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Chaptereight new

  1. 1. Homicide and Assault
  2. 2. Homicide and Assault <ul><li>Homicide accounts for only 1 to 2 percent of the all violent crimes. </li></ul><ul><li>Violent crime is the lest occurring offenses in our country but gets the most publicity. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definitions <ul><li>Criminal Homicide: A term that encompasses murder and nonnegligent homicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Murder: The felonious killing of one human being by another with malice afterthought. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Categories of Criminal Homicide <ul><li>First Degree Murder: Murder that was committed with willful, deliberate, and premeditated intent. </li></ul><ul><li>Second Degree Murder: intentional and unlawful killing of another but without premeditation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Homicide, Assault, and Family Violence <ul><li>Manslaughter: The unjustifiable, inexcusable, and intentional killing of a human being without deliberation, premeditation, and malice. </li></ul><ul><li>Aggravated Assault: Inflicting, or attempting to inflict, bodily injury on another person, with the intent to inflict serious. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Psychological Correlates of Homicide <ul><li>Race and Ethnicity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading cause of death for African Americans males and females ages 14 to 34 is homicide. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 80% of all homicides occurred Intraracially (meaning members of ones own race killing one another). </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Psychological Correlates of Homicide <ul><li>The rates of homicide based on race reflect the social inequalities that exist, including lack of opportunities. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar findings have been found in Canada among American Indians and Canadian Indians. Canadian Indians represent only 3% of the entire Canadian Population but 9% of the prison population. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Psychological Correlates of Homicide <ul><ul><li>Gender Differences: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics show that both white and black men are 4 times as likely to be a victim of homicide. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UCR homicide rate regularly report 90% male and 10% female. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Age Differences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>About half of all those arrested for violent crimes are between the ages of 20 to 29. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homicide deaths for youth ages 15-25 have increased 300% in the past 3 decades, to become the second leading cause of death for this age group. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The fastest growing group of victims and perpatrators of violent crime are African American Males age 18 to 22. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The median age of homicide victims in the US is 29. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Socioeconomic Class and Homicide <ul><ul><li>Research shows that violent crime appears to be associated with SES. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elliot found that youth from low SES communities commit a higher rate of serious crimes in comparison to other youth. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Victim Offender Relationships <ul><ul><li>In two-thirds of all homicides the offender and victim know one another. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In only about 14-19% of the cases was the victim unknown to the offender. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2008 nearly half of the victims and offenders knew each other. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><ul><li>Women are most often killed by a husband or a boyfriend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30% of murders in 2008 resulted from arguments while 17% resulted in felonies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men are more often victims of stranger homicide than women. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stranger homicide offenders are most often young and likely to be a different race then their victim. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Weapons and Homicide <ul><ul><li>Guns and knives are the most often used weapons in homicides. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firearms are used in 69% of the homicides across the US, with people most often using a handgun </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Other Factors and Homicide <ul><ul><li>Temporal Factors: Homicides usually occur equally across the 12 months, however, they do increase during the Christmas moths and in the summer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homicides are more likely to occur between 8PM Saturday and 2 AM Sunday . </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Other Factors and Homicide <ul><ul><li>Victim Precipitation: 26% of homicides are considered victim-precipitated, which means the victim participates in some significant way to his or her demise. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of these homicides result from minor altercations and domestic quarrels. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually the altercations start with a verbal squabble that escalates. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Other Factors and Homicide <ul><ul><li>Alcohol: continues to emerge as one of the leading causes to homicide. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly two-thirds of all cases of homicides either the victim, offender, or both had been drinking prior to the event. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Sociological Correlated to Homicide <ul><ul><li>Aggravated Assault is the most often reported crime on most college campuses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 80% of the violent crime sustained by college students occurred off-campus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 1/3rd of violent crimes experienced by college students involved alcohol. </li></ul></ul>