/jb/civil/jb_civil_lincoln2_1_e.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/civil/jb_civil_lincoln2_1_e.html&h=575&w=437&sz=44&hl=en&start=22&tbnid=6SyZTh5PcoMdrM:&tbnh=134&tbnw=102&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dabraham%2Blincoln%26start%3D20%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN slide 13: http://www.notablebiographies.com/images/uewb_09_img0663.jpg
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