Labours of Hercules
In his labours, Hercules was often accompanied by a male companion (an eromenos), according to Licymnius
and others, such as Iolaus, his nephew. Although he was only supposed to perform ten labours, this assistance
led to him suffering two more. Eurystheus didn't count the Hydra, because Iolaus helped him, or the Augean
stables, as he received payment for his work, or because the rivers did the work.
A traditional order of the labours found in Apollodorus is:
• Slay the Nemean Lion and bring back its hide.
• Slay the 9-headed Lernaean Hydra.
• Capture the Golden Hind of Artemis.
• Capture the Erymanthian Boar.
• Clean the Augean stables in a single day.
• Slay the Stymphalian Birds.
• Capture the Cretan Bull.
• Steal the Mares of Diomedes.
• Obtain the Girdle of the Amazon warrior, Queen Hippolyta.
• Obtain the Cattle of the Monster Geryon.
• Steal the Apples of the Hesperides, which were strictly guarded by a 100-headed dragon called Ladon.
• Capture Cerberus, the guardian dog of Hades, using no weapons and bring him back.
The first of Heracles'
was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin.
In Greek mythology, the Erimanthian Boar was a mighty and ferocious boar
that lived on Erimanthian Mount
and terrified the entire region: the Hercules captured alive and brought him to
Euristeo for fear that hid in a barrel. His capture was the third of the twelve
labors of Heracles.
The killing of the
Stymphalian birds was
the fifth of the twelve
labors of Hercules.
Heracles made them
turn up in the
air, thanks to the
bells, which disturb the
birds, and killed a large
part with his poisoned
arrows in the blood of
Hydra , and the
survivors flew away
The fifth of the Twelve Labours set to Heracles was to clean
the Augean stables in a single day. The reasoning behind this
being set as a labour was twofold: firstly, all the previous
labours exalted Heracles in the eyes of the people and this one
would surely degrade him; secondly, as the livestock were a
divine gift to Augeas they were immune from disease and thus
the amount of dirt and filth amassed in the uncleaned stables
made the task surely impossible. However, Heracles succeeded
by rerouting the rivers Alpheus and Peneus to wash out the
Augeas was irate because he had promised Heracles one-tenth
of his cattle if the job was finished in one day. He refused to
honour the agreement, and Heracles killed him after
completing the tasks and gave his kingdom to Augeas'
son, Phyleus, who had been exiled for supporting Heracles
against his father.
The capture of the Bull
of Crete was the seventh
of the twelve labors of
The mythical king of
Crete, Minos, granted
without any problems of
to the hero to take away
the ferocious animal, as
it had created problems
was the queen of the
mentioned in the
myth of the twelve
Heracles, the ninth
labors consisted in
fact to seize the
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