Anatomy Tissues
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  • 1.
    • Group of cells similar in structure and function
    • 4 types of tissues
    • 1. Epithelial
    • 2. Connective
    • 3. Muscle
    • 4. Nerve
    • Epithelial Connective Muscle Nerve Credits
  • 2.
    • Polarity
    • Specialized contacts
    • Supported by connective tissue
    • Avascular but innervated
    • Regeneration
    • Simple Stratified
  • 3.
    • Very thin
    • Concerned about absorption
    • Secretion
    • Filtration
    • Squamos Cuboidal Columnar
  • 4.
    • Large
    • Spherical central nuclei
    • Functions in secretion and absorption
    • Present in kidney tubules
    • Simple Topic Cuboidal Columnar
  • 5.
    • Single layer of cube-like cells with large spherical central nuclei
    • Function in secretion and absorption
    • Simple Tissue Squamos Columnar
  • 6.
    • Single layer of tall cells with oval nuclei (many contain cilia)
    • Goblet cells are often found in this layer
    • Ciliated type line small bronchi
    • Simple Tissue Squamos Cuboidal
  • 7.
    • Contain two or more cell layers
    • Major role of Epithelial Stratified is Protection
    • Squamos Cuboidal Columnar
  • 8.
    • Thick membrane
    • Function in protection
    • Forms the external part of the skin’s epidermis
    • Stratified Topic Cuboidal Columnar
  • 9.
    • Quite rare in the body
    • Found in some seat and mammary glands
    • Typically two cell layers thick
    • Stratified Topic Squamos Columnar
  • 10.
    • Limited distribution in the body
    • Also occurs at transition areas between two other types of epithelia
    • Stratified Topic Squamos Cuboidal
  • 11.
    • Found throughout the body
    • Most abundant and widely distributed in primary tissues
    • Living cells surrounded by a matrix
    • Proper Cartilage Bone Blood
  • 12.
    • 2 Subclasses
    • - Loose Connective tissues
    • - Dense Connective Tissues
    • Topic Adipose Areolar Dense Regular & Irregular
  • 13.
    • Areolar connective Tissue
    • Wrap and cushion organs
    • Widely distributed throughout the body
    • Proper Topic Adipose Dense Regular & Irregular
  • 14.
    • Adipose Connective Tissue
    • Nutrient-Storing ability is much greater
    • Richly vascularized, indicating its high metabolic activity
    • Proper Topic Areolar Dense Regular & Irregular
  • 15.
    • Parallel collagen fibers with a few elastic fibers
    • Major cell type is fibroblast
    • Attaches muscles to bone or to other muscles
    • Proper Topic Areolar Adipose Dense Irregular
  • 16.
    • Irregular arranged collagen fibers with some elastic fiber
    • Major cell type is fibroblasts
    • Withstands tension in many directions providing structural strength
    • Proper Topic Areolar Adipose Dense Regular
  • 17.
    • Both tension and compression
    • Flexible-providing a resilient rigidity to the structures it supports
    • Lacks nerve fibers and is avascular
    • Connective Topic Proper Bone Blood
  • 18.
    • Chonchorytes lie in lacunae
    • Supports, reinforces, cushion, and resists compression
    • Forms the coastal Cartilage
    • Cartilage Topic Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
  • 19.
    • Similar to hyaline cartilage but with more elastic fibers
    • Supports external ear and the epigittis
    • Cartilage Topic Hyaline Cartilage Fibrocartilage
  • 20.
    • Matrix similar to hyaline cartilage but less from with thick collagen fibers
    • Provides tensile strength and absorbs compression shock
    • Cartilage Topic Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage
  • 21.
    • Hard calcified matrix with collagen fibers found in bone
    • Stores calcium, minerals and fat
    • Connective Topic Proper Cartilage Blood
  • 22.
    • Red and white cell in a fluid matrix
    • Contained with blood vessels
    • Connective Topic Proper Cartilage Bone
  • 23.
    • Highly cellular
    • Well-cascularized tissues that are responsible for most types of body movement
    • Skeletal Cardiac Smooth
  • 24.
    • Long
    • Cylindrical
    • Multinucleate cell with obvious striations
    • Initiates and controls voluntary movement
    • Muscle Topic Cardiac Smooth
  • 25.
    • Branching, Striated uninucleate cells interlocking at intercalated discs
    • Propels blood into the circulation
    • Muscle Topic Skeletal Cardiac Smooth
  • 26.
    • Sheets of spindle shaped cells with central nuclei that have no striations
    • Found in the walls of hollow organs
    • Muscle Topic Skeletal Cardiac
  • 27.
    • Branched neurons with long cellular processes and support cells
    • Transmits electrical signals from sensory receptors to effectors
  • 28. 1. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 1. Pictures from google search www.ptei.org/assets/HistoryofTissues.jpg 2. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 2. Pictures from google search www.fig.cox.miai.edu/~cmallary/150/physiol c40x1epithelial-pics.jpg 3. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 3. pictures from google search www.io.uwinnipeg.ca/~simmons/1115simple-sq-epit.jpg 4. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 4. Pictures form flickr.com 5. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 5. Pictures by Jiyoon Kim and Erin C. 6. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 6. Pictures by Jiyoon Kim and Erin C. 7. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 7. Pictures by www. Mhhe.com/biosci/ap/hisology-mh/keratin.gif 8. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 8. Pictures by flickr.com 9. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 9. Picture from flickr.com 10. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 10. Picture from Jiyoon Kima dn Erin C. 11. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 11. Picture from google search www.daviddarling.info/images/types-of-connective-tissues 12. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 12. Picture from www.conent.answers.com/main/content/wp/en-commons/Thumb/6/63/400px-hu-conective-tissues-1.jpg 13-14. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 13-14 Picture from Jiyoon Kim and Erin C. 15-16. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 15-16. Picture from Flickr.com 17. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 17. Picture from google search www.botany.uwc. Ac.za/sci-ed/grade10 mammal/images/cartilage1.gif 18.-22. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 18-22 Picture from Jiyoon Kim and Erin C. 23. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 23.Picture from trc.ucdavis.edu/jmguinan/apc100/modules termscells &tissues/introduction/images/tissues/jpg 24-27. Information from text book By Elaine N. Marieb &Katja Hoehn 24-27. Pictures from Jiyoon Kim and Erin C.