9.1 Separation & Problems Pap Faced


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9.1 Separation & Problems Pap Faced

  1. 1. It’s official ! Read all about it!!!!
  2. 3. @#%#^&% How come nobody told me about it? SEPARATION FROM MALAYSIA
  3. 4. 1 . Singapore in Malaysia 2. Political Rivalry 3. Racial Politics : The Campaign against the PAP 4. Threats to Singapore’s Peace and Prosperity 5. Disagreements over Economic Matters 6. Campaign for a Malaysian Malaysia 7. Singapore out of Malaysia and on its Own SEPARATION FROM MALAYSIA
  4. 5. <ul><li>LKY pledged loyalty to the Central Government [CG] </li></ul><ul><li>Central Government made up of : </li></ul>SINGAPORE IN MALAYSIA
  5. 6. <ul><li>LKY expressed the hope that Singapore and the CG could work together like brothers but this was not to be </li></ul><ul><li>Both had different views about Malaysia and how it should be governed </li></ul><ul><li>Why the different views ? </li></ul>SINGAPORE IN MALAYSIA
  6. 7. <ul><li>REASONS : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Background of political parties </li></ul><ul><li>2. Treatment of different races </li></ul>SINGAPORE IN MALAYSIA
  7. 8. <ul><li>MALAY A </li></ul><ul><li>Political parties formed along racial lines </li></ul><ul><li>UMNO - Malays </li></ul><ul><li>MCA - Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>MIC - Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Main goal was to look after the interests of their own communities </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-racial parties were not popular </li></ul><ul><li>SINGAPORE </li></ul><ul><li>Most political parties were multi-racial </li></ul><ul><li>Did not aim to promote the interest of one community over another </li></ul>SINGAPORE IN MALAYSIA
  8. 9. <ul><li>MALAY A </li></ul><ul><li>Special rights given to Malays to improve their standard of living </li></ul><ul><li>SINGAPORE </li></ul><ul><li>Special rights did not exist </li></ul><ul><li>PAP believed that people’s standard of living will improve through education and industrialisation </li></ul><ul><li>Equal opportunity for all to succeed </li></ul>SINGAPORE IN MALAYSIA
  9. 10. <ul><li>CG expected Singapore to adapt to the system already in place </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore wanted Malaysian leaders to stop thinking along racial lines </li></ul><ul><li>This basic difference created problems between the two governments </li></ul><ul><li>Strained relationship and eventually led to separation </li></ul>SINGAPORE IN MALAYSIA
  10. 11. Tell me more! SEPARATION FROM MALAYSIA
  11. 12. <ul><li>Sep 1963 Singapore State Elections </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance leaders in KL wanted Singapore Alliance to have more seats in the Singapore Legislative Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore Alliance did not win any seats </li></ul><ul><li>won 37 out of 51 seats </li></ul><ul><li>UMNO was most unhappy </li></ul><ul><li>Election results showed that Singapore Malays supported the PAP’s programme for improving their standard of living </li></ul>POLITICAL RIVALRY
  12. 13. <ul><li>1964 Federal Election </li></ul><ul><li>Before 1964, had no branches outside Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>decided to take part in the 1964 Federal Election as a Malaysian political party </li></ul><ul><li>Goals : 1. Build a Malaysian Malaysia </li></ul><ul><li>2. Provide all with necessary skills and equal opportunities to succeed </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance leaders were upset because had promised not to take part in Federal Elections </li></ul>POLITICAL RIVALRY
  13. 14. <ul><li>1964 Federal Election </li></ul><ul><li>arguments : </li></ul><ul><li>Since the Alliance had taken part in the 1963 Singapore State Election, it was only natural that the PAP contested the Federal Election </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance leaders, especially UMNO, were angry with the campaign as it seemed to criticise the way Malaya was governed by the Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>drew large crowds to its rallies but only won 1 seat </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance won 89 out of 104 but was worried about popularity </li></ul>POLITICAL RIVALRY
