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principled eclecticism in today's classrooms Denis Girard forum article

principled eclecticism in today's classrooms Denis Girard forum article

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  • 1. The ECLECTIC Way A presentation prepared by Mrs Farida Ben Abdallah CENAFFE, March, 2009
  • 2. introduction
    • eclecticism
    Flexibility adaptability Allowing the teacher to select among the variety of apaproaches, methods, techniques those elements best fitted to the needs of a given class at a given time
  • 3. What is the ECLECTIC WAY?
    • it’s not a method
    • It defines an attitude on the part of the language teacher
    • It’s an answer to the present-day situation in most schools
  • 4. The situation in most schools
    • Mixed – ability classes
    • Every learner has his own attitude towards the foreign language
    • Every learner needs a certain type of motivation
    • Every learner has his own way of learning, forgetting, unlearning…
  • 5. SO,
    • the didactician
    • the methodologist
    • the textbook writer
    Can’t decide which teaching technique the teacher must use at every step. Iy’s It’s up to the teacher : according to his learners’ various needs and attitudes
  • 6. Necessity of raining teachers for the eclectic way
    • only well-trained teachers can become eclectic
    • a teacher with no training or
    • a teacher who is given teaching recipes = teachers with no theoretical thinking about the advantages and drawbacks of any approach so….
    They follow their textbooks slavishly
  • 7. What kind of training?
    • starting from an analysis of pupils’ needs and available resources to define specific and general learning objectives
    • selecting the appropriate materials and teaching devices
    • NB: periodic assessment must be an integrated feature of the teaching process, allowing constant reappraisal and alterations;
  • 8. Quotations (1)
    • I - « The complex circumstances of teaching and learning languages __ with different kinds of pupils, teachers, aims and objectives, approaches, methods and materials, classroom techniques, and standards of achievement __ make it inconceivable that any single method could achieve optimum success in all circumstances. » Peter Strevens, 1977.
  • 9. Quotations (2)
    • II - « We need to offer a variety in teaching which will give equal opportunities to people with different styles. » Alan Maley (1983)
    • III - « je me reconnais dans une didactique ouverte, eclectique. » = « I am in favor of an open ,eclectic way of teaching . » Robert Galisson (1983)
  • 10. Quotations (3)
    • IV - « Rather than fish in one linguistic stream, we should cast our pedagogical net in all waters that might bring us in a profitable catch . » (Girard, 1972)
  • 11. The Father of The Eclectic Way
    • Harold Palmer, 1922, defines his « Complete Method », « The ‘ Complete Method ’ is not a compromise between two antagonistic schools ; it boldly incorporates what is valuable in any system or method of teching and refuses to recognise any conflict , except the conflict between the good and the inherently bad . The ‘ Complete method ’ will embody every type of teaching except bad teaching, and every process of learning except defective learning. »
  • 12. Reference
    • The material in this presentation is based on an article by Denis Girard , Inspector General of English, Ministry of National Education,Paris,
    • English Teaching Forum p 11,12,13,14 , July, 1986
    • Thank you