65years and over: 5.9% (male 2,917,563/female 3,525,492)
Median age 25.6 years
Population Growth Rate : 1.153% (2007 est.)
Birth Rate : 20.36 births/1,000 population
Death Rate: 4.76 deaths/1,000 population
Infant Mortality rate: 19.63 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy: 75.63 years
Fertility Rate: 2.39 children born/woman
60% Mestizo (American-Spanish)
30% Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian
76.5% Roman Catholic
1.1% Jehovah’s Witnesses
Official Language is Spanish
About 50 different languages spoken by indigenous people
Nahuatl, Zopotec, Otomi, Mayan etc.
91% of people 15 and over can read and write
92.4% are male
89.6% are female
Country name: Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Government Type: Federal Republic
Capital: Mexico (Distrito Federal)
Flag Description: three equal vertical bands of green, white, and red; the coat of arms (an eagle perched on a cactus with a snake in its beak) is centered in the white band
31 states and 1 Federal District
Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Colima, Distrito Federal*, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro de Arteaga, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz-Llave, Yucatan, Zacatecas
Independence was declared Sept. 16 th 1810
Independence was recognized by Spain Sept. 27 th 1821
Independence Day celebrated on Sept. 16 th (1810)
Chief of State, Head of Government and President: Felipe de Jesus Calderon Hinojosa
Cabinet: appointed by the President
Elections: presidential elections by popular vote, for a single six year term
Election results for 2006: Felipe Calderon 35.89%, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador 35.31%, Roberto Madrazo 22.26%, other 6.54%
National Action Party (PAN)
Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)
Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD)
Convergence for Democracy (CD)
Labor Party (PT)
Mexico Green Ecological Party (PVEM)
New Alliance Party (PNA)
Free Market Economy
Recently entered the trillion dollar class
Contains a mixture of modern and outmoded industry and agriculture, dominated by private sector
Per capita income is one-fourth that of the US
NAFTA has tripled trade with US and Canada since 1994
Has 12 free trade agreements with over 40 countries
Need to upgrade infrastructure
Modernize the tax system
Modernize labor laws
Allow private investment in energy sector
Labor force: 38.09 million
Labor force by-occupation: 18% agriculture, 24% industry, 58% services
Unemployment rate: 3.2%
Population below poverty line: 40%
Main Line Telephones: 19.861 million
Cellular Telephones: 57.016 million
Internet users: 22 million
116,751 km paved
118,919 km unpaved
Secretariat of National Defense
Mexican Air Force
Secretariat of the Navy
The culture of Mexico reflects the complexity of their history through the blending of pre-Hispanic civilizations and the culture of Spain, imparted during Spain's 300-year colonization of Mexico.
Influences from the United States have shaped Mexican culture, and to a lesser extent, influences from Europe, Africa, and Asia.
Citizens take pride in their lifestyle and economic independence.
In Mexican culture the expectation of working and socializing together is a key component of society, and has a basis in the strong ties formed within the family.
With the Spanish conquest and colonization of Mexico, Catholicism was established as the dominant religion of Mexico.
Weekly church attendance is forty-six percent of the Mexican population.
Our Lady of Guadalupe
Our Lady of Guadalupe is a 16th century Roman Catholic Mexican icon depicting an apparition of the Virgin Mary.
Some historians speculate the icon was meant to syncretically represent both the Virgin Mary and the indigenous Mexican goddess Tonantzin.
In many Mexican communities, curanderos (traditional healers) use indigenous folk medicine, spiritual, and Christian faith healing to treat ailments and "cleanse" spiritual impurities.
Day of the Dead
The origins of Day of the Dead celebrations in Mexico can be traced back to the indigenous peoples such as the Aztec, Maya, P'urhépecha, Nahua, and Totonac.
Some Mexicans feel that death is a special occasion, but with elements of celebration
Day of the Dead
Mexican cuisine is known for its intense and varied flavors, colorful decoration, and variety of spices.
Mexican food varies by region, because of local climate and geography and ethnic differences
Soccer ( fútbol in Spanish) is by far the most popular sport in Mexico.
The country hosted the Summer Olympic Games in 1968 and the FIFA World Cup in 1970 and 1986.
In Mexico, contrary to popular belief, Tequila is drunk straight without salt and lemon.
S angrita —a sweet, sour and spicy drink typically made from orange juice, grenadine (or tomato juice) and hot chilies.
2006 Tequila Trade Agreement
Most popular way of expression.
The most widely known “product” of the Mexican music history is The Mariachi .
Among the Mexican music played by Mariachis there are famous tunes like “La Bamba”, “Cielito Lindo”, “La Cucaracha” and the extensively known Mexican hat dance.
Carlos Santana (born July 20, 1947), is a Grammy Award-winning Mexican-born American Latin rock musician and guitarist.
Thalía is a successful Latin Grammy-awarded Mexican singer and actress.
She is amongst Mexico's most famous telenovela actresses and has sold more than 12 million albums worldwide.
Televisa is the largest media company in the Spanish-speaking world
La Academia ( The Academy ) is a Mexican reality television show shown on TV Azteca.
14-21 people are selected to live together in a house isolated from the rest of the world, spending their days taking classes in singing, dancing, acting.
