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Chaptereight new

Chaptereight new






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    Chaptereight new Chaptereight new Presentation Transcript

    • Homicide and Assault
    • Homicide and Assault
      • Homicide accounts for only 1 to 2 percent of the all violent crimes.
      • Violent crime is the lest occurring offenses in our country but gets the most publicity.
    • Definitions
      • Criminal Homicide: A term that encompasses murder and nonnegligent homicide.
      • Murder: The felonious killing of one human being by another with malice afterthought.
    • Categories of Criminal Homicide
      • First Degree Murder: Murder that was committed with willful, deliberate, and premeditated intent.
      • Second Degree Murder: intentional and unlawful killing of another but without premeditation.
    • Homicide, Assault, and Family Violence
      • Manslaughter: The unjustifiable, inexcusable, and intentional killing of a human being without deliberation, premeditation, and malice.
      • Aggravated Assault: Inflicting, or attempting to inflict, bodily injury on another person, with the intent to inflict serious.
    • Psychological Correlates of Homicide
      • Race and Ethnicity:
        • Leading cause of death for African Americans males and females ages 14 to 34 is homicide.
        • Over 80% of all homicides occurred Intraracially (meaning members of ones own race killing one another).
    • Psychological Correlates of Homicide
      • The rates of homicide based on race reflect the social inequalities that exist, including lack of opportunities.
        • Similar findings have been found in Canada among American Indians and Canadian Indians. Canadian Indians represent only 3% of the entire Canadian Population but 9% of the prison population.
    • Psychological Correlates of Homicide
        • Gender Differences:
          • Statistics show that both white and black men are 4 times as likely to be a victim of homicide.
          • UCR homicide rate regularly report 90% male and 10% female.
      • Age Differences:
        • About half of all those arrested for violent crimes are between the ages of 20 to 29.
        • Homicide deaths for youth ages 15-25 have increased 300% in the past 3 decades, to become the second leading cause of death for this age group.
        • The fastest growing group of victims and perpatrators of violent crime are African American Males age 18 to 22.
        • The median age of homicide victims in the US is 29.
    • Socioeconomic Class and Homicide
        • Research shows that violent crime appears to be associated with SES.
        • Elliot found that youth from low SES communities commit a higher rate of serious crimes in comparison to other youth.
    • Victim Offender Relationships
        • In two-thirds of all homicides the offender and victim know one another.
        • In only about 14-19% of the cases was the victim unknown to the offender.
        • In 2008 nearly half of the victims and offenders knew each other.
        • Women are most often killed by a husband or a boyfriend
        • 30% of murders in 2008 resulted from arguments while 17% resulted in felonies.
        • Men are more often victims of stranger homicide than women.
        • Stranger homicide offenders are most often young and likely to be a different race then their victim.
    • Weapons and Homicide
        • Guns and knives are the most often used weapons in homicides.
        • Firearms are used in 69% of the homicides across the US, with people most often using a handgun
    • Other Factors and Homicide
        • Temporal Factors: Homicides usually occur equally across the 12 months, however, they do increase during the Christmas moths and in the summer.
        • Homicides are more likely to occur between 8PM Saturday and 2 AM Sunday .
    • Other Factors and Homicide
        • Victim Precipitation: 26% of homicides are considered victim-precipitated, which means the victim participates in some significant way to his or her demise.
        • Most of these homicides result from minor altercations and domestic quarrels.
        • Usually the altercations start with a verbal squabble that escalates.
    • Other Factors and Homicide
        • Alcohol: continues to emerge as one of the leading causes to homicide.
        • Nearly two-thirds of all cases of homicides either the victim, offender, or both had been drinking prior to the event.
    • Sociological Correlated to Homicide
        • Aggravated Assault is the most often reported crime on most college campuses.
        • Over 80% of the violent crime sustained by college students occurred off-campus.
        • About 1/3rd of violent crimes experienced by college students involved alcohol.