State Flower <ul><li>A hardy winter annual native to Texas. Adopted as the "State Flower of Texas", this is the most commonly seen variety along roadsides and in uncultivated pastures throughout the state. Flowers are densely arranged on a spike with a characteristic ice white terminal tip. Bluebonnets cannot tolerate poorly drained, clay based soils. Seed planted in poorly drained soils will germinate, but plants will never fully develop. Seedlings will become either stunted or turn yellow and soon die. Prefers a sloped area in light to gravelly, well-drained soil. Requires full sun. </li></ul>
State Bird <ul><li>The mimus polyglottos , as the mockingbird is known scientifically, is about ten inches in length, including its relatively long tail. It has a light gray coat and a whitish underside. Its wings and tail are darker gray with white patches </li></ul>
Major Industries <ul><li>Agriculture: cattle, cotton, dairy products, nursery stock, poultry, sorghum, corn, wheat, oil, gas, Industry: Chemical products, petroleum and natural gas, food processing, electric equipment, machinery, mining, tourism </li></ul>
State Tree <ul><li>The mature pecan tree is usually 70 to 100 feet tall, as shown above, but can grow as tall as 150 feet and higher. The native pecan trees shown are estimated to be over 150 years old. Their trunks are more than three feet in diameter. </li></ul>
Major Historical Events <ul><li>1900s - Oil was discovered in Texas. A new industry will start. </li></ul><ul><li>1902 - President Theodore Roosevelt approves a one-million dollar fund for the construction of the Houston Ship Channel. </li></ul><ul><li>1904 - Houston Lyceum and Carnegie Library opens, later known as Houston Public Library . </li></ul><ul><li>1912 - The Rice Institute opens, later known as Rice University . </li></ul><ul><li>1914 - President Woodrow Wilson opens the Houston Ship Channel , part of the Port of Houston on November 10, 1914. </li></ul><ul><li>1920s - The Texas oil boom causes people to move into the city, causing its first growth spurt. </li></ul><ul><li>1927 - Houston Junior College opens its doors as part of Houston Independent School District . </li></ul><ul><li>1934 - Houston Junior College becomes a four-year institution and changes its name to the University of Houston . </li></ul><ul><li>1937 - Houston Municipal Airport, which would later become William P. Hobby Airport , is opened. </li></ul><ul><li>1939 - The University of Houston moves to its permanent location, southeast of Downtown. </li></ul><ul><li>1940 - Houston dismantled the last of its streetcar system. </li></ul><ul><li>1942 - Robertson Stadium opens as Houston Public School Stadium. </li></ul><ul><li>1945 - The University of Houston separates from HISD and becomes a private university. </li></ul><ul><li>1947 - Houston voters defeat the first-ever referendum for citywide zoning . </li></ul><ul><li>1947 - The predecessor to Texas Southern University , Texas State College for Negroes, a historically black college (HBCU) is the first state university in the Houston area. Its name was changed in 1951. </li></ul><ul><li>1948 - The Gulf Freeway, Texas' first freeway opens as U.S. Highway 75 , signalling the beginning of freeway construction in the city. </li></ul>
Interesting Facts <ul><li>Texas is roughly spade shaped. The vast expanse of the state contains great regional differences (the distance from Beaumont to El Paso is greater than that from New York to Chicago). </li></ul>
State motto <ul><li>The state motto of Texas is simply "friendship." The word Texas is from a Caddo Indian word "teyshas" </li></ul>
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