  14. 15. <ul><li>After the Fed elections, UMNO wanted to win back Malay votes in Singapore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Some UMNO leaders began to criticise the PAP Government for not looking after the interests of the Malays in Singapore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. An anti-PAP campaign was started through the Malay press, especially the Utusan Melayu (UM) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISSUE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Redevelopment in Crawford, Kg Glam and Rochor areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2,500 families resettled; 200 were Malay families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UM claimed that 3,000 Malays were affected </li></ul></ul>RACIAL POLITICS THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE PAP
  15. 16. <ul><li>Over time, more misleading articles appeared in the UM </li></ul><ul><li>To ease growing racial tension, LKY met 900 Malay representatives in July 1964 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Govt would do its best to help Malays overcome problems of education, employment and housing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>UM continued with its anti-PAP campaign </li></ul><ul><li>In the end, the racial tension in Singapore lead to two race riots. </li></ul>RACIAL POLITICS THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE PAP
  16. 17. <ul><li>Internal Threat : The 1964 Race Riots </li></ul><ul><li>21 July 1964 : 25,000 Malays gathered at the Padang to celebrate Prophet Mohammed’s birthday </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-PAP speeches by various Malay leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Procession to Geylang </li></ul>THREATS TO SINGAPORE The procession on its way to Geylang
  17. 18. <ul><li>Internal Threat : The 1964 Race Riots </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore Government’s version : Small incident sparked off race riots </li></ul><ul><li>After that, more groups became unruly and attacked Chinese passers-by and spectators </li></ul><ul><li>Soon, clashes between Malays and Chinese in various parts of Singapore reported </li></ul><ul><li>Curfew imposed 9.30 pm to 6.00 am </li></ul><ul><li>Lifted only on 2 Aug 1964 </li></ul>THREATS TO SINGAPORE
  18. 19. THREATS TO SINGAPORE Police cordon beside the Kallang Gas Works after the outbreak of racial riots
  19. 20. <ul><li>Internal Threat : The 1964 Race Riots </li></ul><ul><li>Goodwill committees set up </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of community leaders from various racial groups </li></ul><ul><li>Help to restore peace and harmony </li></ul><ul><li>LKY and Tun Razak toured the island to calm things down </li></ul>THREATS TO SINGAPORE
  20. 21. THREATS TO SINGAPORE LKY urging people to remain calm
  21. 22. <ul><li>Internal Threat : The 1964 Race Riots </li></ul><ul><li>Second riot in Sep 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Malay trishaw rider murdered; Chinese accused of murder </li></ul><ul><li>Led to another race riot and curfew imposed again </li></ul><ul><li>13 dead, 106 injured </li></ul>THREATS TO SINGAPORE
  22. 23. <ul><li>Significance of race riots </li></ul><ul><li>Showed how easily peace and harmony in Singapore could be broken </li></ul><ul><li>Clashes did not get completely out of control because of the curfew and riot troops </li></ul><ul><li>Also because of goodwill between the Chinese and Malays </li></ul>THREATS TO SINGAPORE
  23. 24. <ul><li>Internal Threat : The Indonesian Confrontation </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesia broke off relations with Malaysia in Sep 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Embargo : Singapore experience a decline in trade and some unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Not severe as there was still trade with other countries </li></ul>THREATS TO SINGAPORE
  24. 25. <ul><li>Internal Threat : The Indonesian Confrontation </li></ul><ul><li>A more serious aspect of Confrontation : Disruptive action by Indonesian agents in Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Set off bombs which killed innocent people and damaged property </li></ul><ul><li>29 bombs set off by Mar 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>Most serious : March 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>Bomb at MacDonald House killed 3 and injured 33 </li></ul>THREATS TO SINGAPORE
  25. 26. <ul><li>Internal Threat : The Indonesian Confrontation </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary Vigilante Corps was set up in Apr 1964 to help the police and army defend Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>More than 10,000 signed up </li></ul><ul><li>Community Centres serve as bases for their patrols </li></ul><ul><li>Confrontation ended in Aug 1966 after a new government took over control of Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>Confrontation and 1964 racial riots show that we should not take peace and prosperity in Singapore for granted </li></ul>THREATS TO SINGAPORE
  26. 27. <ul><li>The End </li></ul>