European Union and Mexico In Brussels on December 8 th , 1997, the European Union and Mexico signed an agreement made up of three pillars: an Economic Partnership, Political Cooperation and Cooperation Agreement which laid the basis for the negotiation of a free trade agreement between Mexico and the European Union. It is known as the "Global Agreement“ and governs relations between these two entities. This Agreement is based on democratic principles and on the respect for human rights With respect to trade, the Agreement sets out the objective of establishing a free trade area in goods and services, the mutual opening of the procurement markets, the liberalization of capital movements and payments, as well as the adoption of disciplines in the fields of competition and intellectual property rights.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Mexico is the only Latin American country member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). It was originally signed by 20 countries in 1960. Mexico joined on the18th of May, 1994 Mexico city serves as an OCED center, along with Berlin,Tokyo and Washington, and Paris. Salon de l'Horloge, Quai d'Orsay, Paris; December 14,1960 The OECD is made up of some of the wealthiest countries in the world The 2007 budget was 340 million Euros
Global Partners OECD member countries Countries invited to open talks on potential membership Countries to which OECD is offering enhanced engagement
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
The mission of OECD is to:
support economic growth
raise living standards
maintain financial stability
assist other countries’ economic development and
contribute to growth in world trade
Economic Survey of Mexico Every 1 ½ to 2 years an economic survey is published for each OECD country. The 2007 survey for Mexico was released October 4 th . The survey found the following: Mexico’s per capita has increased and broad macroeconomic stability has been achieved. Although its fiscal GDP position is good, Mexico has to reduce the heavy reliance of the budget on oil revenue The new government is planning a large scale public finance reforms. Currently Mexico relies heavily on world oil prices, which are not stable. There is also a large demand on the budget for things such as basic infrastructure, education, health and poverty alleviation. A tax reform is needed to increase revenues. Mexico has made significant progress in reducing barriers to trade and foreign direct investment (FDI), and this has boosted GDP per capita growth. Barriers to FDI remain high, particularly in some services and infrastructure sectors, such as telecommunications and domestic land transport. Transport infrastructure efficiency has a direct effect on domestic and international trade flows and overall growth by lowering delivery times and transport costs, while efficiency in telecommunications and energy influences the cost competitiveness of Mexican firms.
On June 1, 2006, Angel Gurría of Mexico took the reins as secretary general of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). OECD has Mexican President
Facts The EU is Mexico’s second trading partner after the USA. According to EUROSTAT, bilateral trade between the EU and Mexico in 2005 totaled € 25.8 billion. This represents a 20% growth in comparison to 2004 with an even higher increase for Mexican exports. The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) covers a broad spectrum of economic aspects. It includes: a full liberalization of industrial products by 2003, for the EC, and by 2007 - with a maximum 5% tariff applied by 2003 - for Mexico; substantial liberalization for agricultural and fisheries products; and, as regards rules of origin, a satisfactory balance between EU policy of harmonization and market access considerations. The FTA will also provide EU operators with access to the Mexican procurement and services markets substantially equivalent to NAFTA. In the 6 years following the entry into force of the FTA, bilateral trade between the EU and Mexico grew by nearly 90 %. This in accordance with both parties' imports data. EU foreign direct investment flows have increased by 120%. The EU is now the second major investor in Mexico behind United States.
Free Trade Agreement Mexico and the European Union The EU-Mexico FTA also covers agriculture, services, public procurement, investment, competition and intellectual property rules, and dispute settlement. On both services and procurement, the terms agreed upon by the EU and Mexico will grant the EU treatment similar to NAFTA partners. On July 1, 2000, the EU-Mexico FTA eliminated duties on an additional 22% of Mexican industrial goods, bringing duty-free coverage to 82% of all industrial products. EU tariffs on the remaining 18% of Mexico’s industrial products was eliminated by January 1, 2003. While EU tariffs are generally low, there are areas of tariff peaks where the EU-Mexico FTA could affect U.S. sales to Europe by making Mexican products more competitive.
US Mexico Relations NAFTA Initialing Ceremony, October 1992
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement Since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) entered into force in 1994: US – Mexico trade grew at an annual average rate of 16% US – Mexico trade tripled pre-NAFTA levels. On average, the US and Mexico trade more than US$ 720 million every day.
Mexico & Foreign Investment Mexico benefits from extensive free trade agreements with both the United Sates and the European Union. Mexico provides security and legal protection for foreign investors through Bilateral Investment Treaties (BIT’s) negotiated with 20 countries . Mexico is the second largest foreign direct investment (FDI) recipient among developing countries. Foreign direct investment in Mexico between 1995 and 2002 surpassed 119 billion dollars. Combined, Mexico offers foreign investors a low risk and high return. *Guaranteed market access *Legal certainty and clear rules of operation *Macroeconomic stability *Political stability and democratic governance *Growing internal demand *Access to competitively priced and international quality inputs *Improvement of services and reduction of costs LOW RISK HIGH RETURN
Mexico & Exporting Mexico is the seventh largest exporter in the world (Total exports in billion dollars, 2002)
Common Mexican Exports
Protests to NAFTA and FTAA
Possible NAFTA Super Highway
Border Issues Fox says U.S. will need Mexican labor by 2010 Mexican President Vicente Fox predicted that border tensions with the U.S. will ease because the retirements of baby boomers will create a demand for workers