Planning & Development Issues In Rural America
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Planning & Development Issues In Rural America

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Presentation to the University of Milwaukee on issues in rural planning, with a focus on the western plains states.

Presentation to the University of Milwaukee on issues in rural planning, with a focus on the western plains states.

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  • 1. Challenges & Opportunities in Rural Planning Michael Stumpf, AICP, CEcD R.A. Smith & Associates, Inc.
  • 2. A Quick Overview
  • 3. Population Decline
    • Losing people
    • Losing jobs
    • Aging population
    • Losing services and resources
    • Health care and hospitals
    Almost every small town on the plains
  • 4. Population Growth
    • Regional services
    • Employment
    • Retirement
    Hays, Kansas Mitchell, South Dakota Scottsbluff, Nebraska Dickinson, North Dakota
  • 5. Growth Magnets
    • Higher education
    • Federal labs or installations
    • Tourism
    Billings, Montana Manhattan, Kansas Black Hills area, South Dakota
  • 6. Oil and Gas Exploration
    • Boom and bust cycles
    • Transient worker needs
    • Environmental issues
    Montana North Dakota South Dakota Wyoming Nebraska Kansas Colorado Utah
  • 7. Biotechnology – Corn Refining
    • Growing demand for biofuels
    • High corn prices
    • Spin-off industry (meat to plastics)
    • Energy, trucking, railroads
    • Attracting employees
    • Overbuilding?
    • Changing technology
    The Corn Belt: Iowa, Illinois, Indiana Also: South Dakota, Nebraska, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Missouri, Kansas
  • 8. Wind Energy
    • Nearly cost competitive
    • Wind is a fixed resource
    • Transmission requirements
    • Bird blenders
    • Neighbors’ objections
    Colorado Wyoming South Dakota Iowa Kansas
  • 9. Railroads Laramie, Wyoming Alliance, Nebraska Huron, South Dakota
    • - Congested ports
    • Track utilization
    • Car shortage
  • 10. Manufacturing
    • Access to markets
    • Access to labor
    • Low wage, low skill jobs
    • Overseas competition
    • Some stand-outs
    Fort Dodge, Iowa Sidney, Nebraska Brookings, South Dakota Idaho Falls, Idaho
  • 11. Retailing Wal-Mart on the Plains 312 stores in region 60 rural counties – 19% 99 micropolitan – 32% 153 metropolitan – 49% 207 competitors (Shopko, Target, Kmart)
  • 12. Tourism
    • Character
    • Congestion
    • Cost of living
    • Community
    Colorado mountain towns
  • 13. Agriculture
    • Consolidation and corporate farming
    • Crop Reserve Program
    • Support services
    • Agri-tourism
  • 14. Cattle Range
    • Environmental degradation
    • Tradition and livelihood
    • Recreation
    Colorado Utah Wyoming
  • 15. Housing
    • Too few buyers
    • Construction and renovation dynamics
    • Inadequate infrastructure
    • “ Free lot” strategy
  • 16. Immigration
    • Hispanic immigration
    • Courting immigrants
    Lexington, Nebraska Ulysses, Kansas Fargo, North Dakota
  • 17. Conflict
    • Natives
    • Old-timer and new-comer expectations
    • Property rights
    • Social change and power shifts
  • 18. Planning in Rural Places